On The Intersection Of Oppressions And Alliance Politics

I’m making separate posts on individual issues related to Veganism, so that anyone who wants a handy reference guide to each issue won’t have to go through my entire link list to find it. The links included in each individual post may not be updated regularly, so the Master List will be the only place to find complete updates. These posts will be comprehensive enough to cover most or all questions related to each issue however.

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

Here’s one interesting view on the intersectionality of oppressions:

https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2015/02/07/are-humans-superior

Sub-Section 1B6:
Intersectionality And Alliance Politics:

“Essentialism, Intersectionality, and Veganism as a Moral Baseline: Black Vegans Rock and the Humane Society of the United States”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/essentialism-intersectionality-and-veganism-as-a-moral-baseline-black-vegans-rock-and-the-humane-society-of-the-united-states

“The Myth Of Vegan Progress In Israel”:
The Myth of Vegan Progress in Israel

“Vegan Killers: Israeli Vegan-Washing and the Manipulation of Morality”:
http://www.turkeyagenda.com/vegan-killers-israeli-vegan-washing-and-the-manipulation-of-morality-1656.html

“Intersectionality and Abolitionist Veganism: Part I”:
http://veganethos.wordpress.com/2014/12/14/intersectionality-and-abolitionist-veganism-part-i

“Abolitionist veganism is not a “white” practice”:
http://veganethos.wordpress.com/abolitionist-veganism-is-not-a-white-practice

“Workshop on Intersectionality and Alliance Politics”:
http://veganinformationproject.org/audio-workshop-on-intersectionality-and-alliance-politics

“Project Muse – Volume 65, Number 3, September 2013”:
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/american_quarterly/toc/aq.65.3.html

“Animal Rights, Multiculturalism, and the Left” by Will Kymlicka and Sue Donaldson:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/josp.12047/full

_

Sub-Section 1B3:
Main Vegan Blogs And Sites:

My own AR blog:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com

“My Face Is On Fire”:
http://my-face-is-on-fire.blogspot.co.uk

“Veganarchism Ain’t No Joke”:
http://veganarchismaintnojoke.tumblr.com

Sub-Section 1B2:
Facebook Pages And Groups:

Sub-Section 1B2a:
Facebook Pages:

“International Vegan Association”:
https://www.facebook.com/internationalvegan

“Let’s Make a Vegan World”:
https://www.facebook.com/letsmakeaveganworld

“Vegan Information Project – VIP”:
https://www.facebook.com/theveganinformationproject
_

Sub-Section 1B2b:
Facebook Groups:

“South Florida Vegan Support and Education Group”:
http://www.facebook.com/VeganSupportGroup

“Vegan Philosophy Forum”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/219573241562192

“Vegan Influence & Persuasion”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Vegan.Influence.and.Persuasion

“Vegan Scientific Facts”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/vegan.scientificfacts

“The Human Vegan”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/168804706659566

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

On Morality: The Argument For Abolitionist Veganism

Veganism 01

Here is the basic argument for Abolitionist Veganism. I’ve incorporated a couple different major Animal Rights theories into one:

1. Nonhuman animals feel pain, pleasure, fear and other sensations. If they feel these sensations, then they have an interest in not being used merely as a resource for human pleasure, amusement, or convenience.

2. There is no necessity for human animals to intentionally exploit nonhuman animals and cause them to suffer or die except our own enjoyment of the taste of their flesh/secretions and the convenience that animal exploitation affords us. Humans have no dietary need for flesh, dairy, eggs or honey:

https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/06/15/do-doctors-think

We have no need to use animals for clothing; we have no need to use them for entertainment; not only is it morally unjustifiable to use animals in bio-medical research, but more humans suffer and/or die when we do so than if we didn’t use animals at all:

http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vivisection-part-one-the-necessity-of-vivisection

http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vivisection-part-two-the-moral-justification-of-vivisection

3. When something is unnecessary except for our trivial pleasure or convenience and that thing causes some being (for example, a nonhuman or human animal) to experience pain, fear or other kinds of suffering, then the harm being done to that being’s interest in their continued survival, freedoms, or not suffering is more important than our interest in our own mere pleasure, amusement or convenience.

4. We claim to believe in “fairness/ethical/moral consistency” as a “moral good”, which means we believe in treating similar cases similarly when it comes to ethics/morality. In other words, if we believe it’s wrong to beat a human child for no good reason because they will suffer from a beating, then we should also believe that it’s wrong to beat a dog, cow, or chicken for no good reason because the nonhuman will also suffer.

So, if we value moral consistency at all, which means we treat similar cases similarly, the minimum and only criteria needed to include nonhuman animals in our moral sphere (meaning we believe we should not harm them at all for no good reason) is that they feel pain, fear, and other sensations, since that is the minimum criteria we use to include humans in our moral sphere.

5. Any characteristic that humans claim to have that we claim makes us morally superior to nonhuman animals cannot be factually proven to be a humans-only trait. Unless we can prove that we are morally superior to nonhuman animals, any argument that we claim justifies intentionally harming and exploiting nonhumans can also be used to justify humans intentionally exploiting other humans:

https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2015/02/07/are-humans-superior

This means that if we personally are in favor of violating nonhumans’ right to be safe from being enslaved, raped, tortured or killed by humans then we have no claim that we ourselves should be safe from having those same things done to us by other humans. Any argument we try to use to justify harm to nonhumans can also be used successfully by other humans to justify harming us in those same ways.

6. If we accept premises 1 through 4, our ethical/moral obligation is to either a) cease any actions that intentionally cause unnecessary suffering and death to other beings such as nonhuman and human animals, in which case we can claim that our interests in avoiding the same harms should not be dismissed without due consideration, and we can point to the fact that this is because we are morally consistent, or b) admit that we are not morally consistent and that any human who wishes to dismiss our interests in avoiding the same harms without due consideration is also morally justified in doing so.

Conclusion: If we don’t stop intentionally exploiting nonhumans to the best of our ability, all the systemic violations we consider atrocities and major problems in the world will never end. We also will not be able to consider ourselves truly morally consistent people. To stop intentionally exploiting nonhumans completely means Abolitionist Veganism.

Abolitionist Veganism also means we do our best to eliminate speciesism (which is the intentional, harmful discrimination by humans against individuals and groups of other species based solely on the morally irrelevant criteria of species membership) within each of us. Speciesism is the tree from which springs all intentional, harmful discrimination against any individual (nonhuman or human) on the basis of any morally irrelevant criteria. Speciesism is rooted in the myth that human animals are morally superior to nonhuman animals.

Ergo, if everyone becomes an Abolitionist Vegan and exclusively advocates a 100% clear moral baseline of Abolitionist Veganism, all of the atrocities we abhor such as world hunger, poverty, ecological destruction by humans, systemic human rights violations, and discrimination against any individual beings based on any morally irrelevant criteria, will either be severely decreased or eliminated. Every living being on the planet, from nonhuman animals to human animals, will be much happier and healthier.

The crucial point here is that if you have moral concern at all for nonhuman animals or human animals and so you want these problems to be decreased or eliminated, it makes no sense for you to participate in actions that will increase or foster those problems. It is your moral responsibility to stop engaging in actions that increase those harms, which means going Vegan (and, if you want to help everyone further, educating others about Veganism).

Final thoughts: If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s incredible for the animals, great for you, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue/volunteer/adopt/foster/spay/neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where and when you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

On Morality: Are Human Animals Superior To Nonhuman Animals?

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The most fundamental problem in AR debates right now is the fact that we are not continuously addressing the myth that humans are morally superior to nonhumans. This idea needs to be eradicated before any truly revolutionary thinking about Animal Rights can begin on the part of morally confused and inconsistent humans. This idea is so ingrained in our societal mindset that it’s completely invisible to almost everyone, and it’s the underlying structure for all irrational, harmful moral double-standards regarding human-nonhuman interaction. There is no speciesism without Human Supremacy.

The single most overlooked, and at the same time most foundational error in logic whenever anyone tries to justify human animals exploiting nonhuman animals is the irrational idea that human animals in general are morally superior to nonhuman animals. This idea can be easily disproved, and yet most people do not even question it. It is assumed to be indisputable when it’s not based on, as some would have us believe, objective fact.

Unless we can explain how human animals are morally superior to nonhuman animals, whenever we try to justify humans exploiting nonhumans in the ways that we do, we can’t rule out humans exploiting other humans in the exact same ways and for the exact same reasons (our mere pleasure, amusement or convenience).

All other forms of moral supremacy, from ethnic, to religious, to gender-based, etc. stem from this one basic idea; that it’s acceptable to refuse the same moral consideration to another being that we accord ourselves, merely because of morally irrelevant criteria like the color of their skin, which genitalia they have, or their species membership.

The belief that humans are morally superior to nonhumans is not based on instinct. If it was, then why would anyone even question it, and therefore, why would you even be reading this? And yet, it’s the reason why we believe it’s just fine to torture a nonhuman, who is fully capable of desiring to not suffer or die as much as a human, in ways that we wouldn’t torture the worst human criminals.

The myth of human moral supremacy is almost never even examined. But when it is, it’s obvious that, just like the arguments we use to try to justify racism, sexism, homophobia, religious intolerance, or any other irrational form of oppression, it’s based on nothing more than arbitrary personal opinion (and biased, self-serving opinion at that).

The idea that humans are superior to nonhumans is based on the misconception that all humans have some characteristic or set of characteristics that all nonhumans lack. These criteria are commonly believed to include: “intelligence;” “mind;” “consciousness;” abstract thought; the capability of understanding and following moral codes; creativity; the ability to invent tools, technology, or art; some sort of physical ability or physical adaptation; proliferation; a “soul” or some other form of divine endowment; the capability of surviving in conditions or environments that others can’t; or some other unspecified faculty.

All of these criteria are obviously as arbitrary as gender, ethnic membership, or religious belief when it comes to moral superiority, since we can’t prove that either they are possessed by all humans, nor that they are lacked by all nonhumans. Not only that, but whichever faculty is being proclaimed as superior is always one which is possessed by the person arguing on behalf of Human Supremacy.

Although human animals created a concept of morality, many humans commonly break the moral codes imposed by society. This is why we have human slavery, rape, torture, murder, and all the other atrocities that ethical humans abhor. Nonhuman animals, who cannot be proven to understand the concept of a human moral code, almost always follow our moral codes better than we do. They do not enslave us, create concentration camps, weapons of mass destruction, torture chambers, or pollute or otherwise destroy our habitats. Nor do they wage war on humans, or any of the other atrocities that humans are guilty of. They merely wish to be left alone to live and die on their own terms. To claim that they should have to follow our moral codes to benefit from them would be like claiming that we should punish a severely mentally handicapped human for failing to pass the S.A.T.s.

Human animals created individual moral codes for ourselves because most of us believe that enslaving, raping, torturing and murdering other humans is wrong. “Normal” adult human animals are moral agents, while nonhuman animals, infant humans, and severely mentally disabled humans (among others) are moral patients.

In order to be a moral agent, one must be capable of abstract thought in order to have a specific minimum understanding of the meaning of morality. That is to say, moral agents can understand the concept of morality and can therefore make moral decisions, meaning that they can make decisions that affect the interests of both moral agents and moral patients. Furthermore, moral agents have moral responsibilities to both other moral agents and moral patients. This means that they are capable of being assigned blame if they make a moral choice that causes a being who is capable of feeling pain and other sensations to suffer unnecessarily.

A moral agent must be capable of giving informed consent, which means that an explicit meeting of the minds takes place (via spoken or written human language, and no less) where both parties are capable of abstract thought, understand what the nature of the social contract is and what the general future ramifications of the agreement are.

Moral patients, on the other hand, cannot understand the human concept of morality and are thus incapable of giving informed consent. Moral patients cannot make moral decisions that affect either moral agents nor moral patients. They do not have moral responsibilities; however, in order for there to be moral consistency, moral patients must benefit from our individual moral codes without being able to have moral responsibilities themselves.

This is why, for instance, it’s morally wrong for an adult human to murder a severely mentally disabled human, and also why it’s wrong for an adult human to have sex with a human child. This is also why ethical people believe that humans having sex with nonhuman animals is also wrong. We don’t hold nonhuman animals morally culpable to this code simply because we understand that, like severely mentally disabled adult humans and human babies, nonhumans are incapable of understanding and abiding by human moral codes (or at least, any truly rational human understands that they are not capable of this) plus the fact that, regarding their interactions with us, they almost always, by default, follow our moral codes better than we do regarding our interactions with other humans (and even moreso, with nonhumans).

On the other side of the coin, humans enslave, rape, torture or murder nonhumans by the hundreds of billions each year, merely because we enjoy the taste of their dead bodies and secretions and the conveniences that it affords us. And we also are intentionally destroying every wild habitat that we can. We regularly treat nonhumans worse than we would treat the worst human criminals. So who is morally superior to whom again?

The idea that we should be able to do these things because say, a lion eats a zebra is ridiculous in the extreme. A male lion often will kill a rival male and their offspring before copulating, in public no less, with the mother. If a mother lioness gives birth to a severely ill or deformed baby, she will usually cannibalize them. When applied to human contexts, do we think these are morally justifiable ways to behave?

This is where the Human Supremacist says “Either we are morally superior to animals, in which case exploiting them is fine, or we aren’t morally superior to them, in which case we can kill them merely because we want to consume them, just like any other animal does.”

However, this completely fails to recognize that claiming one is “morally superior” means that one adheres to a code of fairness and justice more than the other does, not that one can merely understand human concepts of morality. If a human can understand the concept of the injustice of slavery, rape, torture or murder, but does not refuse to engage in such behaviors, where is the moral superiority in that?

As I mentioned, we very rarely hold completely to our optimal code of conduct. We claim, as a society, to believe in The Golden Rule, but we routinely inflict massive unnecessary suffering and death on innocent beings merely for our pleasure, amusement, or convenience. We enslave, rape, torture and murder upwards of a trillion nonhuman animals each year merely so we can unnecessarily eat their flesh and secretions and use their body parts for clothing (among other things), which not only causes massive suffering for them, but massive amounts of chronic disease for us and massive ecological devastation as well.

