On Morality: Why Not Use Speciesist -And Other Kinds Of- Oppressive Language?

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Our language is a window into the way we think.

“Your beliefs become your thoughts,
Your thoughts become your words,
Your words become your actions,
Your actions become your habits,
Your habits become your values,
Your values become your destiny.”
~ Mahatma Gandhi

The way we think about nonhumans informs the way we speak about them, and the way we speak about them influences the way others think about them. And finally, that influences how they act towards them. So we can see that our language is vital in taking not just the first but many important steps towards ceasing to harm them.

Carefully choosing the words we use is incredibly important. If you’ve ever had someone make a completely inadvertently insensitive remark in your presence and you’ve been offended, or even if you’ve been blatantly insulted on purpose, you know exactly what I mean. And yet, pretty much every one of us has made a slip like the former at one time or another, and most of us have intentionally done the latter. The hallmark of a truly wise person is how they learn and grow from their mistakes. Criticism -the constructive kind, naturally- is a valuable tool in helping us learn and grow.

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Part 1: The Vocabulary Of Speciesism

Part 1a: Establishing Our Moral Agreement

The first part of this post is about how we refer to nonhuman animals in our daily language. But before I get into examples, I’d like to pose a question: Do you think animals matter morally? I’m going to assume -for the sake of argument- that you’ve already read at least one of my pieces on our moral obligation to live Vegan and stop our “physical” (as opposed to what we would call “verbal”) violence towards nonhumans. If not, please read something here, here or here and then come back to finish this essay. If you merely need a definition for speciesism, the gist is when a human animal places a different moral value on a member or group of members of one species than we do on another species, merely because of the morally irrelevant criteria of their species membership. This includes thinking that the human species is morally superior to any nonhuman species (“anthropo-centrism” aka “human supremacy”), and also that any nonhuman species is morally superior to any other nonhuman species. To understand why this is problematic from a moral perspective, go ahead and read one of the above-linked items.

If you do think that nonhumans have moral status of any kind, then you should want the intentional suffering and death inflicted on them by humans to decrease, shouldn’t you? And if you want that to happen -as a way of effecting that you- should want others to feel that way as well, shouldn’t you? And if you want that, then it only makes sense for you to think and talk as though nonhumans have moral status. Which is why using the correct words in referring to them only makes sense, right? In other words, we don’t want to give other people the wrong impression, and so cause them to get the wrong idea, which they would then logically act on by committing wrongs on sentient beings.

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Part 1b: Pronouns And Other Such Problems

I’ve seen a lot of people in our current speciesist, morally confused societal paradigm use extremely problematic words to refer to nonhumans. And I’m even talking about people who “rescue” animals and claim they have moral concern for animals; even some people who call themselves Vegans. Words like “it,” “that,” “thing,” “where,” etc. As in, “I saw a pig, it was running across the street,” “I saw a cute pig that was running across the street,” or “We should respect the rights of every living thing that feels pain, even pigs that are running across a busy street,” or “Where did this meat come from? Did it come from the pig that was killed while running across the street?” etc.

If we think that nonhumans matter morally (and so we want others to consider them as beings who are morally worthy of not having their rights violated) we should recognize that -in any discussion that refers to others who we consider worthy of moral concern (aka “moral discussion”)- beings who can feel pain (which is what we mean by “sentient beings“) are completely different from insentient objects, that can’t. Words like “it,” “that,” and “thing” are used to refer to insentient objects, such as rocks, metal, plastic, and trees. These are objects –whether they are “living” or not- that cannot be proven to feel pain and therefore are not owed any moral weight by us; as opposed to subjects, to whom we do owe our moral concern. Before anyone reading this is tempted to argue that plants are sentient beings, read this or this, and understand that I’m not interested in that debate at all.

In regards to moral discussions, nonhuman animals are considered sentient beings and so should be referred to as “she,” “he,” “her,” “him,” “they,” “them,” “who,” and “being,” etc. As in “I saw a pig, they were running across the street,” “I saw a cute pig who was running across the street,” “we should respect the rights of every living being who feels pain, even pigs who are running across a busy street” or “who did that oink come from? Did it come from the pig who was running across the street?”

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The fact that we use the same pronouns for nonhuman animals as we do for inanimate objects and that we would not use for human animals under the same circumstances shows a profound lack of respect for nonhumans.

Note: Some people have criticized this word choice by claiming that it makes no sense to use the pronoun “they” when the singular subject’s gender is in doubt. Really, it makes all the sense in the world. It may be awkward in our mouths when unpracticed, but it works well enough for us to use it every day for humans who are oppressed -when their gender is in doubt- and so it should work for us. People have criticized this choice of wording by saying that using “they” is confusing because it implies plurality, as in more than one human or nonhuman. This is patently false in any case where it’s already been established how many beings are the subject of a sentence. When we’ve already established that we’re only talking about someone –and not more than one someones- there is no problem there.

Plus, we already do use it in that way. Think about it: If we were referring to humans, we wouldn’t say “I saw a cloaked and hooded person walk down the street, and then I lost sight of it when it turned into an alleyway.” No. We would say “I saw a cloaked and hooded person walk down the street, and then I lost sight of them when they turned into an alleyway” because the being in question is a “person,” but we have no idea which gender that person is.

Humans are sentient beings, so we usually consider it disrespectful to refer to a “human person” as “it.” But when it comes to nonhuman persons, our speciesist society refuses to grant them the same consideration. This is the way we frame things in our minds so we can turn sentient beings into objects, which is the only way we can reconcile what we know, if we really examine them, to be massive atrocities our society commits daily on those innocents.

Some further criticize our anti-speciesist word choice by giving the example that we commonly refer to human babies as “it.” As in “Mary just had a baby, I wonder which sex it is?” I don’t think this proves that the word “it” should also be used for humans, however. Rather it betrays a lack of respect for children on the part of the speaker. It should become common practice for us to say “I wonder which sex they are?” or even better “I wonder what their sex is?” instead (Notwithstanding theories about whether sex even exists or not). Consider the following section of this article (even though I would argue that the author has a wrong view of “the singular they”):

Samuel Taylor Coleridge, in the posthumously published Anima Poetae, argued that ‘it’ was the right pronoun for referring to indefinite nouns like ‘everyone’ or ‘the person’, ‘in order to avoid particularising man or woman, or in order to express either sex indifferently’. Thus: ‘Everyone misplaces its keys.’ Uncanniness results, but Coleridge was undeterred, insisting that ‘both the specific intention and general etymon of “Person” in such sentences, fully authorise the use of it and which instead of, he, she, him, her, who, whom.’ (He was not the first on record to promote the virtues of ‘it’. Someone called Molly Dolan wrote to the Ballyshannon Herald in 1843 that ‘ “IT” is the onely propper pronoun to be applied to an unknown correspondent – the name being neither fish, flesh, nor fowl.’)

Fully authorised by the general etymon or not, few have been taken with the idea of allowing ‘it’ to stand in for humans, at least adult ones. ‘It’ was once commonly used for babies, as in George Eliot’s Silas Marner, in which the baby Eppie is sometimes referred to as ‘it’. More recently, ‘it’ was used on Twitter for a newborn child by an Iraqi doctor who was documenting fatal birth defects caused by the allied forces’ use of depleted uranium during the 2003 invasion. The doctor, who was presumably tweeting in their non-native language, was lambasted by English-speaking Twitter users for ‘dehumanising’ the infant. It apparently didn’t occur to them that they were accusing a doctor of ‘dehumanising’ babies harmed in a war perpetrated by their own countries. They were correct, however, in sensing the power of the pronoun ‘it’ to mock, insult and demean, a use to which it has been put since at least the 16th century. For this reason, ‘it’ is no longer considered apt for babies – or, in the view of people with dogs or cats, for dogs or cats.

In 1792 the Scottish philosopher James Anderson noted that ‘it’ indicated ‘a high degree of contempt’, suggesting instead the gender-neutral pronoun ou, then common in Gloucestershire dialect. Kentucky’s 1850 Constitution declared: ‘The right of the owner of a slave to such slave, and its increase, is ... as inviolable as the right of the owner of any property whatever.’ In defence of the Kentucky legislature’s choice of pronoun to refer to slaves, the New York Evening Post wrote that ‘the objectors have forgotten to estimate the effect of colour upon gender’ – which is to say, enslaved women and men were neutered by their blackness. And, genderless, they were mere things.

It may feel strange when we try to retrain ourselves to use non-speciesist terminology in the matter, but that is purely a result of the speciesist conditioning that our society puts us through, not whether it’s “wrong” to use the non-speciesist term.

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Part 1c: The Euphemism, or “A Great Way To Distract You From The Truth”

The second point I’d like to make is about how we talk about the nonhumans who we humans use for our interests. Or more specifically, I’d like to talk about them as well as their flesh and secretions. If we’re going to talk about nonhumans and their rights, let’s be perfectly clear: The term “meat” is really a euphemism meant to divert attention from the real issue, which is that we’re talking about the flesh of a being who is easily provable, using only fact and logic, to be morally equal to any human. An innocent individual being who could feel pain, fear and other sensations, just as much as humans can. An individual who had an interest in their own survival and freedoms just as much as you and I do. The reality is that it’s impossible to obtain the flesh of those beings for us to consume without inflicting unnecessary suffering and death on them. Every land-dwelling nonhuman -as well as many sea-dwelling ones- whose flesh or secretions we consume was forced into existence; all nonhumans we use were exploited, and then slaughtered using violence, and it was completely unnecessary.

Using nonhuman animals for their flesh is also not morally distinguishable from using any sentient being as merely a replaceable resource for any other human purpose either. All forms of exploitation of any animal, nonhuman or human, are equally morally wrong. Furthermore, to distinguish morally between different kinds of exploitation ensures that the people observing our arguments will inflict even more unnecessary suffering and death on nonhumans (and humans) than before.

So we can understand that using the term “meat” to refer to an animal’s flesh is highly problematic from a rights perspective. It creates and reinforces the notion in others that who we’re consuming is merely an inanimate object, completely divorced from the breathing, sentient being who was unnecessarily harmed in order to obtain it. Similarly, words like “pork,” “beef,” “bacon,” “mutton,” “ivory,” “leather,” “wool,” “down,” etc. are equally problematic.

Coats are not made of “leather,” they’re made of the skin of sentient beings who were killed for completely unnecessary reasons. Sweaters are not “wool,” they’re the hair of sentient beings who have immense suffering inflicted on them and are then killed for their flesh when they can’t produce enough hair to be profitable anymore. Pillows aren’t filled with “down,” they’re filled with the feathers of sentient beings who are fully capable of desiring not to be used as resources or killed, and who have been proven to care about their families as much as we human animals care about ours.

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When you think about it, the very existence of “cheese” is completely messed up, let alone the word itself. Do we see any other species enslaving other animals so that they can use the milk that rightfully belongs to them and their babies to make “cheese?” Using that word in reference to animal dairy is adding insult (and by extension, further injury) to an already grave injury. These are the lives and secretions of sentient beings; we have a responsibility to the nonhumans who lived and died in humans’ immoral quest for our own palate pleasure to use terms that reflect the truth about what these substances are in actual reality: animal flesh and animal secretions at the very least, products of suffering and death if we want to bring passion to our rhetoric. But never “meat,” “leather,” wool,” “down,” etc.

In addition, Varun Virlan presented this proposition in the Facebook group “Unlearning Speciesism” in the context of addressing the objections by speciesists that “nonhumans don’t care what you call them or what kind of language you use for them, they just want to not be eaten”:

There are a few problems with this argument, so I will address them:

1. Just because someone does not understand how you are describing or talking about them does not mean you get a free pass to use oppressive language for them. There are humans who do not understand the English language, it does not mean that it is okay to use racist/xenophobic/oppressive language for them (in English).

2. Just focusing on getting humans to stop eating other animals does not end speciesism. Speciesism is taught through our language, our culture, our institutions, and our religions. Unless you do not challenge those oppressive institutions that enable speciesism, other animals won’t be fully liberated.

3. Language creates social norms. For instance, using “it” for other animals normalizes their objectification, and using “meat” for their bodies normalizes the idea that they are consumable.

The point of challenging oppressive & speciesist language is to create a society where objectifying other animals is unacceptable.

Very wise words.

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Part 1d: Possession Is 9 Points Of The Very Speciesist Law

Also, very similarly to the above point, we should avoid using the term “my,” “mine,” “ours,” etc. when talking about nonhumans. Although they are most certainly our property -in the sense that the laws and conventions of our society render them thus- they are not objects, and thus not our possessions in the moral sense. That distinction is extremely important for us to make in our advocacy. Morally speaking, they are not ours to use; their lives, freedoms, family, and suffering are not ours to exploit; they belong to themselves. So, it’s not “my meat,” – it’s the flesh of an individual who was immorally exploited and caused to suffer and die for unnecessary reasons. To me, the nonhuman animals I rescue and keep in my home are not “my cats” in the sense of me thinking that that belong to me as my mere possessions, they are “my family” in the same way that other humans are my family. They certainly have a relationship to me -as does any human I interact with- and this latter usage is the version of the word “my” that we can use and still observe a sense of justice for them. It’s the only non-speciesist way in which we can refer to nonhumans as being “mine.”

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Moreover, we don’t think that it’s necessary to use euphemisms when referring to circumstances where humans have been exploited, oppressed, or otherwise harmed. If a human is intentionally killed by another human merely for selfish reasons, we decry that as “murder.” If a nonhuman suffers the same fate, we call it “putting them down,” or even more divorced from the act, “harvesting.” If a human is used as a replaceable resource to perform unconsenting labor of any kind, we call them “a slave,” but if the victims in question are nonhumans, we call them “livestock,” “units” etc. Discourse about the fact that these terms are intentionally pushed onto the average person as a form of indoctrination -to keep us from thinking about nonhumans as moral persons- could take up an entire essay by itself, but the point is that this is purely speciesism in it’s most obvious form. In fact, these are only a small portion of the instances where speciesist language occurs. Pointing out every instance in just the English language alone could fill an entire book.

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Part 1e: A Little Pejorative Goes A Long Way

Another way in which we use speciesism to reinforce the idea that nonhumans are our moral inferiors is to use terms that pertain to them as pejoratives. To make but one example, we think absolutely nothing of using the terms “bullshit” or “horseshit” to describe something that we find objectionable or a lie. Let me ask the obvious question: why is a male bovine’s excrement morally worse than that of any other being? If it’s not, then why do we need to point out that the thing we find objectionable is like it? This is only the tip of a very large iceberg when it comes to this particular form of speciesist language.

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We also use the very names for nonhuman species as pejoratives. This not only demonstrates that we think nonhumans -in general- are morally inferior to us, but also that we have some kind of strange, erroneous idea that all the individuals who make up one species are mentally identical parts of some sort of monolith. As if every animal in a species is part of a hive mind; they can’t act any differently than each other, and are not individuals who have different personalities from one another. This is extremely far from the truth.

When someone is disgusting to us, we call them “a pig.” Pigs are only doing what they need to do to be healthy, it’s not their fault that getting mud and other grime on their skin or having a lot of weight on their bodies is something humans find objectionable. Saying that we should judge them in that way would be like judging whether a jellyfish is sexually attractive by the standards of a giraffe.

To make matters worse, when a pig who is in captivity demonstrates a behavior that we may find disgusting, it’s almost always because we put them in the position to have no choice but to do that. For instance, keeping pigs inside an enclosure instead of letting them roam free forces them to wallow in their own excrement, which we then vilify them for. Pigs are morally innocent and trying to use their characteristics to vilify humans for something that pigs not only aren’t capable of changing but are usually our fault demonstrates our lack of respect for nonhumans in general.

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Similarly, we say that someone who is shifty or treacherous is “a snake.” Just like all nonhumans, snakes are morally innocent. Humans are not able to prove that snakes are even capable of betrayal. When snakes harm other animals, they do so largely out of fear/self-defense, the need to eat, or other survival-related needs. Their actions have very little to no relation to our human motives to deceive or betray.

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We also project many of the same human qualities onto rats that we do onto snakes. Rats are actually quite capable of strong social bonds, with each other but also with humans and even other species of animals. They have been shown to feel all the same emotions that most mammals do; they are quite caring about their own families as well as complete strangers. Rats have even been shown in (completely immoral) experiments to be willing to suffer in order to keep others from the same fate. Saying that someone who betrays us is “a rat” is ignoring the fact that rats are most likely the last animals who would betray anyone.

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When we see humans who have a trait we find objectionable -in this case, a lack of awareness or other such reason that makes them refuse to question authority and merely follow the example of a large group- we call those humans “sheep.” Sheep don’t follow along with what other sheep do because they’re stupid: they’re easily tricked because they have immense trust in us, which is something that they have no choice but to do, since we control everything about their lives from their birth to the moment of their deaths; for our part, we betray them at every turn.

We’re the ones who do wrong to them, and then we blame their lack of ability to rebel on our erroneous idea that they’re not as intelligent as we are when the truth is that they’re actually more intelligent than many of the humans who violate their rights. For instance, most sheep would protect other sheep and even humans, even those very same humans who would torture and kill them.

In general, sheep are wonderful people who are morally blameless;  we commit atrocities on them, and then -to pile insult on top of injury- we claim that they’re mentally inferior as well. Sheep are every bit as intelligent as they should be. There are many humans who are not capable of thinking as clearly as sheep can about a number of things. Yet in general, we show more respect for those humans than we do for sheep. That is our failing, not theirs.

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When we want to claim that someone is easily frightened, we call them “a chicken.” Chickens are absolutely one of the most abused animals on the planet, right up there with fishes. Their ancestors, the Asian Red Jungle Fowl, are preyed upon by other nonhumans in their wild habitat homes, to begin with. Then, add on everything that we’ve done to them. And we think it’s not normal for them to be afraid of so many beings and things? On the contrary, not only is it perfectly normal from an evolutionary standpoint, but it’s completely understandable due to our own actions towards them as well. They would be well advised to be afraid of everything, most especially us. Talk about blaming others for our own shortcomings. And yet, when we demonstrate to a chicken that we should be trusted, just like most birds or mammals they’re quite capable of letting go of their fear of humans. They’re eminently capable of curiosity, affection and many other traits that we rarely -if ever- give them credit for.

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There are a huge number of other examples of this particular kind of disrespect for nonhumans from us, especially when you start delving into the realm of languages other than English. I think you get the gist though.

Some other problematic phrases are “dumb as an ox” (this is both ableist, as it uses a word for not being able to speak as a pejorative, and speciesist, as it implies that all oxen are stupid), “the world is your oyster” (implies that we should own nonhumans and therefore use them as we see fit), “you can’t teach an old dog new tricks” (both ableist and speciesist as it implies that all elderly humans or dogs are incapable of something that younger ones are capable of and also that we should be teaching dogs to do tricks for our amusement), “use ____ as a guinea pig” (implies that using nonhumans as unconsenting test subjects is justifiable), “hold your horses” (implies that we should own and use nonhumans as we see fit), “pick of the litter” (implies that we should use nonhumans like dogs and others as we see fit), “like shooting fish in a barrel” (should be obvious), “like a bull in a china shop” (implies that all bulls are clumsy and destructive when the reality is that all nonhumans are individuals who are significantly varying in their demeanors), and these are only a few. I’m adding a bunch of alternatives to phrases that normalize and trivialize violence and exploitation here:

Note: although I am vehemently opposed to using the concept of “compassion” as a behavior to base a rights movement on (and am similarly against promoting “vegetarianism”), this video by Colleen Patrick Boudreau is a good source for the following phrases (and quite a lot of other clear thinking on speciesism in our language as well):

  • Instead of “kill two birds with one stone” we can say “cut two carrots with one knife.”
  • Instead of “more than one way to skin a cat” we can say “more than one way to squeeze a lemon” or “more than one way to peel a potato.”
  • Instead of “no use beating a dead horse” we can say “no use watering a dead flower” or “no use feeding a fed horse.”
  • Instead of “take the bull by the horns” we can say “take the bicycle by the handlebars” or “take the rose by the thorns” meaning to “jump in with both feet” or to “take the plunge.”
  • Instead of “open a can of worms” we can say “open a can of spaghetti” or “open Pandora’s box.”
  • Instead of “don’t put the cart before the horse” we can say “don’t put your shoes on before your socks” or “don’t slice the bread before it’s baked.”

