On Morality: Veganism Is Anti-Speciesism

Veganism should be, above and beyond anything else, a categorical rejection of speciesism and the myth of human moral superiority.

Humans are sentient beings; we are beings who possess sentience as a trait. Sentience is “the ability to feel, perceive, or to experience subjective perceptual experiences.” Sentience is not “the ability to think similarly to a human” nor is it some trait dealing with “intelligence” at all. It’s simply the ability to feel anything. Pain, pleasure, fear, or any other sensation. If you can feel any of these things, you’re sentient; you don’t need to fulfill any other criteria.

The reason many people think that other humans should not unnecessarily be made to suffer or be killed is because almost all humans also possess the ability to feel empathy. When we feel empathy, it’s because we think that we understand the way another sentient being feels, as we imagine we would feel the same way if we were in their situation. Because of this, we think that we should observe the inherent rights of other humans. A “right” is merely a term we use to mean a rule we abide by in order to protect a commonly shared interest, which in this case deals with not being made to experience an undue amount of suffering. Some of these rights are affirmative rights -rights to perform some favorable actions- like the right to drive a car; the right to vote; the right to go to school, etc.

However, there is another kind of rights that humans have that we think we should observe: negative rights. These are the rights to not have some type of unfavorable action performed on us. Chief among these rights is the right to not be used by other humans exclusively as a resource for their pleasure, amusement, or convenience.

Now, assuming we believe in these basic rights for other humans, a combination of empathy and logic dictates that observing their rights is what we consider “moral justice.” This means that, all other things being equal, we believe in treating similar cases similarly when morality is concerned. If one human isn’t as cognitively aware as another human – for instance: an infant, or a severely mentally disabled adult – that doesn’t mean that it would be morally justifiable for us to then exploit or kill that human for our own interests; for example, to use them for forced organ donation or involuntary bio-medical experiments.

Our sense of empathy tells us that because they feel the same pain and other sensations we do, that it would be immoral to exploit them simply because they are vulnerable and we are powerful, and we possess some non-sentience trait that they don’t. We understand that if our roles were reversed, and we were in the position that they are and they possessed some physical or mental trait that we lacked, that we would not want them to exploit or kill us in the same way.

Morally speaking, it follows logically again -if we believe in treating similar cases similarly- that when we talk about nonhuman animals and the rights which they may have, the characteristic which is relevant in deciding which beings we’re morally justified or not justified in harming is sentience, and only sentience. If we believe in moral justice because we have empathy, and we believe that humans have the right to not be used exclusively as a resource for other humans pleasure, amusement or convenience, it’s because humans are sentient beings. Then -because both human and nonhuman animals are sentient beings, at the very least– by our own code of moral justice we should observe that very same right of any other sentient being, regardless of species membership.

The fact that we don’t observe the injustice and hypocrisy in our lack of matching our actions to our beliefs in this way is due to a phenomenon called speciesism. Speciesism is best defined as “An unjust double standard by humans that places higher moral value on individual members or groups of members of some species over those of some other species, based solely on the morally irrelevant criteria of species membership.”

Speciesism is based on the myth of human superiority. The idea that human animals are superior to other species of animals is based on arbitrary irrational criteria or biased personal opinion, and not objective fact. The Myth Of Human Moral Supremacy is the root of the tree from which all human and nonhuman rights issues sprang; speciesism is akin to the trunk of that tree, with each individual human and nonhuman rights issue acting as the branches of the tree.

The idea that we can treat individual members of another species differently because of moral distinctions that are based solely on a trait that we possess that they lack (their being of a different species than ours) is exactly what has led to the idea that we can do the same thing to people of other ethnicities, people of other genders, people with different sexual orientations, etc.; all of which are merely morally irrelevant traits that they possess that we may not.

Even though some people claim that the trait they are using as moral criteria is not species but some other characteristic which only humans possess (such as “intelligence”), invariably those traits cannot be proven to belong only to all members of our species and no members of another. The true basis for the irrational belief in this supremacy complex can always be ultimately traced back to the criteria of species. And just like species membership, the possession of – or lack of – none of those traits morally justifies using other sentient beings solely as a means to our ends.

Furthermore, being able to dismiss another sentient being as an “other” or a thing to be used or otherwise harmed – rather than another sentient being who is similar to us in their sentience – is what leads to 100% of “crime,” poverty, war, and any other systemic problems associated with human rights violations.

Logically, it follows that if we don’t observe nonhuman animals’ rights in this respect, we have no basis to expect our own moral interests be taken seriously by other humans. No matter from which angle to view it, you can’t really justify intentionally exploiting nonhumans unless you’re ready to accede to not believing in the rights of human animals either, which means your own claim to any moral recourse if you are harmed by another human is effectively nullified.

There is only one way to align our actions with our moral values if we think it’s wrong to harm others for unnecessary reasons, and that is to live Vegan. If we think we have a moral responsibility to then do something for the billions of nonhuman animals who we enslave and otherwise cause to suffer unnecessarily every year then the only morally justifiable and effective way to do that is to educate others about Veganism.

Speciesism 01a

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

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On Morality: Ridicule In The Vegan Movement

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Some Vegans will tell you that ridicule can be a valuable tool in educating non-Vegans about the merits of Veganism.

I vehemently disagree. Ridicule and humiliation are the tools of “superiority”, oppression and speciesism. In short, ridicule is the tool of bullies and tyrants… humbleness, kindness, patience and compassion are the tools of the enlightened.

To use ridicule in Vegan education makes no sense, for more than one reason. One reason being that ridicule can only lead to the idea that belittling another sentient being is a good thing, making it that much easier for you or the people observing you to act without compassion in any other matter. Ridicule, while it may feel good in the short term, harms the person using it as much, if not more than the person being ridiculed.

Another point is that ridicule just does not work, since the vast majority of humans react negatively to ridicule of themselves versus the tiny number who react positively. The idea that many people learn something from being ridiculed is false, and perpetuated by people who enjoy watching others suffer.

There are many people who react negatively even if someone else is the one being ridiculed, some just on general principle if nothing else. If you can convert more people to Veganism through kindness than ridicule, it’s not only illogical to ridicule non-Vegans, but harmful to nonhumans, which means you are not acting in line with your beliefs in any case.

Plus, who are you ridiculing? Are you ok with ridiculing your loved ones if they are not already Vegan? Is that really what love means?

It eventually all comes down to who you are going to believe. Do you trust that someone who is comfortable using humiliation as a tactic is doing what they do for the best interests of the animals? Or does it feel more like they are enjoying the discomfort of another sentient being?

This doesn’t mean that Vegans seeking to educate should be meek. A strong, clear moral message delivered in language that is kind, but firm is needed if this movement is going to progress. That message contains the idea that under no circumstances is any intentional exploitation of sentient nonhumans a morally justifiable matter. But there is a difference between kind and meek, just as there is a difference between firm and cruel.

The Abolitionist Vegan movement, as Professor Francione says, is a continuation of the peace movement. Nothing positive is to be gained by using tactics like ridicule or violence against the exploiters of nonhumans. Everything is to be gained by using tactics like kindness and compassion when it comes to how we treat other humans.

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

Master List Of Vegan Info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman and human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, cis-sexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Out Mondays, or other forms of reductionism/gradualism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all these sites.

Note: This list now has a permanent home (as permanent as anything online, anyway) here:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

It’s the only location I’ll be updating regularly. Please use that link if you want the latest additions to the list.

Also, here’s a survey on Veganism you can take:
http://www.theallanimalvegan.com/the-big-count

Here are a couple surveys I created about our interactions with nonhuman animals. Please take them as well:
https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/PGTKQB6
https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/PZGC7ZG

On Veganism:
Section 1:
Morals/Ethics (primarily):

Sub-Section 1A:
The Most Important Stuff:

Sub-Section 1A1:
Important Videos (primarily):

“Peaceable Kingdom: The Journey Home”:
http://www.peaceablekingdomfilm.org
http://www.tribeofheart.org/sr/pkj_english.htm

The Truth About Human Supremacy:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2015/02/07/are-humans-superior

“The Superior Human”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mqT82oGeax0

“Vegan Series: Eat Like You Care featuring Gary L. Francione & Anna Charlton”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m1nyibU_kRA

Gary L. Francione 2013 Keynote Speech, “Animals as Food: The Legal Treatment of Animals in Contemporary Agribusiness and Factory Farming”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4YO1_1CaaGI

“I’m Vegan: Gary Francione”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5pDU1yMWMw

“Gary Francione at Brock U. Part 1/5”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nj36ZTIHrb0

Professor Gary Francione’s site:
http://abolitionistapproach.com
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/about/the-six-principles-of-the-abolitionist-approach-to-animal-rights

“Rant On Gradualism”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zVtPpWk6lVE

Biocentrism at Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biocentrism_(ethics)

“What veganism is and is not”:
http://weotheranimals.blogspot.co.uk/2009/08/those-who-know-me-know-that-i-tend.html

“On Cruelty Videos”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/category/cruelty-videos

“Mind if I Order the Cheeseburger? by Sherry F. Colb”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=amaG7h_tgRU

“Why Vegan?”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fKr4HZ7ukSE

Sub-Section 1A2:
Music:

“split 7” by Captive Bolt/Gary Francione:
https://deadtankrecords.bandcamp.com/album/split-7-2

_

Sub-Section 1A3:
Family-Friendly:

“Going Vegan as a Teenager”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J4ONfX6DyXI

“Cow Cries All Night Over Loss Of Her Calf – Then They Reunite”:
http://www.godvine.com/Cow-Cries-All-Night-Over-Loss-of-her-Calf-Then-They-Reunite-1903.html

“Happy Cows”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kUZ1YLhIAg8

“Why Must We Eat The Animals? (Oh Why Oh Why?)”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X8LnxSjWWD8

“A Calf’s Story”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rg3Yfdbs24I

Sub-Section 1B:
Text-Based Info (primarily):

Sub-Section 1B1:
Becoming Vegan:

Sub-Section 1B1a:
Miscellaneous:

“BECOMING VEGAN: RESOURCES – Good resources to assist in becoming vegan”:
http://www.vegantrove.com/BecomingVegan
http://howtogovegan.org

“What Is Veganism?”:
http://www.vegsource.com/jo/vegan.htm

The IVA’s Vegan kit:
http://www.internationalvegan.org/vsk

Vegan Starter Kit:
http://www.vegankit.com

“How Do I Go Vegan?”
http://www.howdoigovegan.com

_

Sub-Section 1B1b:
Vegan Resources:

“Some resources for people who’ve been told they “can’t go vegan”:
http://soycrates.tumblr.com/post/85918368428/some-resources-for-people-whove-been-told-they-cant

“Know Your Vegan Rights – European Law”:
http://www.theivra.com/know-your-vegan-rights-cont.html

Vegan Chat Room:
http://www.veganchatroom.co.uk/veganguides.html

“Is It Vegan?”:
http://isitvegan.net

“Vegan Apps”:
http://vegannomnoms.net/2014/06/10-great-apps-for-the-vegan-traveler.html

“Vegan Easy Challenge Menu”:
http://veganeasy.org/day-1

“PAN: The Vegan Pledge!”:
http://panveganpledge.org

Info about Vegan products by Nik Anti-Speciesist:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=801109299901282&id=100000066596384
https://www.facebook.com/notes/nik-anti-speciesist/useful-information-for-new-vegansvegans/10151895864781663

Alternative medication by Gary Francione:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/pharmaceutical-products-and-animal-ingredients
_

Sub-Section 1B2:
Facebook Pages And Groups:

Sub-Section 1B2a:
Facebook Pages:

“International Vegan Association”:
https://www.facebook.com/internationalvegan

“Let’s Make a Vegan World”:
https://www.facebook.com/letsmakeaveganworld

“Vegan Information Project – VIP”:
https://www.facebook.com/theveganinformationproject
_

Sub-Section 1B2b:
Facebook Groups:

“South Florida Vegan Education Group”:
https://www.facebook.com/VeganEducationGroup

“Vegan Philosophy Forum”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/219573241562192

“Vegan Influence & Persuasion”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Vegan.Influence.and.Persuasion

“Vegan Scientific Facts”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/vegan.scientificfacts

“The Human Vegan”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/168804706659566

“Veganic Organic Network”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/veganorganicnetwork

“Nonviolent self-sustained vegan permaculture-community”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/688426811196469

“VEGAN RECYCLING IDEAS TO SHARE”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/1578679075691678

“Vegan Cats”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/669599113104942

“Healthy Vegan Cats”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/669599113104942

“Vegan Dogs Thriving”:
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Vegan-Dogs-Thriving/544580732238947

“Vegan Cats & Dogs”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/138238569638651

“Vegan Cats and Dogs”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/vegancatsanddogs

_

Sub-Section 1B3:
Main Vegan Blogs And Sites:

My own AR blog:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com

“Vegan Education Group”:
http://veganeducationgroup.com
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com

“How To Go Vegan”:
http://www.howtogovegan.org

“Evolve For Animals”:
http://www.evolveforanimals.com

“There’s An Elephant In The Room”:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com

“Go Vegan Scotland”:
https://www.goveganscotland.com

“Vegan Ethos”:
http://veganethos.wordpress.com

“Vegan Empowerment”:
http://thevegancommunicator.wordpress.com

“Unpopular Vegan Essays”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com

“Metaevolutionary: Reason For A Change”:
https://metaevolutionary.wordpress.com

“My Face Is On Fire”:
http://my-face-is-on-fire.blogspot.co.uk

“The Thinking Vegan”:
http://thethinkingvegan.com

“The Candid Hominid”:
http://www.candidhominid.com

“Veganism Is Nonviolence”:
http://veganismisnonviolence.com

“Gentle World”:
http://gentleworld.org

“Our Hen House”:
http://www.ourhenhouse.org

“Veganarchism Ain’t No Joke”:
http://veganarchismaintnojoke.tumblr.com

“Ashley Jo Maier”:
http://ashleyjomaier.com

_

Sub-Section 1B4:
Miscellaneous Text-Based Pages And Essays:

“A Moral Argument For Veganism”:
https://www.academia.edu/4509523/An_Argument_for_Veganism

“Fear, Ignorance, and Collusion: The Real Reasons Why Experts Dis’ Veganism”:
http://www.wedonteatanimals.com/2012/04/05/fear-ignorance-and-collusion-the-real-reasons-why-experts-dis-veganism

Action For Animals – “What is Veganism?”:
http://www.afa-online.org/veganinfo.html

“The Trauma of Knowing: A Cracked Vessel Will Eventually Run Dry”:
http://veganfeministagitator.blogspot.com/2014/05/the-trauma-of-knowing-cracked-vessel.html

On this page, the answers by Kalvin Lyle and Ariel Garlow are worth reading:
http://www.quora.com/Veganism-1/Why-is-veganism-so-controversial-but-meat-eating-and-dairy-not

“A Giraffe’s Death and the Meaning of Our Outrage”:
http://verdict.justia.com/2014/02/19/giraffes-death-meaning-outrage

“On Alice Walker and History as Destiny”:
http://veganfeministagitator.blogspot.com/2014/03/on-alice-walker-and-history-as-destiny.html

“If Your Tears Were Human” – Poems By Heather Leughmyer:
http://poemsbyheather.tripod.com/index1.htm

“The Busy Vegan”:
http://humanrightsareanimalrights.com/2014/01/04/the-busy-vegan

Interview With Gary Smith:
http://newveganage.blogspot.com/2012/09/interview-gary-smith-thinking-vegan.html

“The weight of animal interests”:
http://www.animal-ethics.org/weight-animal-interests

“All Forms of Life Are Sacred” by Chris Hedges:
http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/all_forms_of_life_are_sacred_20150104

“Donald Watson Article – Spring 1948 – The Vegan Magazine”:
http://www.happycow.net/blog/donald-watson-article-spring-1948-the-vegan-magazine

Archive Of Issues Of “The Vegan”:
(Warning – The new bent to The Vegan Society is “baby steps”):
http://issuu.com/vegan_society/stacks
_

Sub-Section 1B5:
The Meaning Of Speciesism:

What Is Speciesism?:
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10806-009-9205-2

“Speciesism”:
http://www.vegankit.com/learn

“English and Speciesism”:
http://aliberation.vegaplanet.org/joan.dunayer.php

“Understanding Prejudice And Discrimination”:
http://www.understandingprejudice.org/pdf/animals.pdf
_

Sub-Section 1B6:
Intersectionality And Alliance Politics:

“Essentialism, Intersectionality, and Veganism as a Moral Baseline: Black Vegans Rock and the Humane Society of the United States”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/essentialism-intersectionality-and-veganism-as-a-moral-baseline-black-vegans-rock-and-the-humane-society-of-the-united-states

“The Myth Of Vegan Progress In Israel”:
http://dylanxpowell.com/2015/02/15/the-myth-of-vegan-progress-in-israel

“Vegan Killers: Israeli Vegan-Washing and the Manipulation of Morality”:
http://www.turkeyagenda.com/vegan-killers-israeli-vegan-washing-and-the-manipulation-of-morality-1656.html

“Intersectionality and Abolitionist Veganism: Part I”:
http://veganethos.wordpress.com/2014/12/14/intersectionality-and-abolitionist-veganism-part-i

“Abolitionist veganism is not a “white” practice”:
http://veganethos.wordpress.com/abolitionist-veganism-is-not-a-white-practice

“Workshop on Intersectionality and Alliance Politics”:
http://veganinformationproject.org/audio-workshop-on-intersectionality-and-alliance-politics

“Project Muse – Volume 65, Number 3, September 2013”:
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/american_quarterly/toc/aq.65.3.html

“Animal Rights, Multiculturalism, and the Left” by Will Kymlicka and Sue Donaldson:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/josp.12047/full
_

Sub-Section 1B7:
Animal Rights History:

“A History of Veganism”:
http://www.candidhominid.com/p/vegan-history.html

http://www.animalrightshistory.org

“World History Of Vegetarianism”:
https://www.vegsoc.org/sslpage.aspx?pid=830#

Percy Bysshe Shelley:
http://www.animal-rights-library.com/texts-c/shelley01.htm

Al-Ma’arri on Wiki:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Ma%CA%BFarri

“On Veganism From a Medieval Arab Poet”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/on-veganism-from-a-medieval-arab-poet

“Ancient Vegans: Porphyry”:
http://www.towardsfreedom.com/297.html

“A Vegan Booklet of 1655 – ……don’t think about ‘almost five o’clock’!”:
http://www.happycow.net/blog/a-vegan-booklet-of-1655-dont-think-about-almost-five-oclock

Sub-Section 1B8:
Religious Arguments For Veganism:

“Evidence That Jesus and The Original Aramaic Christians Were Vegetarians”:
https://medium.com/sant-mat-meditation-and-spirituality/evidence-that-jesus-and-the-original-aramaic-christians-were-vegetarians-b8784ac42506

One religious argument for Veganism:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/06/10/does-god-want-us-to-exploit-animals

“Why Animals Matter: A Religious and Philosophical Perspective”
http://www.think-differently-about-sheep.com/Why_Animals_Matter_A%20Religious_Philosophical_Perspective_Philosophy_Quotations.htm

“Would Jesus Eat Meat Today?”:
http://www.all-creatures.org/cva/WJEMT-Jan10.pdf

Francis Of Paola on Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_of_Paola
_

Sub-Section 1B9:
Animal Rights And Veganism In Popular Media:

Vegan Sci-Fi Fans:
https://www.facebook.com/VeganScififans
_

Sub-Section 1B10:
Issues With Various Kinds Of Animal Use:

Sub-Section 1B10a:
Milk:

“But cows need to be milked”:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com/2017/11/10/faq-but-cows-need-to-be-milked-or-it-causes-them-pain

“Happy Cows; Behind The Myth”:
http://www.humanemyth.org/happycows.htm

“Cheese consumption is the largest enemy of cows & calves”:
http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=346258155480729

An article written by a former small-scale goat dairy farmer from the US:
http://www.humanemyth.org/cheriezell.htm

“Learn about the Goat Dairy Industry (including organic) here”:
http://www.milkmyths.org.uk/animal-welfare/nanny-state-truth-about-goats-milk

Meet the Woodstock Sanctuary goats:
http://www.woodstocksanctuary.org/meet-the-animals/goats
http://woodstocksanctuary.org/meet-the-animals/goats/albie

“Humane Animal Farming?”:
http://www.peacefulprairie.org/humane-myth.html
_

Sub-Section 1B10b:
Eggs:

“A Handy Guide for Vegan Advocates Discussing Chickens and Eggs”:
https://strivingwithsystems.com/2017/04/26/a-handy-guide-for-vegan-advocates-discussing-chickens-and-eggs

“What’s wrong with eating eggs?”:
http://theveganpensieve.wordpress.com/2012/01/15/whats-wrong-with-eating-eggs

“What’s Wrong with Backyard Eggs?”:
http://gentleworld.org/whats-wrong-with-backyard-eggs

“Backyard Chicken Farming Leads to Abandoned Hens”:
http://gentleworld.org/backyard-chicken-farming-leads-to-abandoned-hens

“A Hen’s Relationship with her Eggs”:
http://gentleworld.org/a-chickens-relationship-with-her-eggs

“What’s Wrong with Backyard Eggs?”:
http://peacefulprairie.org/backyard-eggs.html

_

Sub-Section 1B10c:
Honey:

“Why Honey Is Not Vegan”:
http://www.vegetus.org/honey/honey.htm

“3 Reasons Not To Eat Honey”:
http://gentleworld.org/3-reasons-not-to-eat-honey

Crops Pollinated By Bees on Wiki:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_crop_plants_pollinated_by_bees
_

Sub-Section 1B10d:
Riding Horses:

“WHAT’S WRONG WITH RIDING HORSES?”:
http://www.vegantrove.com/2016/09/06/vegan-trove-0042

_

Sub-Section 1B10e:
Sugar:

“Is Sugar Vegan?”:
http://www.vegsource.com/jo/qa/qasugar.htm

“Alright, so what on earth is wrong with sugar?”:
http://www.veganproducts.org/sugar.html

“If You’re Going to Sweeten, Use One of These Natural Vegan Sugars”:
http://www.vegan-nutritionista.com/vegan-sugars.html

“The Best Natural Sugar Substitutes”:
http://www.busy-vegan.com/natural-sugar-substitute.html
_

Sub-Section 1B10f:
Miscellaneous Problems With Food Ingredients:

“Is Your Bread Vegan?”:
http://gentleworld.org/is-your-bread-vegan

“L-Cysteine in Bread Products Still Mostly Sourced from Human Hair, Duck Feathers, Hog Hair”:
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2011/03/09/l-cysteine-in-bread-products-still-mostly-sourced-from-human-hair-duck-feathers-hog-hair

“11 Disturbing Ingredients in Food that will Make You Rethink Your Diet”:
http://www.theyogablog.com/11-disturbing-ingredients-in-food

“Delicious food, disgusting ingredients”:
http://shehasgotitall.wordpress.com/2011/06/08/delicious-food-disgusting-ingredients

“Golden Circle juice maker reveals secret ingredients: beef and alcohol”:
http://fatgayvegan.com/2014/07/27/beef-juice

“10 Frightening Fast Food Additives”:
http://www.siegestalt.com/zges/29

Vegan Chocolate:
http://www.vegan.com/chocolate
_

Sub-Section 1B11:
Animals Feel:

Sub-Section 1B11a:
Miscellaneous Articles:

“Scientists Finally Conclude Nonhuman Animals Are Conscious Beings”:
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/animal-emotions/201208/scientists-finally-conclude-nonhuman-animals-are-conscious-beings

“Why cockroaches need their friends”:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/17839642

“When Animals Mourn: Seeing That Grief Is Not Uniquely Human”:
http://www.npr.org/blogs/13.7/2013/04/11/176620943/when-animals-mourn-seeing-that-grief-is-not-uniquely-human
_

Sub-Section 1B11b:
The Animals Who Are Used By Us For “Food”:

Mulesing:
http://gentleworld.org/whats-wrong-with-wool

“Fish May Actually Feel Pain And React To It Much Like Humans Do”:
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090430161242.htm

“What is Pain to a Fish?”:
http://gentleworld.org/what-is-pain-to-a-fish

http://www.fishpain.com

“Evidence Mounts That Shellfish Feel Pain”:
http://news.discovery.com/animals/pets/evidence-mounts-that-shellfish-feel-pain-130116.htm

“Consciousness Is Everywhere”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/christof-koch/consciousness-is-everywhere_b_1784047.html
_

Sub-Section 1B11c:
The Animals We Use For Entertainment:

“Recently Spotted 103-Year-Old Orca Is Bad News For SeaWorld — Here’s Why”:
https://www.thedodo.com/recently-spotted-103-year-old–547381307.html
_

Sub-Section 1B12:
Vivisection:

Sub-Section 1B12a:
Morality (primarily):

“Vivisection, Part Two: The Moral Justification Of Vivisection”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vivisection-part-two-the-moral-justification-of-vivisection
_

Sub-Section 1B12b:
Necessity (primarily):

“Animals in Biomedical Research: A Moral Justification? (debate)”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F8OMtRiD3oI

“Vivisection, Part One: The “Necessity” of Vivisection”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vivisection-part-one-the-necessity-of-vivisection

“The Commonsense Case Against Animal Experimentation – Mylan Engel Jr. (you may have to print this one to read it or set your tablet to not rotate and hold it sideways!)”:
http://www.niu.edu/phil/people/_pdf/Engel%20–%20The%20Commonsense%20Case%20Against%20Animal%20Experimentation.pdf