We should realize that if we don’t follow a 100% egalitarian system of justice regarding every innocent animal, human or nonhuman, then the same arguments we use to attempt to justify inflicting unnecessary suffering and death on them (“that animal isn’t as smart as I am,” “they don’t have souls,” “it’s how I make a living,” “meat/fish/dairy/eggs/honey tastes good,” etc.) can also be used by other humans to justify inflicting unnecessary suffering and death on us (“that person isn’t as smart as I am,” “I’m one of the chosen people and that person isn’t,” “I wanted their stuff,” “rape feels good,” etc.).

There is no way to morally justify the intentional, unnecessary exploitation of nonhumans by humans without also morally justifying the intentional, unnecessary exploitation of humans by other humans. This means that if we are personally in favor of violating nonhumans’ right to be completely safe from being forced into existence against their will, enslaved, slaughtered, or in any way used merely as replaceable resources for unnecessary human interests, then we have no rationally consistent claim that we ourselves should be safe from having those same things done to us by other humans. Any argument we try to use to justify harming nonhumans can also be used successfully by other humans to justify harming us in those same ways. This also means that until we as a species evolve past our irrational belief that intentionally exploiting nonhumans merely for our trivial interests is morally justifiable, we will continue to endure racism, genderism, homophobia, ableism, tyranny, mass murder, and all the other human systemic rights atrocities we commonly abhor.

Furthermore, claiming that, because we can’t be perfect and not cause harm to any living being whatsoever is a valid reason to intentionally cause easily avoidable harms is like saying that just because we know that some people will die in traffic accidents its a good reason never to post any warning signs. The fact that we can’t prevent all homicides does not justify us intentionally committing mass-murder, just as the fact that we can’t survive without unintentionally killing a lesser number of animals or plants does not justify intentionally breeding nonhuman animals and feeding them a much larger number of plants, merely to slaughter and eat them or their secretions, when we can thrive perfectly well on a plants-only diet. Nor does it justify exploiting nonhumans for clothing, research, or entertainment. The only reasonable, morally justifiable thing would be to work to decrease the number of all living beings we harm in all cases, not to try to justify harming them in some cases while claiming to decrease harm in others.

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. Its easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

What Is “Animal Rights,” What is “Welfarism,” What Is “An Abolitionist Vegan” And Am I One?

There is a common misconception about what’s known collectively by the public as “The Animal Rights Movement”; that it’s one huge group of many thousands or millions of people who are each sharing a common philosophy and goal.

In reality, there are many smaller factions that each have their own ideas about what “Animal Rights” even means, as well as what their goals should be and how to go about obtaining them. Not all of these factions are actually even Animal Rights people (or truly understand what it is they’re doing in terms of advocacy, to be honest).

For instance, the 3 main factions that style themselves as “Animal People” are:

1. Animal Welfarists; these people believe that exploiting nonhuman animals is ok, but we should be “nice” about it. In other words, they believe that humans are morally justified in enslaving, raping, and slaughtering nonhuman animals, as long as we don’t “torture” them first. This is, obviously, a morally incoherent position.

Welfarists in general use Single Issue Campaigns such as protests and petitions to attempt to reform or eliminate specific instances of harm being done to nonhuman animals by human animals.

Some notable Animal Welfarists are Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, and Peter Singer, among others. The governments of most countries, the large animal orgs such as the ASPCA, RSPCA, HSUS etc. also take a Welfare approach.

2. “New Welfarists” – These are people who believe that Welfarism will get us to Abolition, or the complete elimination of exploitation, and they usually focus on the idea that the reduction of suffering is the goal of Veganism, both of which are completely erroneous. The goal of Veganism is to eliminate speciesism in humans in general, and along with it, the intentional exploitation of nonhumans as much as is possible. Welfarism is not going to get us to that.

New Welfarists may do such things as occasionally eat some animal substances, wear animal substances, ride horses, use “service animals”, go to animal theme parks, etc. etc. ad nauseam. Many of them don’t even believe that such things are exploitation at all, because those individuals believe that how you use animals determines whether it’s exploitation, not that you use them. In addition, New Welfarists also use Single Issue Campaigns to attempt to bring light to the problems of our interactions with animals.

Many of the people who create or run the large non-governmental animal orgs are “New Welfarists,” (although most do not consider themselves such) such as Ingrid Newkirk, Bruce Friedrich and Matt Ball (Tom Regan falls into this category as well).

Here’s some more clear thinking about the problems with Welfarism and New Welfarism.

3. actual Animal Rightists; these are people who make the claim that in general, nonhuman animals should not be intentionally exploited by human animals at all.

We can further break down the Animal Rights faction into 2 smaller factions:

3a. Non-Vegans – people who believe animals have rights but continue to exploit them unnecessarily for reasons of their own pleasure, amusement, or convenience. Many Vegetarians also fall under this term. These people do not have a rationally coherent or consistent moral framework as far as how they determine what actions they should take in their day-to-day lives. They simply mistakenly believe that they can work towards getting animals rights while simultaneously exploiting them.

3b. Vegans – members of a social justice movement that is concerned with not intentionally exploiting nonhumans for any reason, and who choose to do the most they can to not harm any animal, whenever possible and practical.

We can further break down “Vegans” into 2 main categories, but this is really only due to the misguidedness of the people in question more than anything else:

3b1. “Plant-Based Dieters” – These people are not actually Vegans per se, but may erroneously consider themselves so. They consume a 100% plants-only diet (or close to that) because they care about various things like human health and the environment for their own reasons, but may not care about nonhuman animals that much or at all. Unfortunately, the public at large often fails to see the difference, and considers anyone who eats a PBD to be the same as a Vegan (who is in it for Animal Rights reasons first and foremost). PBDers may do such things as occasionally eat some animal substances, wear animal substances, ride horses, use “service animals”, go to animal theme parks, etc. etc. ad nauseam.

There are many PBDers, including almost all of the celebrities that the public thinks are Vegans. Many of them claim to be in it for the animals, but their actions often belie their words. Often, the list of celebrities who do this changes in a major way, as some of them go back to consuming animal substances, and some learn about the health benefits of a plants-only diet, so I won’t be listing them here. Some other people who fall into this category are Durian Rider, Freelee, and many of the other “Youtube Vegans” who post popular videos about combinations of plant-based nutrition and exercise. Almost all the doctors and scientists who post about PBDs also fall into this category.

3b2. Abolitionist Vegans – This faction of the “A.R.M.” understands that we need to completely eliminate all intentional exploitation of nonhuman animals by human animals. They understand that we need to abolish the property status of “animals” and accord them a minimum of one basic “negative right”; the right to not be used by humans merely as a resource for human amusement, pleasure or convenience. They understand that this is the only morally coherent position due to 3 main, unassailable, rationally provable facts:

a) Human animals are not morally superior to nonhuman animals.
b) There is no actual necessity for 99.99% or more of the human population of the world to intentionally exploit nonhuman animals for any reason.
c) Nonhuman animals in general have an interest in not being harmed and otherwise exploited.

Abolitionist Vegans further understand that Veganism is first and foremost about the nonhumans, and that if we are not in it for them, we are not really Vegan. Abolitionist Vegans also do not use any Single-Issue Campaigns or otherwise believe in Welfarism, because they understand why those actions are counter-productive to Animal Rights and so cause even more nonhumans to be harmed than if we never engaged in those actions at all.

Notable Abolitionist Vegans are Professor Gary L. Francione, Trish RobertsChris Petty, and  Keith Berger, among others.

I will make a note here that I belong in the Abolitionist Vegan category. I believe that The Abolitionist Approach is the only logically and morally coherent position we can take in our interactions with nonhuman animals.

However, there has recently been an increasing number of “New Welfarists” and other people (including people who consider themselves “Vegan” but still engage in speciesism and exploitative behaviors) who have been co-opting the term “Abolitionist” for their own purposes. In addition, there are some people who consider themselves Vegans, but also believe in using violence and other non-Vegan tactics to protect animals. There are also people lately who have been abandoning the meaning of Veganism in order to use the term to promote human rights issues while marginalizing the rights of nonhumans. For instance, they claim that because of the racism or sexism of some people who claim to be Vegans, that it’s morally acceptable for “vegans” to use animals at some point, as long as those “vegans” are doing really good human rights advocacy. These people often work under the term “Intersectional vegans.”

Hopefully, this post will continue to be accurate and dispel many of the common misconceptions that people have regarding Animal Rights advocates. So now, when you’re wondering which “faction” you belong to, all you have to do is ask yourself, what do I really think is logically and morally valid concerning the way we interact with nonhumans? Then you can base your decision on how to label yourself from that and respond accordingly, whether that be “friending” like-minded people or simply reading more about that category.

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

On Becoming Vegan: So You Think That Animals Matter Morally. What Happens Next?

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I’m making separate posts on individual issues related to Veganism, so that anyone who wants a handy reference guide to each issue won’t have to go through my entire link list to find it. The links included in each individual post may not be updated regularly, so the Master List will be the only place to find complete updates. These posts will be comprehensive enough to cover most or all questions related to each issue however.

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

So, you’ve decided that you can no longer handle participating in the exploitation of innocent beings merely for your own pleasure, amusement or convenience.

But how are you going to go about transitioning from non-Vegan to Vegan?

This post will include tons of links that should help you in that transition. I would recommend studying the nutritional information carefully as you go, but you can easily go Vegan immediately merely by taking the animal substances out of your diet right away and work on everything else as you go (including replacing all animal substances in your wardrobe immediately if you can afford to, taking longer if you have to).

For instance, if you would normally have for supper spaghetti and meatballs with red sauce and parmesan, chef salad, and a glass of milk, just have spaghetti with red sauce (making sure the pasta and sauce have no animal substances in them to start), salad made from tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce, and any other veggies you like, and a glass of juice, water or soy/other plant-based milk. You can veganize just about any dish that is more than just flesh, dairy and eggs in the same way. Just be sure you eat enough to feel full. If you want to read more about the foods you might eat as a Vegan, I’ve made another post that has some great recipes and other tips:

https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/08/07/what-will-i-eat-as-a-vegan

And here’s a post by Butterflies Katz about the advantages and pitfalls of a Vegan diet:

“What Every Vegan Needs To Know about The Advantages And Pitfalls Of Vegan Diets”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com.tr/2014/06/what-every-vegan-needs-to-know-about.html

However, just remember that this includes not buying any items at all in the future that use animal flesh or secretions or were tested on animals and not patronizing any businesses or other organizations that use animals to the best of your ability. Veganism is about not using animals in any way if you have a choice, it’s not a diet.

Without further ado:

Sub-Section 1B2:
Facebook Pages:

“TAVS” Facebook page (where you can find the weekend challenge):
https://www.facebook.com/abolitionistvegansociety

“I’m Going Vegan with The BLDO Plan”:
http://www.abolitionistvegansociety.org/tavs-initiatives/tavs-articles/how-to-go-vegan/the-bldo-plan
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Im-Going-Vegan-with-The-BLDO-Plan/225433647613139

“Central Illinois Vegan Abolitionist”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/290939317614585

“International Vegan Association”:
https://www.facebook.com/internationalvegan

“Let’s Make a Vegan World”:
https://www.facebook.com/letsmakeaveganworld

“Abolitionist Veganism”:
https://abolitionistveganism.wordpress.com

“The Academic Abolitionist Vegan”:
http://academicabolitionistvegan.blogspot.com

“There’s An Elephant In The Room”:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com

“Unpopular Vegan Essays”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com

Butterflies Katz’s blog:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com

“My Face Is On Fire”:
http://my-face-is-on-fire.blogspot.co.uk

“Vegan Scientific Facts”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/vegan.scientificfacts

“Veganic Organic Network”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/veganorganicnetwork

“Nonviolent self-sustained vegan permaculture-community”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/688426811196469

“Vegan Cats”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/669599113104942

“Vegan Dogs Thriving”:
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Vegan-Dogs-Thriving/544580732238947

_

Sub-Section 1B1b:
Vegan Resources:

“Some resources for people who’ve been told they “can’t go vegan”:
http://soycrates.tumblr.com/post/85918368428/some-resources-for-people-whove-been-told-they-cant

“What Will I Eat As A Vegan?”:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/08/07/what-will-i-eat-as-a-vegan

“Is It Vegan?”:
http://isitvegan.net

“Vegan Apps”:
http://vegannomnoms.net/2014/06/10-great-apps-for-the-vegan-traveler.html

Info about Vegan products by Nik Anti-Speciesist:

https://www.facebook.com/notes/nik-anti-speciesist/useful-information-for-new-vegansvegans/10151895864781663

Alternative medication by Gary Francione:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/pharmaceutical-products-and-animal-ingredients

_

Sub-Section 1B1:
Becoming Vegan:

Sub-Section 1B1a:
Miscellaneous:

“BECOMING VEGAN: RESOURCES – Good resources to assist in becoming vegan”:
http://www.vegantrove.com/BecomingVegan
http://howtogovegan.org

“What Is Veganism?”:
http://www.vegsource.com/jo/vegan.htm

The IVA’s Vegan kit:
http://www.internationalvegan.org/vsk

Vegan Starter Kit:
http://www.vegankit.com

“How Do I Go Vegan?”
http://www.howdoigovegan.com

“What Does The Word Vegan Really Mean”:
http://gentleworld.org/what-does-the-word-vegan-really-mean

“The Bloody Dairy Industry: Your Guide to Veganism”:

Posted by The Bloody Dairy Industry on Saturday, January 26, 2013

“A Comprehensive Guide to being Vegan”:

Posted by Nik Crichton on Monday, July 28, 2014

“Should Vegans Read Labels?”:
http://gentleworld.org/why-vegans-read-labels

“Buddhism for Vegans: The Beginner’s Mind”:
http://crueltyfreeeating.com/2014/06/06/buddhism-for-vegans-the-beginners-mind

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Master List Of Vegan Info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman and human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, cis-sexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Out Mondays, or other forms of reductionism/gradualism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all these sites.

Note: This list now has a permanent home (as permanent as anything online, anyway) here:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

It’s the only location I’ll be updating regularly. Please use that link if you want the latest additions to the list.