Again, there are quite a few more; some of which are also outlined in this excellent essay:
http://veganvine.blogspot.com/2016/06/speciesist-language-reinforces-animal.html

When we try to liken something we find problematic or objectionable (and it’s often some action that we humans engage in that we can be blamed for, but nonhumans can’t) to nonhuman characteristics or behavior, or just plain present nonhumans as things that are normal for us to own and use, we make obvious both our lack of respect for them and our confused logic.

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Part 1f: A Note On Miscellaneous Problematic Terms And Ideas

I’ve heard many Vegans say that nonhumans “should have rights.” Regarding pre-legal morality as a concept, nonhumans already do have rights. As a society, we’ve merely been violating their rights all along. We can’t give them moral rights nor take them away. Whether we are going to keep violating their rights -by living non-Vegan- or respect their rights by living Vegan does not change whether they have them or not. If we talk coherently about “giving them rights” this is only in regard to their legal status as property or persons. This is an important distinction to make (in those very words) in our speaking and writing.

Other speciesist phrases that our society sees as normal are ones such as “you’re an animal” in the context of vilifying someone for their negative actions. This is probably because most people are under the mistaken impression that any suffering and death inflicted by nonhumans on other nonhumans is somehow morally blame-worthy. So not only do we -often only subconsciously- excoriate ourselves for treating nonhumans in a way we -rightfully- know to be wrong, but we -often simultaneously- excoriate nonhumans for seemingly not being able to live up to some standard that we set for ourselves (confusedly, since most people don’t really understand morality from an academic standpoint and also aren’t following a consistent moral code in the first place). And throughout all of this, not only do we not realize the arbitrary and even contradictory nature of our mindset, we don’t even realize that all of this suffering we’re intentionally inflicting is completely unnecessary in the first place.

It’s only through Veganism (and by that I mean learning what Abolitionist Veganism means and thereafter practicing it) that we begin to untangle this ridiculous Gordian Knot of irrational, confused moral contradictions and myths that we’ve constructed about nonhumans. Only through recognizing what is unnecessary suffering; why sentient beings have rights and what rights those are, and how many different aspects of human and nonhuman behavior have been mythologized can we then fully realize just how deep our societal programming really extends; and thus, begin to reverse that programming. And one of the most effective tools for that reversal is in recognizing our problematic language and striving to choose our words more carefully at every opportunity.

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Part 2: The Vocabulary Of Human Oppressions

Part 2a: Identifying The Underlying Problem

“The vegan movement” is rife with not only speciesism but also racism, sexism, ableism, heterosexism, cis-sexism. and other oppressive positions of all kinds. The first rule in any human rights social justice movement is that you must listen to the members of a marginalized group and believe them when they tell you what is oppressive and offensive to them. When you are not a member of the group in question, you are not the person who decides what is oppressing them and what is not.

All forms of oppression reinforce and sustain every other form of oppression. This is why people who identify as vegan will never achieve the true end goal of the vegan movement as long as they are engaging in any of these forms of oppression. This is also why people who wish to end the injustice of “racism” or any other form of oppression will never achieve their goal while they are still engaging in speciesism or any other form of oppressive action. How can someone know how to help end oppression when they themselves are engaging in the worst forms of oppression? You can literally never eliminate violence being inflicted on one oppressed group by engaging in ableism, genderism, ethnic bigotry, or *any* other oppressive behavior.

When we engage in any form of oppression we are promoting the idea that it’s morally acceptable to dismiss others from our sphere of moral concern based on some sort of physical characteristic that they have that we don’t, or that we have that they lack. With speciesism, that characteristic is their species membership. It makes no sense to discriminate against others morally based on their species membership because if we do so, then that promotes the idea that others should be able to get away with discriminating against you based on your physical characteristics, such as your sex, gender, ethnic membership, sexual orientation, etc. This also works the opposite way; It makes no sense to say that it’s morally wrong to use nonhumans as mere replaceable resources for our interests but then turn around and show the same lack of moral concern for other humans based on some physical trait that they have and you don’t or that you have and they don’t.

And it isn’t just a case of men discriminating against women, white against black, etc. Promoting the use of animals is just as effective in encouraging P.O.C. to harm each other, white people, etc. and women to discriminate against others, and so on. Promoting violence encourages violence in all its forms.

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Part 2b: Identifying Each Problematic Term And Why It’s Wrong

When we use a word that was created to mean a disability -such as “dumb” means can’t speak, and “lame” means has trouble walking- as a pejorative (a negative connotation towards a thing or person we find morally wrong or objectionable) we cause the person with the disability to feel as if they are being vilified as a person. Even if the thing or person we’re using the term against has nothing to do with the disabled person. Just like saying “that’s gay” makes a gay person feel vilified. Or “that’s retarded” vilifies intellectually underdeveloped persons.

You may think that it’s not ableism to use “innocuous” terms like “dumb,” “lame,” “moron,” “idiot,” etc., but you are not the one with the disability being vilified! You using terms like “dumb” when *you* are not a speech-impaired person is ableism. You are not the oppressed, but you are being the oppressor. You have the privilege of being able to speak. Or being able to walk or get around without inconvenience or pain. Or you have a higher IQ than some people. You are not intellectually impaired.

Problematic terms to use as pejoratives include, but are not limited to: “retard” or “retarded,” “idiot” and “moron” (vilifies the intellectually underdeveloped), “dumb” (vilifies people who can’t speak), “lame” (vilifies those with mobility problems), “gay” (vilifies those who are of a different sexual orientation than “straight” people), “bitch” (this term is both sexist and speciesist, as it not only vilifies women -likening them to female dogs as a negative- but also vilifies female dogs as being somehow objectionable), “dick” (vilifies those who have a penis or who identify as male), and “pussy” or “cunt” (vilifies those who have a vagina or identify as female). It’s also problematic to use sex-negative terms like “cocksucker” as a pejorative because you’re vilifying both women and non-straight men.

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Part 2c: How We Defend Our Problematic Behavior

I constantly see those who are unwilling to consider the problematic nature of their speech making the claim “That term isn’t oppressive because _____ .”

If you’re not the one who is offended by the remarks, then chances are you’re not one of the people who have the trait that’s being vilified. Ergo, you have no standing to make any claim as to whether the remarks constitute oppression or not. Telling people who are being oppressed that they are not experiencing oppression is oppression! It’s marginalization through silencing dissent.

Also, the argument that “most people don’t use that term to mean _____ anymore, but now they use it to mean this non-oppressive thing instead” is not a valid argument. The argument I’m making has nothing to do with whether the person remarking is intentionally trying to hurt the person offended by the remark or “aiming” it at that person, it has to do with whether any observer is offended or not. If you’re unintentionally doing something that’s hurtful, you have the same moral obligation to moderate your behavior that you would if you were intending to hurt that person.

If I, as a “white” person, went up to someone and attempted to insult them by calling them a “nigger” and a P.O.C. was nearby and was offended, would it make sense for me to say to the P.O.C. “I wasn’t using that term to mean you, I was using it to mean this other thing or person I meant?” No. The term was created to mean something offensive. If we use it as a pejorative in regards to something not connected to the original pejorative it was coined to mean, we can’t expect the person who belongs to a group whose members were the target of the original pejorative to not be offended.

“That isn’t as bad as _____ (something someone else is doing) so it’s ok.”

“I’m doing a lot of good for _____ (whatever group) so you should overlook it when I do this much smaller wrong thing.”

Neither one of these arguments is valid when it pertains to any problematic behavior such as slavery, rape, torture or murder, and so it’s not valid in the case of any problematic behavior. For instance, we don’t expect a claim such as “There will always be people who murder other people, so, me beating my spouse or children is morally justifiable” to be taken seriously, likewise with a claim such as “I contribute a lot of money to/support organizations that fight child poverty and hunger, so it’s morally justifiable for me to kill other humans merely for my own interests occasionally.”

In the same way, it’s unreasonable to claim that just because someone else commits moral harms that you perceive as “worse” than merely using speciesist, racist, sexist, ableist, etc. terms, that it morally excuses us to do that. And the same can be said of claiming that just because we engage in some form of morally positive action that this excuses us from any blame for using various forms of problematic language either. In all cases, our moral responsibility is to not only refrain from committing the morally “worse” actions but all morally problematic actions that we can refrain from.

Yet another argument that I see people trying to use to justify their oppressive language is “I have a friend(s) who are ______ (insert characteristic the person just got through using as a pejorative) and they told me that they aren’t offended when I say ______ (insert oppressive term).” In other words, these are people who will claim that they have black friends who give them a pass for using racist terms, gay friends who give them a pass for using the term “that’s gay,” friends who are disabled who don’t care if they use terms like “lame” or “dumb,” etc.

This argument is not valid in this context, however. The argument against using oppressive terms hinges on the people who are offended by those terms, not the people who aren’t. Morality is about causing the least amount of harm, not seeing how much we can get away with before we’re called out on our behavior. In order to cause the least amount of harm, we need to live by the precautionary principle. Which means that if an action is unnecessary (meaning that it’s not something we need to do to thrive) and we know that there is a chance that any others could suffer because of that action, even if we don’t have direct knowledge of who those people are and where they are in relation to us, then we have a moral responsibility to err on the side of caution, which means not engaging in that action.

So if there are 100,000 people of a marginalized group in existence, and you only know 10 of them personally -and those 10 people tell you that it’s ok to use any term you want around them, regardless of what it is- that doesn’t mean that the other 99,990 people of that grouping would agree with that. Which means that you going out into public and openly using those terms is going to oppress someone from those groups, which is the only criterion necessary to make doing so morally wrong.

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Conclusions I’ve drawn from the last few years of Vegan advocacy

If we really want to insult others -although as someone who tries their best to follow a moral stance of non-violence in thought, word, and deed, I think that idea is really problematic (and just about the farthest thing from what we should be sticking to, which is peaceful Vegan education)- there are plenty of much more egalitarian insults we could use. I am not going to teach these to people since -as I stated- I think that insults are one thing we should be decreasing in our society.

In any moral discussion, the best way to react when someone brings up the idea that we’re doing something wrong is to carefully consider their words and ask ourselves if there is any way that we can make positive changes to our behavior. If we want to ask respectful questions to see if the person we’re talking to has any further information for us or suggestions as to how we can do this, that’s a great second step as well. The worst thing we can do is become defensive and angry at the messenger, as this keeps us from thinking clearly and hence, blocks us from any positive change.

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

Re-Blog: Something Other Than They Are

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, cis-sexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.


An incredibly powerful and useful perspective on the evil of domestication.

 

metaevolutionary

Recently I was involved in a discussion on another forum initiated by a hopeful vegan person asking if there was a humane source for animal based food for carnivorous pets.  My response was that there is not.  Though with great populations of domesticated carnivorous animals who are dependent on humans for food, we are, so far, fraught with choosing the life of one animal over another.

Plant stuffs can be formulated to meet the health and nutritional needs of some obligate carnivore species, namely domesticated cats.  And omnivorous ones, such as dogs, generally cruise easily on vegan diets.   However, should this option fail a particular animal, Gary Francione, esteemed promoter of the grassroots Abolitionist Approach to Animal Rights,  explains that in our responsibility to all domesticated species who are already in existence we may succumb to a morally excusable use of one animal for the food of another however morally…

View original post 1,225 more words

What DxE Doesn’t Understand (or doesn’t want to) About “Baselines”

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There’s been a lot of talk recently from “DxE” (Direct Action Everywhere) supporters about how “activism” -and not Veganism- is “the moral baseline.”

You can read a great article about this whole phenomenon here. What I want to address with this piece is the fact that this stance by DxE betrays a fundamental lack of understanding on their part of what “a moral baseline” actually means. I’ve previously written something on what a moral baseline is -and why that baseline is Veganism- but this time I’m going to use a different analogy to attempt to get people’s thinking back on a logical track regarding this issue.

Let’s say that you’re standing flat on the ground, on bare dirt. Someone hands you a shovel. You begin to dig. You want to go higher, but -since all you have is a shovel and soft earth- you start digging. You dig down to about 10 feet below ground level. As you dig, you slowly realize that you also have the ability to use your mind to make yourself hover above the ground. So you stop digging, and you start hovering. And you go up to about 6-10 feet or so -for example, not necessarily exactly that- above the original ground level that you started from.

So, when you were standing on the ground -without digging- you were at the lowest point you could be without digging. You were also at the highest point you could be without hovering. With me so far? If not, please see the man in the shorts in the image below.

Now, imagine that standing on the ground without digging or hovering is “moral neutrality.” In other words, it means that we are not doing anything morally negative, such as intentionally inflicting unnecessary suffering or death on beings who can feel pain. But we are also not doing anything morally positive, such as trying to go out of our way to support the affirmative interests of those beings either (feeding them, helping them to heal from sickness or injury, etc.).

Now further imagine that engaging in any action that means intentionally inflicting unnecessary suffering -for any reason, be it food, clothing, research or entertainment- is the equivalent of digging down into the ground. In this instance -in the image below- we would be at the position of the man in the suit. Conversely, trying to engage in some action to positively support the interests of these pain-capable beings -feeding them, helping them to heal from sickness or injury, etc.- is the equivalent to hovering upward from the ground. Still with me? In this latter case, we would be hovering above the head of the man in the shorts.

Standing on the ground without digging or hovering is the base position you start from, before you could start either digging or hovering. It’s standing on a horizontal line, and it’s the base position that you start from in beginning your actions of going either up or down away from that line. It’s the base, and it’s a line. Base-line. Get it? This is why we call “moral neutrality” the “baseline for morality.”

Now, Veganism is by definition the attempt to do the least amount of intentional unnecessary harm we can. In other words, it’s not doing anything morally positive. It’s not a diet either, but it’s the moral stance against doing any intentional harm that our society is already (erroneously) telling us is morally acceptable. It’s not the act of doing even more than just refraining from harm, but it’s just “do no harm.” In other words, “don’t do anything morally negative, even if you’re not going to do anything morally positive.” Being Vegan doesn’t mean that we must intentionally refrain from doing anything morally positive, it just means that we must intentionally refrain from doing anything morally negative.

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The reason that it makes sense to call Veganism “The Moral Baseline” is because refraining from intentionally doing any unnecessary harm is the least that we can do if we claim that animals have moral valueBeing Vegan doesn’t mean that we’re doing the most that we can do for animals. That would be an added action that we can do once we’ve gone Vegan, however. So, this means that “activism” could be called a “moral opportunity” rather than a “moral baseline” or “moral obligation.” We don’t have a moral responsibility to engage in “activism,” while we do have a moral responsibility to refrain from engaging in morally negative actions.

One reason we can’t make The Moral Baseline “doing the most that we can do” for animals is because no 2 people can do exactly the same positive actions -or the same amount of positive actions- for animals (in other words, positive actions above and beyond simply doing no harmful ones). To try to tell someone that a baseline for that person is to do more than just refrain from causing harm would be to put an unfair strain on those people who can’t do more. It also muddies the waters regarding the way people think about morality (see the above explanation about the difference between a “moral obligation” and a “moral opportunity”), at a time when we need for others -and ourselves- to be perfectly clear and consistent on this issue.

Human society at large is already engaging in massive morally negative actions towards nonhumans. This is due to a phenomenon called “speciesism” that you can read more about here and here. Due to speciesism and the myth of human moral supremacy, we are currently breeding -against their will and without their consent- many, many billions of nonhumans per year, who we use merely as replaceable resources. Then, when they’re of more use to us dead than alive, we slaughter them -which is impossible to do without using violence- and we use their bodies and secretions whenever and however we wish. We are also engaged in intentional actions that harm many other nonhumans who do not fall into the category of animals who we use for food. These actions are all completely unnecessary for us, and are all massive violations of the inherent rights of those nonhumans to their lives and freedoms.

In essence, society at large is already engaged in digging a massive hole of morally negative actions when it comes to animals. Veganism is not an attempt to metaphorically “hover above the ground” in regards to our moral stance. It’s merely an attempt to rise back up to ground level in regards to that stance, since -before going Vegan- almost all of us were inarguably participating in various intentional morally negative actions. Veganism is an attempt to climb out of that speciesist hole, by recognizing the rights of nonhumans and therefore acting in a morally responsible and morally consistent manner towards them.

When we educate others about Veganism, that would be considered “hovering.” In other words, a morally positive action that goes beyond just standing on the baseline (the figurative “ground” in our analogy). Nonhuman animal rescue, adoption, foster, etc. –when done in a way that doesn’t encourage animal exploitation (which is considered peaceful Direct Action)- is another powerful way of “hovering.” In fact, these are the only 2 forms of action on behalf of animals that can easily be done without encouraging speciesism, and can also be combined.

So, we can see that -since society is engaged in all of the speciesist, morally negative actions- there are many people who erroneously believe that we don’t need to live Vegan, but that we can still “do good for animals.” In other words, for instance, we have people who engage in “animal rescue” who are not Vegan. They eat, wear, and otherwise use some animals, while trying to save some other animals from being intentionally harmed, or harmed through neglect. Any Vegan worthy of calling themselves Vegan knows that this is an enormously speciesist stance and indicative of massive moral confusion on the part of the “rescuer.”

Welfare reform campaigns and other single-issue campaigns –as well as militant direct actionare counter-productive, and therefore harmful, ways of attempting to advocate for animals. These counter-productive actions are made to seem by our speciesist, morally confused society like they are ways to hover, but are actually causing the hole we’re digging to get deeper instead. Even many people who self-identify as vegans fall prey to the idea that we don’t need to stop engaging in morally negative actions to do good for animals. I’ve seen countless instances of “vegans” online saying that we can engage in welfare reforms -for instance- and help animals, even though welfare reforms are proven to increase harm to animals, not help them. If you view, read or listen to more than one of the hyperlinks embedded in the paragraph you just got through reading, you’ll understand exactly why this is. Also worth noting: DxE’s stance on the “animal organizations” who promote these welfare reforms and other speciesist campaigns the hardest is that we must not criticize them for this at all.

Likewise, all of the people who are trying to save wild animal species from harm or extinction -but are having barbecues and other such animal-exploitative events in order to raise money, or simply awareness (almost always money though)- are suffering from the same moral confusion. This doesn’t mean that they’re “bad people” by any means, simply that they’re confused about morality, and need to be educated on that subject or to educate themselves. Indeed, almost all of them obviously have their hearts in the right place; but that has never stopped people from committing a harmful action in regards to any other issue.

There is massive confusion among “animal people” as to what moral consistency regarding animals is. Society keeps on trying to dig the hole regarding animals deeper, and “animal people” in general are -ostensibly- trying to learn how to hover (read: help animals). All the while they are also -for some as-of-yet-unexplained (and probably inexplicable) reason- using those shovels right alongside everyone else. And some of them think that they’re hovering, but not everyone thinks that hovering at the same height is the moral baseline, etc. etc., ad nauseam. In this way, DxE is just another organization that is promoting the same confused, speciesist stance in regards to animals that society in general has been following for all of recorded history. They are nothing radical nor revolutionary, in a time when a radical, revolutionary idea on peaceful ways to shift the non-Vegan paradigm to a Vegan one is the only thing that animals really need.

And this is the crucial point: How can hovering 5 feet above the ground be the “baseline,” when the ground itself was already “a baseline?” If your idea that “doing something beyond Veganism” -which in your opinion is hovering at 5 feet up (or whatever it is)- is the baseline, then what about the non-Vegan who says that you must do something even more -while still being non-Vegan- to be at “the baseline?” Why is their idea of hovering 100 feet off the ground -while still being non-Vegan- not the baseline? Why is being in a pit 10 feet below the surface not the baseline? What makes your arbitrary “do something beyond Veganism” more valid as the moral baseline than anyone else’s arbitrary “do _____ or _____ for animals?” And this is why DxE’s position on “activism” being the moral baseline makes no sense. It’s really nothing more than an attempt to contradict an already rationally sound premise in order to somehow score some sort of points; to try to show the public that DxE is somehow different and “knows their stuff” more than the people who are involved in the only real movement that’s making any significant headway in the struggle to end animal oppression.

You see, if we make the baseline something other than moral neutrality, the term “baseline” becomes open to interpretation as anything -by anyone- and so becomes totally meaningless. And this is the whole point of making “moral neutrality,” which is -inarguably- living Vegan, as the only rational moral baseline. Because, do anything else, and we’re just digging our hole deeper. And morally speaking, none of us wants that for the animals. It means that we’re burying them right alongside us.