“Does animal testing help human medicine?”:
http://www.vivisectioninformation.com/index.php?p=1_8_all-you-need-to-know-in-33-facts

“50 DEADLY CONSEQUENCES OF LAB ANIMAL EXPERIMENTS “:
http://www.vivisectioninformation.com/index.php?p=1_10

“An Examination of Animal Experiments”:
http://www.pcrm.org/search/?cid=2271

“Americans For Medical Advancement”:
http://www.afma-curedisease.org

“Dario Ringach… Wrong Again on Animal Research”:
http://aphilosophersblog.wordpress.com/2013/10/25/dario-ringach-wrong-again-on-animal-research-2

“Hypocrisy in the Animal Liberation Movement or Bad Arguments from the Speaking of Research Community?”:
http://aphilosophersblog.wordpress.com/2014/02/18/hypocrisy-in-the-animal-liberation-movement-or-bad-arguments-from-the-speaking-of-research-community

“What’s Wrong with the Animal Welfare Act and Other Systems of Lab Animal “Protection”?”:
http://aphilosophersblog.wordpress.com/2013/12/22/whats-wrong-with-the-animal-welfare-act

“Why Learn about Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)?”:
http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/DevelopmentResources/DrugInteractionsLabeling/ucm114848.htm

“Problems with Animal Research”:
http://www.aavs.org/site/c.bkLTKfOSLhK6E/b.6456997/k.3D74/Problems_with_Animal_Research.htm

“Limitations and Dangers”:
http://www.neavs.org/research/limitations

“FAQs About Animal Testing”:
http://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/faqs-about-animal-testing

“How reliable is animal testing?; Podium”:
http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/how-reliable-is-animal-testing-podium-1079311.html

“Advancing Science Without Harming Animals”:
http://www.navs.org/science/failure-of-the-animal-mode

“Maximum Tolerated Dose”:
http://maximumtolerateddose.org/about

“Why Animal Experimentation Doesn’t Work — Reason 1: Stressed Animals Yield Poor Data”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/aysha-akhtar/animal-experimentation_b_3676678.html

“Why Animal Experimentation Doesn’t Work — Reason 2: Animals Don’t Get Human Diseases”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/aysha-akhtar/animal-testing-diseases_b_3813856.html?

“Why Animal Experimentation Doesn’t Work. Reason 3: Animals Aren’t Little Humans”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/aysha-akhtar/why-animal-experimentatio_b_3997568.html

“History of Maternal Deprivation at UW-Madison”:
http://www.uwnotinourname.org/history-of-maternal-deprivation-at-uw-madison.html

“Vivisection Information Network”:
http://vivisectioninformation.com

“Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty”:
http://shac.net

“Safer Medicines”:
http://www.safermedicines.org/index.php

“Andrew Knight”:
http://andrewknight.info

“White Coat Waste Movement”:
http://www.whitecoatwaste.com

“How predictive and productive is animal research?”:
http://www.bmj.com/%5Bfield_highwire_a_cpath-raw%5D-15
_

Sub-Section 1B12c:
Alternatives To Vivisection:

Companies That DO Test On Animals:
http://veganrabbit.com/list-of-companies-that-do-test-on-animals

Companies That DON’T Test On Animals:
http://veganrabbit.com/list-of-companies-that-do-not-test-on-animals

“Dr. Hadwen Trust”:
http://www.drhadwentrust.org
https://www.facebook.com/DHT.Hitchin?ref=stream

“HEALTH CHARITIES AND ANIMAL TESTING”:
http://www.animalaid.org.uk/h/n/CAMPAIGNS/experiments/ALL/281

“Developing Safety Tests without the Use of Animals”:
http://www.kao.com/jp/en/corp_rd/skills_01_04.html

“Insulin from flowers instead of pigs”:
http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2010-02/first-pigs-then-bacteria-now-insulin-flowers

“Non-animal alternative that is safer”:
http://japandailypress.com/new-method-to-culture-ips-cells-with-lower-risk-of-infection-discovered-0942155

“The Syndaver”:
http://syndaver.com/
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10202048258442004&set=a.2500438724301.131034.1652924202&type=1&theater

“Animal Testing Could Be Replaced by Human Skin Grown From Stem Cells”:
http://guardianlv.com/2014/04/animal-testing-could-be-replaced-by-human-skin-grown-from-stem-cells

“The Fetishization of “Animal-Friendly” Animal Products: The Body Shop Example”:
http://academicabolitionistvegan.blogspot.be/2014/08/the-fetishization-of-animal-friendly.html

Posts about alternative products by Nik Anti-Speciesist:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=801109299901282&id=100000066596384
https://www.facebook.com/notes/nik-anti-speciesist/do-you-buy-ecover-think-its-vegan-think-again/10152368194501663
https://www.facebook.com/notes/nik-anti-speciesist/which-logo-can-we-trust-does-it-mean-vegan-why-are-there-so-many/10152441988936663

“THE VEGAN BODY CARE GUIDE”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.co.nz/2014/07/the-vegan-body-care-guide.html
_

Sub-Section 1B12d:
Books On Vivisection:

“Sacred Cows and Golden Geese: The Human Cost of Experiments on Animals” – by C. Ray Greek M. D. & Jean Swingle Greek D.V.M.:
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0826414028/qid=1035236103/sr=1-2/ref=sr_1_2/002-3780354-0501606?v=glance

“Specious Science: How Genetics and Evolution Reveal Why Medical Research on Animals Harms Humans” – by C. Ray Greek M. D. & Jean Swingle Greek D.V.M.:
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0826413986/qid=1016483161/sr=1-2/ref=sr_1_2/102-1027070-7228961
_

Sub-Section 1B13:
Hunting:

“How are Deer Managed by State Wildlife Agencies?”:
http://animalrights.about.com/od/wildlife/a/DeerManagement.htm

“The wild horses of Letea: First success for the FOUR PAWS birth control project”:
http://www.four-paws.org.uk/projects/horses-2/the-wild-horses-of-letea-first-success-for-the-four-paws-birth-control-project-
_

Sub-Section 1B14:
Our Nonhuman Family Members:

Sub-Section 1B14a:
Moral Theory (primarily):

” ‘Pets’: The Inherent Problems of Domestication”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/pets-the-inherent-problems-of-domestication

“Commentary #2: ‘Pets’ ” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/pets
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/podcast/20090812-araa-commentary-2.mp3

“Commentary #4: Follow-Up to “Pets” Commentary: Non-Vegan Cats” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/follow-up-to-pets-commentary-non-vegan-cats
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/podcast/20090817-araa-commentary-4.mp3

“Should We Keep Pets?” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/links/p163/the-institution.pdf

“The case against pets”:
https://aeon.co/essays/why-keeping-a-pet-is-fundamentally-unethical

“Animal Care and Control: The Sad Failure of New York City’s Municipal Shelter System” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/animal-care-and-control-the-sad-failure-of-new-york-citys-municipal-shelter-system

“Evaluation of cats fed vegetarian diets and attitudes of their caregivers”:
http://avmajournals.avma.org/doi/abs/10.2460/javma.229.1.70

“Obligate Carnivore: Cats, Dogs, and What it Really Means to be Vegan”:
http://www.amazon.com/Obligate-Carnivore-Really-Means-Vegan/dp/0974218006

“Vegan Diets for Dogs and Cats” by Armaiti May, DVM:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIMBX3jdYM0

“Dr. Andrew Knight introduces himself and his work with cats and dogs”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K9m_liQppxQ

“Vegan Cat Ethics”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYA1kTJCl1Y

“Quack Veterinarians Who Feed Cats a Vegan Diet”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tt9_hEbvlqM

“Metabolic Misconceptions”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q4UZUrc-248

_

Sub-Section 1B14b:
How To Feed Our Nonhuman Family Members Vegan (primarily):

“What’s Really in Pet Food”:
http://www.bornfreeusa.org/facts.php?p=359&more=1

Something I posted about feeding ournonhuman family Vegan:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/12/the-truth-about-pet-food

“Is it ‘unnatural’ to feed dogs a vegan diet?”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.co.nz/2011/11/is-it-unnatural-to-feed-dogs-vegan-diet.html
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.co.uk/2014/07/v-dog-100-vegan-dog-food-owned-and.html

“Vegetarian Diets Can Be Healthy for Dogs”:
http://www.veganhealth.org/articles/vegan_dogs

“Making Your Own Vegan Dog Food”:
http://www.vegan-heartland.com/2012/06/making-your-own-vegan-dog-food.html?m=1

“Dog Health Survey”:
http://www.pkdiet.com/pdf/diet/Dog_Health_Survey.pdf

“The Vegan Feline: Can my feline companion be a vegan?” by Laurie Jeffreys DVM:
http://www.farmedanimalfriends.org/1/post/2013/05/the-vegan-feline-can-my-feline-companion-be-a-vegan-by-laurie-jeffreys-dvm.html

Sub-Section 1B14c:
Vegan Cat Food Companies and Distributors:
“VeganCats.com”:
http://vegancats.com

“Evolution”:
https://www.evolutiondietstore.com

“Harbingers of a New Age” (US, most other countries):
http://www.vegepet.com
(They provide homemade recipes to use with the VegeCat supplement; they also provide the Vegecat Phi supplement that is pH adjusted for cats that are prone to urinary stones)
http://www.vegepet.com/international_distribution.html

“Ami Cat” (Italy, also available in the US and other countries):
http://www.v-pets.com
http://www.amipetfood.com
http://www.amipetfood.com/en/our-partners (Some distributors)
http://www.greenleafvegandist.com/where-to-buy.html (Distributes Ami in Canada)

“VeganPet” (Australia & New Zealand):
http://www.veganpet.com.au
http://veganpet.com.au/articles/?page_id=12 (distributors)

“Benevo” (Europe, South Africa, Hong Kong, India, Kenya, South Korea, Taiwan, Japan):
http://www.benevo.com
http://www.benevo.com/distributors
http://www.tiendanimal.es/ (Spain, distributor of Benevo and possibly others)

“VegePet” (Taiwan, not the same as the American company):
http://www.vegepet.com.tw

“FeliGourmet” (Germany):
http://www.veganversand.at/vegetarischetiernahrung/katzennahrung/index.php
(Also sells Benevo and Ami Cat)

“VeganCats.com”:
http://www.vegancats.com
Distributor of Ami, VegeCat in USA. They do ship internationally, but your country’s customs may reject the shipment.

“The Mail Order Catalog for Healthy Eating”:
http://www.healthy-eating.com
(I believe this company sells TVP that is made from non-GMO soy. You can use this for the VegePet recipes that require TVP if you are making those.)

Kitty Litter that tests urinary pH (check it a few months after transitioning, then once every few months thereafter. If pH becomes too alkaline, you should use the VegePet.com recipes with the “Vegecat Phi” supplement that is adjusted for cats that are prone to urinary stones.):

“Health Meter Cat Litter”:
http://healthmeter.blogspot.com

“Ultra Monthly Monitor” (Ultra Pet):
http://ultrapetcatlitter.com/products/ultra-monthly-monitor

“Perfect Litter”:
http://www.perfectlitter.com

“Pet Ecology PerfectLitter”:
http://www.perfectlitteralert.com

“Veggie Cats: Why should you test urinary pH?”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6waDDYO8J18

“Cats with Allergies on a Plant-based Diet”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CHFT1B0_H_Y

Sub-Section 1B14b:
Vegan Dog Food Companies And Distributors:
“V-Dog”:
https://v-dog.com

“Vegan Dog Food Products – Europe, U.S., Australia, N.Z.”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com/2013/09/vegan-dog-food-products-europe-us.html
_

Sub-Section 1B14c:
Animal Rescue:

“Animal Shelter Statistics”:
http://www.statisticbrain.com/animal-shelter-statistics

“No Kill Advocacy Center”:
http://www.nokilladvocacycenter.org/shelter-reform/no-kill-equation

Nathan Winograd’s blog:
http://www.nathanwinograd.com

“Humane Fix”:
https://sites.google.com/site/humanefix

“HSUS Expo 2014: Demand Exceeds Supply” (Welfarist):
http://vimeo.com/100050415
_

Sub-Section 1B15:
Veganism And Human Rights Issues:

“Vegan Diet Impacts Recidivism”:
http://prisonlawblog.com/blog/vegan-diet-impacts-recidivism

“Slaughterhouses and Increased Crime Rates”:
http://www.animalstudies.msu.edu/Slaughterhouses_and_Increased_Crime_Rates.pdf
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1086026609338164

“Food Not Bombs” organization:
http://www.foodnotbombs.net/contacts.html

“North Country Food Alliance”:
http://northcountryfoodalliance.org

“Food Empowerment Project”:
http://www.foodispower.org

“Food for Life Global”:
http://www.ffl.org/en

“Agriculture and Health Policies in Conflict How Subsidies Tax our Health”:
http://www.pcrm.org/health/reports/agriculture-and-health-policies-unhealthful-foods