Also, here’s a survey on Veganism you can take:
http://www.theallanimalvegan.com/the-big-count

Here are a couple surveys I created about our interactions with nonhuman animals. Please take them as well:
https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/PGTKQB6
https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/PZGC7ZG

On Veganism:
Section 1:
Morals/Ethics (primarily):

Sub-Section 1A:
The Most Important Stuff:

Sub-Section 1A1:
Important Videos (primarily):

“Peaceable Kingdom: The Journey Home”:
http://www.peaceablekingdomfilm.org
http://www.tribeofheart.org/sr/pkj_english.htm

The Truth About Human Supremacy:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2015/02/07/are-humans-superior

“The Superior Human”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mqT82oGeax0

“Vegan Series: Eat Like You Care featuring Gary L. Francione & Anna Charlton”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m1nyibU_kRA

Gary L. Francione 2013 Keynote Speech, “Animals as Food: The Legal Treatment of Animals in Contemporary Agribusiness and Factory Farming”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4YO1_1CaaGI

“I’m Vegan: Gary Francione”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5pDU1yMWMw

“Gary Francione at Brock U. Part 1/5”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nj36ZTIHrb0

Professor Gary Francione’s site:
http://abolitionistapproach.com
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/about/the-six-principles-of-the-abolitionist-approach-to-animal-rights

“Rant On Gradualism”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zVtPpWk6lVE

Biocentrism at Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biocentrism_(ethics)

“What veganism is and is not”:
http://weotheranimals.blogspot.co.uk/2009/08/those-who-know-me-know-that-i-tend.html

“On Cruelty Videos”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/category/cruelty-videos

“Mind if I Order the Cheeseburger? by Sherry F. Colb”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=amaG7h_tgRU

“Why Vegan?”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fKr4HZ7ukSE

Sub-Section 1A2:
Music:

“split 7” by Captive Bolt/Gary Francione:
https://deadtankrecords.bandcamp.com/album/split-7-2

_

Sub-Section 1A3:
Family-Friendly:

“Going Vegan as a Teenager”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J4ONfX6DyXI

“Cow Cries All Night Over Loss Of Her Calf – Then They Reunite”:
http://www.godvine.com/Cow-Cries-All-Night-Over-Loss-of-her-Calf-Then-They-Reunite-1903.html

“Happy Cows”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kUZ1YLhIAg8

“Why Must We Eat The Animals? (Oh Why Oh Why?)”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X8LnxSjWWD8

“A Calf’s Story”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rg3Yfdbs24I

Sub-Section 1B:
Text-Based Info (primarily):

Sub-Section 1B1:
Becoming Vegan:

Sub-Section 1B1a:
Miscellaneous:

“BECOMING VEGAN: RESOURCES – Good resources to assist in becoming vegan”:
http://www.vegantrove.com/BecomingVegan
http://howtogovegan.org

“What Is Veganism?”:
http://www.vegsource.com/jo/vegan.htm

The IVA’s Vegan kit:
http://www.internationalvegan.org/vsk

Vegan Starter Kit:
http://www.vegankit.com

“How Do I Go Vegan?”
http://www.howdoigovegan.com

“What Does The Word Vegan Really Mean”:
http://gentleworld.org/what-does-the-word-vegan-really-mean

“The Bloody Dairy Industry: Your Guide to Veganism”:
http://www.facebook.com/notes/the-bloody-dairy-industry/your-guide-to-veganism/329291717177373

“A Comprehensive Guide to being Vegan”:
https://www.facebook.com/notes/nik-anti-speciesist/a-comprehensive-guide-to-being-vegan/10152557635731663

“Should Vegans Read Labels?”:
http://gentleworld.org/why-vegans-read-labels

“Buddhism for Vegans: The Beginner’s Mind”:
http://crueltyfreeeating.com/2014/06/06/buddhism-for-vegans-the-beginners-mind
_

Sub-Section 1B1b:
Vegan Resources:

“Some resources for people who’ve been told they “can’t go vegan”:
http://soycrates.tumblr.com/post/85918368428/some-resources-for-people-whove-been-told-they-cant

“Know Your Vegan Rights – European Law”:
http://www.theivra.com/know-your-vegan-rights-cont.html

Vegan Chat Room:
http://www.veganchatroom.co.uk/veganguides.html

“Is It Vegan?”:
http://isitvegan.net

“Vegan Apps”:
http://vegannomnoms.net/2014/06/10-great-apps-for-the-vegan-traveler.html

“Vegan Easy Challenge Menu”:
http://veganeasy.org/day-1

“PAN: The Vegan Pledge!”:
http://panveganpledge.org

Info about Vegan products by Nik Anti-Speciesist:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=801109299901282&id=100000066596384
https://www.facebook.com/notes/nik-anti-speciesist/useful-information-for-new-vegansvegans/10151895864781663

Alternative medication by Gary Francione:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/pharmaceutical-products-and-animal-ingredients
_

Sub-Section 1B2:
Facebook Pages And Groups:

Sub-Section 1B2a:
Facebook Pages:

“International Vegan Association”:
https://www.facebook.com/internationalvegan

“Let’s Make a Vegan World”:
https://www.facebook.com/letsmakeaveganworld

“Vegan Information Project – VIP”:
https://www.facebook.com/theveganinformationproject
_

Sub-Section 1B2b:
Facebook Groups:

“South Florida Vegan Education Group”:
https://www.facebook.com/VeganEducationGroup

“Vegan Philosophy Forum”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/219573241562192

“Vegan Influence & Persuasion”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/Vegan.Influence.and.Persuasion

“Vegan Scientific Facts”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/vegan.scientificfacts

“The Human Vegan”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/168804706659566

“Veganic Organic Network”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/veganorganicnetwork

“Nonviolent self-sustained vegan permaculture-community”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/688426811196469

“VEGAN RECYCLING IDEAS TO SHARE”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/1578679075691678

“Vegan Cats”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/669599113104942

“Healthy Vegan Cats”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/669599113104942

“Vegan Dogs Thriving”:
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Vegan-Dogs-Thriving/544580732238947

“Vegan Cats & Dogs”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/138238569638651

“Vegan Cats and Dogs”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/vegancatsanddogs

_

Sub-Section 1B3:
Main Vegan Blogs And Sites:

My own AR blog:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com

“Vegan Education Group”:
http://veganeducationgroup.com
http://blog.veganeducationgroup.com

“How To Go Vegan”:
http://www.howtogovegan.org

“Evolve For Animals”:
http://www.evolveforanimals.com

“There’s An Elephant In The Room”:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com

“Vegan Ethos”:
http://veganethos.wordpress.com

“Vegan Empowerment”:
http://thevegancommunicator.wordpress.com

“Unpopular Vegan Essays”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com

“Metaevolutionary: Reason For A Change”:
https://metaevolutionary.wordpress.com

“My Face Is On Fire”:
http://my-face-is-on-fire.blogspot.co.uk

“The Thinking Vegan”:
http://thethinkingvegan.com

“The Candid Hominid”:
http://www.candidhominid.com

“Veganism Is Nonviolence”:
http://veganismisnonviolence.com

“Gentle World”:
http://gentleworld.org

“Our Hen House”:
http://www.ourhenhouse.org

“Veganarchism Ain’t No Joke”:
http://veganarchismaintnojoke.tumblr.com

“Ashley Jo Maier”:
http://ashleyjomaier.com

_

Sub-Section 1B4:
Miscellaneous Text-Based Pages And Essays:

“A Moral Argument For Veganism”:
https://www.academia.edu/4509523/An_Argument_for_Veganism

“Fear, Ignorance, and Collusion: The Real Reasons Why Experts Dis’ Veganism”:
http://www.wedonteatanimals.com/2012/04/05/fear-ignorance-and-collusion-the-real-reasons-why-experts-dis-veganism

Action For Animals – “What is Veganism?”:
http://www.afa-online.org/veganinfo.html

“The Trauma of Knowing: A Cracked Vessel Will Eventually Run Dry”:
http://veganfeministagitator.blogspot.com/2014/05/the-trauma-of-knowing-cracked-vessel.html

On this page, the answers by Kalvin Lyle and Ariel Garlow are worth reading:
http://www.quora.com/Veganism-1/Why-is-veganism-so-controversial-but-meat-eating-and-dairy-not

“A Giraffe’s Death and the Meaning of Our Outrage”:
http://verdict.justia.com/2014/02/19/giraffes-death-meaning-outrage

“On Alice Walker and History as Destiny”:
http://veganfeministagitator.blogspot.com/2014/03/on-alice-walker-and-history-as-destiny.html

“If Your Tears Were Human” – Poems By Heather Leughmyer:
http://poemsbyheather.tripod.com/index1.htm

“The Busy Vegan”:
http://humanrightsareanimalrights.com/2014/01/04/the-busy-vegan

Interview With Gary Smith:
http://newveganage.blogspot.com/2012/09/interview-gary-smith-thinking-vegan.html

“The weight of animal interests”:
http://www.animal-ethics.org/weight-animal-interests

“All Forms of Life Are Sacred” by Chris Hedges:
http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/all_forms_of_life_are_sacred_20150104

“Donald Watson Article – Spring 1948 – The Vegan Magazine”:
http://www.happycow.net/blog/donald-watson-article-spring-1948-the-vegan-magazine

Archive Of Issues Of “The Vegan”:
(Warning – The new bent to The Vegan Society is “baby steps”):
http://issuu.com/vegan_society/stacks
_

Sub-Section 1B5:
The Meaning Of Speciesism:

What Is Speciesism?:
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10806-009-9205-2

“Speciesism”:
http://www.vegankit.com/learn

“English and Speciesism”:
http://aliberation.vegaplanet.org/joan.dunayer.php

“Understanding Prejudice And Discrimination”:
http://www.understandingprejudice.org/pdf/animals.pdf
_

Sub-Section 1B6:
Intersectionality And Alliance Politics:

“Essentialism, Intersectionality, and Veganism as a Moral Baseline: Black Vegans Rock and the Humane Society of the United States”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/essentialism-intersectionality-and-veganism-as-a-moral-baseline-black-vegans-rock-and-the-humane-society-of-the-united-states

“The Myth Of Vegan Progress In Israel”:
http://dylanxpowell.com/2015/02/15/the-myth-of-vegan-progress-in-israel

“Vegan Killers: Israeli Vegan-Washing and the Manipulation of Morality”:
http://www.turkeyagenda.com/vegan-killers-israeli-vegan-washing-and-the-manipulation-of-morality-1656.html

“Intersectionality and Abolitionist Veganism: Part I”:
http://veganethos.wordpress.com/2014/12/14/intersectionality-and-abolitionist-veganism-part-i

“Abolitionist veganism is not a “white” practice”:
http://veganethos.wordpress.com/abolitionist-veganism-is-not-a-white-practice

“Workshop on Intersectionality and Alliance Politics”:
http://veganinformationproject.org/audio-workshop-on-intersectionality-and-alliance-politics

“Project Muse – Volume 65, Number 3, September 2013”:
http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/american_quarterly/toc/aq.65.3.html

“Animal Rights, Multiculturalism, and the Left” by Will Kymlicka and Sue Donaldson:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/josp.12047/full
_

Sub-Section 1B7:
Animal Rights History:

“A History of Veganism”:
http://www.candidhominid.com/p/vegan-history.html

http://www.animalrightshistory.org

“World History Of Vegetarianism”:
https://www.vegsoc.org/sslpage.aspx?pid=830#

Percy Bysshe Shelley:
http://www.animal-rights-library.com/texts-c/shelley01.htm

Al-Ma’arri on Wiki:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Ma%CA%BFarri

“On Veganism From a Medieval Arab Poet”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/on-veganism-from-a-medieval-arab-poet

“Ancient Vegans: Porphyry”:
http://www.towardsfreedom.com/297.html

“A Vegan Booklet of 1655 – ……don’t think about ‘almost five o’clock’!”:
http://www.happycow.net/blog/a-vegan-booklet-of-1655-dont-think-about-almost-five-oclock

Sub-Section 1B8:
Religious Arguments For Veganism:

One religious argument for Veganism:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/06/10/does-god-want-us-to-exploit-animals

“Why Animals Matter: A Religious and Philosophical Perspective”
http://www.think-differently-about-sheep.com/Why_Animals_Matter_A%20Religious_Philosophical_Perspective_Philosophy_Quotations.htm

“Would Jesus Eat Meat Today?”:
http://www.all-creatures.org/cva/WJEMT-Jan10.pdf

Francis Of Paola on Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Francis_of_Paola
_

Sub-Section 1B9:
Animal Rights And Veganism In Popular Media:

“EPIC Janeway argument – if animals had a voice…”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jxjlsm1wq5I

“The Dietary Requirements of a Star Fleet Officer”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sS7NRtEJBcA

Battle For The Planet Of The Apes:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_for_the_Planet_of_the_Apes

The Foundation Series by Isaac Asimov:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foundation_series

“The Time Machine” by H.G. Wells:
https://ia600507.us.archive.org/13/items/timemachineinven00well/timemachineinven00well.pdf

Vegan Sci-Fi Fans:
https://www.facebook.com/VeganScififans

“Warhaven” by Elayn Harvey:
http://www.amazon.com/Warhaven-M-Elayn-Harvey/dp/B001QRF25E/ref=tmm_pap_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&sr=&qid=
_

Sub-Section 1B10:
Issues With Various Kinds Of Animal Use:

Sub-Section 1B10a:
Milk:

“Happy Cows; Behind The Myth”:
http://www.humanemyth.org/happycows.htm

“Cheese consumption is the largest enemy of cows & calves”:
http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=346258155480729

An article written by a former small-scale goat dairy farmer from the US:
http://www.humanemyth.org/cheriezell.htm

“Learn about the Goat Dairy Industry (including organic) here”:
http://www.milkmyths.org.uk/animal-welfare/nanny-state-truth-about-goats-milk

Meet the Woodstock Sanctuary goats:
http://www.woodstocksanctuary.org/meet-the-animals/goats
http://woodstocksanctuary.org/meet-the-animals/goats/albie

“Humane Animal Farming?”:
http://www.peacefulprairie.org/humane-myth.html
_

Sub-Section 1B10b:
Eggs:

“What’s wrong with eating eggs?”:
http://theveganpensieve.wordpress.com/2012/01/15/whats-wrong-with-eating-eggs