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If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s incredible for the animals, easy and great for you, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, cissexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

Gee Krupke’s Take On The A.L.F. – guest blog by Gee Krupke

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The following item was posted on Facebook by Gee Krupke:

Why I don’t support Animal Liberation Front:

1. They increase the amount of suffering due to taking one suffering individual to have them replaced by another individual who will suffer.

2. It’s a poor use of time and resources towards something that will never change until people reject the use of animals, i.e. accepting veganism. They should use their limited time and resources to educate [everyone], because that is only when the widespread use of animals will end.

3. They engage in and encourage criminal acts which paints the movement as being about violent extremism. That pushes people away and makes the job of education that much harder.

With that said, I, of course, support rescuing but not when it increases demand for individuals to be birthed into bondage: adopt at a shelter or any place outside the forces of objectification. They need our help too, and it doesn’t conflict with justness, like the activities of ALF.

A question posed to this argument:

“What if you were the suffering, sentient being that was being held & tortured, wouldn’t you want someone to do something illegal to get you out?”

Not at the expense of others. And with that argument, it would happen in perpetuity, if all were given the option (due to the issue of supply and demand). A more concrete example: I would not want to be rescued from a concentration camp if it was on the condition of another person being born or captured to take my place. So it seems to me an argument that is based on tokenism, not equality, that results in condemning one individual to suffering while aiding another (who will very often succumb to a really miserable end anyways, due to their unhealthy breeding and conditions they were kept in). On top of that, we have the option of rescuing others who are in need and without increasing suffering that necessarily occurs while animal use is demanded. It’s not an issue of illegality here but of wrongness in further compounding the problem.

In response to the position that “every movement needs radicals”:

What’s truly radical, meaning going to the root, is challenging the notion of animals as property by advocating for their right not to be used. That is what undermines the system in a fundamental way; people no longer taking part in the use of animals. I want nothing more than non-humans to be safe and free, like all vegans, but we must do it in a reasonable way that, at the very least, doesn’t increase the body count.

And as a finale, a recapitulation of the argument in the form of a question:

If you could rescue a dog/cat/parrot (or any other animal that when rescued would not result in someone being bred or captured to take their place) or a chicken/cow/mink (or any other animal that when rescued would result in another individual being bred or captured to take their place) which would you choose? And this is the reality. To me it’s a simple equation of quantitative value.”

L.O.P. – Indeed. Militant Direct Action makes no sense from any standpoint. Forget M.D.A. and start educating people on Veganism as the moral baseline instead. If you want to rescue animals, make sure that you’re not just adding to the problem instead of the solution, and feed them Vegan wherever and whenever possible.

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s incredible for the animals, easy and great for you, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

A Short Overview Of Vegan Cat Ethics – guest blog by Peter Csere

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The following thoughts were posted in the group Healthy Vegan Cats (you need to join to see the posts but if you have cats in your home, it’s worth it) by my friend Peter Csere. He’s an authority on anything Vegan cat-related and also some other things related to Veganism:

“Feeding farmed animal products to domesticated felines is not a humane or vegan option since we are enslaving + murdering one species to feed another which we find prettier and more preferable for companionship.

Letting cats “roam” and “hunt for themselves” is not a humane, vegan, or environmentally sound option since, according to numerous wildlife studies, human-subsidized domestic felines have a HUGE and disastrous impact on local wildlife populations. Domestic felines have singlehandedly caused the extinction of over 33 island species of mammal, reptile, bird, and amphibian, and the number one threat to many endangered songbird and rodent species is the domestic feline. The domestic feline is not even native to North America yet is the most populous feline predator on the continent, numbering over 150 million in the US alone (according to various estimates of “owned” cats and stray cat populations.)

Another important issue is that domestic felines compete for prey with natural/indigenous predator species such as mountain lions, cougars, panthers, and fisher cats. This food competition reduces the possible population of important natural predator species. Even cats that are fed by humans still kill many animals per instinct.

Feeding domestic cats laboratory-grown meat, organs, and bones modeled after their natural prey (insects and rodents) might be an excellent option for the future when laboratory-grown meat becomes economically feasible and in regular production. However, *this option is not currently available.*

I’ve noticed that some people parrot on and on about lab-grown meat but then seem to think that this constant parroting gives them license to continue purchasing real meat to feed to their domesticated cats in the meantime. By all means, donate to lab-grown meat entrepreneurial initiatives, tell your friends, advertise, get the word out and the projects started. But in the meantime, the other arguments regarding humans killing one animal to feed to another animal which they find preferable, still apply.

(Editor’s note: Feeding cats “In Vitro Meat” is a good solution when we’re dealing with the small portion of cats who physically can’t or won’t eat Vegan, this is not meant to endorse In Vitro Meat being fed to *all* cats. I also personally don’t support encouraging In Vitro Meat projects for human consumption whatsoever.)

Feeding cats a plant-based diet which has a sufficient nutritional profile to keep them healthy and happy for a similar lifespan to a domestic cat on a meat-based diet, could be presented as not humane or vegan, since technically it is not “natural” for the cat – but still, *it is the most humane and ethical of all currently available options.*

All these options are side-stepping the real issue, which is that humans are continually unnaturally subsidizing, in-breeding, domesticating, and enslaving an artificial species (the domestic feline) at the cost of much suffering to the cats, the local ecosystems that their inflated population affects, and the animals that they inbreed and enslave to feed the cats. As long as the domestic cat population continues to rise, feeding them vegan diets will help but still will only slow the suffering that results to all involved.

Humans need to learn that when they take an animal with desirable characteristics, and force it to only have sex with another animal with desirable characteristics, and do this generation after generation producing a species with inbred genetic health problems and dependency on humans, much suffering will result. Long-term solutions may or may not include a number of strategies, such as: slowly re-wilding and introducing wild genes back into the domestic cat species, relocating them to their natural habitat, wide-scale spaying and neutering, etc, among others, some of which may be controversial and some not so much.

None of these options can really be considered 100% ethical and humane, but a complete hands-off approach also results in much suffering, so in the meantime, while we struggle to find solutions that best meet the needs of all involved, to this ridiculous problem that only humans are stupid enough to create – we can feed properly-formulated plant foods to domesticated cats and stop enslaving other animals or decimating local ecosystems i.e. making a bad problem worse.

Hope this provides some insight” ~ Peter Csere

Here are some more excellent resources on the solutions to the problem of being Vegan and keeping nonhumans in our homes:

https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/06/13/nonhuman-refugees

 


If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

The Nonhuman Refugees Of Domestication

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I’m making separate posts on individual issues related to Veganism so that anyone who wants a handy reference guide to each issue won’t have to go through my entire link list to find it. The links included in each individual post may not be updated regularly, so the Master List will be the only place to find complete updates. These posts will be comprehensive enough to cover most or all questions related to each issue, however.

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

This section is meant to shed some light on some of the problems that are inherent in humans keeping domesticated nonhumans as companions.

Sub-Section 1B14:
Our Nonhuman Family Members:

Sub-Section 1B14a:
Moral Theory (primarily):

” ‘Pets’: The Inherent Problems of Domestication”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/pets-the-inherent-problems-of-domestication

“Commentary #2: ‘Pets’ ” On The Abolitionist Approach:

Commentary #2: “Pets”


http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/podcast/20090812-araa-commentary-2.mp3

“Commentary #4: Follow-Up to “Pets” Commentary: Non-Vegan Cats” On The Abolitionist Approach:

Commentary #4: Follow-Up to “Pets” Commentary: Non-Vegan Cats


http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/podcast/20090817-araa-commentary-4.mp3

“Single-Issue Campaigns and the Adoption/Fostering of Homeless Nonhuman Animals”:

“Should We Keep Pets?” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/links/p163/the-institution.pdf

“Animal Care and Control: The Sad Failure of New York City’s Municipal Shelter System” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/animal-care-and-control-the-sad-failure-of-new-york-citys-municipal-shelter-system

“VegPets”:
http://yourcybercourt.info/arveg/vegpets.html

“Evaluation of cats fed vegetarian diets and attitudes of their caregivers”:
http://avmajournals.avma.org/doi/abs/10.2460/javma.229.1.70

“Obligate Carnivore: Cats, Dogs, and What it Really Means to be Vegan”:
http://www.amazon.com/Obligate-Carnivore-Really-Means-Vegan/dp/0974218006

“Vegan Diets for Dogs and Cats” by Armaiti May, DVM:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIMBX3jdYM0

“Dr. Andrew Knight introduces himself and his work with cats and dogs”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K9m_liQppxQ

“Vegan Cat Ethics”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYA1kTJCl1Y

“Quack Veterinarians Who Feed Cats a Vegan Diet”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tt9_hEbvlqM

“Metabolic Misconceptions”:

_

Sub-Section 1B14b:
How To Feed Our Nonhuman Family Members Vegan (primarily):

“What’s Really in Pet Food”:
http://www.bornfreeusa.org/facts.php?p=359&more=1

Something I posted about feeding our nonhuman family Vegan:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/12/the-truth-about-pet-food

“Is it ‘unnatural’ to feed dogs a vegan diet?”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.co.nz/2011/11/is-it-unnatural-to-feed-dogs-vegan-diet.html
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.co.uk/2014/07/v-dog-100-vegan-dog-food-owned-and.html

“Vegetarian Diets Can Be Healthy for Dogs”:
http://www.veganhealth.org/articles/vegan_dogs

“Making Your Own Vegan Dog Food”:
http://www.vegan-heartland.com/2012/06/making-your-own-vegan-dog-food.html

“Dog Health Survey”:
http://www.pkdiet.com/pdf/diet/Dog_Health_Survey.pdf

“The Vegan Feline: Can my feline companion be a vegan?” by Laurie Jeffreys DVM:
http://www.farmedanimalfriends.org/1/post/2013/05/the-vegan-feline-can-my-feline-companion-be-a-vegan-by-laurie-jeffreys-dvm.html

Sub-Section 1B14c:
Vegan Cat Food Companies and Distributors:
“VeganCats.com”:
http://vegancats.com

“Evolution”:
https://www.evolutiondietstore.com

“Harbingers of a New Age” (US, most other countries):
http://www.vegepet.com
(They provide homemade recipes to use with the VegeCat supplement; they also provide the Vegecat Phi supplement that is pH adjusted for cats that are prone to urinary stones)
http://www.vegepet.com/international_distribution.html

“Ami Cat” (Italy, also available in the US and other countries):
http://www.v-pets.com
http://www.amipetfood.com
http://www.amipetfood.com/en/our-partners (Some distributors)
http://www.greenleafvegandist.com/where-to-buy.html (Distributes Ami in Canada)

“VeganPet” (Australia & New Zealand):
http://www.veganpet.com.au
http://veganpet.com.au/articles/?page_id=12 (distributors)

“Benevo” (Europe, South Africa, Hong Kong, India, Kenya, South Korea, Taiwan, Japan):

Homepage


http://www.benevo.com/distributors
http://www.tiendanimal.es/ (Spain, distributor of Benevo and possibly others)

“VegePet” (Taiwan, not the same as the American company):
http://www.vegepet.com.tw

“FeliGourmet” (Germany):
http://www.veganversand.at/vegetarischetiernahrung/katzennahrung/index.php
(Also sells Benevo and Ami Cat)

“VeganCats.com”:
http://www.vegancats.com
Distributor of Ami, VegeCat in USA. They do ship internationally, but your country’s customs may reject the shipment.

“The Mail Order Catalog for Healthy Eating”:
http://www.healthy-eating.com
(I believe this company sells TVP that is made from non-GMO soy. You can use this for the VegePet recipes that require TVP if you are making those.)

Update 6/5/19:
Canada supplier of many brands including Evolution are Vecado Canada:
https://vecado.ca

Vegan Cat foods and Manufacturer Supplier Website links:
Adult Cats:
Ami Italy:
http://www.amipetfood.com/en

Evolution USA:
http://www.petfoodshop.com/where-to-buy

Benevo Britain:
http://www.benevo.com

Veggieanimals Spain:
https://www.veggieanimals.com

Compassion Circle USA:
https://compassioncircle.com

Veganpet Australia:
https://veganpet.com.au

Kittens:
Evolution USA:
http://www.petfoodshop.com/where-to-buy

Compassion Circle USA:
https://compassioncircle.com

Veganpet Australia:
https://veganpet.com.au

Wet tinned is done by Evolution, Benevo, Vegusto, Vitaveg, Hermann’s and Compassion Circle.
Dry is done by Evolution, Benevo, Ami, Veggieanimals, Veganpet and Compassion Circle.
Recipes for homemade is using their supplement powders.

Extras: Adults:
Vegusto Switzerland:
https://www.vegusto.ch/product_details/103 WET SNACKS

Vitaveg Italy:
https://vitaveg.pet/product/wet-pet-food-cat-big-can/ WET and DRY

Herrmann Germany:
https://www.futterservice-fulda.de/hunde/feuchtnahrung/443/herrmann-s-fleischlos-12x400g

For EUROPE Compassion Circle suppliers of VEGEYEAST VEGECAT/VEGEDOG and VEGEKIT/VEGEPUP etc are in the Netherlands Vegavriend who sell ready made vegan pet foods also. EVOLUTION, Ami and Benevo:
https://www.vegavriend.nl/c-4674916/compleet

Germany distributor Fulda also supplies various brands in Europe, Fulda. extra brands like Greta, Bubeck, Vegdog, Green, Fitness, Herrmann, V-dog etc:
https://www.futterservice-fulda.de/schnellbestellung

UK Manufacturer and Distributor of various brands but not vegeyeast or vegecat etc supplements or Evolution and manufacturer of British Brand sold world wide “Benevo” is www.veggiepets.com

CANADA supplier of many brands including EVOLUTION are Vecado Canada:
https://vecado.ca

Kitty Litter that tests urinary pH (check it a few months after transitioning, then once every few months thereafter. If pH becomes too alkaline, you should use the VegePet.com recipes with the “Vegecat Phi” supplement that is adjusted for cats that are prone to urinary stones.):

“Health Meter Cat Litter”:
http://healthmeter.blogspot.com

“Ultra Monthly Monitor” (Ultra Pet):
http://ultrapetcatlitter.com/products/ultra-monthly-monitor

“Perfect Litter”:
http://www.perfectlitter.com

“Pet Ecology PerfectLitter”:
http://www.perfectlitteralert.com

“Veggie Cats: Why should you test urinary pH?”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6waDDYO8J18

“Cats with Allergies on a Plant-based Diet”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CHFT1B0_H_Y

Sub-Section 1B14b:
Vegan Dog Food Companies And Distributors:
“V-Dog”:
https://v-dog.com

“Vegan Dog Food Products – Europe, U.S., Australia, N.Z.”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com/2013/09/vegan-dog-food-products-europe-us.html

Update 6/5/19:
Vegan Dog foods and Manufacturer Supplier Website links:
Adult Dogs:

Ami Italy:
http://www.amipetfood.com/en

V-Dog USA:
https://v-dog.com

Evolution USA:
http://www.petfoodshop.com/where-to-buy

Benevo Britain:
http://www.benevo.com

Ketun USA:
http://ketunpet.com

Veggieanimals Spain:
https://www.veggieanimals.com

Compassion Circle USA:
https://compassioncircle.com

Veganpet Australia:
https://veganpet.com.au

Puppies:
Ami Italy:
http://www.amipetfood.com/en

Evolution USA:
http://www.petfoodshop.com/where-to-buy

Benevo Britain:
http://www.benevo.com

Ketun USA:
http://ketunpet.com

Compassion Circle USA:
https://compassioncircle.com

Veganpet Australia:
https://veganpet.com.au

Extras: for adults:
Vegusto Switzerland:
https://www.vegusto.ch/product_details/103 WET snacks

Vitaveg Italy:
https://vitaveg.pet/product/dog-croquettes/?lang=en WET and DRY

Herrmann Germany:
https://www.futterservice-fulda.de/hunde/feuchtnahrung/443/herrmann-s-fleischlos-12x400g

For EUROPE Compassion Circle suppliers of VEGEYEAST VEGECAT/VEGEDOG and VEGEKIT/VEGEPUP etc are in the Netherlands Vegavriend who sell ready made vegan pet foods also. EVOLUTION, Ami and Benevo:
https://www.vegavriend.nl/c-4674916/compleet

Germany distributor Fulda also supplies various brands in Europe, Fulda. extra brands like Greta, Bubeck, Vegdog, Green, Fitness, Herrmann, V-dog etc:
https://www.futterservice-fulda.de/schnellbestellung

UK Manufacturer and Distributor of various brands but not vegeyeast or vegecat etc supplements or Evolution and manufacturer of British Brand sold world wide “Benevo” is www.veggiepets.com

CANADA supplier of many brands including EVOLUTION are Vecado Canada:
https://vecado.ca

_

Facebook Pages On Vegan Cats And Dogs:
“Vegan Cats”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/669599113104942

“Vegan Dogs Thriving”:
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Vegan-Dogs-Thriving/544580732238947

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

The Disgusting Truth About “Pet Food” – guest blog by Curran Russell

Posted in the Facebook group Vegan Cats by Curran Russell:

https://www.facebook.com/groups/669599113104942/permalink/698291486902371

Original post:

“Given who we are, we seek to care for them as we do ourselves: Cruelty-Free. There is the matter of food. Dogs, for the most part, can eat a plant-based diet. In the wild, they are scavengers and eat really anything. One must take care to supplement their food as best you can if taking them the vegetarian route. Cats, however, are “obligate carnivores” and nature has designed them to thrive on animal-based proteins and fats – everything about them is carnivore. So how can we feed them a healthy and vital, cruelty-free diet? We have the technology to feed them a well-supplemented, plant-based diet with no ill effects. I have friends who feed their cats on throw-aways from the fish markets and from the butcher – really, no worse (morally and ethically) than road-kill, I suppose.

(Ed. note: that last point is debatable. I would argue that such flesh should only be used to transition cats to a Vegan diet or for the very few cats who can’t or won’t eat a Vegan diet)

The following is an article I read last weekend. It is from the new “Bella DOG magazine” spring/summer issue. It is in a seriously glossy, non-recyclable, nonEarth-friendly format, whose advertising is appealing to the idle rich (or so it seems) but their focus is also very much on rescue – and pictorial articles on the efforts on behalf of strays internationally. They had an article loaded with information about pet foods and warnings about toxic content, and why there are toxic contents. It isn’t pretty – OMG, not pretty at all. I applaud the article – we need to know these things! They spared nothing.

The article starts out by telling us that in pet foods, there have been amounts of lead, chromium, and cadmium and what they do to your companion after an accumulation over the years (cancer, kidney failure, etc). Then it goes on under the byline: “Toxic Pet Food?

Pentobarbital, a drug frequently used to euthanize pets, continues to be found in pet food – this is probably from pets, cattle, and horses that have been euthanized using pentobarbital and then sent to rendering plants.”

You may want to read that again. According to University of Minnesota researchers, the sodium pentobarbital used to euthanize pets “survives rendering without undergoing degradation.” Pentobarbital is known to cause chronic and degenerative diseases. “Rendering plants process decomposing animal carcasses, large roadkill and euthanized dogs and cats into a dry protein product that is sold to the pet food industry. One small plant in Quebec, Ontario, renders 10 tons (22,000 pounds) of dogs and cats per week. The Quebec Ministry of Agriculture states that “the fur is not removed from dogs and cats” and that “dead animals are cooked together with viscera, bones, and fat at 115 degrees C (235 F) for 20 minutes.”

Fat Stabilizers are introduced into the finished rendered product to prevent rancidity. Common chemical stabilizers include BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) both known to cause liver and kidney dysfunction – and ethoxyquin, an insecticide that has been linked to liver cancer and a suspected carcinogen have all been used as a preservative in dog foods. Many semi-moist dog foods contain propylene glycol as a fat stabilizer and is the first cousin to the anti-freeze agent, ethylene glycol that destroys red blood cells.”

Mycotoxins, potentially deadly fungal toxins that multiply in moldy grains, have repeatedly been found in pet foods.

Vegetable Protein,” the mainstay of dry dog foods, includes ground yellow corn, wheat shorts, and middlings, soybean meal, rice husks, peanut meal and peanut shells (identified as “cellulose” on pet food labels). These often are little more than the sweepings from milling room floors. Stripped of their oil, germ, and bran, these “proteins” are deficient in essential fatty acids, fat-soluble vitamins and antioxidants. “Animal Protein” in commercial pet foods can include diseased meat, roadkill, contaminated material from slaughterhouses, fecal matter as well as rendered cats and dogs and poultry feathers.