“Taxpayers Fund Animal Cruelty and Environmental Devastation”:
http://gentleworld.org/taxpayers-fund-animal-cruelty-and-environmental-devastation

“Farming subsidies: this is the most blatant transfer of cash to the rich”:
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jul/01/farm-subsidies-blatant-transfer-of-cash-to-rich
_

Sub-Section 1B16:
Welfare-Watch (observing the moral confusion in Animal Welfare and Single-Issue Campaigns):

Sub-Section 1B16a:
Video Section:

“Happy Meatopia: How Conflict of Interest is Damaging Animal Advocacy”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZC3o0AfQtCI&sns=em

“Rant On Gradualism”:
http://evolveconsciousness.org/rant-gradualism
_

Sub-Section 1B16b:
Text-Based Info (primarily):

Sub-Section 1B16b1:
Animal Welfare:

“LANGUAGE MATTERS VOL. 2 – ANIMALS AREN’T ‘VOICELESS’, WE’RE JUST NOT LISTENING”:
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com/language-matters-vol-2-animals-arent-voiceless-were-just-not-listening

“So What’s the Matter with Mercy for Animals?”:
http://my-face-is-on-fire.blogspot.com/2012/12/so-whats-matter-with-mercy-for-animals.html

“Some Thoughts on Why Vegans Criticise Vegans for Promoting Veganism”:
http://veganismisnonviolence.com/2014/02/11/criticisingvegans

“On Speciesism And Token Gestures”:
http://my-face-is-on-fire.blogspot.com/2014/06/on-speciesism-and-token-gestures.html?showComment=1404382988030

“Animal Advocacy and The Scientific Method: The Humane Research Council Study”:
http://veganpublishers.com/animal-advocacy-and-the-scientific-method-the-humane-research-council-study

My writings on Welfarism:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/05/17/why-animal-welfare-doesnt-work
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/16/yet-another-reason-why-sics-dont-work

“Is Direct Action Everywhere (DxE) anti-vegan?”:
http://www.vegantrove.com/podcasts/VeganTrove-2015-08-25-0019.mp3
http://www.vegantrove.com/2015/08/26/vegan-trove-podcast-0019

” ‘Vegan’ Outreach has blood on their hands”:
http://www.examiner.com/article/vegan-outreach-has-blood-on-their-hands

“The Humane Society of the United States: The Public Relations Branch of Animal Industry”:
http://veganismisnonviolence.com/2014/09/07/hsusindustrypartners

“Why ‘Happy Meat’ Is Always Wrong”:
https://www.smashwords.com/extreader/read/435640/1/why-happy-meat-is-always-wrong

“Advanced Advocacy”:
http://www.humanemyth.org/advancedadvocacy.htm

Peaceful Prairie Sanctuary:
http://www.peacefulprairie.org/freerange1.html

“Invasion of the Movement Snatchers: A Social Justice Cause Falls Prey to the Doctrine of “Necessary Evil” By James LaVeck – October, 2006:
http://www.humanemyth.org/invasion.htm

“Activists have no business promoting the agenda of corporate lobbyists”:
http://aella.org/2012/04/activists-have-no-business-promoting-the-agenda-of-corporate-lobbyists

“The HSUS Missouri Agriculture Council”:
https://donotlink.it/mX1E

“Greenpeace Supports Killing Whales — But Do Detractors Support Something Similar?”
http://challengeoppression.com/2010/06/21/greenpeace-supports-killing-whales-but-do-detractors-support-something-similar

“A critique of Vegan Outreach literature”:
http://www.examiner.com/article/a-critique-of-vegan-outreach-literature

Anders Branderud’s archive of answers to Welfarism (among other things):
http://bloganders.blogspot.no/2014/05/abolitionist-veganism-articles.html

“Legal Protections for Farm Animals”:
http://www.aspca.org/fight-cruelty/farm-animal-cruelty/legal-protections-farm-animals

Professor Gary Francione on Welfarism:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/animal-welfare-regulation-happy-exploitation-and-speciesism
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/the-four-problems-of-animal-welfare-in-a-nutshell
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/animal-welfare-militant-direct-action-mantras-and-faith
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/veganism-just-another-way-of-reducing-suffering-or-a-fundamental-principle-of-justice-nonviolence

“Incremental Reform in the Human Context Is Not Analogous to Welfare Reform and Single-Issue Campaigns in the Nonhuman Context”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/incremental-reform-human-nonhuman-contexts

Sea Shepherd is not an AR org.:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/sea-shepherd-weighs-in-on-cecil-the-lion-insisting-on-veganism-is-purism-and-elitist

_

Sub-Section 1B16b2:
Single Issue Campaigns:

“My Thoughts on Single-Issue Animal “Rights” Campaigns”:
“”Vague-an” Outreach (the organization)? Never. Abolitionism? Always”:
“Commentary #16: Responding to Questions: Single-Issue Campaigns and MDA Opposition to the Abolitionist Approach”:
“Abolition and Incremental Reform”:
“A Good Example of What’s Wrong with Single-Issue Campaigns”:
“A Short Note on Abolitionist Veganism as a Single Issue Campaign”:
“Hey, Is That Milk on Your Balaclava?”:
“Important Announcement: No Factory-Farmed Small Fish Friday”:
“Is Every Campaign a Single-Issue Campaign?”:
“Multiple Choice Test”:
“New York Times Debate on Carriage Horses”:
“On Johnny Weir, Single-Issue Campaigns, Treatment, and Abolitionist Veganism”:
“Save a Seal; Eat Non-Canadian Seafood”:
“Single-Issue Campaigns and the Adoption/Fostering of Homeless Nonhuman Animals”:
“Single-Issue Campaigns in Human & Nonhuman Contexts”:
“The Great Ape Project: Not so Great”:
“The Kapparos Campaign: A Good Example of What’s Wrong with Single-Issue Campaigns”:
“The Ringling Circus Elephants: Another “Victory” That Isn’t”:
“Why Not Single Issue Campaigns And Petitions”:
“Picking the Low-Hanging Fruit: What Is Wrong with Single Issue Campaigns?”:
“Why Protests Are For The Most Part Useless”:

Palm Oil Is Vegan:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2015/05/26/palm-oil-is-vegan
https://scentofavegan.wordpress.com/2018/06/10/a-vegan-perspective-on-palm-oil
http://www.theswitchreport.com.au/top-stories/boycotting-palm-oil-not-way-save-orangutans
_

Sub-Section 1B16b3:
Defining Abolitionism In Regards To Welfarism And SICs:

“Factionalism in the Nonhuman Animal Rights Movement”:
http://academicabolitionistvegan.blogspot.com/2013/07/factionalism-in-nonhuman-animal-rights.html

“Ten Myths of New Welfarism”:
https://uvearchives.wordpress.com/category/ten-myths-of-new-welfarism

“Reclaiming Abolitionism: It’s Time For Us To Take A Stand For Animals”:
https://our-compass.org/2013/07/24/reclaiming-abolitionism-its-time-for-us-to-take-a-stand-for-animals

My explanation of the various A.R. factions in a nutshell:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/10/21/what-is-animal-rights
_

Sub-Section 1B16b4:
Evidence Of The Ineffectiveness Of S.I.C.s:

“Reining in the Elephants: Thinking Critically about Single-Issue Campaigns”:
http://academicabolitionistvegan.blogspot.com/2015/03/reining-in-elephants-thinking.html
_

Sub-Section 1B16b5:
PETA:

http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/links/p2900/newsweek-magazine.pdf
https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=710775368978700&id=162378977151678

“Deconstructing PETA’s Thinking”:
http://thevegancommunicator.wordpress.com/2013/10/06/deconstructing-petas-thinking

“PETA: A Corporate Tangle Of Contradictions”:
http://veganismisnonviolence.com/2012/04/02/peta-a-corporate-tangle-of-contradictions

“When Sex Doesn’t Sell: Using Sexualized Images of Women Reduces Support for Ethical Campaigns”:
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi/10.1371/journal.pone.0083311

“PETA fat-shames in ‘Save the Whales’ campaign”:
http://feministing.com/2009/08/17/peta-fat-shames-in-save-the-whales-campaign

“PETA cool with lobster death – if at the White House”:
http://washingtonexaminer.com/peta-cool-with-lobster-death-if-at-the-white-house/article/2530980

“PETA employees’ prosecution exposed a shocking (and deadly) practice”:
http://www.examiner.com/article/peta-employees-prosecution-exposed-a-shocking-and-deadly-practice

“PETA’s Death Cult, Part 1: Celebrities Getting Naked in the Name of Euthanasia”:
http://dysarm.com/petas-death-cult-2

“PETA’s Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad History of Killing Animals”:
http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2012/03/petas-terrible-horrible-no-good-very-bad-history-of-killing-animals/254130

“Controlling an animal as deadly as a weapon” or how PETA advocates killing all pitbulls:
http://www.sfgate.com/opinion/openforum/article/Controlling-an-animal-as-deadly-as-a-weapon-2629558.php

“Don’t turn your back on feral cats” or how PETA advocates killing all feral cats:
http://www.opednews.com/articles/Don-t-turn-your-back-on-fe-by-People-for-the-Eth-101022-19.html

“Strange but True… PETA’s stance on Feral Cats…”:
http://www.feralchange.org/#!petas-policy-on-ferals–seriously/c10cq

My blog post on PETA:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/07/01/is-peta-justified
_

Sub-Section 1B16b6:
Animals Harmed In Entertainment:

“What Does “No Animals Were Harmed” Mean?”:
http://animalrights.about.com/od/animalsinentertainment/a/What-Does-No-Animals-Were-Harmed-Mean.htm
http://animalrights.about.com/od/animalsinentertainment/a/What-Does-No-Animals-Were-Harmed-Mean_2.htm

“Shocking truth behind the ‘no animals were harmed’ certificate in movies”:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2513407/How-Hollywood-animals-repeatedly-harmed-movie-TV-production.html
_

Sub-Section 1B17:
On Violence In The ARM:

Gary Francione Commentary #5: On Violence:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/a-commentary-on-violence

“A Comment on Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/a-comment-on-violence

“Gandhi: On the 62nd Anniversary of His Death”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/gandhi-on-the-62nd-anniversary-of-his-death

“Martin Luther King, Jr.: His Dream and Our Reality”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/martin-luther-king-jr-his-dream-and-our-reality

“More on Violence and Animal Rights”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/more-on-violence-and-animal-rights

“On Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/on-violence

“On Violence as ‘Entertainment’ “:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/violence-entertainment

“On Vivisection and Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/on-vivisection-and-violence

“Opposing Views: On Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/opposing-views-on-violence

“Peter Singer and I Agree on One Thing: Nonviolence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/peter-singer-and-i-agree-on-one-thing-nonviolence

“The Religion of Non-Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/the-religion-of-non-violence

“Veganism and Nonviolence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/veganism-and-nonviolence

My blog post on violence:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/07/01/violence-will-never-advance

“On Militant Direct Action”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2009/09/17/on-militant-direct-action

“On ‘Fur-Hags’ And ‘Fucking Bitches’ “:
http://www.easyvegan.info/2009/01/25/on-fur-hags-and-fucking-bitches
_

Sub-Section 1B18:
On Graphic Imagery:
“A Comment on “Blood and Guts” Advocacy”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/a-comment-on-blood-and-guts-advocacy

“Violent Imagery in Animal Advocacy”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/violent-imagery-in-animal-advocacy

“Every Picture Tells A Story”:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com/2017/09/23/every-picture-tells-a-story
_

Sub-Section 1B19:
Logic And Myth Regarding Animal Rights:

Sub-Section 1B19a:
Video Section:

“Speciesism. A Debate”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLmnt63VGgc

“Colleen Patrick-Goudreau: Debunking the Myths of Veganism”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=od_cqvr-ueY

“Meat Creates Jobs That People Would Lose in a Vegan World”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k_tRaMpmFJ8

“How Wolves Change Rivers”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysa5OBhXz-Q

“Stop Social Conditioning Now”:
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGVuHFfX1DmTNnWiVEqIpCA

“VERSUS: The Amazing Atheist | Video Response [Part 1]”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIacX8rPoKw

“VERSUS: MrRepzion | Video Response [Part 1]”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZQP8KyWPWJs
_

Sub-Section 1B19b:
Text-Based Links:

Sub-Section 1B16b1:
Effective Argumentation:

“Think Again: How to Reason and Argue”:
https://www.coursera.org/course/thinkagain

“How To Not Lose An Argument”:
http://lesswrong.com/lw/3k/how_to_not_lose_an_argument

The Continuum Fallacy at Wikipedia:
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Continuum_fallacy
http://lesswrong.com/lw/mm/the_fallacy_of_gray