“What’s Wrong with Backyard Eggs?”:
http://gentleworld.org/whats-wrong-with-backyard-eggs

“Backyard Chicken Farming Leads to Abandoned Hens”:
http://gentleworld.org/backyard-chicken-farming-leads-to-abandoned-hens

“A Hen’s Relationship with her Eggs”:
http://gentleworld.org/a-chickens-relationship-with-her-eggs

“What’s Wrong with Backyard Eggs?”:
http://peacefulprairie.org/backyard-eggs.html

_

Sub-Section 1B10c:
Honey:

“Why Honey Is Not Vegan”:
http://www.vegetus.org/honey/honey.htm

“3 Reasons Not To Eat Honey”:
http://gentleworld.org/3-reasons-not-to-eat-honey

Crops Pollinated By Bees on Wiki:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_crop_plants_pollinated_by_bees
_

Sub-Section 1B10d:
Riding Horses:

“WHAT’S WRONG WITH RIDING HORSES?”:
http://www.vegantrove.com/2016/09/06/vegan-trove-0042

_

Sub-Section 1B10e:
Sugar:

“Is Sugar Vegan?”:
http://www.vegsource.com/jo/qa/qasugar.htm

“Alright, so what on earth is wrong with sugar?”:
http://www.veganproducts.org/sugar.html

“If You’re Going to Sweeten, Use One of These Natural Vegan Sugars”:
http://www.vegan-nutritionista.com/vegan-sugars.html

“The Best Natural Sugar Substitutes”:
http://www.busy-vegan.com/natural-sugar-substitute.html
_

Sub-Section 1B10f:
Miscellaneous Problems With Food Ingredients:

“Is Your Bread Vegan?”:
http://gentleworld.org/is-your-bread-vegan

“L-Cysteine in Bread Products Still Mostly Sourced from Human Hair, Duck Feathers, Hog Hair”:
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2011/03/09/l-cysteine-in-bread-products-still-mostly-sourced-from-human-hair-duck-feathers-hog-hair

“11 Disturbing Ingredients in Food that will Make You Rethink Your Diet”:
http://www.theyogablog.com/11-disturbing-ingredients-in-food

“Delicious food, disgusting ingredients”:
http://shehasgotitall.wordpress.com/2011/06/08/delicious-food-disgusting-ingredients

“Golden Circle juice maker reveals secret ingredients: beef and alcohol”:
http://fatgayvegan.com/2014/07/27/beef-juice

“10 Frightening Fast Food Additives”:
http://www.siegestalt.com/zges/29

Vegan Chocolate:
http://www.vegan.com/chocolate
_

Sub-Section 1B11:
Animals Feel:

Sub-Section 1B11a:
Miscellaneous Articles:

“Scientists Finally Conclude Nonhuman Animals Are Conscious Beings”:
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/animal-emotions/201208/scientists-finally-conclude-nonhuman-animals-are-conscious-beings

“Why cockroaches need their friends”:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/17839642

“When Animals Mourn: Seeing That Grief Is Not Uniquely Human”:
http://www.npr.org/blogs/13.7/2013/04/11/176620943/when-animals-mourn-seeing-that-grief-is-not-uniquely-human
_

Sub-Section 1B11b:
The Animals Who Are Used For “Food” By Us:

Mulesing:
http://gentleworld.org/whats-wrong-with-wool

“Fish May Actually Feel Pain And React To It Much Like Humans Do”:
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090430161242.htm

“What is Pain to a Fish?”:
http://gentleworld.org/what-is-pain-to-a-fish

http://fishfeel.org/documents/FishFeelFactSheet.pdf
http://fishfeel.org/fintastic.php
http://www.fishpain.com

“Evidence Mounts That Shellfish Feel Pain”:
http://news.discovery.com/animals/pets/evidence-mounts-that-shellfish-feel-pain-130116.htm

“Consciousness Is Everywhere”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/christof-koch/consciousness-is-everywhere_b_1784047.html
_

Sub-Section 1B11c:
The Animals We Use For Entertainment:

“Recently Spotted 103-Year-Old Orca Is Bad News For SeaWorld — Here’s Why”:
https://www.thedodo.com/recently-spotted-103-year-old–547381307.html
_

Sub-Section 1B12:
Vivisection:

Sub-Section 1B12a:
Morality (primarily):

“Vivisection, Part Two: The Moral Justification Of Vivisection”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vivisection-part-two-the-moral-justification-of-vivisection
_

Sub-Section 1B12b:
Necessity (primarily):

“Animals in Biomedical Research: A Moral Justification? (debate)”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F8OMtRiD3oI

“Vivisection, Part One: The “Necessity” of Vivisection”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vivisection-part-one-the-necessity-of-vivisection

“The Commonsense Case Against Animal Experimentation – Mylan Engel Jr. (you may have to print this one to read it or set your tablet to not rotate and hold it sideways!)”:
http://www.niu.edu/phil/people/_pdf/Engel%20–%20The%20Commonsense%20Case%20Against%20Animal%20Experimentation.pdf

“Does animal testing help human medicine?”:
http://www.vivisectioninformation.com/index.php?p=1_8_all-you-need-to-know-in-33-facts

“50 DEADLY CONSEQUENCES OF LAB ANIMAL EXPERIMENTS “:
http://www.vivisectioninformation.com/index.php?p=1_10

“An Examination of Animal Experiments”:
http://www.pcrm.org/search/?cid=2271

“Americans For Medical Advancement”:
http://www.afma-curedisease.org

“Dario Ringach… Wrong Again on Animal Research”:
http://aphilosophersblog.wordpress.com/2013/10/25/dario-ringach-wrong-again-on-animal-research-2

“Hypocrisy in the Animal Liberation Movement or Bad Arguments from the Speaking of Research Community?”:
http://aphilosophersblog.wordpress.com/2014/02/18/hypocrisy-in-the-animal-liberation-movement-or-bad-arguments-from-the-speaking-of-research-community

“What’s Wrong with the Animal Welfare Act and Other Systems of Lab Animal “Protection”?”:
http://aphilosophersblog.wordpress.com/2013/12/22/whats-wrong-with-the-animal-welfare-act

“Why Learn about Adverse Drug Reactions (ADR)?”:
http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/DevelopmentResources/DrugInteractionsLabeling/ucm114848.htm

“Problems with Animal Research”:
http://www.aavs.org/site/c.bkLTKfOSLhK6E/b.6456997/k.3D74/Problems_with_Animal_Research.htm

“Limitations and Dangers”:
http://www.neavs.org/research/limitations

“FAQs About Animal Testing”:
http://www.dosomething.org/tipsandtools/faqs-about-animal-testing

“How reliable is animal testing?; Podium”:
http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/how-reliable-is-animal-testing-podium-1079311.html

“Advancing Science Without Harming Animals”:
http://www.navs.org/science/failure-of-the-animal-mode

“Maximum Tolerated Dose”:
http://maximumtolerateddose.org/about

“Why Animal Experimentation Doesn’t Work — Reason 1: Stressed Animals Yield Poor Data”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/aysha-akhtar/animal-experimentation_b_3676678.html

“Why Animal Experimentation Doesn’t Work — Reason 2: Animals Don’t Get Human Diseases”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/aysha-akhtar/animal-testing-diseases_b_3813856.html?

“Why Animal Experimentation Doesn’t Work. Reason 3: Animals Aren’t Little Humans”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/aysha-akhtar/why-animal-experimentatio_b_3997568.html

“History of Maternal Deprivation at UW-Madison”:
http://www.uwnotinourname.org/history-of-maternal-deprivation-at-uw-madison.html

“Vivisection Information Network”:
http://vivisectioninformation.com

“Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty”:
http://shac.net

“Safer Medicines”:
http://www.safermedicines.org/index.php

“Andrew Knight”:
http://andrewknight.info

“White Coat Waste Movement”:
http://www.whitecoatwaste.com

“How predictive and productive is animal research?”:
http://www.bmj.com/%5Bfield_highwire_a_cpath-raw%5D-15
_

Sub-Section 1B12c:
Alternatives To Vivisection:

Companies That DO Test On Animals:
http://veganrabbit.com/list-of-companies-that-do-test-on-animals

Companies That DON’T Test On Animals:
http://veganrabbit.com/list-of-companies-that-do-not-test-on-animals

“Dr. Hadwen Trust”:
http://www.drhadwentrust.org
https://www.facebook.com/DHT.Hitchin?ref=stream

“HEALTH CHARITIES AND ANIMAL TESTING”:
http://www.animalaid.org.uk/h/n/CAMPAIGNS/experiments/ALL/281

“Developing Safety Tests without the Use of Animals”:
http://www.kao.com/jp/en/corp_rd/skills_01_04.html

“Insulin from flowers instead of pigs”:
http://www.popsci.com/science/article/2010-02/first-pigs-then-bacteria-now-insulin-flowers

“Non-animal alternative that is safer”:
http://japandailypress.com/new-method-to-culture-ips-cells-with-lower-risk-of-infection-discovered-0942155

“The Syndaver”:
http://syndaver.com/
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10202048258442004&set=a.2500438724301.131034.1652924202&type=1&theater

“Animal Testing Could Be Replaced by Human Skin Grown From Stem Cells”:
http://guardianlv.com/2014/04/animal-testing-could-be-replaced-by-human-skin-grown-from-stem-cells

“The Fetishization of “Animal-Friendly” Animal Products: The Body Shop Example”:
http://academicabolitionistvegan.blogspot.be/2014/08/the-fetishization-of-animal-friendly.html

Posts about alternative products by Nik Anti-Speciesist:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=801109299901282&id=100000066596384
https://www.facebook.com/notes/nik-anti-speciesist/do-you-buy-ecover-think-its-vegan-think-again/10152368194501663
https://www.facebook.com/notes/nik-anti-speciesist/which-logo-can-we-trust-does-it-mean-vegan-why-are-there-so-many/10152441988936663

“THE VEGAN BODY CARE GUIDE”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.co.nz/2014/07/the-vegan-body-care-guide.html
_

Sub-Section 1B12d:
Books On Vivisection:

“Sacred Cows and Golden Geese: The Human Cost of Experiments on Animals” – by C. Ray Greek M. D. & Jean Swingle Greek D.V.M.:
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0826414028/qid=1035236103/sr=1-2/ref=sr_1_2/002-3780354-0501606?v=glance

“Specious Science: How Genetics and Evolution Reveal Why Medical Research on Animals Harms Humans” – by C. Ray Greek M. D. & Jean Swingle Greek D.V.M.:
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0826413986/qid=1016483161/sr=1-2/ref=sr_1_2/102-1027070-7228961
_

Sub-Section 1B13:
Hunting:

“How are Deer Managed by State Wildlife Agencies?”:
http://animalrights.about.com/od/wildlife/a/DeerManagement.htm

“The wild horses of Letea: First success for the FOUR PAWS birth control project”:
http://www.four-paws.org.uk/projects/horses-2/the-wild-horses-of-letea-first-success-for-the-four-paws-birth-control-project-
_

Sub-Section 1B14:
Our Nonhuman Family Members:

Sub-Section 1B14a:
Moral Theory (primarily):

” ‘Pets’: The Inherent Problems of Domestication”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/pets-the-inherent-problems-of-domestication

“Commentary #2: ‘Pets’ ” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/pets
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/podcast/20090812-araa-commentary-2.mp3

“Commentary #4: Follow-Up to “Pets” Commentary: Non-Vegan Cats” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/follow-up-to-pets-commentary-non-vegan-cats
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/podcast/20090817-araa-commentary-4.mp3

“Should We Keep Pets?” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/links/p163/the-institution.pdf

“Animal Care and Control: The Sad Failure of New York City’s Municipal Shelter System” On The Abolitionist Approach:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/animal-care-and-control-the-sad-failure-of-new-york-citys-municipal-shelter-system

“Evaluation of cats fed vegetarian diets and attitudes of their caregivers”:
http://avmajournals.avma.org/doi/abs/10.2460/javma.229.1.70

“Obligate Carnivore: Cats, Dogs, and What it Really Means to be Vegan”:
http://www.amazon.com/Obligate-Carnivore-Really-Means-Vegan/dp/0974218006

“Vegan Diets for Dogs and Cats” by Armaiti May, DVM:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIMBX3jdYM0

“Dr. Andrew Knight introduces himself and his work with cats and dogs”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K9m_liQppxQ

“Vegan Cat Ethics”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fYA1kTJCl1Y

“Quack Veterinarians Who Feed Cats a Vegan Diet”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tt9_hEbvlqM

“Metabolic Misconceptions”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q4UZUrc-248

_

Sub-Section 1B14b:
How To Feed Our Nonhuman Family Members Vegan (primarily):

“What’s Really in Pet Food”:
http://www.bornfreeusa.org/facts.php?p=359&more=1

Something I posted about feeding companion animals Vegan:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/12/the-truth-about-pet-food

“Is it ‘unnatural’ to feed dogs a vegan diet?”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.co.nz/2011/11/is-it-unnatural-to-feed-dogs-vegan-diet.html
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.co.uk/2014/07/v-dog-100-vegan-dog-food-owned-and.html

“Vegetarian Diets Can Be Healthy for Dogs”:
http://www.veganhealth.org/articles/vegan_dogs

“Making Your Own Vegan Dog Food”:
http://www.vegan-heartland.com/2012/06/making-your-own-vegan-dog-food.html?m=1

“Dog Health Survey”:
http://www.pkdiet.com/pdf/diet/Dog_Health_Survey.pdf

“Vegan Dog Food Products – Europe, U.S., Australia, N.Z.”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com/2013/09/vegan-dog-food-products-europe-us.html

“The Vegan Feline: Can my feline companion be a vegan?” by Laurie Jeffreys DVM:
http://www.farmedanimalfriends.org/1/post/2013/05/the-vegan-feline-can-my-feline-companion-be-a-vegan-by-laurie-jeffreys-dvm.html

Vegan Cat Food Companies and Distributors:
“VeganCats.com”:
http://vegancats.com

Harbingers of a New Age (US, most other countries):
http://www.vegepet.com
(They provide homemade recipes to use with the VegeCat supplement; they also provide the Vegecat Phi supplement that is pH adjusted for cats that are prone to urinary stones)
http://www.vegepet.com/international_distribution.html

Ami Cat (Italy, also available in the US and other countries):
http://www.v-pets.com
http://www.amipetfood.com
http://www.amipetfood.com/en/our-partners (Some distributors)
http://www.greenleafvegandist.com/where-to-buy.html (Distributes Ami in Canada)

VeganPet (Australia & New Zealand):
http://www.veganpet.com.au
http://veganpet.com.au/articles/?page_id=12 (distributors)

Benevo (Europe, South Africa, Hong Kong, India, Kenya, South Korea, Taiwan, Japan):
http://www.benevo.com
http://www.benevo.com/distributors
http://www.tiendanimal.es/ (Spain, distributor of Benevo and possibly others)

VegePet (Taiwan, not the same as the American company):
http://www.vegepet.com.tw

FeliGourmet (Germany):
http://www.veganversand.at/vegetarischetiernahrung/katzennahrung/index.php
(Also sells Benevo and Ami Cat)

VeganCats.com:
http://www.vegancats.com
Distributor of Ami, VegeCat in USA. They do ship internationally, but your country’s customs may reject the shipment.