Harmful chemicals and preservatives are added to both wet and dry food. For example, sodium nitrate -a coloring agent and preservative, and potential carcinogen- is a common additive. The average dog can consume as much as 26 pounds of preservatives every year from eating commercial pet foods.”

The article continues with the dangers of flame retardants in bedding containing PBDEs, phthalates in plastic toys and food dishes, and other various dangers. They recommend glass or ceramic food and water bowls that do not leech chemicals. Now I don’t feel like such a freak making my own dog and cat food. The last cat I lost to liver cancer is the last cat I’ll lose to liver cancer. Remember, the people who make the average pet foods have the same morals as the people who make bacon, hot dogs and commercial sodas – they do not care about your health, they only care about your money. We are responsible for ourselves and our companions, and education in these matters is our responsibility as well.”

Here’s another great source for info on this subject:
http://www.bornfreeusa.org/facts.php?p=359&more=1

Some of what’s in your nonhuman family’s food:

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If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s incredible for the animals, easy and great for you, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

Master List Of Vegan Info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against the exploitation of nonhuman and human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, sexism, ethnic bigotry, heterosexism, ableism, cis-sexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, “veg*nism,” Meat-Out Mondays, or other forms of reductionism/gradualism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all these sites.

Note: This list now has a permanent home (as permanent as anything online, anyway) here:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

It’s the only location I’ll be updating regularly. Please use that link if you want the latest additions to the list.

If you live in the UK, please take this survey to help use the law to promote Veganism and Animal Rights:
https://goveganworld.com/please-complete-our-survey-to-help-use-law-to-promote-veganism-and-animal-rights

On Veganism:
Section 1:
Morals/Ethics (primarily):

Sub-Section 1A:
The Most Important Stuff:

Sub-Section 1A1:
Important Videos (primarily):

“Peaceable Kingdom: The Journey Home”:
http://www.peaceablekingdomfilm.org
http://www.tribeofheart.org/sr/pkj_english.htm

The Truth About Human Supremacy:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2015/02/07/are-humans-superior

“The Superior Human”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mqT82oGeax0

“Vegan Series: Eat Like You Care featuring Gary L. Francione & Anna Charlton”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m1nyibU_kRA

Gary L. Francione 2013 Keynote Speech, “Animals as Food: The Legal Treatment of Animals in Contemporary Agribusiness and Factory Farming”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4YO1_1CaaGI

“I’m Vegan: Gary Francione”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5pDU1yMWMw

“Gary Francione at Brock U. Part 1/5”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nj36ZTIHrb0

Professor Gary Francione’s site:
http://abolitionistapproach.com
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/about/the-six-principles-of-the-abolitionist-approach-to-animal-rights

“Rant On Gradualism”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zVtPpWk6lVE

Biocentrism at Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biocentrism_(ethics)

“What veganism is and is not”:
http://weotheranimals.blogspot.co.uk/2009/08/those-who-know-me-know-that-i-tend.html

“On Cruelty Videos”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/category/cruelty-videos

“Mind if I Order the Cheeseburger? by Sherry F. Colb”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=amaG7h_tgRU

“Why Vegan?”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fKr4HZ7ukSE

Sub-Section 1A2:
Music:

“split 7” by Captive Bolt/Gary Francione:
https://deadtankrecords.bandcamp.com/album/split-7-2

_

Sub-Section 1A3:
Family-Friendly:

“Going Vegan as a Teenager”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J4ONfX6DyXI

“Cow Cries All Night Over Loss Of Her Calf – Then They Reunite”:
http://www.godvine.com/Cow-Cries-All-Night-Over-Loss-of-her-Calf-Then-They-Reunite-1903.html

“Happy Cows”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kUZ1YLhIAg8

“Why Must We Eat The Animals? (Oh Why Oh Why?)”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X8LnxSjWWD8

“A Calf’s Story”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rg3Yfdbs24I

Sub-Section 1B:
Text-Based Info (primarily):

Sub-Section 1B1:
Becoming Vegan:

Sub-Section 1B1a:
Miscellaneous:

“BECOMING VEGAN: RESOURCES – Good resources to assist in becoming vegan”:
http://www.vegantrove.com/BecomingVegan
http://howtogovegan.org

“ETHICAL VEGAN EDUCATION”:
https://ethicalveganeducation.com

“What Is Veganism?”:
http://www.vegsource.com/jo/vegan.htm

The IVA’s Vegan kit:
http://www.internationalvegan.org/vsk

Vegan Starter Kit:
http://www.vegankit.com

“How Do I Go Vegan?”
http://www.howdoigovegan.com

_

Sub-Section 1B1b:
Vegan Resources:

“Some resources for people who’ve been told they “can’t go vegan”:
http://soycrates.tumblr.com/post/85918368428/some-resources-for-people-whove-been-told-they-cant

“Vegan on a Shoestring: 15 Tips for Eating Plant-Based Affordably”:
https://medium.com/@marla_rose/vegan-on-a-shoestring-15-tips-for-eating-plant-based-affordably-e30446b5378b

Vegan Chat Room:
http://www.veganchatroom.co.uk/veganguides.html

“Is It Vegan?”:
http://isitvegan.net

“Vegan Apps”:
http://vegannomnoms.net/2014/06/10-great-apps-for-the-vegan-traveler.html

“Vegan Easy Challenge Menu”:
http://veganeasy.org/day-1

“PAN: The Vegan Pledge!”:
http://panveganpledge.org

Info about Vegan products by Nik Anti-Speciesist:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=801109299901282&id=100000066596384
https://www.facebook.com/notes/nik-anti-speciesist/useful-information-for-new-vegansvegans/10151895864781663

Alternative medication by Gary Francione:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/pharmaceutical-products-and-animal-ingredients
_

Sub-Section 1B1c:
About Your Rights As A Vegan:

“Using the Law to Promote Veganism and Animal Rights”:
https://goveganworld.com/vegan-rights

“Right to Education That is Respectful of Veganism/Animal Rights”:
https://goveganworld.com/right-to-education-that-is-respectful-of-veganism-animal-rights

“Tribunal Rules Vegetarianism Not Covered by Equality Law, but Distinguishes Veganism”:
https://goveganworld.com/tribunal-rules-vegetarianism-not-covered-by-equality-law-but-distinguishes-veganism

“Vegan Rights (UK) Sample Letters”:
https://goveganworld.com/vegan-rights-template-letters-uk

” ‘Oxtail Soup Is Vegan’ The Nurse Said: Campaigners In UK-Wide Push For Vegan Rights”:
https://rightsinfo.org/vegan-rights-uk-legislation

_

Sub-Section 1B2:
Facebook Pages And Groups:

Sub-Section 1B2a:
Facebook Pages:

“International Vegan Association”:
https://www.facebook.com/internationalvegan

“Let’s Make a Vegan World”:
https://www.facebook.com/letsmakeaveganworld

“Vegan Information Project – VIP”:
https://www.facebook.com/theveganinformationproject
_

Sub-Section 1B2b:
Facebook Groups:

“South Florida Vegan Education Group”:
https://www.facebook.com/VeganEducationGroup

“Vegan Philosophy Forum”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/219573241562192

“Vegan Influence & Persuasion”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Vegan.Influence.and.Persuasion

“Vegan Scientific Facts”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/vegan.scientificfacts

“The Human Vegan”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/168804706659566

“Veganic Organic Network”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/veganorganicnetwork

“Nonviolent self-sustained vegan permaculture-community”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/688426811196469

“VEGAN RECYCLING IDEAS TO SHARE”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/1578679075691678

“Vegan Cats”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/669599113104942

“Healthy Vegan Cats”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/669599113104942

“Vegan Dogs Thriving”:
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Vegan-Dogs-Thriving/544580732238947

“Vegan Cats & Dogs”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/138238569638651

“Vegan Cats and Dogs”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/vegancatsanddogs

_

Sub-Section 1B3:
Main Vegan Blogs And Sites:

My own AR blog:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com

“Vegan Education Group”:
http://veganeducationgroup.com
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com

“Anti-Speciesist Action”:
https://antispeciesistaction.com

“How To Go Vegan”:
http://www.howtogovegan.org

“Evolve For Animals”:
http://www.evolveforanimals.com

“There’s An Elephant In The Room”:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com

“Go Vegan Scotland”:
https://www.goveganscotland.com

“Vegan Ethos”:
http://veganethos.wordpress.com

“Vegan Empowerment”:
http://thevegancommunicator.wordpress.com

“Unpopular Vegan Essays”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com

“Metaevolutionary: Reason For A Change”:
https://metaevolutionary.wordpress.com

“My Face Is On Fire”:
http://my-face-is-on-fire.blogspot.co.uk

“The Thinking Vegan”:
http://thethinkingvegan.com

“The Candid Hominid”:
http://www.candidhominid.com

“Veganism Is Nonviolence”:
http://veganismisnonviolence.com

“Gentle World”:
http://gentleworld.org

_

Sub-Section 1B4:
Miscellaneous Text-Based Pages And Essays:

“A Moral Argument For Veganism”:
https://www.academia.edu/4509523/An_Argument_for_Veganism

“Fear, Ignorance, and Collusion: The Real Reasons Why Experts Dis’ Veganism”:
http://www.wedonteatanimals.com/2012/04/05/fear-ignorance-and-collusion-the-real-reasons-why-experts-dis-veganism

Action For Animals – “What is Veganism?”:
http://www.afa-online.org/veganinfo.html

“The Trauma of Knowing: A Cracked Vessel Will Eventually Run Dry”:
http://veganfeministagitator.blogspot.com/2014/05/the-trauma-of-knowing-cracked-vessel.html

On this page, the answers by Kalvin Lyle and Ariel Garlow are worth reading:
http://www.quora.com/Veganism-1/Why-is-veganism-so-controversial-but-meat-eating-and-dairy-not

“A Giraffe’s Death and the Meaning of Our Outrage”:
http://verdict.justia.com/2014/02/19/giraffes-death-meaning-outrage

“On Alice Walker and History as Destiny”:
http://veganfeministagitator.blogspot.com/2014/03/on-alice-walker-and-history-as-destiny.html

“If Your Tears Were Human” – Poems By Heather Leughmyer:
http://poemsbyheather.tripod.com/index1.htm

“The Busy Vegan”:
http://humanrightsareanimalrights.com/2014/01/04/the-busy-vegan

Interview With Gary Smith:
http://newveganage.blogspot.com/2012/09/interview-gary-smith-thinking-vegan.html

“The weight of animal interests”:
http://www.animal-ethics.org/weight-animal-interests

“All Forms of Life Are Sacred” by Chris Hedges:
http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/all_forms_of_life_are_sacred_20150104

“Donald Watson Article – Spring 1948 – The Vegan Magazine”:
http://www.happycow.net/blog/donald-watson-article-spring-1948-the-vegan-magazine

Archive Of Issues Of “The Vegan”:
(Warning – The new bent to The Vegan Society is “baby steps”):
http://issuu.com/vegan_society/stacks
_

Sub-Section 1B5:
The Meaning Of Speciesism:

What Is Speciesism?:
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10806-009-9205-2

“Speciesism”:
http://www.vegankit.com/learn

“English and Speciesism”:
http://aliberation.vegaplanet.org/joan.dunayer.php

“Understanding Prejudice And Discrimination”:
http://www.understandingprejudice.org/pdf/animals.pdf

“Lessons In Applied Speciesism”:
https://strivingwithsystems.com/2015/10/20/lessons-in-applied-speciesism
_

Sub-Section 1B6:
Intersectionality And Alliance Politics:

“Essentialism, Intersectionality, and Veganism as a Moral Baseline: Black Vegans Rock and the Humane Society of the United States”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/essentialism-intersectionality-and-veganism-as-a-moral-baseline-black-vegans-rock-and-the-humane-society-of-the-united-states

“The Myth Of Vegan Progress In Israel”:
http://dylanxpowell.com/2015/02/15/the-myth-of-vegan-progress-in-israel

“Vegan Killers: Israeli Vegan-Washing and the Manipulation of Morality”:
http://www.turkeyagenda.com/vegan-killers-israeli-vegan-washing-and-the-manipulation-of-morality-1656.html

“Intersectionality and Abolitionist Veganism: Part I”:
http://veganethos.wordpress.com/2014/12/14/intersectionality-and-abolitionist-veganism-part-i

“Abolitionist veganism is not a “white” practice”:
http://veganethos.wordpress.com/abolitionist-veganism-is-not-a-white-practice

“Workshop on Intersectionality and Alliance Politics”:
http://veganinformationproject.org/audio-workshop-on-intersectionality-and-alliance-politics

“Project Muse – Volume 65, Number 3, September 2013”:
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/american_quarterly/toc/aq.65.3.html

“Animal Rights, Multiculturalism, and the Left” by Will Kymlicka and Sue Donaldson:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/josp.12047/full
_

Sub-Section 1B7:
Animal Rights History:

“A History of Veganism”:
http://www.candidhominid.com/p/vegan-history.html
http://www.candidhominid.com/2011/01/eva-batt.html

http://www.animalrightshistory.org

“World History Of Vegetarianism”:
https://www.vegsoc.org/sslpage.aspx?pid=830#

Percy Bysshe Shelley:
http://www.animal-rights-library.com/texts-c/shelley01.htm

Al-Ma’arri on Wiki:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Ma%CA%BFarri

“On Veganism From a Medieval Arab Poet”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/on-veganism-from-a-medieval-arab-poet

“Ancient Vegans: Porphyry”:
http://www.towardsfreedom.com/297.html

“A Vegan Booklet of 1655 – ……don’t think about ‘almost five o’clock’!”:
http://www.happycow.net/blog/a-vegan-booklet-of-1655-dont-think-about-almost-five-oclock

Sub-Section 1B8:
On Speciesist Language:

“Animals Who Aren’t Human: ‘Nonhuman’ or ‘Other’ “:
http://www.candidhominid.com/2011/10/animals-who-arent-human.html

My post on speciesist language:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2018/08/16/speciesist-oppressive-language

Sub-Section 1B9:
Religious Arguments For Veganism:

“Evidence That Jesus and The Original Aramaic Christians Were Vegetarians”:
https://medium.com/sant-mat-meditation-and-spirituality/evidence-that-jesus-and-the-original-aramaic-christians-were-vegetarians-b8784ac42506

One religious argument for Veganism:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/06/10/does-god-want-us-to-exploit-animals

“Why Animals Matter: A Religious and Philosophical Perspective”
http://www.think-differently-about-sheep.com/Why_Animals_Matter_A%20Religious_Philosophical_Perspective_Philosophy_Quotations.htm

“Would Jesus Eat Meat Today?”:
http://www.all-creatures.org/cva/WJEMT-Jan10.pdf

Francis Of Paola on Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_of_Paola
_

Sub-Section 1B10:
Issues With Various Kinds Of Animal Use:

Sub-Section 1B10a:
Milk:

“But cows need to be milked”:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com/2017/11/10/faq-but-cows-need-to-be-milked-or-it-causes-them-pain

“Happy Cows; Behind The Myth”:
http://www.humanemyth.org/happycows.htm

“Cheese consumption is the largest enemy of cows & calves”:
http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=346258155480729

An article written by a former small-scale goat dairy farmer from the US:
http://www.humanemyth.org/cheriezell.htm

“Learn about the Goat Dairy Industry (including organic) here”:
http://www.milkmyths.org.uk/animal-welfare/nanny-state-truth-about-goats-milk

Meet the Woodstock Sanctuary goats:
http://www.woodstocksanctuary.org/meet-the-animals/goats
http://woodstocksanctuary.org/meet-the-animals/goats/albie

“Humane Animal Farming?”:
http://www.peacefulprairie.org/humane-myth.html
_

Sub-Section 1B10b:
Eggs:

“What’s Wrong With Backyard Eggs”:
https://befairbevegan.com/why-vegan/the-animals-we-use/backyard-eggs

“A Handy Guide for Vegan Advocates Discussing Chickens and Eggs”:
https://strivingwithsystems.com/2017/04/26/a-handy-guide-for-vegan-advocates-discussing-chickens-and-eggs

Posts about eggs on TAEITR blog:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com/2019/06/28/what-are-eggs-for
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com/2017/09/06/in-a-nutshell-why-all-egg-use-is-inhumane
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com/2018/06/01/chickens-and-eggs-what-about-the-males
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com/2018/05/08/hens-and-puppy-mills-an-analogy

“No Such Thing as a Harmless Egg: Battling Reproductive Disease in Domestic Hens”:
http://chickenrunrescue.org/No-Such-Thing-as-a-Harmless-Egg

“What’s Wrong with Backyard Eggs?”:
http://gentleworld.org/whats-wrong-with-backyard-eggs

“Backyard Chicken Farming Leads to Abandoned Hens”:
http://gentleworld.org/backyard-chicken-farming-leads-to-abandoned-hens

“A Hen’s Relationship with her Eggs”:
http://gentleworld.org/a-chickens-relationship-with-her-eggs

“What’s Wrong with Backyard Eggs?”:
http://peacefulprairie.org/backyard-eggs.html

_

Sub-Section 1B10c:
Honey:

“Why Honey Is Not Vegan”:
http://www.vegetus.org/honey/honey.htm

“3 Reasons Not To Eat Honey”:
http://gentleworld.org/3-reasons-not-to-eat-honey

Crops Pollinated By Bees on Wiki:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_crop_plants_pollinated_by_bees
_

Sub-Section 1B10d:
Riding Horses:

“WHAT’S WRONG WITH RIDING HORSES?”:
http://www.vegantrove.com/2016/09/06/vegan-trove-0042

_

Sub-Section 1B10e:
Sugar:

“Is Sugar Vegan?”:
http://www.vegsource.com/jo/qa/qasugar.htm

“Alright, so what on earth is wrong with sugar?”:
http://www.veganproducts.org/sugar.html

“If You’re Going to Sweeten, Use One of These Natural Vegan Sugars”:
http://www.vegan-nutritionista.com/vegan-sugars.html

“The Best Natural Sugar Substitutes”:
http://www.busy-vegan.com/natural-sugar-substitute.html
_

Sub-Section 1B10f:
Miscellaneous Problems With Food Ingredients:

“Is Your Bread Vegan?”:
http://gentleworld.org/is-your-bread-vegan

“L-Cysteine in Bread Products Still Mostly Sourced from Human Hair, Duck Feathers, Hog Hair”:
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2011/03/09/l-cysteine-in-bread-products-still-mostly-sourced-from-human-hair-duck-feathers-hog-hair

“11 Disturbing Ingredients in Food that will Make You Rethink Your Diet”:
http://www.theyogablog.com/11-disturbing-ingredients-in-food

“Delicious food, disgusting ingredients”:
http://shehasgotitall.wordpress.com/2011/06/08/delicious-food-disgusting-ingredients

“Golden Circle juice maker reveals secret ingredients: beef and alcohol”:
http://fatgayvegan.com/2014/07/27/beef-juice

“10 Frightening Fast Food Additives”:
http://www.siegestalt.com/zges/29

Vegan Chocolate:
http://www.vegan.com/chocolate
_

Sub-Section 1B11:
Animals Feel:

Sub-Section 1B11a:
Miscellaneous Articles:

“Scientists Finally Conclude Nonhuman Animals Are Conscious Beings”:
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/animal-emotions/201208/scientists-finally-conclude-nonhuman-animals-are-conscious-beings

“Why cockroaches need their friends”:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/17839642

“When Animals Mourn: Seeing That Grief Is Not Uniquely Human”:
http://www.npr.org/blogs/13.7/2013/04/11/176620943/when-animals-mourn-seeing-that-grief-is-not-uniquely-human
_

Sub-Section 1B11b:
The Animals Who Are Used By Us For “Food”:

Mulesing:
http://gentleworld.org/whats-wrong-with-wool

“Fish May Actually Feel Pain And React To It Much Like Humans Do”:
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090430161242.htm

“What is Pain to a Fish?”:
http://gentleworld.org/what-is-pain-to-a-fish

http://www.fishpain.com

“Evidence Mounts That Shellfish Feel Pain”:
http://news.discovery.com/animals/pets/evidence-mounts-that-shellfish-feel-pain-130116.htm

“Consciousness Is Everywhere”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/christof-koch/consciousness-is-everywhere_b_1784047.html
_