“To change Attitudes, Don’t Argue — Agree, Extremely”:
http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-paradoxical-thinking-20140715-story.html
_

Sub-Section 1B19b2:
Lists Of Fallacies In Regards To Veganism:

“FAQs”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/faqs

Catalog Of Logical Fallacies:
http://cruelty-free.org/science/part-1-catalog-of-logical-fallacies-used-to-justify-inhumanity

Animal Rights and Vegan Discussion Fallacies:
http://www.yourcybercourt.info/fallacies/list.html

“Frequently Asked Questions about Veganism”:
http://www.idausa.org/vegandays/faq.html

“Guide to justifications for harming and exploiting animals”:
http://www.vegansidekick.com/guide

“Your Vegan Fallacy Is”:
http://yourveganfallacyis.com/en

“Master List Of Logical Fallacies”:
http://utminers.utep.edu/omwilliamson/ENGL1311/fallacies.htm

_

Sub-Section 1B19b3:
The Myth Of Human Superiority:

“What scientific idea is ready for retirement?” (of note is the answer by Irene Pepperberg):
http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/jan/12/what-scientific-idea-is-ready-for-retirement-edge-org
_

Sub-Section 1B19b4:
The “What Would Happen To All The Animals” argument:

“HOW TO RESPOND TO… ‘IF EVERYONE WENT VEGAN, WHAT WOULD HAPPEN TO ALL THE FARM ANIMALS?’ “:
http://www.veganmainstream.com/2013/06/21/how-to-respond-to-if-everyone-went-vegan-what-would-happen-to-all-the-farm-animals

“What Will Happen to the Animals if Everyone Goes Vegan?”:
http://animalrights.about.com/od/animalrights101/a/What-Will-Happen-To-The-Animals-If-Everyone-Goes-Vegan.htm

“10 Reasons You Should NOT Go Vegan”:
http://www.theveganwoman.com/10-reasons-you-should-not-go-vegan

“What Would Happen To The Animals?”:
http://www.vegansoapbox.com/what-would-happen-to-the-animals
_

Sub-Section 1B19b5:
Logical Errors About Vivisection:

http://speakingofresearch.com/2013/10/29/some-animal-rights-philosophers-say-the-darndest-things
http://www.opposingviews.com/i/society/animal-rights/why-debate-when-you-can-publish-unopposed-nonsense
http://www.afma-curedisease.org/pdf/ringach.pdf
_

Sub-Section 1B19b6:
Anti-“Former Vegan” Arguments:

“Facing Failing Health On A Vegan Diet”:
http://bonzaiaphrodite.com/2013/01/facing-failing-health-on-a-vegan-diet

“What The Blonde Vegan & Carrie On Vegan Can Teach Us About Eating Healthfully”:
http://itdoesnttastelikechicken.com/2014/07/17/what-the-blonde-vegan-carrie-on-vegan-can-teach-us-about-eating-healthfully

“How to Gain Fame and Fortune as an Ex-Vegan in Roughly Five Easy Steps?…”:
http://veganfeministagitator.blogspot.com/2014/07/how-to-gain-fame-and-fortune-as-ex.html

“Our Vegan Diet Almost Killed Us – No, Really”:
http://www.eatplantsdrinkbeer.com/readup/2015/11/12/our-vegan-diet-almost-killed-us
_

Sub-Section 1B19b7:
“Blood Type” Arguments:

“It’s not about your blood type, research shows”:
http://news.utoronto.ca/popular-diet-theory-debunked

“Cusack Leila, et al, Blood type diets lack supporting evidence: a systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr, July 2013; ajcn.058693.”
http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/early/2013/05/22/ajcn.113.058693

“Moen T., Blood Type Diet—science or fantasy. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2001 Jan 30;121(3):355-8”
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11242883
http://nutritionfacts.org/questions/the-blood-type-diet-fact-or-fiction
http://pcrm.org/health/diets/ffl/newsletter/eat-right-for-your-blood-type

“blood type diet”:
http://www.skepdic.com/bloodtypediet.html

“Blood Type Diet Debunked”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/blood-type-diet-debunked

Sub-Section 1B19b8:
The “Veganism Kills Babies” Argument:

Sub-Section 1B19b8a:
Veganism Does Not Kill Babies:

Vegan child death misrepresented:
http://www.thehealthyhomeeconomist.com/baby-breastfed-by-vegan-mother-dies

Non-vegan child death (18-month-old, Vermilion, OH, USA):
http://www.ksdk.com/news/article/356695/28/Toddler-dies-of-starvation-parents-arrested

Non-vegan child death (1-year-old, village of Makho in Black Sea region of Adjara, Georgia): http://www.rustavi2.com/news/news_text.php?id_news=48443&pg=1&im=main

Non-vegan child death (2-month-old, Thibodaux, LA, USA):
http://www.wdsu.com/Investigators-Baby-Died-From-Severe-Malnutrition-Mother-Arrested/13388494

Non-vegan child death (Phoenix, AZ, USA):
http://www.myfoxphoenix.com/story/22810569/2013/07/10/phoenix-police-investigate-child-death

Non-vegan child death (14-month-old, Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, N.C.):
http://www.airforcetimes.com/article/20130701/NEWS06/307010037/Baby-N-C-airman-died-from-severe-malnutrition-autopsy-says

Vegan child death (11-month-old, parents: Joel and Sergine Le Moaligou, France): http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/apr/01/joel-sergine-le-moaligou-convicted

Vegan child death (6-month-old, parents: Deborah and Roby Jan Moorhead, Auckland, New Zealand, 2002):

Vegan child death (6-weeks-old, child: Crown Shakur, parents: Jade Sanders, 27, and Lamont Thomas, 31, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 2004):

Vegan child deaths:
http://naturalhygienesociety.org/diet-veganbaby.html

Vegan child death (6-months-old, child: Woyah, parents: Joseph Andressohn, 36, and Lamoy Andressohn, 30, Florida, USA):

Vegan child death (15-months-old, Joseph and Silva Swinton, Queens, NY, USA, 2003):
“6.9 million children under the age of five died in 2011.” “About one third of all child deaths are linked to malnutrition.”

That equals 2.3 MILLION babies that died in 2011 from malnutrition around the world. Almost all were not on a vegan diet:
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs178/en

“Deficiencies of vitamin A and zinc result in deaths”
“deficiencies of iodine and iron, together with stunting, can contribute to children not reaching their developmental potential”:
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/malnutrition-causes-45-per-cent-of-deaths-of-underfive-children-report/article4788613.ece

The main causes of death in malnutrition:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6433943

The Lancet: Nearly half of all child deaths caused by malnutrition:
“malnutrition is now responsible for around 3·1 million deaths in children under five annually.”: http://www.savethechildren.org.uk/2013-06/lancet-nearly-half-all-child-deaths-caused-malnutrition

Vitamin and mineral deficiencies affect up to two billion people:
http://www.gainhealth.org/about-malnutrition/vitamin-and-mineral-deficiencies#footnoteref2_co9jpm3

Examples of elements added to fortify non-vegan foods: Iodized Salt, Folic Acid, Niacin, Vitamin D, Calcium:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fortified_food#Examples_of_fortified_foods
_

Sub-Section 1B19b8b:
How To Raise Healthy Vegan Children:

“Baby-Led Weaning for the Mini Vegan”:
http://www.theveganwoman.com/baby-led-weaning-for-the-mini-vegan

“Natural Weaning And Healthy Vegan Kids”:
http://www.vegsource.com/jess-parsons/natural-weaning-and-healthy-vegan-kids.html

“Baby’s First Vegan Foods”:
http://stayingvegan.com/2010/05/babys-first-vegan-foods

“Vegan Breastmilk Weaning Age?”:
http://www.circleofmoms.com/moms-who-are-raising-vegan-or-vegetarian-children-and-babies/vegan-breastmilk-weaning-age-531011
_

Sub-Section 1B19b9:
The “Meat Made Us Smarter” Argument:

“Meat made us smarter”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=576017022506358&id=575976675843726

“WHY “MEAT MADE US SMART” IS A DUMB IDEA”:
http://www.thediscerningbrute.com/2013/03/20/why-meat-made-us-smart-is-a-dumb-idea

“Why you can all stop saying meat eating fueled evolution of larger brains right now”:
http://evolvinghealthscience.blogspot.com.au/2012/12/why-you-can-all-stop-saying-meat-eating.html?m=1

“Brain frontal lobes not sole centre of human intelligence”:
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-05/du-bfl051013.php

“It’s Curtains For The Expensive Tissue Hypothesis”:
http://paleovegan.blogspot.co.uk/2011/11/its-curtains-for-expensive-tissue.html

“Energetics and the evolution of human brain size”:
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v480/n7375/full/nature10629.html

“Speciesist Science: Animal Flesh & Human Brain Evolution: Dispelling Myths”:
http://us6.campaign-archive1.com/?u=a17b6bb876e4ee5e67084608d&id=c643f3a690&e=f5094e8bf2

“Our Brains Need Cholesterol”:
http://plantpositive.com/22-cholesterol-confusion-5-cho
_

Sub-Section 1B19b10:
The “Plants Are Sentient” Argument:

“The Ad Plantarum Fallacy: Because Plants Don’t Have Feelings”:
http://veganhedonists.com/blogs/ad-plantarum-fallacy-because-plants-dont-have-feelings

“People For the Ethical Treatment of Plants: 4 Reasons Why the “Plant Sentience” Argument Doesn’t Work”:
http://veganrabbit.com/2013/03/18/plant-sentience-and-pain

“Broccoli vs. Animals?”:
http://www.vegetus.org/essay/plants.htm

“But Plants Have Feelings, Too!”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mikko-alanne/plant-feelings_b_932305.html
_

Sub-Section 1B19b11:
What’s Wrong With Vegetarianism?:

“Commentary #1: Vegetarianism as a “Gateway” to Veganism?”
http://media.blubrry.com/garylfrancione/p/www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/podcast/20090809-araa-commentary-1.mp3
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vegetarianism-as-a-gateway-to-veganism

Some Comments on Vegetarianism as a “Gateway” to Veganism:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/some-comments-on-vegetarianism-as-a-gateway-to-veganism
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/pdf/the-vegan-2010spring.pdf

“What Is Wrong with Vegetarianism?”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2008/09/09/what-is-wrong-with-vegetarianism

“Vegan and vegetarian: Why they are not similar”:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com/2015/11/07/vegan-and-vegetarian-why-they-are-not-similar

I Wonder What Donald Watson, Founder of the Vegan Society, Would Think:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/i-wonder-what-donald-watson-founder-of-the-vegan-society-would-think

It’s Not 1946:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/its-not-1946

The Need for a Vegan Society:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/the-need-for-a-vegan-society

Vegetarianism First?:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vegetarianism-first

_

Sub-Section 1B19b12:
The “Veganism Kills More Animals In Crop Production” Argument:

“LEAST HARM: A DEFENSE OF VEGETARIANISM FROM STEVEN DAVIS’S OMNIVOROUS PROPOSAL” by GAVERICK MATHENY:
http://fewd.univie.ac.at/fileadmin/user_upload/inst_ethik_wiss_dialog/Matheny__G._2003_Defense_of_Veg__in_J._Agric_Ethics.pdf

“Veganism: less grain for cattle, fewer animals killed in grain fields”:
http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/scienceshow/vegetariansim3a–less-grains-for-animals2c-less-animals-kille/4679802

“Contrasting Harms: Vegan Agriculture versus Animal Agriculture”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2008/01/01/contrasting-harms-vegan-agriculture-versus-animal-agriculture
_

Sub-Section 1B19b13:
The “Using Animals Is Natural” Argument:

_

Sub-Section 1B19b14:
The ” ‘In Vitro Meat’ Is A Boon To Animal Rights” Argument:

“Cultured Meat Club (Do You Really Want To Hurt Me?)”:
https://www.facebook.com/notes/keith-berger/cultured-meat-club-do-you-really-want-to-hurt-me/1356094557753973

“Vegan Trove Ep 35: “ ‘Clean Meat’ Part 1: Some Ethical Considerations” “:
http://www.vegantrove.com/podcasts/VeganTrove-2016-07-05-0035Pt1.mp3
http://www.vegantrove.com/2016/07/05/vegan-trove-0035pt1

“Vegan Trove Ep 35: “ ‘Clean Meat’ Part 2: Some Practical Implications and Unforeseen Outcomes” “:
http://www.vegantrove.com/podcasts/VeganTrove-2016-07-05-0035-Pt2.mp3
http://www.vegantrove.com/2016/07/04/vegan-trove-0035-pt2

“What’s Wrong With In Vitro Meat?”:
https://verdict.justia.com/2013/10/02/whats-wrong-with-in-vitro-meat

_

Sub-Section 1B19b15:
The “Savory Approach” Argument:

Grass-Fed Beef Is Not Better For The Environment:
http://www.examiner.com/article/environmental-experts-grass-fed-beef-not-more-eco-friendly-than-grain-fed-beef

“Alan Savory: Eat Meat and Save the World?”:
http://www.monbiot.com/2014/08/04/eat-meat-and-save-the-world

“Holistic Management: Misinformation on the Science of Grazed Ecosystems”:
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijbd/2014/163431

“Cows Against Climate Change: The Dodgy Science Behind the TED Talk”:
http://www.inexactchange.org/blog/2013/03/11/cows-against-climate-change

_

Sub-Section 1B19b16:
The Atkins Diet:

“Atkins Exposed”:
http://www.atkinsexposed.org

_

Sub-Section 1B19b17:
Info On Vaccinations:

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-VmDit1Bn2jQ/T7115vXWkgI/AAAAAAAAARc/hQGvS6uG4bw/s640/us-deaths-1900-1965.jpg

“My CRYSTAL Clear Stance on Vaccines (which aren’t immunizations)”:
http://www.drkurtperkins.com/2012/05/my-crystal-clear-stance-on-vaccines.html

“Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP)”:
http://www.nvic.org/injury-compensation.aspx
_

Sub-Section 1B19b18:
Responses To Specific Single Fallacies:

“Moral Concern, Moral Impulse, and Logical Argument in Animal Rights Advocacy”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/moral-concern-moral-impulse-and-logical-argument-in-animal-rights-advocacy

“Veganism: Morality, Health, and the Environment”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/veganism-morality-health-and-the-environment

“Single-Issue Campaigns and the Adoption/Fostering of Homeless Nonhuman Animals”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/single-issue-campaigns-and-the-adoptionfostering-of-homeless-nonhuman-animals

“Human Rights And Animal Rights: Perfect Together”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/human-rights-and-animal-rights-perfect-together

Answers to fallacies by “Veganator”:
“It is all about calories in versus calories burned”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=578641618910565&id=575976675843726

“But dairy builds strong bones”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=576533429121384&id=575976675843726

“Humans can eat meat, so that means we are omnivores”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=576018982506162&id=575976675843726

“I have a slow metabolism which is why I am overweight”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=576010179173709&id=575976675843726

“Why Hitler Was Not a Vegetarian” by Rynn Berry:
http://www.vegsource.com/berry/hitler.html

“An Open Letter to the Facebook Commenter Who Said that Vegans Are Hippie Fascists”:
http://veganfeministagitator.blogspot.com/2014/02/an-open-letter-to-facebook-commenter.html

“People Are Not Vegan Because Of You” by Gary Smith:
http://thethinkingvegan.com/articles/people-are-not-vegan-because-of-you

“Animal Suffering Isn’t An Enigma So Let’s Get Over It”:
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/animal-emotions/201408/animal-suffering-isnt-enigma-so-lets-get-over-it

“Are Vegetarians Less Healthy than Meat-Eaters?”:
http://www.theveganrd.com/2014/04/are-vegetarians-less-healthy-than-meat-eaters.html

“Top 10 Retorts to Hunter Fallacies”:
http://exposingthebiggame.wordpress.com/2013/05/02/top-10-retorts-to-hunters-fallacies

“Where Do Humans Really Rank on the Food Chain?”:
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/where-do-humans-really-rank-on-the-food-chain-180948053

“Members of the Maasai Tribe of Kenya Request IFA’s Help”:
http://www.ifundafrica.org/md/news/260-members-of-the-maasai-tribe-of-kenya-request-ifas-help.html

“If You Were Alone on a Deserted Island With a Pig, Would You Eat the Pig?”:
http://kirschnerskorner.wordpress.com/2013/03/15/if-you-were-alone-on-a-deserted-island-with-a-pig-would-you-eat-the-pig

http://www.vegcomic.com/2013/01/ask-a-stupid-question

“Don’t Tell Me What To Do”:
http://gentleworld.org/dont-tell-me-what-to-do

“The Abolitionist Zombie: Am I A Mindless Follower Of Gary Francione?”:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/06/10/the-abolitionist-zombie

“Veganism as a Minimum Standard of Decency”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2009/02/20/veganism-as-a-minimum-standard-of-decency

“Your Love Of Quinoa Is Good News For Andean Farmers”:
http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2013/07/16/202737139/is-our-love-of-quinoa-hurting-or-helping-farmers-who-grow-it

“Kids (and Animals) Who Fail Classic Mirror Tests May Still Have Sense of Self”:
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/kids-and-animals-who-fail-classic-mirror
_

Sub-Section 1B19b19:
Miscellaneous Links:

Rbutr App.:
http://blog.rbutr.com/2014/02/introducing-the-rbutr-iframe-rbutr-anywhere-anytime-any-platform-link-to-misinformation-safely

Tom Billings and beyondveg.com:
http://www.ecologos.org/tb.htm

“Rhys Southan’s attempt to discredit veganism”:
http://www.veggieboards.com/t/141776/rhys-southans-attempt-to-discredit-veganism

“Harriet Hall’s ‘Critique’ of Greger’s “Uprooting the Leading Causes of Death” by Don Matesz:
http://donmatesz.blogspot.com/2013/02/harriet-halls-critique-of-gregers.html

“Calling Out Sam Harris”:
http://magnusvinding.blogspot.co.uk/2014/05/calling-out-sam-harris.html

“Ethical Arguments Against Ethical Veganism”:
http://www.ourhenhouse.org/2014/07/the-ethical-arguments-against-ethical-veganism-2

“Science Reveals How The Brains Of Social Justice Activists Are Different From Everyone Else’s”:
http://mic.com/articles/92253/science-reveals-how-the-brains-of-social-justice-activists-are-different-from-everyone-else-s
_

Sub-Section 1B20:
Kill Count/Statistics On Exploitation:

“Global Meat Production and Consumption Continue to Rise” (Welfarist):
https://donotlink.it/bxYQ

“Meat Atlas – Facts and figures about the animals we eat” (Welfarist):
https://donotlink.it/wYnp

“Around 3 trillion sea creatures are killed each year by humans”:
http://theveganmothership.tumblr.com/post/75026616244/around-3-trillion-sea-creatures-are-killed-each

Numbers of sea animals killed each year (Welfarist):
https://donotlink.it/GgkP

“World Agriculture: Towards 2015/2030. An FAO perspective” (Welfarist):
https://donotlink.it/Qvkx

“40 Maps That Explain Food In America”:
http://www.vox.com/a/explain-food-america

“USDA’s Wildlife Services killed 4 million animals in 2013; seen as an overstep by some”:
https://donotlink.it/Veln

_

Sub-Section 1B21:
The Growth Of Veganism:

Sub-Section 1B21a:
“How-To” on Creative Non-Oppressive Vegan Advocacy:

Sub-Section 1B21a1:
Miscellaneous:

“Creative, Non-Violent Vegan Education — Easy and Effective”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/creative-non-violent-vegan-education-easy-and-effective

“Vegan Education: A Background”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2008/04/03/vegan-education-a-background-part-1-of-2
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2008/05/16/vegan-education-an-incremental-abolitionist-approach-part-2-of-2

“Ten Crucial Tips for Public Outreach Work”:
http://www.internationalvegan.org/ten-crucial-tips-for-public-outreach-work

“A Special Feature; Worldwide Vegan Activism”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com.tr/search/label/A%20feature%3A%20worldwide%20vegan%20activism
_

Sub-Section 1B21a2:
CNOVA (Creative, Non-Oppressive Vegan Advocacy):

How I get non-Vegans to  consider Veganism in a positive manner:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/07/01/how-to-create-vegans

My CNOVA Archives:
February 23rd, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/abolitionistvegansociety/photos/a.548272578595591.1073741829.375698192519698/623962194359962

February 24th, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/abolitionistvegansociety/photos/a.548272578595591.1073741829.375698192519698/626331487456366

May 6th, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202549120142443

Friday, May 30th, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202952542227743

Saturday, May 31st, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202960520347191

Sunday, June 1st, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202966947067855

Tuesday, June 16th 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202978442155225

Friday, September 12th, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10203393018039363

My first time being interviewed on a live webcast!:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qM1SB9AxrW8

Sub-Section 1B21a2:
Vegan Education Pamphlets & Flyers:

Flyers by me (click thumbnails and then choose “full-sized versions” at the bottom):
Tearoffs with various animals:

Or right click on the links below and choose “save link as”:

https://s16.postimg.org/j7bdd8jqp/Tearoff_poster_bee_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/525kbfapd/Tearoff_poster_chickens_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/jze1cfnxt/Tearoff_poster_cow_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/nk9wvnshd/Tearoff_poster_fish_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/p0lfdsve9/Tearoff_poster_goat_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/w538mu2nl/Tearoff_poster_pig_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/8s574bmk1/Tearoff_poster_sloth_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/6c3dqh4hd/Tearoff_poster_turkey_01.jpg

Various wonderful pamphlets by others:

“Embracing Veganism” by South Florida Vegan Education Group:
https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0zLVN2DeKCHTkg1OE9lQXdBUjQ

http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/text

http://www.internationalvegan.org/pamphlet

http://www.howdoigovegan.com/abolitionist-veganism/outreach-materials

Pamphlets by Vegan Musings:

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bw3cXrKFRr62ZF81WFM0NFhVVjA/view

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bw3cXrKFRr62TlVvTEx2bV80ek0/view

“Reject Speciesism”:
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bw3cXrKFRr62dHV1MnpmN0hVdE0/view

Sub-Section 1B21a4:
Some Sites We Could Use To Educate Pre-Vegans (especially by choosing areas where the highest number of non-Vegans will see our Abolitionist Vegan messages):
https://academia.edu
https://instagram.com
https://ello.co
https://facebook.com
https://vk.com
https://linkedin.com
https://medium.com
https://meetup.com
https://petpav.com
https://pinterest.com
https://plus.google.com
https://quora.com
https://tumblr.com
https://twitter.com
https://vine.co
https://youtube.com
_

Sub-Section 1B21b:
Examples Of The Paradigm Shifting:

Sub-Section 1B21b1:
Former Institutional Exploiters Turned Vegan:

“From Goat Farmer to Sanctuary Founder” (Note: I do not endorse PETA):
http://www.maplefarmsanctuary.org/item/Our_Story/225/c33

” ‘Animals feel pain’: why a farmer’s son turned vegan”:
http://www.irishtimes.com/life-and-style/people/animals-feel-pain-why-a-farmer-s-son-turned-vegan-1.1953889
_

Sub-Section 1B21b2:
Miscellaneous:

“Q&A: Hellenic Vincent de Paul, the guy who’s trying to make ‘Vegandale’ a thing”:
https://torontolife.com/food/qa-hellenic-vincent-de-paul-guy-whos-trying-make-vegandale-thing

“The First Vegan Accommodation in NYC!”:
https://www.airbnb.com/rooms/3456576

“Taiwan Is Cooler Than Your Town!”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/news/taiwan-opens-first-ever-all-vegan-grocery-store

Read these 2 in order:
http://blogs.smh.com.au/lifestyle/allmenareliars/archives/2007/04/red_meat_the_oldest_aphrodisia.html
http://www.smh.com.au/comment/confessions-of-a-vegan-20140730-zx84p.html

“Tal’s Freeze – Big Brother Israel | Channel 2”:
http://vimeo.com/102833111

“Fashion & Veg: You Can Dress Vegan!”:
http://fashionandveg1.blogspot.it/p/chi-sono.html
_

Sub-Section 1B21c:
Science And Statistics:

“How Sweden And The World Will Go Vegan”:
http://bliveganer.wordpress.com/2014/03/22/how-vegan-education-will-make-sweden-and-the-world-go-vegan

“Minority Rules: Scientists Discover Tipping Point for the Spread of Ideas”:
http://news.rpi.edu/luwakkey/2902

“Interest In Vegan Diets On The Rise: Google Trends Notes Public’s Increased Curiosity In Veganism”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/02/interest-in-vegan-diets-on-the-rise_n_3003221.html
_

Sub-Section 1C:
Books:

“Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Animals-Persons-Essays-Abolition-Exploitation/dp/0231139519/ref=sr_1_3?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-3

“Animals Property & The Law (Ethics And Action)” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Animals-Property-The-Ethics-Action/dp/1566392845/ref=pd_sim_sbs_b_4

“Eat Like You Care: An Examination of the Morality of Eating Animals” by Gary L. Francione & Anna Charlton:
http://www.amazon.com/Eat-Like-You-Care-Examination/dp/1492386510/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1387358713&sr=8-1&keywords=eat+like+you+care

“Introduction to Animal Rights: Your Child or the Dog?” by Gary L. Francione and Alan Watson:
http://www.amazon.com/Introduction-Animal-Rights-Your-Child/dp/1566396921/ref=sr_1_2?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-2

“Rain Without Thunder: The Ideology of the Animal Rights Movement” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Rain-Without-Thunder-Ideology-Movement-ebook/dp/B006SVRMN8/ref=sr_1_6?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-6