The Mail Order Catalog for Healthy Eating:
http://www.healthy-eating.com
(I believe this company sells TVP that is made from non-GMO soy. You can use this for the VegePet recipes that require TVP if you are making those.)

Kitty Litter that tests urinary pH (check it a few months after transitioning, then once every few months thereafter. If pH becomes too alkaline, you should use the VegePet.com recipes with the “Vegecat Phi” supplement that is adjusted for cats that are prone to urinary stones.):

Health Meter Cat Litter:
http://healthmeter.blogspot.com

Ultra Monthly Monitor (Ultra Pet):
http://ultrapetcatlitter.com/products/ultra-monthly-monitor

Perfect Litter:
http://www.perfectlitter.com

Pet Ecology PerfectLitter:
http://www.perfectlitteralert.com

“Veggie Cats: Why should you test urinary pH?”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6waDDYO8J18

“Cats with Allergies on a Plant-based Diet”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CHFT1B0_H_Y
_

Sub-Section 1B14c:
Animal Rescue:

“Animal Shelter Statistics”:
http://www.statisticbrain.com/animal-shelter-statistics

“No Kill Advocacy Center”:
http://www.nokilladvocacycenter.org/shelter-reform/no-kill-equation

Nathan Winograd’s blog:
http://www.nathanwinograd.com

“Humane Fix”:
https://sites.google.com/site/humanefix

“HSUS Expo 2014: Demand Exceeds Supply” (Welfarist):
http://vimeo.com/100050415
_

Sub-Section 1B15:
Veganism And Human Rights Issues:

“Vegan Diet Impacts Recidivism”:
http://prisonlawblog.com/blog/vegan-diet-impacts-recidivism

“Food Not Bombs” organization:
http://www.foodnotbombs.net/contacts.html

“North Country Food Alliance”:
http://northcountryfoodalliance.org

“Food Empowerment Project”:
http://www.foodispower.org

“Food for Life Global”:
http://www.ffl.org/en

“Agriculture and Health Policies in Conflict How Subsidies Tax our Health”:
http://www.pcrm.org/health/reports/agriculture-and-health-policies-unhealthful-foods

“Taxpayers Fund Animal Cruelty and Environmental Devastation”:
http://gentleworld.org/taxpayers-fund-animal-cruelty-and-environmental-devastation

“Farming subsidies: this is the most blatant transfer of cash to the rich”:
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jul/01/farm-subsidies-blatant-transfer-of-cash-to-rich
_

Sub-Section 1B16:
Welfare-Watch (observing the moral confusion in Animal Welfare and Single-Issue Campaigns):

Sub-Section 1B16a:
Video Section:

“Happy Meatopia: How Conflict of Interest is Damaging Animal Advocacy”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZC3o0AfQtCI&sns=em

“Rant On Gradualism”:
http://evolveconsciousness.org/rant-gradualism
_

Sub-Section 1B16b:
Text-Based Info (primarily):

Sub-Section 1B16b1:
Animal Welfare:

“So What’s the Matter with Mercy for Animals?”:
http://my-face-is-on-fire.blogspot.com/2012/12/so-whats-matter-with-mercy-for-animals.html

“Some Thoughts on Why Vegans Criticise Vegans for Promoting Veganism”:
http://veganismisnonviolence.com/2014/02/11/criticisingvegans

“On Speciesism And Token Gestures”:
http://my-face-is-on-fire.blogspot.com/2014/06/on-speciesism-and-token-gestures.html?showComment=1404382988030

“Animal Advocacy and The Scientific Method: The Humane Research Council Study”:
http://veganpublishers.com/animal-advocacy-and-the-scientific-method-the-humane-research-council-study

My writings on Welfarism:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/05/17/why-animal-welfare-doesnt-work
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/16/yet-another-reason-why-sics-dont-work

“Is Direct Action Everywhere (DxE) anti-vegan?”:
http://www.vegantrove.com/podcasts/VeganTrove-2015-08-25-0019.mp3
http://www.vegantrove.com/2015/08/26/vegan-trove-podcast-0019

” ‘Vegan’ Outreach has blood on their hands”:
http://www.examiner.com/article/vegan-outreach-has-blood-on-their-hands

“The Humane Society of the United States: The Public Relations Branch of Animal Industry”:
http://veganismisnonviolence.com/2014/09/07/hsusindustrypartners

“Why ‘Happy Meat’ Is Always Wrong”:
https://www.smashwords.com/extreader/read/435640/1/why-happy-meat-is-always-wrong

“Advanced Advocacy”:
http://www.humanemyth.org/advancedadvocacy.htm

Peaceful Prairie Sanctuary:
http://www.peacefulprairie.org/freerange1.html

“Invasion of the Movement Snatchers: A Social Justice Cause Falls Prey to the Doctrine of “Necessary Evil” By James LaVeck – October, 2006:
http://www.humanemyth.org/invasion.htm

“Activists have no business promoting the agenda of corporate lobbyists”:
http://aella.org/2012/04/activists-have-no-business-promoting-the-agenda-of-corporate-lobbyists

“The HSUS Missouri Agriculture Council”:
http://www.donotlink.com/ixP

“Greenpeace Supports Killing Whales — But Do Detractors Support Something Similar?”
http://challengeoppression.com/2010/06/21/greenpeace-supports-killing-whales-but-do-detractors-support-something-similar

“A critique of Vegan Outreach literature”:
http://www.examiner.com/article/a-critique-of-vegan-outreach-literature

Anders Branderud’s archive of answers to Welfarism (among other things):
http://bloganders.blogspot.no/2014/05/abolitionist-veganism-articles.html

“Legal Protections for Farm Animals”:
http://www.aspca.org/fight-cruelty/farm-animal-cruelty/legal-protections-farm-animals

Professor Gary Francione on Welfarism:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/animal-welfare-regulation-happy-exploitation-and-speciesism
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/the-four-problems-of-animal-welfare-in-a-nutshell
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/animal-welfare-militant-direct-action-mantras-and-faith
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/veganism-just-another-way-of-reducing-suffering-or-a-fundamental-principle-of-justice-nonviolence

“Incremental Reform in the Human Context Is Not Analogous to Welfare Reform and Single-Issue Campaigns in the Nonhuman Context”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/incremental-reform-human-nonhuman-contexts

Sea Shepherd is not an AR org.:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/sea-shepherd-weighs-in-on-cecil-the-lion-insisting-on-veganism-is-purism-and-elitist

_

Sub-Section 1B16b2:
Single Issue Campaigns:

“Commentary #16: Responding to Questions: Single-Issue Campaigns and MDA Opposition to the Abolitionist Approach”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/commentary-16-responding-to-questions

“Abolition and Incremental Reform”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/abolition-and-incremental-reform

“A Good Example of What’s Wrong with Single-Issue Campaigns”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/good-example-whats-wrong-single-issue-campaigns

“A Short Note on Abolitionist Veganism as a Single Issue Campaign”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/a-short-note-on-abolitionist-veganism-as-a-single-issue-campaign

“Hey, Is That Milk on Your Balaclava?”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/hey-is-that-milk-on-your-balaclava

“Important Announcement: No Factory-Farmed Small Fish Friday”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/important-announcement-no-factory-farmed-small-fish-friday

“Is Every Campaign a Single-Issue Campaign?”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/is-every-campaign-a-single-issue-campaign

“Multiple Choice Test”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/multiple-choice-test

“New York Times Debate on Carriage Horses”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/new-york-times-debate-carriage-horses

“On Johnny Weir, Single-Issue Campaigns, Treatment, and Abolitionist Veganism”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/on-johnny-weir-single-issue-campaigns-treatment-and-abolitionist-veganism

“Save a Seal; Eat Non-Canadian Seafood”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/save-a-seal-eat-non-canadian-seafood

“Single-Issue Campaigns and the Adoption/Fostering of Homeless Nonhuman Animals”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/single-issue-campaigns-and-the-adoptionfostering-of-homeless-nonhuman-animals

“Single-Issue Campaigns in Human & Nonhuman Contexts”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/single-issue-campaigns-and-in-human-nonhuman-contexts

“The Great Ape Project: Not so Great”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/the-great-ape-project-not-so-great

“The Kapparos Campaign: A Good Example of What’s Wrong with Single-Issue Campaigns”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/the-kapparos-campaign-a-good-example-whats-wrong-single-issue-campaigns

“The Ringling Circus Elephants: Another “Victory” That Isn’t”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/ringling-circus-elephants-another-victory-isnt

“My Thoughts on Single-Issue Animal “Rights” Campaigns”:
https://www.facebook.com/notes/keith-berger/my-thoughts-on-single-issue-animal-rights-campaigns/1101753506521414

“”Vague-an” Outreach (the organization)? Never. Abolitionism? Always”:
https://www.facebook.com/notes/keith-berger/vague-an-outreach-the-organization-never-abolitionism-always/1145761435453954

“Why Not Single Issue Campaigns And Petitions”:
http://elated.co.za/why-not-single-issue-campaigns-and-petitions

“Picking the Low-Hanging Fruit: What Is Wrong with Single Issue Campaigns?”:
http://www.howtogovegan.org/singleissuecampaigns

“Why Protests Are For The Most Part Useless”:
http://thevegancommunicator.wordpress.com/2013/05/11/why-protests-are-for-the-most-part-useless-2

“NOT SO FAST, WELFARISTS”:
http://www.abolitionistvegansociety.org/not-so-fast-welfarists

Palm Oil Is Vegan:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2015/05/26/everyone-should-consume-palm-oil
http://www.theswitchreport.com.au/top-stories/boycotting-palm-oil-not-way-save-orangutans
_

Sub-Section 1B16b3:
Defining Abolitionism In Regards To Welfarism And SICs:

“Factionalism in the Nonhuman Animal Rights Movement”:
http://academicabolitionistvegan.blogspot.com/2013/07/factionalism-in-nonhuman-animal-rights.html

“Ten Myths of New Welfarism”:
https://uvearchives.wordpress.com/category/ten-myths-of-new-welfarism

“Reclaiming Abolitionism: It’s Time For Us To Take A Stand For Animals”:
https://our-compass.org/2013/07/24/reclaiming-abolitionism-its-time-for-us-to-take-a-stand-for-animals

My explanation of the various A.R. factions in a nutshell:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/10/21/what-is-animal-rights
_

Sub-Section 1B16b4:
Evidence Of The Ineffectiveness Of S.I.C.s:

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=621520537942667

“Reining in the Elephants: Thinking Critically about Single-Issue Campaigns”:
http://academicabolitionistvegan.blogspot.com/2015/03/reining-in-elephants-thinking.html
_

Sub-Section 1B16b5:
PETA:

http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/links/p2900/newsweek-magazine.pdf
https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=710775368978700&id=162378977151678

“Deconstructing PETA’s Thinking”:
http://thevegancommunicator.wordpress.com/2013/10/06/deconstructing-petas-thinking

“PETA: A Corporate Tangle Of Contradictions”:
http://veganismisnonviolence.com/2012/04/02/peta-a-corporate-tangle-of-contradictions

“When Sex Doesn’t Sell: Using Sexualized Images of Women Reduces Support for Ethical Campaigns”:
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi/10.1371/journal.pone.0083311

“PETA fat-shames in ‘Save the Whales’ campaign”:
http://feministing.com/2009/08/17/peta-fat-shames-in-save-the-whales-campaign

“PETA cool with lobster death – if at the White House”:
http://washingtonexaminer.com/peta-cool-with-lobster-death-if-at-the-white-house/article/2530980

“PETA employees’ prosecution exposed a shocking (and deadly) practice”:
http://www.examiner.com/article/peta-employees-prosecution-exposed-a-shocking-and-deadly-practice

“PETA’s Death Cult, Part 1: Celebrities Getting Naked in the Name of Euthanasia”:
http://dysarm.com/petas-death-cult-2

“PETA’s Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad History of Killing Animals”:
http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2012/03/petas-terrible-horrible-no-good-very-bad-history-of-killing-animals/254130

“Controlling an animal as deadly as a weapon” or how PETA advocates killing all pitbulls:
http://www.sfgate.com/opinion/openforum/article/Controlling-an-animal-as-deadly-as-a-weapon-2629558.php

“Don’t turn your back on feral cats” or how PETA advocates killing all feral cats:
http://www.opednews.com/articles/Don-t-turn-your-back-on-fe-by-People-for-the-Eth-101022-19.html

“Strange but True… PETA’s stance on Feral Cats…”:
http://www.feralchange.org/#!petas-policy-on-ferals–seriously/c10cq

My blog post on PETA:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/07/01/is-peta-justified
_

Sub-Section 1B16b6:
Animals Harmed In Entertainment:

“What Does “No Animals Were Harmed” Mean?”:
http://animalrights.about.com/od/animalsinentertainment/a/What-Does-No-Animals-Were-Harmed-Mean.htm
http://animalrights.about.com/od/animalsinentertainment/a/What-Does-No-Animals-Were-Harmed-Mean_2.htm

“Shocking truth behind the ‘no animals were harmed’ certificate in movies”:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2513407/How-Hollywood-animals-repeatedly-harmed-movie-TV-production.html
_