Sub-Section 1B11c:
The Animals We Use For Entertainment:

“Recently Spotted 103-Year-Old Orca Is Bad News For SeaWorld — Here’s Why”:
https://www.thedodo.com/recently-spotted-103-year-old–547381307.html
_

Sub-Section 1B12:
Vivisection:

Sub-Section 1B12a:
Morality (primarily):

“Vivisection, Part Two: The Moral Justification Of Vivisection”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vivisection-part-two-the-moral-justification-of-vivisection
_

Sub-Section 1B12b:
Necessity (primarily):

“Animals in Biomedical Research: A Moral Justification? (debate)”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F8OMtRiD3oI

“Vivisection, Part One: The “Necessity” of Vivisection”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vivisection-part-one-the-necessity-of-vivisection

“Vivisection”:
https://goveganworld.com/why-vegan/the-animals-we-use/research

“The Commonsense Case Against Animal Experimentation – Mylan Engel Jr. (you may have to print this one to read it or set your tablet to not rotate and hold it sideways!)”:
http://www.niu.edu/phil/people/_pdf/Engel%20–%20The%20Commonsense%20Case%20Against%20Animal%20Experimentation.pdf

“Does animal testing help human medicine?”:
http://www.vivisectioninformation.com/index.php?p=1_8_all-you-need-to-know-in-33-facts

“50 DEADLY CONSEQUENCES OF LAB ANIMAL EXPERIMENTS “:
http://www.vivisectioninformation.com/index.php?p=1_10

“An Examination of Animal Experiments”:
http://www.pcrm.org/search/?cid=2271

“Americans For Medical Advancement”:
http://www.afma-curedisease.org

“Dario Ringach… Wrong Again on Animal Research”:
http://aphilosophersblog.wordpress.com/2013/10/25/dario-ringach-wrong-again-on-animal-research-2

“Hypocrisy in the Animal Liberation Movement or Bad Arguments from the Speaking of Research Community?”:
http://aphilosophersblog.wordpress.com/2014/02/18/hypocrisy-in-the-animal-liberation-movement-or-bad-arguments-from-the-speaking-of-research-community

“What’s Wrong with the Animal Welfare Act and Other Systems of Lab Animal “Protection”?”:
http://aphilosophersblog.wordpress.com/2013/12/22/whats-wrong-with-the-animal-welfare-act

“Why Learn about Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)?”:
http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/DevelopmentResources/DrugInteractionsLabeling/ucm114848.htm

“Problems with Animal Research”:
http://www.aavs.org/site/c.bkLTKfOSLhK6E/b.6456997/k.3D74/Problems_with_Animal_Research.htm

“Limitations and Dangers”:
http://www.neavs.org/research/limitations

“FAQs About Animal Testing”:
http://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/faqs-about-animal-testing

“How reliable is animal testing?; Podium”:
http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/how-reliable-is-animal-testing-podium-1079311.html

“Advancing Science Without Harming Animals”:
http://www.navs.org/science/failure-of-the-animal-mode

“Maximum Tolerated Dose”:
http://maximumtolerateddose.org/about

“Why Animal Experimentation Doesn’t Work — Reason 1: Stressed Animals Yield Poor Data”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/aysha-akhtar/animal-experimentation_b_3676678.html

“Why Animal Experimentation Doesn’t Work — Reason 2: Animals Don’t Get Human Diseases”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/aysha-akhtar/animal-testing-diseases_b_3813856.html?

“Why Animal Experimentation Doesn’t Work. Reason 3: Animals Aren’t Little Humans”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/aysha-akhtar/why-animal-experimentatio_b_3997568.html

“History of Maternal Deprivation at UW-Madison”:
http://www.uwnotinourname.org/history-of-maternal-deprivation-at-uw-madison.html

“Vivisection Information Network”:
http://vivisectioninformation.com

“Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty”:
http://shac.net

“Safer Medicines”:
http://www.safermedicines.org/index.php

“Andrew Knight”:
http://andrewknight.info

“White Coat Waste Movement”:
http://www.whitecoatwaste.com

“How predictive and productive is animal research?”:
http://www.bmj.com/%5Bfield_highwire_a_cpath-raw%5D-15
_

Sub-Section 1B12c:
Alternatives To Vivisection:

Companies That DO Test On Animals:
http://veganrabbit.com/list-of-companies-that-do-test-on-animals

Companies That DON’T Test On Animals:
http://veganrabbit.com/list-of-companies-that-do-not-test-on-animals

“Dr. Hadwen Trust”:
http://www.drhadwentrust.org
https://www.facebook.com/DHT.Hitchin?ref=stream

“HEALTH CHARITIES AND ANIMAL TESTING”:
http://www.animalaid.org.uk/h/n/CAMPAIGNS/experiments/ALL/281

“Developing Safety Tests without the Use of Animals”:
http://www.kao.com/jp/en/corp_rd/skills_01_04.html

“Insulin from flowers instead of pigs”:
http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2010-02/first-pigs-then-bacteria-now-insulin-flowers

“Non-animal alternative that is safer”:
http://japandailypress.com/new-method-to-culture-ips-cells-with-lower-risk-of-infection-discovered-0942155

“The Syndaver”:
http://syndaver.com/
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10202048258442004&set=a.2500438724301.131034.1652924202&type=1&theater

“Animal Testing Could Be Replaced by Human Skin Grown From Stem Cells”:
http://guardianlv.com/2014/04/animal-testing-could-be-replaced-by-human-skin-grown-from-stem-cells

“The Fetishization of “Animal-Friendly” Animal Products: The Body Shop Example”:
http://academicabolitionistvegan.blogspot.be/2014/08/the-fetishization-of-animal-friendly.html

Posts about alternative products by Nik Anti-Speciesist:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=801109299901282&id=100000066596384
https://www.facebook.com/notes/nik-anti-speciesist/do-you-buy-ecover-think-its-vegan-think-again/10152368194501663
https://www.facebook.com/notes/nik-anti-speciesist/which-logo-can-we-trust-does-it-mean-vegan-why-are-there-so-many/10152441988936663

“THE VEGAN BODY CARE GUIDE”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.co.nz/2014/07/the-vegan-body-care-guide.html
_

Sub-Section 1B12d:
Books On Vivisection:

“Sacred Cows and Golden Geese: The Human Cost of Experiments on Animals” – by C. Ray Greek M. D. & Jean Swingle Greek D.V.M.:
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0826414028/qid=1035236103/sr=1-2/ref=sr_1_2/002-3780354-0501606?v=glance

“Specious Science: How Genetics and Evolution Reveal Why Medical Research on Animals Harms Humans” – by C. Ray Greek M. D. & Jean Swingle Greek D.V.M.:
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0826413986/qid=1016483161/sr=1-2/ref=sr_1_2/102-1027070-7228961
_

Sub-Section 1B13:
Hunting:

“How are Deer Managed by State Wildlife Agencies?”:
http://animalrights.about.com/od/wildlife/a/DeerManagement.htm

“The wild horses of Letea: First success for the FOUR PAWS birth control project”:
http://www.four-paws.org.uk/projects/horses-2/the-wild-horses-of-letea-first-success-for-the-four-paws-birth-control-project-
_

Sub-Section 1B14:
Our Nonhuman Family Members:

Sub-Section 1B14a:
Moral Theory (primarily):

” ‘Pets’: The Inherent Problems of Domestication”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/pets-the-inherent-problems-of-domestication

“Commentary #2: ‘Pets’ ” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/pets
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/podcast/20090812-araa-commentary-2.mp3

“Commentary #4: Follow-Up to “Pets” Commentary: Non-Vegan Cats” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/follow-up-to-pets-commentary-non-vegan-cats
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/podcast/20090817-araa-commentary-4.mp3

“Should We Keep Pets?” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/links/p163/the-institution.pdf

“Animal Rights and Domesticated Nonhumans”:
https://www.abolitionistapproach.com/animal-rights-and-domesticated-nonhumans

“The case against pets”:
https://aeon.co/essays/why-keeping-a-pet-is-fundamentally-unethical

“Animal Care and Control: The Sad Failure of New York City’s Municipal Shelter System” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/animal-care-and-control-the-sad-failure-of-new-york-citys-municipal-shelter-system

“Evaluation of cats fed vegetarian diets and attitudes of their caregivers”:
http://avmajournals.avma.org/doi/abs/10.2460/javma.229.1.70

“Obligate Carnivore: Cats, Dogs, and What it Really Means to be Vegan”:
http://www.amazon.com/Obligate-Carnivore-Really-Means-Vegan/dp/0974218006

“Vegan Diets for Dogs and Cats” by Armaiti May, DVM:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIMBX3jdYM0

“Dr. Andrew Knight introduces himself and his work with cats and dogs”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K9m_liQppxQ

“Vegan Cat Ethics”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYA1kTJCl1Y

“Quack Veterinarians Who Feed Cats a Vegan Diet”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tt9_hEbvlqM

“Metabolic Misconceptions”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q4UZUrc-248

_

Sub-Section 1B14b:
How To Feed Our Nonhuman Family Members Vegan (primarily):

“What’s Really in Pet Food”:
http://www.bornfreeusa.org/facts.php?p=359&more=1

Something I posted about feeding our nonhuman family Vegan:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/12/the-truth-about-pet-food

“Is it ‘unnatural’ to feed dogs a vegan diet?”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.co.nz/2011/11/is-it-unnatural-to-feed-dogs-vegan-diet.html
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.co.uk/2014/07/v-dog-100-vegan-dog-food-owned-and.html

“Vegetarian Diets Can Be Healthy for Dogs”:
http://www.veganhealth.org/articles/vegan_dogs

“Making Your Own Vegan Dog Food”:
http://www.vegan-heartland.com/2012/06/making-your-own-vegan-dog-food.html

“Dog Health Survey”:
http://www.pkdiet.com/pdf/diet/Dog_Health_Survey.pdf

“The Vegan Feline: Can my feline companion be a vegan?” by Laurie Jeffreys DVM:
http://www.farmedanimalfriends.org/1/post/2013/05/the-vegan-feline-can-my-feline-companion-be-a-vegan-by-laurie-jeffreys-dvm.html

Sub-Section 1B14c:
Vegan Cat Food Companies and Distributors:
“VeganCats.com”:
http://vegancats.com

“Evolution”:
https://www.evolutiondietstore.com

“Harbingers of a New Age” (US, most other countries):
http://www.vegepet.com
(They provide homemade recipes to use with the VegeCat supplement; they also provide the Vegecat Phi supplement that is pH adjusted for cats that are prone to urinary stones)
http://www.vegepet.com/international_distribution.html

“Ami Cat” (Italy, also available in the US and other countries):
http://www.v-pets.com
http://www.amipetfood.com
http://www.amipetfood.com/en/our-partners (Some distributors)
http://www.greenleafvegandist.com/where-to-buy.html (Distributes Ami in Canada)

“VeganPet” (Australia & New Zealand):
http://www.veganpet.com.au
http://veganpet.com.au/articles/?page_id=12 (distributors)

“Benevo” (Europe, South Africa, Hong Kong, India, Kenya, South Korea, Taiwan, Japan):
http://www.benevo.com
http://www.benevo.com/distributors
http://www.tiendanimal.es/ (Spain, distributor of Benevo and possibly others)

“VegePet” (Taiwan, not the same as the American company):
http://www.vegepet.com.tw

“FeliGourmet” (Germany):
http://www.veganversand.at/vegetarischetiernahrung/katzennahrung/index.php
(Also sells Benevo and Ami Cat)

“VeganCats.com”:
http://www.vegancats.com
Distributor of Ami, VegeCat in USA. They do ship internationally, but your country’s customs may reject the shipment.

“The Mail Order Catalog for Healthy Eating”:
http://www.healthy-eating.com
(I believe this company sells TVP that is made from non-GMO soy. You can use this for the VegePet recipes that require TVP if you are making those.)

Update 6/5/19:
Canada supplier of many brands including Evolution are Vecado Canada:
https://vecado.ca

Vegan Cat foods and Manufacturer Supplier Website links:
Adult Cats:
Ami Italy:
http://www.amipetfood.com/en

Evolution USA:
http://www.petfoodshop.com/where-to-buy

Benevo Britain:
http://www.benevo.com

Veggieanimals Spain:
https://www.veggieanimals.com

Compassion Circle USA:
https://compassioncircle.com

Veganpet Australia:
https://veganpet.com.au

Kittens:
Evolution USA:
http://www.petfoodshop.com/where-to-buy

Compassion Circle USA:
https://compassioncircle.com

Veganpet Australia:
https://veganpet.com.au

Wet tinned is done by Evolution, Benevo, Vegusto, Vitaveg, Hermann’s and Compassion Circle.
Dry is done by Evolution, Benevo, Ami, Veggieanimals, Veganpet and Compassion Circle.
Recipes for homemade is using their supplement powders.

Extras: Adults:
Vegusto Switzerland:
https://www.vegusto.ch/product_details/103 WET SNACKS

Vitaveg Italy:
https://vitaveg.pet/product/wet-pet-food-cat-big-can/ WET and DRY

Herrmann Germany:
https://www.futterservice-fulda.de/hunde/feuchtnahrung/443/herrmann-s-fleischlos-12x400g

For EUROPE Compassion Circle suppliers of VEGEYEAST VEGECAT/VEGEDOG and VEGEKIT/VEGEPUP etc are in the Netherlands Vegavriend who sell ready made vegan pet foods also. EVOLUTION, Ami and Benevo:
https://www.vegavriend.nl/c-4674916/compleet

Germany distributor Fulda also supplies various brands in Europe, Fulda. extra brands like Greta, Bubeck, Vegdog, Green, Fitness, Herrmann, V-dog etc:
https://www.futterservice-fulda.de/schnellbestellung

UK Manufacturer and Distributor of various brands but not vegeyeast or vegecat etc supplements or Evolution and manufacturer of British Brand sold world wide “Benevo” is www.veggiepets.com

CANADA supplier of many brands including EVOLUTION are Vecado Canada:
https://vecado.ca

Kitty Litter that tests urinary pH (check it a few months after transitioning, then once every few months thereafter. If pH becomes too alkaline, you should use the VegePet.com recipes with the “Vegecat Phi” supplement that is adjusted for cats that are prone to urinary stones.):

“Health Meter Cat Litter”:
http://healthmeter.blogspot.com

“Ultra Monthly Monitor” (Ultra Pet):
http://ultrapetcatlitter.com/products/ultra-monthly-monitor

“Perfect Litter”:
http://www.perfectlitter.com

“Pet Ecology PerfectLitter”:
http://www.perfectlitteralert.com

“Veggie Cats: Why should you test urinary pH?”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6waDDYO8J18

“Cats with Allergies on a Plant-based Diet”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CHFT1B0_H_Y

Sub-Section 1B14b:
Vegan Dog Food Companies And Distributors:
“V-Dog”:
https://v-dog.com

“Vegan Dog Food Products – Europe, U.S., Australia, N.Z.”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com/2013/09/vegan-dog-food-products-europe-us.html

Update 6/5/19:
Vegan Dog foods and Manufacturer Supplier Website links:
Adult Dogs:

Ami Italy:
http://www.amipetfood.com/en

V-Dog USA:
https://v-dog.com

Evolution USA:
http://www.petfoodshop.com/where-to-buy

Benevo Britain:
http://www.benevo.com

Ketun USA:
http://ketunpet.com

Veggieanimals Spain:
https://www.veggieanimals.com

Compassion Circle USA:
https://compassioncircle.com

Veganpet Australia:
https://veganpet.com.au

Puppies:
Ami Italy:
http://www.amipetfood.com/en

Evolution USA:
http://www.petfoodshop.com/where-to-buy

Benevo Britain:
http://www.benevo.com

Ketun USA:
http://ketunpet.com

Compassion Circle USA:
https://compassioncircle.com

Veganpet Australia:
https://veganpet.com.au

Extras: for adults:
Vegusto Switzerland:
https://www.vegusto.ch/product_details/103 WET snacks

Vitaveg Italy:
https://vitaveg.pet/product/dog-croquettes/?lang=en WET and DRY

Herrmann Germany:
https://www.futterservice-fulda.de/hunde/feuchtnahrung/443/herrmann-s-fleischlos-12x400g

For EUROPE Compassion Circle suppliers of VEGEYEAST VEGECAT/VEGEDOG and VEGEKIT/VEGEPUP etc are in the Netherlands Vegavriend who sell ready made vegan pet foods also. EVOLUTION, Ami and Benevo:
https://www.vegavriend.nl/c-4674916/compleet

Germany distributor Fulda also supplies various brands in Europe, Fulda. extra brands like Greta, Bubeck, Vegdog, Green, Fitness, Herrmann, V-dog etc:
https://www.futterservice-fulda.de/schnellbestellung

UK Manufacturer and Distributor of various brands but not vegeyeast or vegecat etc supplements or Evolution and manufacturer of British Brand sold world wide “Benevo” is www.veggiepets.com

CANADA supplier of many brands including EVOLUTION are Vecado Canada:
https://vecado.ca

_

Sub-Section 1B14c:
Animal Rescue:

“Animal Shelter Statistics”:
http://www.statisticbrain.com/animal-shelter-statistics

“No Kill Advocacy Center”:
http://www.nokilladvocacycenter.org/shelter-reform/no-kill-equation

Nathan Winograd’s blog:
http://www.nathanwinograd.com

“Humane Fix”:
https://sites.google.com/site/humanefix

“HSUS Expo 2014: Demand Exceeds Supply” (Welfarist):
http://vimeo.com/100050415
_

Sub-Section 1B15:
Veganism And Human Rights Issues:

“Vegan Diet Impacts Recidivism”:
http://prisonlawblog.com/blog/vegan-diet-impacts-recidivism

“Slaughterhouses and Increased Crime Rates”:
http://www.animalstudies.msu.edu/Slaughterhouses_and_Increased_Crime_Rates.pdf
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1086026609338164

“Food Not Bombs” organization:
http://www.foodnotbombs.net/contacts.html

“North Country Food Alliance”:
http://northcountryfoodalliance.org

“Food Empowerment Project”:
http://www.foodispower.org

“Food for Life Global”:
http://www.ffl.org/en

“Agriculture and Health Policies in Conflict How Subsidies Tax our Health”:
http://www.pcrm.org/health/reports/agriculture-and-health-policies-unhealthful-foods

“Taxpayers Fund Animal Cruelty and Environmental Devastation”:
http://gentleworld.org/taxpayers-fund-animal-cruelty-and-environmental-devastation

“Farming subsidies: this is the most blatant transfer of cash to the rich”:
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jul/01/farm-subsidies-blatant-transfer-of-cash-to-rich
_

Sub-Section 1B16:
Welfare-Watch (observing the moral confusion in Animal Welfare and Single-Issue Campaigns):

Sub-Section 1B16a:
Video Section:

“Happy Meatopia: How Conflict of Interest is Damaging Animal Advocacy”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZC3o0AfQtCI&sns=em

“Rant On Gradualism”:
http://evolveconsciousness.org/rant-gradualism
_

Sub-Section 1B16b:
Text-Based Info (primarily):

Sub-Section 1B16b1:
Animal Welfare:

“Why ‘Every Little Bit Helps’ Isn’t Helping A Bit”:
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com/why-every-little-bit-helps-isnt-helping-a-bit

“Language Matters Vol. 2 – Animals Aren’t ‘Voiceless’, We’re Just Not Listening”:
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com/language-matters-vol-2-animals-arent-voiceless-were-just-not-listening

More on welfarism and single-issue campaigns by Keith Berger:
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com/my-thoughts-on-single-issue-animal-rights-campaigns
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com/until-cages-are-only-a-memory
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com/on-honesty-and-consistency-in-vegan-advocacy
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com/why-meatless-monday-is-meaningless
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com/briefly-meatless-monday-addendum-the-speciesist-comment-of-the-day
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com/vegan-outreach-proudly-creating-vegetarians
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com/multi-level-manipulation-welfare-wednesday
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com/compassion-over-killing-and-their-timeshare-approach-to-animal-rights

“How Co-option of Grass-Roots Activism Played Out in Kansas City’s First VegFest”:
http://joannfarb.weebly.com/blog/vfa

“So What’s the Matter with Mercy for Animals?”:
http://my-face-is-on-fire.blogspot.com/2012/12/so-whats-matter-with-mercy-for-animals.html