“The Animal Rights Debate: Abolition or Regulation? (Critical Perspectives on Animals: Theory, Culture, Science and Law)” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Animal-Rights-Debate-Regulation-Perspectives/dp/0231149557/ref=sr_1_4?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-4

“Vivisection and Dissection in the Classroom: A Guide to Conscientious Objection” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Vivisection-Dissection-Classroom-Conscientious-Objection/dp/1881699005/ref=sr_1_5?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-5

“Mind If I Order the Cheeseburger?: And Other Questions People Ask Vegans” by Sherry F. Colb:
http://www.amazon.com/Mind-If-Order-Cheeseburger-Questions-ebook/dp/B00DMDT70Q/ref=tmm_kin_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&sr=1-1&qid=1423095999

“Animal Oppression and Human Violence: Domesecration, Capitalism, and Global Conflict”:
http://cup.columbia.edu/book/978-0-231-15188-7/animal-oppression-and-human-violence
http://www.amazon.com/Animal-Oppression-Human-Violence-Domesecration-ebook/dp/B00CP7EXP4

“Animal Rights/Human Rights: Entanglements of Oppression and Liberation (Critical Media Studies: Institutions, Politics, and Culture)”:
http://www.amazon.com/Animal-Rights-Human-Entanglements-Institutions-ebook/dp/B00EGJAVRS

“Making a Killing: The Political Economy of Animal Rights” by Bob Torres:
http://www.akpress.org/makingakillingebook.html

“Animal Equality” by Joan Dunayer:
http://www.rootsofcompassion.org/en/literature/animal-rights-animal-liberation/animal-equality-joan-dunayer

“Speciesism” by Joan Dunayer:
http://www.amazon.com/Speciesism-Joan-Dunayer/dp/0970647565

“We’re Vegan!” by Anna Bean:
https://www.createspace.com/4546891
_

These links and tons more:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Section 2:
Science/Medical/Health/Nutrition:
It has come to my attention that some people are reading this list merely for info on a Plants-Only Diet and refusing to read any of Section 1. Therefore, I’ve decided to include only the following items in Section 2 – I’ve also relegated the section on environment to another, separate post. Please do not ignore the moral arguments for Veganism. Thank you:

1) The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly The American Dietetic Association): the world’s largest organization of food and nutrition professionals. The Academy is committed to improving the nation’s health and advancing the profession of dietetics through research, education and advocacy.

“It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Well-planned vegetarian diets are appropriate for individuals during all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, and adolescence, and for athletes.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19562864

2) The Mayo Clinic: the first and largest integrated not-for-profit medical group practice in the world, employing more than 3,800 physicians and scientists and 50,900 allied health staff. It spends $500 million dollars on research a year.

“A well-planned vegetarian diet can meet the needs of people of all ages, including children, teenagers, and pregnant or breast-feeding women. The key is to be aware of your nutritional needs so that you plan a diet that meets them.”

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vegetarian-diet/HQ01596

3) Dietitians of Canada (DC): is the national professional association for dietitians, representing almost 6000 members at the local, provincial and national levels. DC is one of the largest organizations of dietetic professionals in the world.

“A vegan eating pattern has many potential health benefits. They include lower rates of obesity, heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer. Other benefits include lower blood cholesterol levels and a lower risk for gallstones and intestinal problems.”

http://www.dietitians.ca/Nutrition-Resources-A-Z/Factsheets/Vegetarian/Eating-Guidelines-for-Vegans.aspx

4) The British National Health Service (NHS): is the largest and the oldest single-payer healthcare system in the world. It provides the majority of healthcare in England.

“With good planning and an understanding of what makes up a healthy, balanced vegan diet, you can get all the nutrients your body needs.”

http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Vegetarianhealth/Pages/Vegandiets.aspx

5) The British Nutrition Foundation (BNF): team of nutrition scientists that conducts academic reviews of published research on issues of diet and public health. Aims to to advance the education of the public, and those involved in the training and education of others, in nutrition; and to advance the study of and research into nutrition for the public benefit, and to disseminate and publish the useful results of such research.

“A well-planned, balanced vegetarian or vegan diet can be nutritionally adequate…”

“Studies of UK vegetarian and vegan children have revealed that their growth and development are within the normal range.”

http://www.nutrition.org.uk/publications/briefingpapers/vegetarian-nutrition

6) The Dietitians Association of Australia (DAA): is the peak body of 5,100 dietetic and nutrition professionals providing strategic leadership in food and nutrition through empowerment, advocacy, education, accreditation and communication.

“…with good planning it is still possible to obtain all the nutrients required for good health on a vegan diet.”

http://daa.asn.au/for-the-public/smart-eating-for-you/nutrition-a-z/vegan-diets/

7) The Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP): a branch of the USDA that aims to improve the nutrition and well-being of Americans by focusing on advancing and promoting dietary guidance for all Americans, and conducting applied research and analysis in nutrition and consumer economics.

“Vegetarian diets can meet all the recommendations for nutrients.”

http://www.choosemyplate.gov/healthy-eating-tips/tips-for-vegetarian.html

8) The National Institutes of Health (NIH): comprised of 27 separate institutes and centers, and with an annual spending of around $26 billion, NIH is the is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and health-related research.

“There is no single type of vegetarian diet…People who follow vegetarian diets can get all the nutrients they need.”

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/vegetariandiet.html

9) American Heart Association (AHA): with 22.5 million volunteers and 2,700 employees, AHA is the nation’s oldest, largest voluntary organization devoted to fighting cardiovascular diseases and stroke.

“Many studies have shown that vegetarians seem to have a lower risk of obesity, coronary heart disease (which causes heart attack), high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and some forms of cancer.”

http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/NutritionCenter/Vegetarian-Diets_UCM_306032_Article.jsp

10) Heart and Stroke Foundation (HSF): having invested over $1.35 billion in heart and stroke research, HSF is one of Canada’s largest and most effective health charities.

“Vegetarian diets can provide all the nutrients you need at any age, as well as some additional health benefits. Vegetarian diets often have lower levels of total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol than many meat-based diets, and higher intakes of fibre, magnesium, potassium, folate and antioxidants such as vitamins C and E. Vegetarian diets may lead to lower blood pressure, improved cholesterol levels, healthier weight and less incidence of Type 2 diabetes, all of which can reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.”

http://www.heartandstroke.com/site/c.ikIQLcMWJtE/b.3484249/k.2F6C/Healthy_living__Vegetarian_diets.htm

11) American Cancer Society (ACS): with over 3,400 local offices, and raising $934 million in 2012, this 100 year old society works to save lives and create a world with less cancer.

“Some studies have linked vegetarian diets to lower risk for heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, and certain types of cancer, such as colon cancer. A strictly vegetarian diet must be properly planned to be sure it provides all the required nutrients.”

http://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatmentsandsideeffects/complementaryandalternativemedicine/dietandnutrition/vegetarianism

12) Harvard School of Public Health: is one of the most selective and prestigious public health schools in the world with half of the students already holding a medical doctorate.

“With a little planning, a balanced and varied vegetarian diet can meet the nutrient needs of nearly everyone.”

http://www.dining.harvard.edu/vegvgn

13) American Diabetes Association (ADA): with 90 local offices across the US, the ADA utilizes 73% of its $34.6 million in fund raising (2012) to support research and projects concerning diabetes.

“A vegetarian diet is a healthy option, even if you have diabetes. Research supports that following this type of diet can help prevent and manage diabetes. In fact, research on vegan diets has found that carbohydrate and calorie restrictions were not necessary and still promoted weight loss and lowered participants’ A1C.”

http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/meal-planning-for-vegetarians/

14) The Perelman School of Medicine (Penn Med): a medical school ranked second for research in 2012.

“A well-planned vegetarian diet can give you good nutrition. A vegetarian diet often helps you have better health. Eating a vegetarian diet can help you: [r]educe your chance of obesity; [r]educe your risk of heart disease; [l]ower your blood pressure; [l]ower your risk of type 2 diabetes.”

http://www.pennmedicine.org/encyclopedia/em_DisplayArticle.aspx?gcid=002465&ptid=1

15) Cleveland Clinic: is regarded as one of the top hospital in the United States. With around 1,700 staff physicians representing 120 medical specialties, this hospital helps patients not only from all 50 states, but from more than 100 other nations.

“There really are no disadvantages to a herbivorous diet! A plant-based diet has many health benefits, including lowering the risk for heart disease, hypertension, Type 2 diabetes, and cancer. It can also help lower cholesterol and blood pressure levels, plus maintain weight and bone health.”

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/heart/prevention/nutrition/food-choices/understanding-vegetarianism.aspx

16) New York Presbyterian Hospital: is an esteemed university hospital system affiliated with two Ivy League medical schools. It is the largest not-for-profit hospital in the US.

“People who follow a vegetarian diet are relatively healthier than those who don’t. Vegetarians tend to have a lower incidence of obesity and fewer chronic health problems, including some cancers, heart disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes.”

http://nyp.org/wellness/showDocument.php?contentTypeId=1&contentId=1876&heading=Vegetarian+Diets%3A+The+Myths+vs.+Facts

17) University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC): with 4,200 licensed beds and 400 outpatient sites, UPMC is one of the largest medical centers in the world.

“A well-planned vegetarian diet can give you good nutrition. A vegetarian diet often helps you have better health.”

http://www.upmc.com/healthlibrary/Pages/ADAM.aspxGenContentId=002465&ProjectId=1&ProductId=1

18) The Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center (UCLA): having research centers covering nearly all major specialties of medicine, UCLA is considered on of the top three hospitals in the US. This hospital has been ranked in the top twenty in 15 of the 16 medical specialties ranked in the US News ranking.

“Some of the health benefits of a vegetarian diet may include: [d]ecreased blood cholesterol levels;
and blood pressure; [l]ower incidence of heart disease, some forms of cancer, and digestive disorders like constipation and diverticula disease; [l]ower incidence of obesity and some forms of diabetes.”

http://www.dining.ucla.edu/housing_site/dining/SNAC_pdf/Vegetarianism.pdf

19) Kaiser Permanente: the largest managed care organization in the United States, published an article supporting the adoption of a plant-based diet earlier this spring.

“Healthy eating may be best achieved with a plant-based diet, which we define as a regimen that encourages whole, plant-based foods and discourages meats, dairy products, and eggs as well as all refined and processed foods. We present a case study as an example of the potential health benefits of such a diet. Research shows that plant-based diets are cost-effective, low-risk interventions that may lower body mass index, blood pressure, HbA1C, and cholesterol levels. They may also reduce the number of medications needed to treat chronic diseases and lower ischemic heart disease mortality rates. Physicians should consider recommending a plant-based diet to all their patients, especially those with high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or obesity.”

http://www.thepermanentejournal.org/issues/2013/spring/5117-nutrition.html

*** A follow up written by Dr. John McDougall and his son, Dr. Craig McDougall concerning Kaiser Permanente’s warning about potential nutrient deficiencies:

“In our experience of treating more than 5000 patients with a low-fat, whole foods, plant-based (vegan) diet, with follow-up lasting as long as 28 years, we have not seen any deficiencies of protein, iron, calcium, or essential fatty acids.”

http://www.thepermanentejournal.org/…/fall/5552-diet.html

20) British Dietetic Association: “Well planned vegetarian diets can be both nutritious and healthy. They have been associated with lower risks of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, certain types of cancer and lower blood cholesterol levels.”

http://www.bda.uk.com/foodfacts/vegetarianfoodfacts.pdf

Special thanks to Anders Branderud:
http://bloganders.blogspot.no/2013/08/humans-can-live-and-thrive-on-healthy.html

Section 3:
Plant-Based Recipes/Vegan Food Guides:

Sub-Section 3A:
Videos:

“You Have Been Opening A Banana Wrong Your Entire Life!”:
http://www.newsiosity.com/videos/entertainment/you-have-been-opening-banana-wrong-your-entire-life-blew-my-mind

How to make Vegan yogurt:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pvj3u8-7PmU

“Learn How to Make These 5 Easy Raw Vegan Favorites (VIDEOS)”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-food/easy-raw-vegan-favorites-videos

“8 Videos of Vegan Recipes You Can Make in Less Than 5 Minutes (VIDEOS)”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-food/vegan-recipes-you-can-make-in-less-than-5-minutes-videos
_

Sub-Section 3B:
Text-based:

Sub-Section 3B1:
Food Guides:

Vegan food pyramid:
http://postimg.org/image/ejdv00zj5

Vegan liquor guide:
http://www.barnivore.com

A two-time Cupcake Wars winner on the chemistry of vegan baking:
http://www.splendidtable.org/story/a-two-time-cupcake-wars-winner-on-the-chemistry-of-vegan-baking