Sub-Section 1B17:
On Violence In The ARM:

Gary Francione Commentary #5: On Violence:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/a-commentary-on-violence

“A Comment on Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/a-comment-on-violence

“Gandhi: On the 62nd Anniversary of His Death”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/gandhi-on-the-62nd-anniversary-of-his-death

“Martin Luther King, Jr.: His Dream and Our Reality”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/martin-luther-king-jr-his-dream-and-our-reality

“More on Violence and Animal Rights”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/more-on-violence-and-animal-rights

“On Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/on-violence

“On Violence as ‘Entertainment’ “:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/violence-entertainment

“On Vivisection and Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/on-vivisection-and-violence

“Opposing Views: On Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/opposing-views-on-violence

“Peter Singer and I Agree on One Thing: Nonviolence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/peter-singer-and-i-agree-on-one-thing-nonviolence

“The Religion of Non-Violence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/the-religion-of-non-violence

“Veganism and Nonviolence”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/veganism-and-nonviolence

My blog post on violence:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/07/01/violence-will-never-advance

“On Militant Direct Action”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2009/09/17/on-militant-direct-action

“On ‘Fur-Hags’ And ‘Fucking Bitches’ “:
http://www.easyvegan.info/2009/01/25/on-fur-hags-and-fucking-bitches
_

Sub-Section 1B18:
On Graphic Imagery:
A Comment on “Blood and Guts” Advocacy:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/a-comment-on-blood-and-guts-advocacy

Violent Imagery in Animal Advocacy:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/violent-imagery-in-animal-advocacy
_

Sub-Section 1B19:
Logic And Myth Regarding Animal Rights:

Sub-Section 1B19a:
Video Section:

“Speciesism. A Debate”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bLmnt63VGgc

“Colleen Patrick-Goudreau: Debunking the Myths of Veganism”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=od_cqvr-ueY

“Meat Creates Jobs That People Would Lose in a Vegan World”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k_tRaMpmFJ8

“How Wolves Change Rivers”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysa5OBhXz-Q

“Stop Social Conditioning Now”:
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCGVuHFfX1DmTNnWiVEqIpCA

“VERSUS: The Amazing Atheist | Video Response [Part 1]”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIacX8rPoKw

“VERSUS: MrRepzion | Video Response [Part 1]”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZQP8KyWPWJs
_

Sub-Section 1B19b:
Text-Based Links:

Sub-Section 1B16b1:
Effective Argumentation:

“Think Again: How to Reason and Argue”:
https://www.coursera.org/course/thinkagain

“How To Not Lose An Argument”:
http://lesswrong.com/lw/3k/how_to_not_lose_an_argument

The Continuum Fallacy at Wikipedia:
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Continuum_fallacy
http://lesswrong.com/lw/mm/the_fallacy_of_gray

“To change Attitudes, Don’t Argue — Agree, Extremely”:
http://www.latimes.com/science/sciencenow/la-sci-sn-paradoxical-thinking-20140715-story.html
_

Sub-Section 1B19b2:
Lists Of Fallacies In Regards To Veganism:

“FAQs”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/faqs

Catalog Of Logical Fallacies:
http://cruelty-free.org/science/part-1-catalog-of-logical-fallacies-used-to-justify-inhumanity

Animal Rights and Vegan Discussion Fallacies:
http://www.yourcybercourt.info/fallacies/list.html

“Frequently Asked Questions about Veganism”:
http://www.idausa.org/vegandays/faq.html

“Guide to justifications for harming and exploiting animals”:
http://www.vegansidekick.com/guide

“Your Vegan Fallacy Is”:
http://yourveganfallacyis.com/en

“Master List Of Logical Fallacies”:
http://utminers.utep.edu/omwilliamson/ENGL1311/fallacies.htm

_

Sub-Section 1B19b3:
The Myth Of Human Superiority:

“What scientific idea is ready for retirement?” (of note is the answer by Irene Pepperberg):
http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/jan/12/what-scientific-idea-is-ready-for-retirement-edge-org
_

Sub-Section 1B19b4:
The “What Would Happen To All The Animals” argument:

“HOW TO RESPOND TO… ‘IF EVERYONE WENT VEGAN, WHAT WOULD HAPPEN TO ALL THE FARM ANIMALS?’ “:
http://www.veganmainstream.com/2013/06/21/how-to-respond-to-if-everyone-went-vegan-what-would-happen-to-all-the-farm-animals

“What Will Happen to the Animals if Everyone Goes Vegan?”:
http://animalrights.about.com/od/animalrights101/a/What-Will-Happen-To-The-Animals-If-Everyone-Goes-Vegan.htm

“10 Reasons You Should NOT Go Vegan”:
http://www.theveganwoman.com/10-reasons-you-should-not-go-vegan

“What Would Happen To The Animals?”:
http://www.vegansoapbox.com/what-would-happen-to-the-animals
_

Sub-Section 1B19b5:
Logical Errors About Vivisection:

http://speakingofresearch.com/2013/10/29/some-animal-rights-philosophers-say-the-darndest-things
http://www.opposingviews.com/i/society/animal-rights/why-debate-when-you-can-publish-unopposed-nonsense
http://www.afma-curedisease.org/pdf/ringach.pdf
_

Sub-Section 1B19b6:
Anti-“Former Vegan” Arguments:

“Facing Failing Health On A Vegan Diet”:
http://bonzaiaphrodite.com/2013/01/facing-failing-health-on-a-vegan-diet

“What The Blonde Vegan & Carrie On Vegan Can Teach Us About Eating Healthfully”:
http://itdoesnttastelikechicken.com/2014/07/17/what-the-blonde-vegan-carrie-on-vegan-can-teach-us-about-eating-healthfully

“How to Gain Fame and Fortune as an Ex-Vegan in Roughly Five Easy Steps?…”:
http://veganfeministagitator.blogspot.com/2014/07/how-to-gain-fame-and-fortune-as-ex.html

“Our Vegan Diet Almost Killed Us – No, Really”:
http://www.eatplantsdrinkbeer.com/readup/2015/11/12/our-vegan-diet-almost-killed-us
_

Sub-Section 1B19b7:
“Blood Type” Arguments:

“It’s not about your blood type, research shows”:
http://news.utoronto.ca/popular-diet-theory-debunked

“Cusack Leila, et al, Blood type diets lack supporting evidence: a systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr, July 2013; ajcn.058693.”
http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/early/2013/05/22/ajcn.113.058693

“Moen T., Blood Type Diet—science or fantasy. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2001 Jan 30;121(3):355-8”
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11242883
http://nutritionfacts.org/questions/the-blood-type-diet-fact-or-fiction
http://pcrm.org/health/diets/ffl/newsletter/eat-right-for-your-blood-type

“blood type diet”:
http://www.skepdic.com/bloodtypediet.html

“Blood Type Diet Debunked”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/blood-type-diet-debunked

Sub-Section 1B19b8:
The “Veganism Kills Babies” Argument:

Sub-Section 1B19b8a:
Veganism Does Not Kill Babies:

Vegan child death misrepresented:
http://www.thehealthyhomeeconomist.com/baby-breastfed-by-vegan-mother-dies

Non-vegan child death (18-month-old, Vermilion, OH, USA):
http://www.ksdk.com/news/article/356695/28/Toddler-dies-of-starvation-parents-arrested

Non-vegan child death (1-year-old, village of Makho in Black Sea region of Adjara, Georgia): http://www.rustavi2.com/news/news_text.php?id_news=48443&pg=1&im=main

Non-vegan child death (2-month-old, Thibodaux, LA, USA):
http://www.wdsu.com/Investigators-Baby-Died-From-Severe-Malnutrition-Mother-Arrested/13388494

Non-vegan child death (Phoenix, AZ, USA):
http://www.myfoxphoenix.com/story/22810569/2013/07/10/phoenix-police-investigate-child-death

Non-vegan child death (14-month-old, Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, N.C.):
http://www.airforcetimes.com/article/20130701/NEWS06/307010037/Baby-N-C-airman-died-from-severe-malnutrition-autopsy-says

Vegan child death (11-month-old, parents: Joel and Sergine Le Moaligou, France): http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/apr/01/joel-sergine-le-moaligou-convicted

Vegan child death (6-month-old, parents: Deborah and Roby Jan Moorhead, Auckland, New Zealand, 2002):

Vegan child death (6-weeks-old, child: Crown Shakur, parents: Jade Sanders, 27, and Lamont Thomas, 31, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 2004):

Vegan child deaths:
http://naturalhygienesociety.org/diet-veganbaby.html

Vegan child death (6-months-old, child: Woyah, parents: Joseph Andressohn, 36, and Lamoy Andressohn, 30, Florida, USA):

Vegan child death (15-months-old, Joseph and Silva Swinton, Queens, NY, USA, 2003):
“6.9 million children under the age of five died in 2011.” “About one third of all child deaths are linked to malnutrition.”

That equals 2.3 MILLION babies that died in 2011 from malnutrition around the world. Almost all were not on a vegan diet:
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs178/en

“Deficiencies of vitamin A and zinc result in deaths”
“deficiencies of iodine and iron, together with stunting, can contribute to children not reaching their developmental potential”:
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/malnutrition-causes-45-per-cent-of-deaths-of-underfive-children-report/article4788613.ece

The main causes of death in malnutrition:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6433943

The Lancet: Nearly half of all child deaths caused by malnutrition:
“malnutrition is now responsible for around 3·1 million deaths in children under five annually.”: http://www.savethechildren.org.uk/2013-06/lancet-nearly-half-all-child-deaths-caused-malnutrition

Vitamin and mineral deficiencies affect up to two billion people:
http://www.gainhealth.org/about-malnutrition/vitamin-and-mineral-deficiencies#footnoteref2_co9jpm3

Examples of elements added to fortify non-vegan foods: Iodized Salt, Folic Acid, Niacin, Vitamin D, Calcium:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fortified_food#Examples_of_fortified_foods
_

Sub-Section 1B19b8b:
How To Raise Healthy Vegan Children:

“Baby-Led Weaning for the Mini Vegan”:
http://www.theveganwoman.com/baby-led-weaning-for-the-mini-vegan

“Natural Weaning And Healthy Vegan Kids”:
http://www.vegsource.com/jess-parsons/natural-weaning-and-healthy-vegan-kids.html

“Baby’s First Vegan Foods”:
http://stayingvegan.com/2010/05/babys-first-vegan-foods

“Vegan Breastmilk Weaning Age?”:
http://www.circleofmoms.com/moms-who-are-raising-vegan-or-vegetarian-children-and-babies/vegan-breastmilk-weaning-age-531011
_

Sub-Section 1B19b9:
The “Meat Made Us Smarter” Argument:

“Meat made us smarter”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=576017022506358&id=575976675843726

“WHY “MEAT MADE US SMART” IS A DUMB IDEA”:
http://www.thediscerningbrute.com/2013/03/20/why-meat-made-us-smart-is-a-dumb-idea

“Why you can all stop saying meat eating fueled evolution of larger brains right now”:
http://evolvinghealthscience.blogspot.com.au/2012/12/why-you-can-all-stop-saying-meat-eating.html?m=1

“Brain frontal lobes not sole centre of human intelligence”:
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-05/du-bfl051013.php

“It’s Curtains For The Expensive Tissue Hypothesis”:
http://paleovegan.blogspot.co.uk/2011/11/its-curtains-for-expensive-tissue.html

“Energetics and the evolution of human brain size”:
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v480/n7375/full/nature10629.html

“Speciesist Science: Animal Flesh & Human Brain Evolution: Dispelling Myths”:
http://us6.campaign-archive1.com/?u=a17b6bb876e4ee5e67084608d&id=c643f3a690&e=f5094e8bf2

“Our Brains Need Cholesterol”:
http://plantpositive.com/22-cholesterol-confusion-5-cho
_

Sub-Section 1B19b10:
The “Plants Are Sentient” Argument:

“The Ad Plantarum Fallacy: Because Plants Don’t Have Feelings”:
http://veganhedonists.com/blogs/ad-plantarum-fallacy-because-plants-dont-have-feelings

“People For the Ethical Treatment of Plants: 4 Reasons Why the “Plant Sentience” Argument Doesn’t Work”:
http://veganrabbit.com/2013/03/18/plant-sentience-and-pain

“Broccoli vs. Animals?”:
http://www.vegetus.org/essay/plants.htm

“But Plants Have Feelings, Too!”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mikko-alanne/plant-feelings_b_932305.html
_

Sub-Section 1B19b11:
What’s Wrong With Vegetarianism?:

“Commentary #1: Vegetarianism as a “Gateway” to Veganism?”
http://media.blubrry.com/garylfrancione/p/www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/podcast/20090809-araa-commentary-1.mp3
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vegetarianism-as-a-gateway-to-veganism

Some Comments on Vegetarianism as a “Gateway” to Veganism:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/some-comments-on-vegetarianism-as-a-gateway-to-veganism
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/pdf/the-vegan-2010spring.pdf

“What Is Wrong with Vegetarianism?”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2008/09/09/what-is-wrong-with-vegetarianism

“Vegan and vegetarian: Why they are not similar”:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com/2015/11/07/vegan-and-vegetarian-why-they-are-not-similar

I Wonder What Donald Watson, Founder of the Vegan Society, Would Think:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/i-wonder-what-donald-watson-founder-of-the-vegan-society-would-think

It’s Not 1946:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/its-not-1946

The Need for a Vegan Society:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/the-need-for-a-vegan-society

Vegetarianism First?:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vegetarianism-first

_

Sub-Section 1B19b12:
The “Veganism Kills More Animals In Crop Production” Argument:

“LEAST HARM: A DEFENSE OF VEGETARIANISM FROM STEVEN DAVIS’S OMNIVOROUS PROPOSAL” by GAVERICK MATHENY:
http://fewd.univie.ac.at/fileadmin/user_upload/inst_ethik_wiss_dialog/Matheny__G._2003_Defense_of_Veg__in_J._Agric_Ethics.pdf

“Veganism: less grain for cattle, fewer animals killed in grain fields”:
http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/scienceshow/vegetariansim3a–less-grains-for-animals2c-less-animals-kille/4679802