“Some Thoughts on Why Vegans Criticise Vegans for Promoting Veganism”:
http://veganismisnonviolence.com/2014/02/11/criticisingvegans

“On Speciesism And Token Gestures”:
http://my-face-is-on-fire.blogspot.com/2014/06/on-speciesism-and-token-gestures.html?showComment=1404382988030

“Animal Advocacy and The Scientific Method: The Humane Research Council Study”:
http://veganpublishers.com/animal-advocacy-and-the-scientific-method-the-humane-research-council-study

My writings on Welfarism:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/05/17/why-animal-welfare-doesnt-work
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/16/yet-another-reason-why-sics-dont-work

“Is Direct Action Everywhere (DxE) anti-vegan?”:
http://www.vegantrove.com/podcasts/VeganTrove-2015-08-25-0019.mp3
http://www.vegantrove.com/2015/08/26/vegan-trove-podcast-0019

” ‘Vegan’ Outreach has blood on their hands”:
http://www.examiner.com/article/vegan-outreach-has-blood-on-their-hands

“The Humane Society of the United States: The Public Relations Branch of Animal Industry”:
http://veganismisnonviolence.com/2014/09/07/hsusindustrypartners

“Why ‘Happy Meat’ Is Always Wrong”:
https://www.smashwords.com/extreader/read/435640/1/why-happy-meat-is-always-wrong

“Advanced Advocacy”:
http://www.humanemyth.org/advancedadvocacy.htm

Peaceful Prairie Sanctuary:
http://www.peacefulprairie.org/freerange1.html

“Invasion of the Movement Snatchers: A Social Justice Cause Falls Prey to the Doctrine of “Necessary Evil” By James LaVeck – October, 2006:
http://www.humanemyth.org/invasion.htm

“Activists have no business promoting the agenda of corporate lobbyists”:
http://aella.org/2012/04/activists-have-no-business-promoting-the-agenda-of-corporate-lobbyists

“The HSUS Missouri Agriculture Council”:
https://donotlink.it/mX1E

“Greenpeace Supports Killing Whales — But Do Detractors Support Something Similar?”
http://challengeoppression.com/2010/06/21/greenpeace-supports-killing-whales-but-do-detractors-support-something-similar

“A critique of Vegan Outreach literature”:
http://www.examiner.com/article/a-critique-of-vegan-outreach-literature

Anders Branderud’s archive of answers to Welfarism (among other things):
http://bloganders.blogspot.no/2014/05/abolitionist-veganism-articles.html

“Legal Protections for Farm Animals”:
http://www.aspca.org/fight-cruelty/farm-animal-cruelty/legal-protections-farm-animals

Professor Gary Francione on Welfarism:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/animal-welfare-regulation-happy-exploitation-and-speciesism
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/the-four-problems-of-animal-welfare-in-a-nutshell
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/animal-welfare-militant-direct-action-mantras-and-faith
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/veganism-just-another-way-of-reducing-suffering-or-a-fundamental-principle-of-justice-nonviolence

“Incremental Reform in the Human Context Is Not Analogous to Welfare Reform and Single-Issue Campaigns in the Nonhuman Context”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/incremental-reform-human-nonhuman-contexts

Sea Shepherd is not an AR org.:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/sea-shepherd-weighs-in-on-cecil-the-lion-insisting-on-veganism-is-purism-and-elitist

_

Sub-Section 1B16b2:
Single Issue Campaigns:

“My Thoughts on Single-Issue Animal “Rights” Campaigns”:
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com/my-thoughts-on-single-issue-animal-rights-campaigns

“”Vague-an” Outreach (the organization)? Never. Abolitionism? Always”:
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com/vague-an-outreach-never-abolitionism-always

“Commentary #16: Responding to Questions: Single-Issue Campaigns and MDA Opposition to the Abolitionist Approach”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/commentary-16-responding-to-questions

“Abolition and Incremental Reform”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/abolition-and-incremental-reform

“A Good Example of What’s Wrong with Single-Issue Campaigns”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/good-example-whats-wrong-single-issue-campaigns

“Why Welfare Reform Campaigns and Single-Issue Campaigns Necessarily Promote Animal Exploitation”:
https://www.abolitionistapproach.com/14542-2

“A Short Note on Abolitionist Veganism as a Single Issue Campaign”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/a-short-note-on-abolitionist-veganism-as-a-single-issue-campaign

“Hey, Is That Milk on Your Balaclava?”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/hey-is-that-milk-on-your-balaclava

“Important Announcement: No Factory-Farmed Small Fish Friday”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/important-announcement-no-factory-farmed-small-fish-friday

“Is Every Campaign a Single-Issue Campaign?”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/is-every-campaign-a-single-issue-campaign

“Multiple Choice Test”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/multiple-choice-test

“New York Times Debate on Carriage Horses”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/new-york-times-debate-carriage-horses

“On Johnny Weir, Single-Issue Campaigns, Treatment, and Abolitionist Veganism”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/on-johnny-weir-single-issue-campaigns-treatment-and-abolitionist-veganism

“Save a Seal; Eat Non-Canadian Seafood”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/save-a-seal-eat-non-canadian-seafood

“Single-Issue Campaigns and the Adoption/Fostering of Homeless Nonhuman Animals”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/single-issue-campaigns-and-the-adoptionfostering-of-homeless-nonhuman-animals

“Single-Issue Campaigns in Human & Nonhuman Contexts”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/single-issue-campaigns-and-in-human-nonhuman-contexts

“The Great Ape Project: Not so Great”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/the-great-ape-project-not-so-great

“The Kapparos Campaign: A Good Example of What’s Wrong with Single-Issue Campaigns”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/the-kapparos-campaign-a-good-example-whats-wrong-single-issue-campaigns

“The Ringling Circus Elephants: Another “Victory” That Isn’t”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/ringling-circus-elephants-another-victory-isnt

“Why Not Single Issue Campaigns And Petitions”:
http://elated.co.za/why-not-single-issue-campaigns-and-petitions

“Picking the Low-Hanging Fruit: What Is Wrong with Single Issue Campaigns?”:
http://www.howtogovegan.org/singleissuecampaigns

“Why Protests Are For The Most Part Useless”:
http://thevegancommunicator.wordpress.com/2013/05/11/why-protests-are-for-the-most-part-useless-2

Palm Oil Is Vegan:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2015/05/26/palm-oil-is-vegan
https://scentofavegan.wordpress.com/2018/06/10/a-vegan-perspective-on-palm-oil
http://www.theswitchreport.com.au/top-stories/boycotting-palm-oil-not-way-save-orangutans

_

Sub-Section 1B16b3:
Defining Abolitionism In Regards To Welfarism And SICs:

“Factionalism in the Nonhuman Animal Rights Movement”:
http://academicabolitionistvegan.blogspot.com/2013/07/factionalism-in-nonhuman-animal-rights.html

“Ten Myths of New Welfarism”:
https://uvearchives.wordpress.com/category/ten-myths-of-new-welfarism

“Reclaiming Abolitionism: It’s Time For Us To Take A Stand For Animals”:
https://our-compass.org/2013/07/24/reclaiming-abolitionism-its-time-for-us-to-take-a-stand-for-animals

My explanation of the various “animal movement” factions in a nutshell:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/10/21/what-is-animal-rights
_

Sub-Section 1B16b4:
Evidence Of The Ineffectiveness Of S.I.C.s:

“Reining in the Elephants: Thinking Critically about Single-Issue Campaigns”:
http://academicabolitionistvegan.blogspot.com/2015/03/reining-in-elephants-thinking.html
_

Sub-Section 1B16b5:
PETA:

http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/links/p2900/newsweek-magazine.pdf
https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=710775368978700&id=162378977151678

“Deconstructing PETA’s Thinking”:
http://thevegancommunicator.wordpress.com/2013/10/06/deconstructing-petas-thinking

“PETA: A Corporate Tangle Of Contradictions”:
http://veganismisnonviolence.com/2012/04/02/peta-a-corporate-tangle-of-contradictions

“When Sex Doesn’t Sell: Using Sexualized Images of Women Reduces Support for Ethical Campaigns”:
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi/10.1371/journal.pone.0083311

“PETA fat-shames in ‘Save the Whales’ campaign”:
http://feministing.com/2009/08/17/peta-fat-shames-in-save-the-whales-campaign

“PETA cool with lobster death – if at the White House”:
http://washingtonexaminer.com/peta-cool-with-lobster-death-if-at-the-white-house/article/2530980

“PETA employees’ prosecution exposed a shocking (and deadly) practice”:
http://www.examiner.com/article/peta-employees-prosecution-exposed-a-shocking-and-deadly-practice

“PETA’s Death Cult, Part 1: Celebrities Getting Naked in the Name of Euthanasia”:
http://dysarm.com/petas-death-cult-2

“PETA’s Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad History of Killing Animals”:
http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2012/03/petas-terrible-horrible-no-good-very-bad-history-of-killing-animals/254130

“Controlling an animal as deadly as a weapon” or how PETA advocates killing all pitbulls:
http://www.sfgate.com/opinion/openforum/article/Controlling-an-animal-as-deadly-as-a-weapon-2629558.php

“Don’t turn your back on feral cats” or how PETA advocates killing all feral cats:
http://www.opednews.com/articles/Don-t-turn-your-back-on-fe-by-People-for-the-Eth-101022-19.html

“Strange but True… PETA’s stance on Feral Cats…”:
http://www.feralchange.org/#!petas-policy-on-ferals–seriously/c10cq

My blog post on PETA:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/07/01/is-peta-justified
_

Sub-Section 1B16b6:
Animals Harmed In Entertainment:

“What Does “No Animals Were Harmed” Mean?”:
http://animalrights.about.com/od/animalsinentertainment/a/What-Does-No-Animals-Were-Harmed-Mean.htm
http://animalrights.about.com/od/animalsinentertainment/a/What-Does-No-Animals-Were-Harmed-Mean_2.htm

“Shocking truth behind the ‘no animals were harmed’ certificate in movies”:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2513407/How-Hollywood-animals-repeatedly-harmed-movie-TV-production.html
_

Sub-Section 1B17:
On Violence In The ARM:

Gary Francione Commentary #5: On Violence:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/a-commentary-on-violence

“A Comment on Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/a-comment-on-violence

“Gandhi: On the 62nd Anniversary of His Death”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/gandhi-on-the-62nd-anniversary-of-his-death

“Martin Luther King, Jr.: His Dream and Our Reality”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/martin-luther-king-jr-his-dream-and-our-reality

“More on Violence and Animal Rights”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/more-on-violence-and-animal-rights

“On Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/on-violence

“On Violence as ‘Entertainment’ “:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/violence-entertainment

“On Vivisection and Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/on-vivisection-and-violence

“Opposing Views: On Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/opposing-views-on-violence

“Peter Singer and I Agree on One Thing: Nonviolence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/peter-singer-and-i-agree-on-one-thing-nonviolence

“The Religion of Non-Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/the-religion-of-non-violence

“Veganism and Nonviolence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/veganism-and-nonviolence

My blog post on violence:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/07/01/violence-will-never-advance

“On Militant Direct Action”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2009/09/17/on-militant-direct-action

“On ‘Fur-Hags’ And ‘Fucking Bitches’ “:
http://www.easyvegan.info/2009/01/25/on-fur-hags-and-fucking-bitches
_

Sub-Section 1B18:
On Graphic Imagery:
“On Cruelty Videos”:
https://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2010/06/14/on-cruelty-videos

“Every Picture Tells A Story”:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com/2017/09/23/every-picture-tells-a-story
_

Sub-Section 1B19:
Logic And Myth Regarding Animal Rights:

Sub-Section 1B19a:
Video Section:

“Speciesism. A Debate”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLmnt63VGgc

“Colleen Patrick-Goudreau: Debunking the Myths of Veganism”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=od_cqvr-ueY

“Meat Creates Jobs That People Would Lose in a Vegan World”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k_tRaMpmFJ8

“Should “Anti-Science” Views Be Given a Platform?”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PidPd1sUE-I

“How Wolves Change Rivers”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysa5OBhXz-Q

“Stop Social Conditioning Now”:
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGVuHFfX1DmTNnWiVEqIpCA

“VERSUS: The Amazing Atheist | Video Response [Part 1]”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIacX8rPoKw

“VERSUS: MrRepzion | Video Response [Part 1]”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZQP8KyWPWJs
_

Sub-Section 1B19b:
Text-Based Links:

Sub-Section 1B16b1:
Effective Argumentation:

“Think Again: How to Reason and Argue”:
https://www.coursera.org/course/thinkagain

“How To Not Lose An Argument”:
http://lesswrong.com/lw/3k/how_to_not_lose_an_argument

The Continuum Fallacy at Wikipedia:
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Continuum_fallacy
http://lesswrong.com/lw/mm/the_fallacy_of_gray

“To change Attitudes, Don’t Argue — Agree, Extremely”:
http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-paradoxical-thinking-20140715-story.html
_

Sub-Section 1B19b2:
Lists Of Fallacies In Regards To Veganism:

“FAQs”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/faqs

“Frequently Asked Questions”:
https://ethicalveganeducation.com/FAQ

Catalog Of Logical Fallacies:
http://cruelty-free.org/science/part-1-catalog-of-logical-fallacies-used-to-justify-inhumanity

Animal Rights and Vegan Discussion Fallacies:
http://www.yourcybercourt.info/fallacies/list.html

“Frequently Asked Questions about Veganism”:
http://www.idausa.org/vegandays/faq.html

“Guide to justifications for harming and exploiting animals”:
http://www.vegansidekick.com/guide

“Your Vegan Fallacy Is”:
http://yourveganfallacyis.com/en

“Master List Of Logical Fallacies”:
http://utminers.utep.edu/omwilliamson/ENGL1311/fallacies.htm

_

Sub-Section 1B19b3:
The Myth Of Human Superiority:

“What scientific idea is ready for retirement?” (of note is the answer by Irene Pepperberg):
http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/jan/12/what-scientific-idea-is-ready-for-retirement-edge-org
_

Sub-Section 1B19b4:
The “What Would Happen To All The Animals” argument:

“What Will Happen to the Animals When The World Goes Vegan?”:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com/2017/07/04/what-will-happen-to-the-animals-when-the-world-goes-vegan

“HOW TO RESPOND TO… ‘IF EVERYONE WENT VEGAN, WHAT WOULD HAPPEN TO ALL THE FARM ANIMALS?’ “:
http://www.veganmainstream.com/2013/06/21/how-to-respond-to-if-everyone-went-vegan-what-would-happen-to-all-the-farm-animals

“What Will Happen to the Animals if Everyone Goes Vegan?”:
http://animalrights.about.com/od/animalrights101/a/What-Will-Happen-To-The-Animals-If-Everyone-Goes-Vegan.htm

“10 Reasons You Should NOT Go Vegan”:
http://www.theveganwoman.com/10-reasons-you-should-not-go-vegan

“What Would Happen To The Animals?”:
http://www.vegansoapbox.com/what-would-happen-to-the-animals
_

Sub-Section 1B19b5:
Logical Errors About Vivisection:

http://speakingofresearch.com/2013/10/29/some-animal-rights-philosophers-say-the-darndest-things
http://www.opposingviews.com/i/society/animal-rights/why-debate-when-you-can-publish-unopposed-nonsense
http://www.afma-curedisease.org/pdf/ringach.pdf
_

Sub-Section 1B19b6:
Anti-“Former Vegan” Arguments:

“On Ex-Vegans”:
https://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2010/11/29/on-ex-vegans

“Facing Failing Health On A Vegan Diet”:
http://bonzaiaphrodite.com/2013/01/facing-failing-health-on-a-vegan-diet

“What The Blonde Vegan & Carrie On Vegan Can Teach Us About Eating Healthfully”:
http://itdoesnttastelikechicken.com/2014/07/17/what-the-blonde-vegan-carrie-on-vegan-can-teach-us-about-eating-healthfully

“How to Gain Fame and Fortune as an Ex-Vegan in Roughly Five Easy Steps?…”:
http://veganfeministagitator.blogspot.com/2014/07/how-to-gain-fame-and-fortune-as-ex.html

“Our Vegan Diet Almost Killed Us – No, Really”:
http://www.eatplantsdrinkbeer.com/readup/2015/11/12/our-vegan-diet-almost-killed-us
_

Sub-Section 1B19b7:
“Blood Type” Arguments:

“It’s not about your blood type, research shows”:
http://news.utoronto.ca/popular-diet-theory-debunked

“Cusack Leila, et al, Blood type diets lack supporting evidence: a systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr, July 2013; ajcn.058693.”
http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/early/2013/05/22/ajcn.113.058693

“Moen T., Blood Type Diet—science or fantasy. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2001 Jan 30;121(3):355-8”
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11242883
http://nutritionfacts.org/questions/the-blood-type-diet-fact-or-fiction
http://pcrm.org/health/diets/ffl/newsletter/eat-right-for-your-blood-type

“blood type diet”:
http://www.skepdic.com/bloodtypediet.html

“Blood Type Diet Debunked”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/blood-type-diet-debunked

Sub-Section 1B19b8:
The “Veganism Kills Babies” Argument:

Sub-Section 1B19b8a:
Veganism Does Not Kill Babies:

Vegan child death misrepresented:
http://www.thehealthyhomeeconomist.com/baby-breastfed-by-vegan-mother-dies

Non-vegan child death (18-month-old, Vermilion, OH, USA):
http://www.ksdk.com/news/article/356695/28/Toddler-dies-of-starvation-parents-arrested

Non-vegan child death (1-year-old, village of Makho in Black Sea region of Adjara, Georgia): http://www.rustavi2.com/news/news_text.php?id_news=48443&pg=1&im=main

Non-vegan child death (2-month-old, Thibodaux, LA, USA):
http://www.wdsu.com/Investigators-Baby-Died-From-Severe-Malnutrition-Mother-Arrested/13388494

Non-vegan child death (Phoenix, AZ, USA):
http://www.myfoxphoenix.com/story/22810569/2013/07/10/phoenix-police-investigate-child-death

Non-vegan child death (14-month-old, Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, N.C.):
http://www.airforcetimes.com/article/20130701/NEWS06/307010037/Baby-N-C-airman-died-from-severe-malnutrition-autopsy-says

Vegan child death (11-month-old, parents: Joel and Sergine Le Moaligou, France): http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/apr/01/joel-sergine-le-moaligou-convicted

Vegan child death (6-month-old, parents: Deborah and Roby Jan Moorhead, Auckland, New Zealand, 2002):

Vegan child death (6-weeks-old, child: Crown Shakur, parents: Jade Sanders, 27, and Lamont Thomas, 31, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 2004):

Vegan child deaths:
http://naturalhygienesociety.org/diet-veganbaby.html

Vegan child death (6-months-old, child: Woyah, parents: Joseph Andressohn, 36, and Lamoy Andressohn, 30, Florida, USA):

Vegan child death (15-months-old, Joseph and Silva Swinton, Queens, NY, USA, 2003):
“6.9 million children under the age of five died in 2011.” “About one third of all child deaths are linked to malnutrition.”