“Fits Me”:
http://www.fitsmeapp.com

“The Great Vegan Search Engine”:
https://www.google.com/cse/home?cx=007857372892095548138:j_cudozhaew

“Stop Pouring Your Chickpea Liquid Down the Drain. It’s a Magical Ingredient”:
http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2015/06/10/aquafaba_baking_with_chickpea_liquid_for_vegan_meringues.html

“Vegan Chocolate Mousse Made With Aquafaba”:
http://www.mywifemakes.com/2015/06/10/vegan-chocolate-mousse-made-with-aquafaba-chickpea-brine

“17 Cooking Hacks Every Vegan Should Know”:
http://www.buzzfeed.com/leonoraepstein/hacks-every-vegan-should-know?sub=3191089_2839111

Vibrance!: What Vegans Eat”:
https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.534160356645011.1073741827.452441044816943&type=3

“25 Frugal Items for Your Organic Vegan Grocery List”:
http://www.wisebread.com/25-frugal-items-for-your-organic-vegan-grocery-list

“21 Comfort Snacks That Are Vegan”:
http://inourishgently.com/21-comfort-snacks-that-are-vegan

“Plant-Based On A Budget”:
http://www.plantplate.com/Guide/Detail?GuideID=1006
_

Sub-Section 3B2:
Businesses/Companies That Sell Vegan Products:

Sub-Section 3B2a:
Vegan Misc.:

“Shopping Vegan”:
http://shoppingvegan.online

“Vegan Cleaning Products”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com/search/label/Cleaning%20Products%20-Vegan

“Vegan As Printing”:
https://www.facebook.com/veganasprinting1

“ONE OF A KIND VEGAN CERAMIC DISHES”:
http://www.ecodogsandcats.com/blog/one-kind-vegan-ceramic-dishes.html
_

Sub-Section 3B2b:
Vegan Food:

Vegan cheese:
http://www.buteisland.com

Daiya Cheese:
http://us.daiyafoods.com

“So Delicious Dairy Free”:
https://www.facebook.com/sodeliciousdairyfree

“Midas Fine Art Cheeses”:
https://www.facebook.com/midasfineartcheeses

“Freja’s Foods” – They make seitan, a delicious plants-only food which can replicate and replace almost any animal flesh:
http://www.frejasfoods.com

“Replicated Meat – Coming Soon to Major Supermarkets Near You”:
https://www.yahoo.com/tech/innovation-dominates-communication-79965946822.html

“Scientists developing cow-free milk that tastes like the real thing”:
http://www.foxnews.com/leisure/2014/08/13/this-dairy-milk-is-cow-free

“Lazy Day Foods”:
http://www.lazydayfoods.com/engine/shop/index.html

“Food Fight”:
http://www.foodfightgrocery.com

“Unicorn Grocery”:
https://www.facebook.com/unicorngrocery

“Rescue Chocolate”:
https://www.facebook.com/rescuechocolate

“Natural Candy Store”:
http://www.naturalcandystore.com
_

Sub-Section 3B2c:
Vegan Clothing:

“Vegan Athletic Shoes 2013”:
http://vegan8.me/vegan-athletic-shoes/vegan-athletic-shoes-2013

“Olsenhaus”:
http://www.olsenhaus.com

“MuSkin: A Vegan “Leather” Made Entirely From Mushrooms”:
http://www.ecouterre.com/muskin-a-vegan-leather-made-entirely-from-mushrooms
_

Sub-Section 3B2d:
Vegan Cosmetics:

“Vegan Lip Balms”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com/2014/09/vegan-lip-balms.html

“6 Amazing and Truly Cruelty-Free Cosmetics Brands”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/lifestyle/cruelty-free-cosmetic-brands

“Tropic Skin Care”:
https://www.tropicskincare.co.uk/shop/caroleellingham
http://www.facebook.com/TropicNorfolk
_

Sub-Section 3B3:
My Favorite Vegan Substitutes:

Tofurky Italian sausage:
http://www.veganstore.com/product/tofurky-italian-sausage/vegan-meat-alternatives

Morningstar Farms BBQ riblets:
https://www.morningstarfarms.com/products/meal-starters/hickory-bbq-riblets
(not sure the above is still being made as I can’t find it around here anymore)

Gardein Sizzling Szechuan beefless strips:
http://gardein.com/products/beefless-strips

Vegenaise:
http://followyourheart.com/products/original-3
_

Sub-Section 3B4:
Recipe Sites:

“VegWeb”:
http://vegweb.com

“Live Vegan”:
http://livevegan.org

“Oh She Glows”:
http://ohsheglows.com

“Post Punk Kitchen”:
http://www.theppk.com

“Vegan Richa”:
http://www.veganricha.com

“VegKitchen with Nava Atlas”:
http://www.vegkitchen.com

“Simply Vegan”:
http://www.simply-vegan.org

“Finding Vegan”:
http://www.findingvegan.com

“Hell Yeah, It’s Vegan!”:
http://hellyeahitsvegan.com

“VeganEasy”:
http://veganeasy.org/30-Day-Menu

“Skip The Bacon: 20 Vegan Breakfast Ideas”:
http://www.brit.co/vegan-breakfast

“Hippie Vegan”:
http://Hippievegan.com
https://www.facebook.com/hippievegan

“Forks Over Knives”:
http://www.forksoverknives.com/recipes

“Holy Cow!”:
http://holycowvegan.net/indian-vegan-recipes

“The Buddhist Chef: recipe/seitan”:
http://www.thebuddhistchef.com/recipe/seitan

“Vegan Thanksgiving Recipes Galore 2015!”:
http://www.peacefuldumpling.com/vegan-thanksgiving-recipes-galore-2015

“I Can’t Believe It’s Vegan Gravy”:
http://www.vegweb.com/recipes/i-cant-believe-its-vegan-gravy

“My Vegan Burger King”:
http://mouthwateringvegan.com/2013/04/07/my-vegan-burger-king

“17 Very Cherry Recipes (All Vegan!)”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-recipe/very-cherry-recipes

“Veggieful.com: Vegan Sausage Roll Recipe”:
http://www.veggieful.com/2013/09/vegan-sausage-roll-recipe.html

“What Fat Vegans Eat”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/194567900666819/254864584637150

“The Vegan Stoner: Peanut Stew”:
http://theveganstoner.blogspot.co.uk/2011/07/peanut-stew.html?m=1

“LASAGNA GRILLED CHEESE. NUT-FREE SOY-FREE VEGAN RECIPE”:
http://www.veganricha.com/2014/06/lasagna-grilled-cheese-nut-free-soy.html

“Jeff Novick, MS, RD: My Simple Recipes”:
https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.204432390124.260255.177550385124

“14 Recipes for Turning Avocados Into OMGados”:
http://www.ecorazzi.com/2014/05/28/14-recipes-for-turning-avocados-into-omgados

“The Simple Veganista: SMOKY CHIPOTLE MAPLE T.L.T.”:
http://thesimpleveganista.blogspot.com/2012/12/smoky-chipolte-maple-tofu-sandwich.html

“The top 10 best vegan recipe websites”:
http://www.thisdishisvegetarian.com/2011/12/the-top-10-best-vegan-recipe-websites.html

“Anna Adey’s Recipes”:
https://www.facebook.com/anna.adey1/media_set?set=a.10151913073610069.1073741840.679240068

“10 Basic Vegan Recipes Even the Worst Cook Can Master”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-recipe/basic-vegan-recipes-even-the-worst-cook-can-master

“First Proper & Best-Ever Vegan ‘Egg Mayonnaise’ (Egg Salad) Sandwich”:
http://mouthwateringvegan.com/2013/04/06/first-proper-best-ever-vegan-egg-mayonnaise-egg-salad-sandwich
_

Sub-Section 3B4:
Miscellaneous:
“8 Vegetables You Can Regrow Again And Again”:
http://www.trueactivist.com/8-vegetables-that-you-can-regrow-again-and-again

Section 4:
Ecological/Environmental:
It has come to my attention that some people are reading this list merely for info on a Plants-Only Diet or the environmental aspects of such, and refusing to read any of Section 1. Therefore, I’ve relegated the section on environment to another, separate post. Please do not ignore the moral arguments for Veganism. Thank you.

Section 5:
Veganism-Related (misc. non-Vegan issues related to Veganism):

Sub-Section 5A:
Videos:

Sub-Section 5A1:
Miscellaneous:

“Critical Thinking”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6OLPL5p0fMg

“The Long Reach Of Reason”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uk7gKixqVNU

_

Sub-Section 5A2:
Effective Advocacy:

“A radical experiment in empathy”: Sam Richards at TEDxPSU:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kUEGHdQO7WA

“How to Change the World With Love”: Joey Adler at TEDxMontreal:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=INZq4LDaNVM

“For argument’s sake” by Daniel H. Cohen:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JTN9Nx8VYtk

“Tactical Performance: Thinking Theatrically for Powerful Protest: Larry Bogad at TEDxUCDavis”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=psRuhwkwt5Q

“Science Of Persuasion”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cFdCzN7RYbw

“Rosenberg on Nonviolent Communication ~ NVC”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SZ-fUVM4Dos

“Nonviolent Communication Part 1 Marshall Rosenberg”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-dpk5Z7GIFs&list=PLB7FA52401E74FFE0&index=4

“How To Convince People To Do Whatever You Want”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t7dINpMdMRA

“Living the Great Refusal – Dublin talk, May 2014”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tUxklv2mDcQ

“The Secret To Winning An Argument Is Ridiculously Simple”:
http://www.businessinsider.com/how-to-win-an-argument-2014-5
_

Sub-Section 5A2a:
Podcasts:

“YANSS Podcast 023 – What you can learn about dealing with differing political views from bloodthirsty, warring tribes of children”:
http://youarenotsosmart.com/2014/05/07/yanss-podcast-023-what-you-can-learn-about-dealing-with-differing-political-views-from-bloodthirsty-warring-tribes-of-children
_

Sub-Section 5B:
Text-Based Info:

Sub-Section 5B1:
Alternative Political Systems:

“Collaborative Post-Scarcity Commons Resource-Based Gift Economy Anarchism”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/934968119863677

“Moral Problems Of Capitalism”:
http://bloganders.blogspot.no/2014/04/moral-problems-of-capitalism.html

“What Every Environmentalist Needs to Know about Capitalism”:
http://www.indypendent.org/2011/10/18/what-every-environmentalist-needs-know-about-capitalism

Anarcho-Syndicalism at Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anarcho-syndicalism

Herbert Marcuse at Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Marcuse
_

Sub-Section 5B2:
Alternative History:

“A People’s History Of The United States”:
http://www.historyisaweapon.com/zinnapeopleshistory.html

“Against All Odds”:
http://m.motherjones.com/politics/2004/01/against-all-odds
_

Sub-Section 5B3:
Miscellaneous:

World Clock:
http://www.poodwaddle.com/Stats

“More scrutiny for UCLA’s School of Medicine”:
http://touch.latimes.com/#section/-1/article/p2p-80018992

“You Decide: Save the People or Save the Planet”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i_Z7whe-YHk

Evolve Consciousness:
http://evolveconsciousness.org/foundational-living-and-true-unity

“Meditation can Change your Brain Structure”:
http://fractalenlightenment.com/14740/enlightening-video/meditation-can-change-your-brain-structure

“News is bad for you – and giving up reading it will make you happier”:
http://www.theguardian.com/media/2013/apr/12/news-is-bad-rolf-dobelli

The “Backfire Effect”:
http://www.boston.com/bostonglobe/ideas/articles/2010/07/11/how_facts_backfire/?page=full
http://youarenotsosmart.com/2011/06/10/the-backfire-effect/
http://www.skepdic.com/backfireeffect.html
http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/mariakonnikova/2014/05/why-do-people-persist-in-believing-things-that-just-arent-true.html

“Which Products Should You Buy Fair Trade?”:
http://mambosprouts.com/news/which-products-should-you-buy-fair-trade

“Compassion Incorporated”:
http://www.compassionincorporated.org

Cats are not the real threat to birds:
https://www.alleycat.org/sslpage.aspx?pid=1593

“What is ‘Nutri-washing’ and Why Should You Care?”:
http://www.nutritionbykiki.com/blog/2014/02/21/What-is-Nutri-washing-and-Why-Should-You-Care.aspx

These 10 Corporations Control Almost Everything You Buy:
http://www.realfarmacy.com/these-10-corporations-control-almost-everything-you-buy-2

“15 Things Everyone Would Know If There Were A Liberal Media”:
http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/08/07/1229087/-15-things-everyone-would-know-if-there-were-a-liberal-media

“The Scary New Evidence on BPA-Free Plastics”:
http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2014/03/tritan-certichem-eastman-bpa-free-plastic-safe

If you’re not already Vegan, please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. Even more important, it’s the morally right thing to do and desperately needed by everyone. If you’re already Vegan, please educate others about why they should go Vegan.

These links and tons more:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info