“Contrasting Harms: Vegan Agriculture versus Animal Agriculture”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2008/01/01/contrasting-harms-vegan-agriculture-versus-animal-agriculture
_

Sub-Section 1B19b13:
The “Using Animals Is Natural” Argument:

_

Sub-Section 1B19b14:
The ” ‘In Vitro Meat’ Is A Boon To Animal Rights” Argument:

“Cultured Meat Club (Do You Really Want To Hurt Me?)”:
https://www.facebook.com/notes/keith-berger/cultured-meat-club-do-you-really-want-to-hurt-me/1356094557753973

“Vegan Trove Ep 35: “ ‘Clean Meat’ Part 1: Some Ethical Considerations” “:
http://www.vegantrove.com/podcasts/VeganTrove-2016-07-05-0035Pt1.mp3
http://www.vegantrove.com/2016/07/05/vegan-trove-0035pt1

“Vegan Trove Ep 35: “ ‘Clean Meat’ Part 2: Some Practical Implications and Unforeseen Outcomes” “:
http://www.vegantrove.com/podcasts/VeganTrove-2016-07-05-0035-Pt2.mp3
http://www.vegantrove.com/2016/07/04/vegan-trove-0035-pt2

“What’s Wrong With In Vitro Meat?”:
https://verdict.justia.com/2013/10/02/whats-wrong-with-in-vitro-meat

_

Sub-Section 1B19b15:
The “Savory Approach” Argument:

Grass-Fed Beef Is Not Better For The Environment:
http://www.examiner.com/article/environmental-experts-grass-fed-beef-not-more-eco-friendly-than-grain-fed-beef

“Alan Savory: Eat Meat and Save the World?”:
http://www.monbiot.com/2014/08/04/eat-meat-and-save-the-world

“Holistic Management: Misinformation on the Science of Grazed Ecosystems”:
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijbd/2014/163431

“Cows Against Climate Change: The Dodgy Science Behind the TED Talk”:
http://www.inexactchange.org/blog/2013/03/11/cows-against-climate-change

_

Sub-Section 1B19b16:
The Atkins Diet:

“Atkins Exposed”:
http://www.atkinsexposed.org

_

Sub-Section 1B19b17:
Info On Vaccinations:

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-VmDit1Bn2jQ/T7115vXWkgI/AAAAAAAAARc/hQGvS6uG4bw/s640/us-deaths-1900-1965.jpg

“My CRYSTAL Clear Stance on Vaccines (which aren’t immunizations)”:
http://www.drkurtperkins.com/2012/05/my-crystal-clear-stance-on-vaccines.html

“Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP)”:
http://www.nvic.org/injury-compensation.aspx
_

Sub-Section 1B19b18:
Responses To Specific Single Fallacies:

“Moral Concern, Moral Impulse, and Logical Argument in Animal Rights Advocacy”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/moral-concern-moral-impulse-and-logical-argument-in-animal-rights-advocacy

“Veganism: Morality, Health, and the Environment”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/veganism-morality-health-and-the-environment

“Single-Issue Campaigns and the Adoption/Fostering of Homeless Nonhuman Animals”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/single-issue-campaigns-and-the-adoptionfostering-of-homeless-nonhuman-animals

“Human Rights And Animal Rights: Perfect Together”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/human-rights-and-animal-rights-perfect-together

Answers to fallacies by “Veganator”:
“It is all about calories in versus calories burned”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=578641618910565&id=575976675843726

“But dairy builds strong bones”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=576533429121384&id=575976675843726

“Humans can eat meat, so that means we are omnivores”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=576018982506162&id=575976675843726

“I have a slow metabolism which is why I am overweight”:
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=576010179173709&id=575976675843726

“Why Hitler Was Not a Vegetarian” by Rynn Berry:
http://www.vegsource.com/berry/hitler.html

“An Open Letter to the Facebook Commenter Who Said that Vegans Are Hippie Fascists”:
http://veganfeministagitator.blogspot.com/2014/02/an-open-letter-to-facebook-commenter.html

“People Are Not Vegan Because Of You” by Gary Smith:
http://thethinkingvegan.com/articles/people-are-not-vegan-because-of-you

“Animal Suffering Isn’t An Enigma So Let’s Get Over It”:
http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/animal-emotions/201408/animal-suffering-isnt-enigma-so-lets-get-over-it

“Are Vegetarians Less Healthy than Meat-Eaters?”:
http://www.theveganrd.com/2014/04/are-vegetarians-less-healthy-than-meat-eaters.html

“Top 10 Retorts to Hunter Fallacies”:
http://exposingthebiggame.wordpress.com/2013/05/02/top-10-retorts-to-hunters-fallacies

“Where Do Humans Really Rank on the Food Chain?”:
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/where-do-humans-really-rank-on-the-food-chain-180948053

“Members of the Maasai Tribe of Kenya Request IFA’s Help”:
http://www.ifundafrica.org/md/news/260-members-of-the-maasai-tribe-of-kenya-request-ifas-help.html

“If You Were Alone on a Deserted Island With a Pig, Would You Eat the Pig?”:
http://kirschnerskorner.wordpress.com/2013/03/15/if-you-were-alone-on-a-deserted-island-with-a-pig-would-you-eat-the-pig

http://www.vegcomic.com/2013/01/ask-a-stupid-question

“Don’t Tell Me What To Do”:
http://gentleworld.org/dont-tell-me-what-to-do

“The Abolitionist Zombie: Am I A Mindless Follower Of Gary Francione?”:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/06/10/the-abolitionist-zombie

“Veganism as a Minimum Standard of Decency”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2009/02/20/veganism-as-a-minimum-standard-of-decency

“Your Love Of Quinoa Is Good News For Andean Farmers”:
http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2013/07/16/202737139/is-our-love-of-quinoa-hurting-or-helping-farmers-who-grow-it

“Kids (and Animals) Who Fail Classic Mirror Tests May Still Have Sense of Self”:
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/kids-and-animals-who-fail-classic-mirror
_

Sub-Section 1B19b19:
Miscellaneous Links:

Rbutr App.:
http://blog.rbutr.com/2014/02/introducing-the-rbutr-iframe-rbutr-anywhere-anytime-any-platform-link-to-misinformation-safely

Tom Billings and beyondveg.com:
http://www.ecologos.org/tb.htm

“Rhys Southan’s attempt to discredit veganism”:
http://www.veggieboards.com/t/141776/rhys-southans-attempt-to-discredit-veganism

“Harriet Hall’s ‘Critique’ of Greger’s “Uprooting the Leading Causes of Death” by Don Matesz:
http://donmatesz.blogspot.com/2013/02/harriet-halls-critique-of-gregers.html

“Calling Out Sam Harris”:
http://magnusvinding.blogspot.co.uk/2014/05/calling-out-sam-harris.html

“Ethical Arguments Against Ethical Veganism”:
http://www.ourhenhouse.org/2014/07/the-ethical-arguments-against-ethical-veganism-2

“Science Reveals How The Brains Of Social Justice Activists Are Different From Everyone Else’s”:
http://mic.com/articles/92253/science-reveals-how-the-brains-of-social-justice-activists-are-different-from-everyone-else-s
_

Sub-Section 1B20:
Kill Count/Statistics On Exploitation:

“Global Meat Production and Consumption Continue to Rise” (Welfarist):
http://www.donotlink.com/ixT

“Meat Atlas – Facts and figures about the animals we eat” (Welfarist):
http://www.donotlink.com/ixY

“Around 3 trillion sea creatures are killed each year by humans”:
http://theveganmothership.tumblr.com/post/75026616244/around-3-trillion-sea-creatures-are-killed-each

Numbers of sea animals killed each year (Welfarist):
http://www.donotlink.com/ixU

“World Agriculture: Towards 2015/2030. An FAO perspective” (Welfarist):
http://www.donotlink.com/bm19

“40 Maps That Explain Food In America”:
http://www.vox.com/a/explain-food-america

“USDA’s Wildlife Services killed 4 million animals in 2013; seen as an overstep by some”:
http://www.donotlink.com/c8ao
_

Sub-Section 1B21:
The Growth Of Veganism:

Sub-Section 1B21a:
“How-To” on Creative Non-Oppressive Vegan Advocacy:

Sub-Section 1B21a1:
Miscellaneous:

“Creative, Non-Violent Vegan Education — Easy and Effective”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/creative-non-violent-vegan-education-easy-and-effective

“Vegan Education: A Background”:
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2008/04/03/vegan-education-a-background-part-1-of-2
http://uvearchives.wordpress.com/2008/05/16/vegan-education-an-incremental-abolitionist-approach-part-2-of-2

“Ten Crucial Tips for Public Outreach Work”:
http://www.internationalvegan.org/ten-crucial-tips-for-public-outreach-work

“A Special Feature; Worldwide Vegan Activism”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com.tr/search/label/A%20feature%3A%20worldwide%20vegan%20activism
_

Sub-Section 1B21a2:
CNOVA (Creative, Non-Oppressive Vegan Advocacy):

How I get non-Vegans to  consider Veganism in a positive manner:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/07/01/how-to-create-vegans

My CNOVA Archives:
February 23rd, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/abolitionistvegansociety/photos/a.548272578595591.1073741829.375698192519698/623962194359962

February 24th, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/abolitionistvegansociety/photos/a.548272578595591.1073741829.375698192519698/626331487456366

May 6th, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202549120142443

Friday, May 30th, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202952542227743

Saturday, May 31st, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202960520347191

Sunday, June 1st, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202966947067855

Tuesday, June 16th 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202978442155225

Friday, September 12th, 2014:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10203393018039363

My first time being interviewed on a live webcast!:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qM1SB9AxrW8

Sub-Section 1B21a2:
Vegan Education Pamphlets & Flyers:

Flyers by me (click thumbnails and then choose “full-sized versions” at the bottom):
Tearoffs with various animals:

Or right click on the links below and choose “save link as”:

https://s16.postimg.org/j7bdd8jqp/Tearoff_poster_bee_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/525kbfapd/Tearoff_poster_chickens_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/jze1cfnxt/Tearoff_poster_cow_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/nk9wvnshd/Tearoff_poster_fish_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/p0lfdsve9/Tearoff_poster_goat_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/w538mu2nl/Tearoff_poster_pig_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/8s574bmk1/Tearoff_poster_sloth_01.jpg

https://s16.postimg.org/6c3dqh4hd/Tearoff_poster_turkey_01.jpg

Various wonderful pamphlets by others:

“Embracing Veganism” by South Florida Vegan Education Group:
https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B0zLVN2DeKCHTkg1OE9lQXdBUjQ

http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/text

http://www.internationalvegan.org/pamphlet

http://www.howdoigovegan.com/abolitionist-veganism/outreach-materials

Pamphlets by Vegan Musings:

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bw3cXrKFRr62ZF81WFM0NFhVVjA/view

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bw3cXrKFRr62TlVvTEx2bV80ek0/view

“Reject Speciesism”:
https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Bw3cXrKFRr62dHV1MnpmN0hVdE0/view

Sub-Section 1B21a4:
Some Sites We Could Use To Educate Pre-Vegans (especially by choosing areas where the highest number of non-Vegans will see our Abolitionist Vegan messages):
https://academia.edu
https://instagram.com
https://ello.co
https://facebook.com
https://vk.com
https://linkedin.com
https://medium.com
https://meetup.com
https://petpav.com
https://pinterest.com
https://plus.google.com
https://quora.com
https://tumblr.com
https://twitter.com
https://vine.co
https://youtube.com
_

Sub-Section 1B21b:
Examples Of The Paradigm Shifting:

Sub-Section 1B21b1:
Former Institutional Exploiters Turned Vegan:

“From Goat Farmer to Sanctuary Founder” (Note: I do not endorse PETA):
http://www.maplefarmsanctuary.org/item/Our_Story/225/c33

” ‘Animals feel pain’: why a farmer’s son turned vegan”:
http://www.irishtimes.com/life-and-style/people/animals-feel-pain-why-a-farmer-s-son-turned-vegan-1.1953889
_

Sub-Section 1B21b2:
Miscellaneous:

“The First Vegan Accommodation in NYC!”:
https://www.airbnb.com/rooms/3456576

“Taiwan Is Cooler Than Your Town!”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/news/taiwan-opens-first-ever-all-vegan-grocery-store

Read these 2 in order:
http://blogs.smh.com.au/lifestyle/allmenareliars/archives/2007/04/red_meat_the_oldest_aphrodisia.html
http://www.smh.com.au/comment/confessions-of-a-vegan-20140730-zx84p.html

“Tal’s Freeze – Big Brother Israel | Channel 2”:
http://vimeo.com/102833111

“Fashion & Veg: You Can Dress Vegan!”:
http://fashionandveg1.blogspot.it/p/chi-sono.html
_

Sub-Section 1B21c:
Science And Statistics:

“How Sweden And The World Will Go Vegan”:
http://bliveganer.wordpress.com/2014/03/22/how-vegan-education-will-make-sweden-and-the-world-go-vegan

“Minority Rules: Scientists Discover Tipping Point for the Spread of Ideas”:
http://news.rpi.edu/luwakkey/2902

“Interest In Vegan Diets On The Rise: Google Trends Notes Public’s Increased Curiosity In Veganism”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/04/02/interest-in-vegan-diets-on-the-rise_n_3003221.html
_

Sub-Section 1C:
Books:

“Animals as Persons: Essays on the Abolition of Animal Exploitation” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Animals-Persons-Essays-Abolition-Exploitation/dp/0231139519/ref=sr_1_3?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-3

“Animals Property & The Law (Ethics And Action)” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Animals-Property-The-Ethics-Action/dp/1566392845/ref=pd_sim_sbs_b_4

“Eat Like You Care: An Examination of the Morality of Eating Animals” by Gary L. Francione & Anna Charlton:
http://www.amazon.com/Eat-Like-You-Care-Examination/dp/1492386510/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1387358713&sr=8-1&keywords=eat+like+you+care

“Introduction to Animal Rights: Your Child or the Dog?” by Gary L. Francione and Alan Watson:
http://www.amazon.com/Introduction-Animal-Rights-Your-Child/dp/1566396921/ref=sr_1_2?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-2