That equals 2.3 MILLION babies that died in 2011 from malnutrition around the world. Almost all were not on a vegan diet:
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs178/en

“Deficiencies of vitamin A and zinc result in deaths”
“deficiencies of iodine and iron, together with stunting, can contribute to children not reaching their developmental potential”:
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/malnutrition-causes-45-per-cent-of-deaths-of-underfive-children-report/article4788613.ece

The main causes of death in malnutrition:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6433943

The Lancet: Nearly half of all child deaths caused by malnutrition:
“malnutrition is now responsible for around 3·1 million deaths in children under five annually.”: http://www.savethechildren.org.uk/2013-06/lancet-nearly-half-all-child-deaths-caused-malnutrition

Vitamin and mineral deficiencies affect up to two billion people:
http://www.gainhealth.org/about-malnutrition/vitamin-and-mineral-deficiencies#footnoteref2_co9jpm3

Examples of elements added to fortify non-vegan foods: Iodized Salt, Folic Acid, Niacin, Vitamin D, Calcium:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fortified_food#Examples_of_fortified_foods
_

Sub-Section 1B19b8b:
How To Raise Healthy Vegan Children:

“Baby-Led Weaning for the Mini Vegan”:
http://www.theveganwoman.com/baby-led-weaning-for-the-mini-vegan

“Natural Weaning And Healthy Vegan Kids”:
http://www.vegsource.com/jess-parsons/natural-weaning-and-healthy-vegan-kids.html

“Baby’s First Vegan Foods”:
http://stayingvegan.com/2010/05/babys-first-vegan-foods

“Vegan Breastmilk Weaning Age?”:
http://www.circleofmoms.com/moms-who-are-raising-vegan-or-vegetarian-children-and-babies/vegan-breastmilk-weaning-age-531011
_

Sub-Section 1B19b9:
The “Meat Made Us Smarter” Argument:

“Meat made us smarter”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=576017022506358&id=575976675843726

“WHY “MEAT MADE US SMART” IS A DUMB IDEA”:
http://www.thediscerningbrute.com/2013/03/20/why-meat-made-us-smart-is-a-dumb-idea

“Why you can all stop saying meat eating fueled evolution of larger brains right now”:
http://evolvinghealthscience.blogspot.com.au/2012/12/why-you-can-all-stop-saying-meat-eating.html?m=1

“Brain frontal lobes not sole centre of human intelligence”:
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-05/du-bfl051013.php

“It’s Curtains For The Expensive Tissue Hypothesis”:
http://paleovegan.blogspot.co.uk/2011/11/its-curtains-for-expensive-tissue.html

“Energetics and the evolution of human brain size”:
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v480/n7375/full/nature10629.html

“Speciesist Science: Animal Flesh & Human Brain Evolution: Dispelling Myths”:
http://us6.campaign-archive1.com/?u=a17b6bb876e4ee5e67084608d&id=c643f3a690&e=f5094e8bf2

“Our Brains Need Cholesterol”:
http://plantpositive.com/22-cholesterol-confusion-5-cho
_

Sub-Section 1B19b10:
The “Plants Are Sentient” Argument:

“The Ad Plantarum Fallacy: Because Plants Don’t Have Feelings”:
http://veganhedonists.com/blogs/ad-plantarum-fallacy-because-plants-dont-have-feelings

“People For the Ethical Treatment of Plants: 4 Reasons Why the “Plant Sentience” Argument Doesn’t Work”:
http://veganrabbit.com/2013/03/18/plant-sentience-and-pain

“Broccoli vs. Animals?”:
http://www.vegetus.org/essay/plants.htm

“But Plants Have Feelings, Too!”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mikko-alanne/plant-feelings_b_932305.html
_

Sub-Section 1B19b11:
What’s Wrong With Vegetarianism?:

“Commentary #1: Vegetarianism as a “Gateway” to Veganism?”
http://media.blubrry.com/garylfrancione/p/www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/podcast/20090809-araa-commentary-1.mp3
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vegetarianism-as-a-gateway-to-veganism

Some Comments on Vegetarianism as a “Gateway” to Veganism:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/some-comments-on-vegetarianism-as-a-gateway-to-veganism
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/pdf/the-vegan-2010spring.pdf

“What Is Wrong with Vegetarianism?”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2008/09/09/what-is-wrong-with-vegetarianism

“Vegan and vegetarian: Why they are not similar”:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com/2015/11/07/vegan-and-vegetarian-why-they-are-not-similar

I Wonder What Donald Watson, Founder of the Vegan Society, Would Think:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/i-wonder-what-donald-watson-founder-of-the-vegan-society-would-think

It’s Not 1946:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/its-not-1946

The Need for a Vegan Society:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/the-need-for-a-vegan-society

Vegetarianism First?:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vegetarianism-first

_

Sub-Section 1B19b12:
The “Veganism Kills More Animals In Crop Production” Argument:

“LEAST HARM: A DEFENSE OF VEGETARIANISM FROM STEVEN DAVIS’S OMNIVOROUS PROPOSAL” by GAVERICK MATHENY:
http://fewd.univie.ac.at/fileadmin/user_upload/inst_ethik_wiss_dialog/Matheny__G._2003_Defense_of_Veg__in_J._Agric_Ethics.pdf

“Veganism: less grain for cattle, fewer animals killed in grain fields”:
http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/scienceshow/vegetariansim3a–less-grains-for-animals2c-less-animals-kille/4679802

“Contrasting Harms: Vegan Agriculture versus Animal Agriculture”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2008/01/01/contrasting-harms-vegan-agriculture-versus-animal-agriculture

“DEBUNKING: DOES CULTIVATION KILL MORE ANIMALS THAN LIVESTOCK FARMING?”:
https://anupamkatkar.com/2015/10/08/debunking-cultivating-crops-for-vegans-kills-more-animals-than-pasture-grazing-livestock
_

Sub-Section 1B19b13:
The “Using Animals Is Natural” Argument:

_

Sub-Section 1B19b14:
The ” ‘In Vitro Meat’ Is A Boon To Animal Rights” Argument:

“Cultured Meat Club (Do You Really Want To Hurt Me?)”:
https://www.facebook.com/notes/keith-berger/cultured-meat-club-do-you-really-want-to-hurt-me/1356094557753973

“Vegan Trove Ep 35: “ ‘Clean Meat’ Part 1: Some Ethical Considerations” “:
http://www.vegantrove.com/podcasts/VeganTrove-2016-07-05-0035Pt1.mp3
http://www.vegantrove.com/2016/07/05/vegan-trove-0035pt1

“Vegan Trove Ep 35: “ ‘Clean Meat’ Part 2: Some Practical Implications and Unforeseen Outcomes” “:
http://www.vegantrove.com/podcasts/VeganTrove-2016-07-05-0035-Pt2.mp3
http://www.vegantrove.com/2016/07/04/vegan-trove-0035-pt2

“The ‘Clean Meat’ Hoax”:
https://www.cleanmeat-hoax.com

“Trading Patronage for Power in the Animal Right’s Movement”:
http://joannfarb.weebly.com/blog/trading-patronage-for-power-in-the-animal-rights-movement

“What’s Wrong With In Vitro Meat?”:
https://verdict.justia.com/2013/10/02/whats-wrong-with-in-vitro-meat

_

Sub-Section 1B19b15:
The “Savory Approach” Argument:

Grass-Fed Beef Is Not Better For The Environment:
http://www.examiner.com/article/environmental-experts-grass-fed-beef-not-more-eco-friendly-than-grain-fed-beef

“Alan Savory: Eat Meat and Save the World?”:
http://www.monbiot.com/2014/08/04/eat-meat-and-save-the-world

“Holistic Management: Misinformation on the Science of Grazed Ecosystems”:
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijbd/2014/163431

“Cows Against Climate Change: The Dodgy Science Behind the TED Talk”:
http://www.inexactchange.org/blog/2013/03/11/cows-against-climate-change

“A Call To Counter The False Solution Of Regenerative Grazing”:
https://seedthecommons.org/a-call-to-counter-the-false-solution-of-regenerative-grazing

_

Sub-Section 1B19b16:
The Atkins Diet:

“Atkins Exposed”:
http://www.atkinsexposed.org

_

Sub-Section 1B19b17:
Info On Vaccinations:

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-VmDit1Bn2jQ/T7115vXWkgI/AAAAAAAAARc/hQGvS6uG4bw/s640/us-deaths-1900-1965.jpg

“My CRYSTAL Clear Stance on Vaccines (which aren’t immunizations)”:
http://www.drkurtperkins.com/2012/05/my-crystal-clear-stance-on-vaccines.html

“Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP)”:
http://www.nvic.org/injury-compensation.aspx
_

Sub-Section 1B19b18:
Responses To Specific Single Fallacies:

“Moral Concern, Moral Impulse, and Logical Argument in Animal Rights Advocacy”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/moral-concern-moral-impulse-and-logical-argument-in-animal-rights-advocacy

“Veganism: Morality, Health, and the Environment”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/veganism-morality-health-and-the-environment

“Single-Issue Campaigns and the Adoption/Fostering of Homeless Nonhuman Animals”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/single-issue-campaigns-and-the-adoptionfostering-of-homeless-nonhuman-animals

“Human Rights And Animal Rights: Perfect Together”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/human-rights-and-animal-rights-perfect-together

Answers to fallacies by “Veganator”:
“It is all about calories in versus calories burned”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=578641618910565&id=575976675843726

“But dairy builds strong bones”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=576533429121384&id=575976675843726

“Humans can eat meat, so that means we are omnivores”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=576018982506162&id=575976675843726

“I have a slow metabolism which is why I am overweight”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=576010179173709&id=575976675843726

“Why Hitler Was Not a Vegetarian” by Rynn Berry:
http://www.vegsource.com/berry/hitler.html

“An Open Letter to the Facebook Commenter Who Said that Vegans Are Hippie Fascists”:
http://veganfeministagitator.blogspot.com/2014/02/an-open-letter-to-facebook-commenter.html

“People Are Not Vegan Because Of You” by Gary Smith:
http://thethinkingvegan.com/articles/people-are-not-vegan-because-of-you

“Animal Suffering Isn’t An Enigma So Let’s Get Over It”:
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/animal-emotions/201408/animal-suffering-isnt-enigma-so-lets-get-over-it

“Are Vegetarians Less Healthy than Meat-Eaters?”:
http://www.theveganrd.com/2014/04/are-vegetarians-less-healthy-than-meat-eaters.html

“Top 10 Retorts to Hunter Fallacies”:
http://exposingthebiggame.wordpress.com/2013/05/02/top-10-retorts-to-hunters-fallacies

“Where Do Humans Really Rank on the Food Chain?”:
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/where-do-humans-really-rank-on-the-food-chain-180948053

“Members of the Maasai Tribe of Kenya Request IFA’s Help”:
http://www.ifundafrica.org/md/news/260-members-of-the-maasai-tribe-of-kenya-request-ifas-help.html

“If You Were Alone on a Deserted Island With a Pig, Would You Eat the Pig?”:
http://kirschnerskorner.wordpress.com/2013/03/15/if-you-were-alone-on-a-deserted-island-with-a-pig-would-you-eat-the-pig

http://www.vegcomic.com/2013/01/ask-a-stupid-question

“Don’t Tell Me What To Do”:
http://gentleworld.org/dont-tell-me-what-to-do

“The Abolitionist Zombie: Am I A Mindless Follower Of Gary Francione?”:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/06/10/the-abolitionist-zombie

“Veganism as a Minimum Standard of Decency”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2009/02/20/veganism-as-a-minimum-standard-of-decency

“Your Love Of Quinoa Is Good News For Andean Farmers”:
http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2013/07/16/202737139/is-our-love-of-quinoa-hurting-or-helping-farmers-who-grow-it

“Kids (and Animals) Who Fail Classic Mirror Tests May Still Have Sense of Self”:
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/kids-and-animals-who-fail-classic-mirror
_

Sub-Section 1B19b19:
Miscellaneous Links:

Rbutr App.:
http://blog.rbutr.com/2014/02/introducing-the-rbutr-iframe-rbutr-anywhere-anytime-any-platform-link-to-misinformation-safely

Tom Billings and beyondveg.com:
http://www.ecologos.org/tb.htm

“Rhys Southan’s attempt to discredit veganism”:
http://www.veggieboards.com/t/141776/rhys-southans-attempt-to-discredit-veganism

“Harriet Hall’s ‘Critique’ of Greger’s “Uprooting the Leading Causes of Death” by Don Matesz:
http://donmatesz.blogspot.com/2013/02/harriet-halls-critique-of-gregers.html

“Calling Out Sam Harris”:
http://magnusvinding.blogspot.co.uk/2014/05/calling-out-sam-harris.html

“Ethical Arguments Against Ethical Veganism”:
http://www.ourhenhouse.org/2014/07/the-ethical-arguments-against-ethical-veganism-2

“Science Reveals How The Brains Of Social Justice Activists Are Different From Everyone Else’s”:
http://mic.com/articles/92253/science-reveals-how-the-brains-of-social-justice-activists-are-different-from-everyone-else-s
_

Sub-Section 1B20:
Kill Count/Statistics On Exploitation:

“Global Meat Production and Consumption Continue to Rise” (Welfarist):
https://donotlink.it/bxYQ

“Meat Atlas – Facts and figures about the animals we eat” (Welfarist):
https://donotlink.it/wYnp

“Around 3 trillion sea creatures are killed each year by humans”:
http://theveganmothership.tumblr.com/post/75026616244/around-3-trillion-sea-creatures-are-killed-each

Numbers of sea animals killed each year (Welfarist):
https://donotlink.it/GgkP

“World Agriculture: Towards 2015/2030. An FAO perspective” (Welfarist):
https://donotlink.it/Qvkx

“40 Maps That Explain Food In America”:
http://www.vox.com/a/explain-food-america

“USDA’s Wildlife Services killed 4 million animals in 2013; seen as an overstep by some”:
https://donotlink.it/Veln

_

Sub-Section 1B21:
The Growth Of Veganism:

Sub-Section 1B21a:
“How-To” on Creative Non-Oppressive Vegan Advocacy:

Sub-Section 1B21a1:
Miscellaneous:

“Creative, Non-Violent Vegan Education — Easy and Effective”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/creative-non-violent-vegan-education-easy-and-effective

“Vegan Education: A Background”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2008/04/03/vegan-education-a-background-part-1-of-2
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2008/05/16/vegan-education-an-incremental-abolitionist-approach-part-2-of-2

“Ten Crucial Tips for Public Outreach Work”:
http://www.internationalvegan.org/ten-crucial-tips-for-public-outreach-work

“VegFest London, October 2019”:
https://goveganworld.com/vegfest-london-october-2019

“Defending Go Vegan World’s Educational Adverts from Challenge – Vegfest 2019 – Barbara Bolton:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3WXgaIwioX0

“Defending Go Vegan World’s Educational Adverts from Challenge – Q&A – Vegfest 2019 – Barbara Bolton:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UU90zrawlbU

“ASA Rules in favour of Go Vegan World ad”:
https://goveganworld.com/landmark-judgement-animal-rights

“Go Vegan World has accused the National Farmers’ Union of “entirely missing the point”:
https://goveganworld.com/go-vegan-world-hits-back-national-farmers-union-entirely-missing-point-vegan-campaign

“Dairy takes babies from their mothers”:
https://goveganworld.com/why-vegan/the-animals-we-use/dairy-take-babies-mothers

“Advertising Standards Authority (“ASA”) upholds Go Vegan World’s claim that animals are tortured for research”:
https://goveganworld.com/landmark-ruling-for-tortured-laboratory-animals
_

Sub-Section 1B21a2:
CNOVA (Creative, Non-Oppressive Vegan Advocacy):

How I get non-Vegans to  consider Veganism in a positive manner:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/07/01/how-to-create-vegans

My CNOVA Archives:
May 6th, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202549120142443

Friday, May 30th, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202952542227743

Saturday, May 31st, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202960520347191

Sunday, June 1st, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202966947067855

Tuesday, June 16th 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202978442155225

Friday, September 12th, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10203393018039363

My first time being interviewed on a live webcast!:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qM1SB9AxrW8

Sub-Section 1B21a3:
Vegan Education Pamphlets & Flyers:

Flyers by me (click thumbnails and then choose “full-sized versions” at the bottom):
Tearoffs with various animals:

Or right click on the links below and choose “save link as”:

https://s16.postimg.org/j7bdd8jqp/Tearoff_poster_bee_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/525kbfapd/Tearoff_poster_chickens_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/jze1cfnxt/Tearoff_poster_cow_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/nk9wvnshd/Tearoff_poster_fish_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/p0lfdsve9/Tearoff_poster_goat_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/w538mu2nl/Tearoff_poster_pig_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/8s574bmk1/Tearoff_poster_sloth_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/6c3dqh4hd/Tearoff_poster_turkey_01.jpg

Various wonderful pamphlets by others:

“Embracing Veganism” by South Florida Vegan Education Group:
https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0zLVN2DeKCHTkg1OE9lQXdBUjQ

http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/text

http://www.internationalvegan.org/pamphlet

http://www.howdoigovegan.com/abolitionist-veganism/outreach-materials

Pamphlets by Vegan Musings:

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bw3cXrKFRr62ZF81WFM0NFhVVjA/view

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bw3cXrKFRr62TlVvTEx2bV80ek0/view

“Reject Speciesism”:
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bw3cXrKFRr62dHV1MnpmN0hVdE0/view

Sub-Section 1B21a4:
Strategy And Tactics In Vegan Advocacy:

“Dog Analogies And Speciesism”:
https://antispeciesistaction.com/animality-blog/dog-analogies-and-speciesism

Sub-Section 1B21a5:
Some Sites We Could Use To Educate Pre-Vegans (especially by choosing areas where the highest number of non-Vegans will see our Abolitionist Vegan messages):
https://academia.edu
https://instagram.com
https://ello.co
https://facebook.com
https://vk.com
https://linkedin.com
https://medium.com
https://meetup.com
https://petpav.com
https://pinterest.com
https://plus.google.com
https://quora.com
https://tumblr.com
https://twitter.com
https://vine.co
https://youtube.com
_

Sub-Section 1B21b:
Examples Of The Paradigm Shifting:

Sub-Section 1B21b1:
Former Institutional Exploiters Turned Vegan:

“From Goat Farmer to Sanctuary Founder” (Note: I do not endorse PETA as they are a horribly welfarist organization):
http://www.maplefarmsanctuary.org/item/Our_Story/225/c33

” ‘Animals feel pain’: why a farmer’s son turned vegan”:
http://www.irishtimes.com/life-and-style/people/animals-feel-pain-why-a-farmer-s-son-turned-vegan-1.1953889

_

Sub-Section 1B21b2:
Miscellaneous:

“Q&A: Hellenic Vincent de Paul, the guy who’s trying to make ‘Vegandale’ a thing”:
https://torontolife.com/food/qa-hellenic-vincent-de-paul-guy-whos-trying-make-vegandale-thing

“The First Vegan Accommodation in NYC!”:
https://www.airbnb.com/rooms/3456576

“Taiwan Is Cooler Than Your Town!”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/news/taiwan-opens-first-ever-all-vegan-grocery-store

Read these 2 in order:
http://blogs.smh.com.au/lifestyle/allmenareliars/archives/2007/04/red_meat_the_oldest_aphrodisia.html
http://www.smh.com.au/comment/confessions-of-a-vegan-20140730-zx84p.html

“Tal’s Freeze – Big Brother Israel | Channel 2”:
http://vimeo.com/102833111

“Fashion & Veg: You Can Dress Vegan!”:
http://fashionandveg1.blogspot.it/p/chi-sono.html
_

Sub-Section 1B21c:
Science And Statistics:

“How Sweden And The World Will Go Vegan”:
http://bliveganer.wordpress.com/2014/03/22/how-vegan-education-will-make-sweden-and-the-world-go-vegan

“Minority Rules: Scientists Discover Tipping Point for the Spread of Ideas”:
http://news.rpi.edu/luwakkey/2902

“Interest In Vegan Diets On The Rise: Google Trends Notes Public’s Increased Curiosity In Veganism”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/02/interest-in-vegan-diets-on-the-rise_n_3003221.html
_

Sub-Section 1C:
Books:

Sub-Section 1C1:
Adult-Oriented Books:

“Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Animals-Persons-Essays-Abolition-Exploitation/dp/0231139519/ref=sr_1_3?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-3

“Animals Property & The Law (Ethics And Action)” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Animals-Property-The-Ethics-Action/dp/1566392845/ref=pd_sim_sbs_b_4

“Eat Like You Care: An Examination of the Morality of Eating Animals” by Gary L. Francione & Anna Charlton:
http://www.amazon.com/Eat-Like-You-Care-Examination/dp/1492386510/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1387358713&sr=8-1&keywords=eat+like+you+care

“Introduction to Animal Rights: Your Child or the Dog?” by Gary L. Francione and Alan Watson:
http://www.amazon.com/Introduction-Animal-Rights-Your-Child/dp/1566396921/ref=sr_1_2?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-2

“Rain Without Thunder: The Ideology of the Animal Rights Movement” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Rain-Without-Thunder-Ideology-Movement-ebook/dp/B006SVRMN8/ref=sr_1_6?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-6

“The Animal Rights Debate: Abolition or Regulation? (Critical Perspectives on Animals: Theory, Culture, Science and Law)” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Animal-Rights-Debate-Regulation-Perspectives/dp/0231149557/ref=sr_1_4?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-4

“Vivisection and Dissection in the Classroom: A Guide to Conscientious Objection” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Vivisection-Dissection-Classroom-Conscientious-Objection/dp/1881699005/ref=sr_1_5?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-5

“Mind If I Order the Cheeseburger?: And Other Questions People Ask Vegans” by Sherry F. Colb:
http://www.amazon.com/Mind-If-Order-Cheeseburger-Questions-ebook/dp/B00DMDT70Q/ref=tmm_kin_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&sr=1-1&qid=1423095999

“Animal Oppression and Human Violence: Domesecration, Capitalism, and Global Conflict”:
http://cup.columbia.edu/book/978-0-231-15188-7/animal-oppression-and-human-violence
http://www.amazon.com/Animal-Oppression-Human-Violence-Domesecration-ebook/dp/B00CP7EXP4

“Animal Rights/Human Rights: Entanglements of Oppression and Liberation (Critical Media Studies: Institutions, Politics, and Culture)”:
http://www.amazon.com/Animal-Rights-Human-Entanglements-Institutions-ebook/dp/B00EGJAVRS

“Making a Killing: The Political Economy of Animal Rights” by Bob Torres:
http://www.akpress.org/makingakillingebook.html

“Animal Equality” – by Joan Dunayer:
http://www.rootsofcompassion.org/en/literature/animal-rights-animal-liberation/animal-equality-joan-dunayer

“Speciesism” – by Joan Dunayer:
http://www.amazon.com/Speciesism-Joan-Dunayer/dp/0970647565

Sub-Section 1C2:
Children’s Books:

“We’re Vegan!” by Anna Bean:
https://www.createspace.com/4546891

“I Am Not Food” – by Abioseh Joseph Cole:
https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/i-am-not-food-vegan-children-s-board-book/x/21928712#
_

These links and tons more:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Section 2:
Science/Medical/Health/Nutrition:
It has come to my attention that some people are reading this list merely for info on a Plants-Only Diet and refusing to read any of Section 1. Therefore, I’ve decided to include only the following items in Section 2 – I’ve also relegated the section on environment to another, separate post. Please do not ignore the moral arguments for Veganism. Thank you:

1) The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly The American Dietetic Association): the world’s largest organization of food and nutrition professionals. The Academy is committed to improving the nation’s health and advancing the profession of dietetics through research, education and advocacy.

“It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Well-planned vegetarian diets are appropriate for individuals during all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, and adolescence, and for athletes.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19562864

2) The Mayo Clinic: the first and largest integrated not-for-profit medical group practice in the world, employing more than 3,800 physicians and scientists and 50,900 allied health staff. It spends $500 million dollars on research a year.

“However, with a little planning a vegetarian diet can meet the needs of people of all ages, including children, teenagers, and pregnant or breast-feeding women. The key is to be aware of your nutritional needs so that you plan a diet that meets them.”

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/vegetarian-diet/art-20046446

3) Kaiser Permanente: the largest managed care organization in the United States, published an article supporting the adoption of a plant-based diet earlier this spring.

“Healthy eating may be best achieved with a plant-based diet, which we define as a regimen that encourages whole, plant-based foods and discourages meats, dairy products, and eggs as well as all refined and processed foods. We present a case study as an example of the potential health benefits of such a diet. Research shows that plant-based diets are cost-effective, low-risk interventions that may lower body mass index, blood pressure, HbA1C, and cholesterol levels. They may also reduce the number of medications needed to treat chronic diseases and lower ischemic heart disease mortality rates. Physicians should consider recommending a plant-based diet to all their patients, especially those with high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or obesity.”

http://www.thepermanentejournal.org/issues/2013/spring/5117-nutrition.html

***A follow up written by Dr. John McDougall and his son, Dr. Craig McDougall concerning Kaiser Permanente’s warning about potential nutrient deficiencies:

“In our experience of treating more than 5000 patients with a low-fat, whole foods, plant-based (vegan) diet, with follow-up lasting as long as 28 years, we have not seen any deficiencies of protein, iron, calcium, or essential fatty acids.”

https://www.thepermanentejournal.org/issues/2013/fall/5552-diet.html

4) The British National Health Service (NHS): is the largest and the oldest single-payer healthcare system in the world. It provides the majority of healthcare in England.

“With good planning and an understanding of what makes up a healthy, balanced vegan diet, you can get all the nutrients your body needs.”

https://www.nhs.uk/live-well/eat-well/the-vegan-diet

5) Cleveland Clinic: is regarded as one of the top hospital in the United States. With around 1,700 staff physicians representing 120 medical specialties, this hospital helps patients not only from all 50 states, but from more than 100 other nations.

“There really are no disadvantages to a vegetarian or vegan diet. A vegetarian diet offers many potential health benefits. Choosing vegetarian foods, rather than animal-based ones, for the nutrients you need eliminates much of the saturated fat and cholesterol found in a meat-based diet. A vegetarian diet can help lower cholesterol and blood pressure levels and help cut calories. These changes can reduce your risk of obesity, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and possibly cancer.”

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/17593-vegetarianism–heart-health

6) University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC): with 4,200 licensed beds and 400 outpatient sites, UPMC is one of the largest medical centers in the world.

“If properly planned, a vegan diet can provide all the nutrients you need. In general, people who don’t eat meat: Weigh less than people who eat meat. Are less likely to die of heart disease. Have lower cholesterol levels. Are less likely to get: High blood pressure; Prostate cancer; Colon cancer; Type 2 diabetes.”

https://www.upmc.com/health-library/article?hwid=abq2485

7) The Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center (UCLA): having research centers covering nearly all major specialties of medicine, UCLA is considered on of the top three hospitals in the US. This hospital has been ranked in the top twenty in 15 of the 16 medical specialties ranked in the US News ranking.

“Some of the health benefits of a vegetarian diet may include: [d]ecreased blood cholesterol levels and blood pressure; [l]ower incidence of heart disease, some forms of cancer, and digestive disorders like constipation and diverticula disease; [l]ower incidence of obesity and some forms of diabetes.”

http://www.dining.ucla.edu/housing_site/dining/SNAC_pdf/Vegetarianism.pdf

8) Dr Michael Greger, MD: a physician, author, and internationally recognized speaker on a number of important public health issues. All proceeds from his speaking engagements and the sale of his books and DVDs are donated to his 501(c)3 nonprofit NutritionFacts.org, the first science-based, non-commercial website to provide free daily videos and articles on the latest discoveries in nutrition.

These are the top 15 causes of death, and a plant based diet can prevent nearly all of them, can help treat more than half of them, and in some cases even reverse the progression of disease, including our top three killers.

http://nutritionfacts.org/video/uprooting-the-leading-causes-of-death

Special thanks to Anders Branderud:
http://bloganders.blogspot.no/2013/08/humans-can-live-and-thrive-on-healthy.html

Section 3:
Plant-Based Recipes/Vegan Food Guides:

Sub-Section 3A:
Videos:

“You Have Been Opening A Banana Wrong Your Entire Life!”:
http://www.newsiosity.com/videos/entertainment/you-have-been-opening-banana-wrong-your-entire-life-blew-my-mind

How to make Vegan yogurt:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pvj3u8-7PmU

“Learn How to Make These 5 Easy Raw Vegan Favorites (VIDEOS)”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-food/easy-raw-vegan-favorites-videos

“8 Videos of Vegan Recipes You Can Make in Less Than 5 Minutes (VIDEOS)”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-food/vegan-recipes-you-can-make-in-less-than-5-minutes-videos
_

Sub-Section 3B:
Text-based:

Sub-Section 3B1:
Food Guides:

Vegan food pyramid:
http://postimg.org/image/ejdv00zj5

Vegan liquor guide:
http://www.barnivore.com

A two-time Cupcake Wars winner on the chemistry of vegan baking:
http://www.splendidtable.org/story/a-two-time-cupcake-wars-winner-on-the-chemistry-of-vegan-baking

“Fits Me”:
http://www.fitsmeapp.com

“The Great Vegan Search Engine”:
https://www.google.com/cse/home?cx=007857372892095548138:j_cudozhaew

“Stop Pouring Your Chickpea Liquid Down the Drain. It’s a Magical Ingredient”:
http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2015/06/10/aquafaba_baking_with_chickpea_liquid_for_vegan_meringues.html

“Vegan Chocolate Mousse Made With Aquafaba”:
http://www.mywifemakes.com/2015/06/10/vegan-chocolate-mousse-made-with-aquafaba-chickpea-brine

“17 Cooking Hacks Every Vegan Should Know”:
http://www.buzzfeed.com/leonoraepstein/hacks-every-vegan-should-know?sub=3191089_2839111

Vibrance!: What Vegans Eat”:
https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.534160356645011.1073741827.452441044816943&type=3

“25 Frugal Items for Your Organic Vegan Grocery List”:
http://www.wisebread.com/25-frugal-items-for-your-organic-vegan-grocery-list

“21 Comfort Snacks That Are Vegan”:
http://inourishgently.com/21-comfort-snacks-that-are-vegan

“Plant-Based On A Budget”:
http://www.plantplate.com/Guide/Detail?GuideID=1006

“Plant-Based On A Budget”:
https://plantbasedonabudget.com
_

Sub-Section 3B2:
Businesses/Companies That Sell Vegan Products:

Sub-Section 3B2a:
Vegan Misc.:

“Shopping Vegan”:
http://shoppingvegan.online

“Vegan Cleaning Products”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com/search/label/Cleaning%20Products%20-Vegan

“Vegan As Printing”:
https://www.facebook.com/veganasprinting1

“ONE OF A KIND VEGAN CERAMIC DISHES”:
http://www.ecodogsandcats.com/blog/one-kind-vegan-ceramic-dishes.html
_

Sub-Section 3B2b:
Vegan Food:

Vegan cheese:
http://www.buteisland.com

Daiya Cheese:
http://us.daiyafoods.com

“So Delicious Dairy Free”:
https://www.facebook.com/sodeliciousdairyfree

“Midas Fine Art Cheeses”:
https://www.facebook.com/midasfineartcheeses

“Freja’s Foods” – They make seitan, a delicious plants-only food which can replicate and replace almost any animal flesh:
http://www.frejasfoods.com

“Replicated Meat – Coming Soon to Major Supermarkets Near You”:
https://www.yahoo.com/tech/innovation-dominates-communication-79965946822.html

“Scientists developing cow-free milk that tastes like the real thing”:
http://www.foxnews.com/leisure/2014/08/13/this-dairy-milk-is-cow-free

“Lazy Day Foods”:
http://www.lazydayfoods.com/engine/shop/index.html

“Food Fight”:
http://www.foodfightgrocery.com

“Unicorn Grocery”:
https://www.facebook.com/unicorngrocery

“Rescue Chocolate”:
https://www.facebook.com/rescuechocolate

“Natural Candy Store”:
http://www.naturalcandystore.com
_

Sub-Section 3B2c:
Vegan Clothing:

“Vegan Athletic Shoes 2013”:
http://vegan8.me/vegan-athletic-shoes/vegan-athletic-shoes-2013

“Olsenhaus”:
http://www.olsenhaus.com

“MuSkin: A Vegan “Leather” Made Entirely From Mushrooms”:
http://www.ecouterre.com/muskin-a-vegan-leather-made-entirely-from-mushrooms
_

Sub-Section 3B2d:
Vegan Cosmetics:

“Vegan Lip Balms”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com/2014/09/vegan-lip-balms.html

“6 Amazing and Truly Cruelty-Free Cosmetics Brands”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/lifestyle/cruelty-free-cosmetic-brands

“Tropic Skin Care”:
https://www.tropicskincare.co.uk/shop/caroleellingham
http://www.facebook.com/TropicNorfolk
_

Sub-Section 3B3:
My Favorite Vegan Substitutes:

Tofurky Italian sausage:
http://www.veganstore.com/product/tofurky-italian-sausage/vegan-meat-alternatives

Morningstar Farms BBQ riblets:
https://www.morningstarfarms.com/products/meal-starters/hickory-bbq-riblets
(not sure the above is still being made as I can’t find it around here anymore)

Gardein Sizzling Szechuan beefless strips:
http://gardein.com/products/beefless-strips

Vegenaise:
http://followyourheart.com/products/original-3
_

Sub-Section 3B4:
Recipe Sites:

“VegWeb”:
http://vegweb.com

“Live Vegan”:
http://livevegan.org

“Oh She Glows”:
http://ohsheglows.com

“Post Punk Kitchen”:
http://www.theppk.com

“Vegan Richa”:
http://www.veganricha.com

“VegKitchen with Nava Atlas”:
http://www.vegkitchen.com

“Simply Vegan”:
http://www.simply-vegan.org

“Finding Vegan”:
http://www.findingvegan.com

“Hell Yeah, It’s Vegan!”:
http://hellyeahitsvegan.com

“VeganEasy”:
http://veganeasy.org/30-Day-Menu

“Skip The Bacon: 20 Vegan Breakfast Ideas”:
http://www.brit.co/vegan-breakfast

“Hippie Vegan”:
http://Hippievegan.com
https://www.facebook.com/hippievegan

“Forks Over Knives”:
http://www.forksoverknives.com/recipes

“Holy Cow!”:
http://holycowvegan.net/indian-vegan-recipes

“The Buddhist Chef: recipe/seitan”:
http://www.thebuddhistchef.com/recipe/seitan

“Vegan Thanksgiving Recipes Galore 2015!”:
http://www.peacefuldumpling.com/vegan-thanksgiving-recipes-galore-2015

“I Can’t Believe It’s Vegan Gravy”:
http://www.vegweb.com/recipes/i-cant-believe-its-vegan-gravy

“My Vegan Burger King”:
http://mouthwateringvegan.com/2013/04/07/my-vegan-burger-king

“17 Very Cherry Recipes (All Vegan!)”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-recipe/very-cherry-recipes

“Veggieful.com: Vegan Sausage Roll Recipe”:
http://www.veggieful.com/2013/09/vegan-sausage-roll-recipe.html

“What Fat Vegans Eat”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/194567900666819/254864584637150

“The Vegan Stoner: Peanut Stew”:
http://theveganstoner.blogspot.co.uk/2011/07/peanut-stew.html?m=1

“LASAGNA GRILLED CHEESE. NUT-FREE SOY-FREE VEGAN RECIPE”:
http://www.veganricha.com/2014/06/lasagna-grilled-cheese-nut-free-soy.html

“Jeff Novick, MS, RD: My Simple Recipes”:
https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.204432390124.260255.177550385124

“14 Recipes for Turning Avocados Into OMGados”:
http://www.ecorazzi.com/2014/05/28/14-recipes-for-turning-avocados-into-omgados

“The Simple Veganista: SMOKY CHIPOTLE MAPLE T.L.T.”:
http://thesimpleveganista.blogspot.com/2012/12/smoky-chipolte-maple-tofu-sandwich.html

“The top 10 best vegan recipe websites”:
http://www.thisdishisvegetarian.com/2011/12/the-top-10-best-vegan-recipe-websites.html

“Anna Adey’s Recipes”:
https://www.facebook.com/anna.adey1/media_set?set=a.10151913073610069.1073741840.679240068

“10 Basic Vegan Recipes Even the Worst Cook Can Master”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-recipe/basic-vegan-recipes-even-the-worst-cook-can-master

“First Proper & Best-Ever Vegan ‘Egg Mayonnaise’ (Egg Salad) Sandwich”:
http://mouthwateringvegan.com/2013/04/06/first-proper-best-ever-vegan-egg-mayonnaise-egg-salad-sandwich
_

Sub-Section 3B4:
Miscellaneous:
“8 Vegetables You Can Regrow Again And Again”:
http://www.trueactivist.com/8-vegetables-that-you-can-regrow-again-and-again

Section 4:
Ecological/Environmental:
It has come to my attention that some people are reading this list merely for info on a Plants-Only Diet or the environmental aspects of such, and refusing to read any of Section 1. Therefore, I’ve relegated the section on environment to another, separate post. Please do not ignore the moral arguments for Veganism. Thank you.

Section 5:
Veganism-Related (misc. non-Vegan issues related to Veganism):

Sub-Section 5A:
Videos:

Sub-Section 5A1:
Miscellaneous:

“Critical Thinking”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6OLPL5p0fMg

“The Long Reach Of Reason”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uk7gKixqVNU

_

Sub-Section 5A2:
Effective Advocacy:

“A radical experiment in empathy”: Sam Richards at TEDxPSU:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kUEGHdQO7WA

“How to Change the World With Love”: Joey Adler at TEDxMontreal:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=INZq4LDaNVM

“For argument’s sake” by Daniel H. Cohen:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JTN9Nx8VYtk

“Tactical Performance: Thinking Theatrically for Powerful Protest: Larry Bogad at TEDxUCDavis”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=psRuhwkwt5Q

“Science Of Persuasion”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cFdCzN7RYbw

“Rosenberg on Nonviolent Communication ~ NVC”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SZ-fUVM4Dos

“Nonviolent Communication Part 1 Marshall Rosenberg”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-dpk5Z7GIFs&list=PLB7FA52401E74FFE0&index=4

“How To Convince People To Do Whatever You Want”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t7dINpMdMRA

“Living the Great Refusal – Dublin talk, May 2014”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tUxklv2mDcQ

“The Secret To Winning An Argument Is Ridiculously Simple”:
http://www.businessinsider.com/how-to-win-an-argument-2014-5
_

Sub-Section 5A2a:
Podcasts:

“YANSS Podcast 023 – What you can learn about dealing with differing political views from bloodthirsty, warring tribes of children”:
http://youarenotsosmart.com/2014/05/07/yanss-podcast-023-what-you-can-learn-about-dealing-with-differing-political-views-from-bloodthirsty-warring-tribes-of-children
_

Sub-Section 5B:
Text-Based Info:

Sub-Section 5B1:
Alternative Political Systems:

“Collaborative Post-Scarcity Commons Resource-Based Gift Economy Anarchism”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/934968119863677

“Moral Problems Of Capitalism”:
http://bloganders.blogspot.no/2014/04/moral-problems-of-capitalism.html

“What Every Environmentalist Needs to Know about Capitalism”:
http://www.indypendent.org/2011/10/18/what-every-environmentalist-needs-know-about-capitalism

Anarcho-Syndicalism at Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anarcho-syndicalism

Herbert Marcuse at Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Marcuse
_

Sub-Section 5B2:
Alternative History:

“A People’s History Of The United States”:
http://www.historyisaweapon.com/zinnapeopleshistory.html

“Against All Odds”:
http://m.motherjones.com/politics/2004/01/against-all-odds
_

Sub-Section 5B3:
Miscellaneous:

World Clock:
http://www.poodwaddle.com/Stats

“More scrutiny for UCLA’s School of Medicine”:
http://touch.latimes.com/#section/-1/article/p2p-80018992

“You Decide: Save the People or Save the Planet”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i_Z7whe-YHk

Evolve Consciousness:
http://evolveconsciousness.org/foundational-living-and-true-unity

“Meditation can Change your Brain Structure”:
http://fractalenlightenment.com/14740/enlightening-video/meditation-can-change-your-brain-structure

“News is bad for you – and giving up reading it will make you happier”:
http://www.theguardian.com/media/2013/apr/12/news-is-bad-rolf-dobelli

The “Backfire Effect”:
http://www.boston.com/bostonglobe/ideas/articles/2010/07/11/how_facts_backfire/?page=full
http://youarenotsosmart.com/2011/06/10/the-backfire-effect/
http://www.skepdic.com/backfireeffect.html
http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/mariakonnikova/2014/05/why-do-people-persist-in-believing-things-that-just-arent-true.html

“Which Products Should You Buy Fair Trade?”:
http://mambosprouts.com/news/which-products-should-you-buy-fair-trade

“Compassion Incorporated”:
http://www.compassionincorporated.org

Cats are not the real threat to birds:
https://www.alleycat.org/sslpage.aspx?pid=1593

“What is ‘Nutri-washing’ and Why Should You Care?”:
http://www.nutritionbykiki.com/blog/2014/02/21/What-is-Nutri-washing-and-Why-Should-You-Care.aspx

These 10 Corporations Control Almost Everything You Buy:
http://www.realfarmacy.com/these-10-corporations-control-almost-everything-you-buy-2

“15 Things Everyone Would Know If There Were A Liberal Media”:
http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/08/07/1229087/-15-things-everyone-would-know-if-there-were-a-liberal-media

“The Scary New Evidence on BPA-Free Plastics”:
http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2014/03/tritan-certichem-eastman-bpa-free-plastic-safe


If you’re not already Vegan, please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. Even more important, it’s the morally right thing to do and desperately needed by everyone. If you’re already Vegan, please educate others about why they should go Vegan.

These links and tons more:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info