“Rain Without Thunder: The Ideology of the Animal Rights Movement” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Rain-Without-Thunder-Ideology-Movement-ebook/dp/B006SVRMN8/ref=sr_1_6?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-6

“The Animal Rights Debate: Abolition or Regulation? (Critical Perspectives on Animals: Theory, Culture, Science and Law)” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Animal-Rights-Debate-Regulation-Perspectives/dp/0231149557/ref=sr_1_4?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-4

“Vivisection and Dissection in the Classroom: A Guide to Conscientious Objection” by Gary L. Francione:
http://www.amazon.com/Vivisection-Dissection-Classroom-Conscientious-Objection/dp/1881699005/ref=sr_1_5?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1387358845&sr=1-5

“Mind If I Order the Cheeseburger?: And Other Questions People Ask Vegans” by Sherry F. Colb:
http://www.amazon.com/Mind-If-Order-Cheeseburger-Questions-ebook/dp/B00DMDT70Q/ref=tmm_kin_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&sr=1-1&qid=1423095999

“Animal Oppression and Human Violence: Domesecration, Capitalism, and Global Conflict”:
http://cup.columbia.edu/book/978-0-231-15188-7/animal-oppression-and-human-violence
http://www.amazon.com/Animal-Oppression-Human-Violence-Domesecration-ebook/dp/B00CP7EXP4

“Animal Rights/Human Rights: Entanglements of Oppression and Liberation (Critical Media Studies: Institutions, Politics, and Culture)”:
http://www.amazon.com/Animal-Rights-Human-Entanglements-Institutions-ebook/dp/B00EGJAVRS

“Making a Killing: The Political Economy of Animal Rights” by Bob Torres:
http://www.akpress.org/makingakillingebook.html

“Animal Equality” by Joan Dunayer:
http://www.rootsofcompassion.org/en/literature/animal-rights-animal-liberation/animal-equality-joan-dunayer

“Speciesism” by Joan Dunayer:
http://www.amazon.com/Speciesism-Joan-Dunayer/dp/0970647565

“We’re Vegan!” by Anna Bean:
https://www.createspace.com/4546891
_

These links and tons more:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Section 2:
Science/Medical/Health/Nutrition:
It has come to my attention that some people are reading this list merely for info on a Plants-Only Diet and refusing to read any of Section 1. Therefore, I’ve decided to include only the following items in Section 2 – I’ve also relegated the section on environment to another, separate post. Please do not ignore the moral arguments for Veganism. Thank you:

1) The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly The American Dietetic Association): the world’s largest organization of food and nutrition professionals. The Academy is committed to improving the nation’s health and advancing the profession of dietetics through research, education and advocacy.

“It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Well-planned vegetarian diets are appropriate for individuals during all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, and adolescence, and for athletes.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19562864

2) The Mayo Clinic: the first and largest integrated not-for-profit medical group practice in the world, employing more than 3,800 physicians and scientists and 50,900 allied health staff. It spends $500 million dollars on research a year.

“A well-planned vegetarian diet can meet the needs of people of all ages, including children, teenagers, and pregnant or breast-feeding women. The key is to be aware of your nutritional needs so that you plan a diet that meets them.”

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vegetarian-diet/HQ01596

3) Dietitians of Canada (DC): is the national professional association for dietitians, representing almost 6000 members at the local, provincial and national levels. DC is one of the largest organizations of dietetic professionals in the world.

“A vegan eating pattern has many potential health benefits. They include lower rates of obesity, heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer. Other benefits include lower blood cholesterol levels and a lower risk for gallstones and intestinal problems.”

http://www.dietitians.ca/Nutrition-Resources-A-Z/Factsheets/Vegetarian/Eating-Guidelines-for-Vegans.aspx

4) The British National Health Service (NHS): is the largest and the oldest single-payer healthcare system in the world. It provides the majority of healthcare in England.

“With good planning and an understanding of what makes up a healthy, balanced vegan diet, you can get all the nutrients your body needs.”

http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Vegetarianhealth/Pages/Vegandiets.aspx

5) The British Nutrition Foundation (BNF): team of nutrition scientists that conducts academic reviews of published research on issues of diet and public health. Aims to to advance the education of the public, and those involved in the training and education of others, in nutrition; and to advance the study of and research into nutrition for the public benefit, and to disseminate and publish the useful results of such research.

“A well-planned, balanced vegetarian or vegan diet can be nutritionally adequate…”

“Studies of UK vegetarian and vegan children have revealed that their growth and development are within the normal range.”

http://www.nutrition.org.uk/publications/briefingpapers/vegetarian-nutrition

6) The Dietitians Association of Australia (DAA): is the peak body of 5,100 dietetic and nutrition professionals providing strategic leadership in food and nutrition through empowerment, advocacy, education, accreditation and communication.

“…with good planning it is still possible to obtain all the nutrients required for good health on a vegan diet.”

http://daa.asn.au/for-the-public/smart-eating-for-you/nutrition-a-z/vegan-diets/

7) The Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP): a branch of the USDA that aims to improve the nutrition and well-being of Americans by focusing on advancing and promoting dietary guidance for all Americans, and conducting applied research and analysis in nutrition and consumer economics.

“Vegetarian diets can meet all the recommendations for nutrients.”

http://www.choosemyplate.gov/healthy-eating-tips/tips-for-vegetarian.html

8) The National Institutes of Health (NIH): comprised of 27 separate institutes and centers, and with an annual spending of around $26 billion, NIH is the is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and health-related research.

“There is no single type of vegetarian diet…People who follow vegetarian diets can get all the nutrients they need.”

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/vegetariandiet.html

9) American Heart Association (AHA): with 22.5 million volunteers and 2,700 employees, AHA is the nation’s oldest, largest voluntary organization devoted to fighting cardiovascular diseases and stroke.

“Many studies have shown that vegetarians seem to have a lower risk of obesity, coronary heart disease (which causes heart attack), high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and some forms of cancer.”

http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/NutritionCenter/Vegetarian-Diets_UCM_306032_Article.jsp

10) Heart and Stroke Foundation (HSF): having invested over $1.35 billion in heart and stroke research, HSF is one of Canada’s largest and most effective health charities.

“Vegetarian diets can provide all the nutrients you need at any age, as well as some additional health benefits. Vegetarian diets often have lower levels of total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol than many meat-based diets, and higher intakes of fibre, magnesium, potassium, folate and antioxidants such as vitamins C and E. Vegetarian diets may lead to lower blood pressure, improved cholesterol levels, healthier weight and less incidence of Type 2 diabetes, all of which can reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.”

http://www.heartandstroke.com/site/c.ikIQLcMWJtE/b.3484249/k.2F6C/Healthy_living__Vegetarian_diets.htm

11) American Cancer Society (ACS): with over 3,400 local offices, and raising $934 million in 2012, this 100 year old society works to save lives and create a world with less cancer.

“Some studies have linked vegetarian diets to lower risk for heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, and certain types of cancer, such as colon cancer. A strictly vegetarian diet must be properly planned to be sure it provides all the required nutrients.”

http://www.cancer.org/treatment/treatmentsandsideeffects/complementaryandalternativemedicine/dietandnutrition/vegetarianism

12) Harvard School of Public Health: is one of the most selective and prestigious public health schools in the world with half of the students already holding a medical doctorate.

“With a little planning, a balanced and varied vegetarian diet can meet the nutrient needs of nearly everyone.”

http://www.dining.harvard.edu/vegvgn

13) American Diabetes Association (ADA): with 90 local offices across the US, the ADA utilizes 73% of its $34.6 million in fund raising (2012) to support research and projects concerning diabetes.

“A vegetarian diet is a healthy option, even if you have diabetes. Research supports that following this type of diet can help prevent and manage diabetes. In fact, research on vegan diets has found that carbohydrate and calorie restrictions were not necessary and still promoted weight loss and lowered participants’ A1C.”

http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/meal-planning-for-vegetarians/

14) The Perelman School of Medicine (Penn Med): a medical school ranked second for research in 2012.

“A well-planned vegetarian diet can give you good nutrition. A vegetarian diet often helps you have better health. Eating a vegetarian diet can help you: [r]educe your chance of obesity; [r]educe your risk of heart disease; [l]ower your blood pressure; [l]ower your risk of type 2 diabetes.”

http://www.pennmedicine.org/encyclopedia/em_DisplayArticle.aspx?gcid=002465&ptid=1

15) Cleveland Clinic: is regarded as one of the top hospital in the United States. With around 1,700 staff physicians representing 120 medical specialties, this hospital helps patients not only from all 50 states, but from more than 100 other nations.

“There really are no disadvantages to a herbivorous diet! A plant-based diet has many health benefits, including lowering the risk for heart disease, hypertension, Type 2 diabetes, and cancer. It can also help lower cholesterol and blood pressure levels, plus maintain weight and bone health.”

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/heart/prevention/nutrition/food-choices/understanding-vegetarianism.aspx

16) New York Presbyterian Hospital: is an esteemed university hospital system affiliated with two Ivy League medical schools. It is the largest not-for-profit hospital in the US.

“People who follow a vegetarian diet are relatively healthier than those who don’t. Vegetarians tend to have a lower incidence of obesity and fewer chronic health problems, including some cancers, heart disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes.”

http://nyp.org/wellness/showDocument.php?contentTypeId=1&contentId=1876&heading=Vegetarian+Diets%3A+The+Myths+vs.+Facts

17) University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC): with 4,200 licensed beds and 400 outpatient sites, UPMC is one of the largest medical centers in the world.

“A well-planned vegetarian diet can give you good nutrition. A vegetarian diet often helps you have better health.”

http://www.upmc.com/healthlibrary/Pages/ADAM.aspxGenContentId=002465&ProjectId=1&ProductId=1

18) The Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center (UCLA): having research centers covering nearly all major specialties of medicine, UCLA is considered on of the top three hospitals in the US. This hospital has been ranked in the top twenty in 15 of the 16 medical specialties ranked in the US News ranking.

“Some of the health benefits of a vegetarian diet may include: [d]ecreased blood cholesterol levels;
and blood pressure; [l]ower incidence of heart disease, some forms of cancer, and digestive disorders like constipation and diverticula disease; [l]ower incidence of obesity and some forms of diabetes.”

http://www.dining.ucla.edu/housing_site/dining/SNAC_pdf/Vegetarianism.pdf

19) Kaiser Permanente: the largest managed care organization in the United States, published an article supporting the adoption of a plant-based diet earlier this spring.

“Healthy eating may be best achieved with a plant-based diet, which we define as a regimen that encourages whole, plant-based foods and discourages meats, dairy products, and eggs as well as all refined and processed foods. We present a case study as an example of the potential health benefits of such a diet. Research shows that plant-based diets are cost-effective, low-risk interventions that may lower body mass index, blood pressure, HbA1C, and cholesterol levels. They may also reduce the number of medications needed to treat chronic diseases and lower ischemic heart disease mortality rates. Physicians should consider recommending a plant-based diet to all their patients, especially those with high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or obesity.”

http://www.thepermanentejournal.org/issues/2013/spring/5117-nutrition.html

*** A follow up written by Dr. John McDougall and his son, Dr. Craig McDougall concerning Kaiser Permanente’s warning about potential nutrient deficiencies:

“In our experience of treating more than 5000 patients with a low-fat, whole foods, plant-based (vegan) diet, with follow-up lasting as long as 28 years, we have not seen any deficiencies of protein, iron, calcium, or essential fatty acids.”

http://www.thepermanentejournal.org/…/fall/5552-diet.html

20) British Dietetic Association: “Well planned vegetarian diets can be both nutritious and healthy. They have been associated with lower risks of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, certain types of cancer and lower blood cholesterol levels.”

http://www.bda.uk.com/foodfacts/vegetarianfoodfacts.pdf

Special thanks to Anders Branderud:
http://bloganders.blogspot.no/2013/08/humans-can-live-and-thrive-on-healthy.html

Section 3:
Plant-Based Recipes/Vegan Food Guides:

Sub-Section 3A:
Videos:

“You Have Been Opening A Banana Wrong Your Entire Life!”:
http://www.newsiosity.com/videos/entertainment/you-have-been-opening-banana-wrong-your-entire-life-blew-my-mind

How to make Vegan yogurt:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pvj3u8-7PmU

“Learn How to Make These 5 Easy Raw Vegan Favorites (VIDEOS)”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-food/easy-raw-vegan-favorites-videos

“8 Videos of Vegan Recipes You Can Make in Less Than 5 Minutes (VIDEOS)”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-food/vegan-recipes-you-can-make-in-less-than-5-minutes-videos
_

Sub-Section 3B:
Text-based:

Sub-Section 3B1:
Food Guides:

Vegan food pyramid:
http://postimg.org/image/ejdv00zj5

Vegan liquor guide:
http://www.barnivore.com

A two-time Cupcake Wars winner on the chemistry of vegan baking:
http://www.splendidtable.org/story/a-two-time-cupcake-wars-winner-on-the-chemistry-of-vegan-baking

“Fits Me”:
http://www.fitsmeapp.com

“The Great Vegan Search Engine”:
https://www.google.com/cse/home?cx=007857372892095548138:j_cudozhaew

“Stop Pouring Your Chickpea Liquid Down the Drain. It’s a Magical Ingredient”:
http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2015/06/10/aquafaba_baking_with_chickpea_liquid_for_vegan_meringues.html

“Vegan Chocolate Mousse Made With Aquafaba”:
http://www.mywifemakes.com/2015/06/10/vegan-chocolate-mousse-made-with-aquafaba-chickpea-brine

“17 Cooking Hacks Every Vegan Should Know”:
http://www.buzzfeed.com/leonoraepstein/hacks-every-vegan-should-know?sub=3191089_2839111

Vibrance!: What Vegans Eat”:
https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.534160356645011.1073741827.452441044816943&type=3

“25 Frugal Items for Your Organic Vegan Grocery List”:
http://www.wisebread.com/25-frugal-items-for-your-organic-vegan-grocery-list

“21 Comfort Snacks That Are Vegan”:
http://inourishgently.com/21-comfort-snacks-that-are-vegan

“Plant-Based On A Budget”:
http://www.plantplate.com/Guide/Detail?GuideID=1006
_

Sub-Section 3B2:
Businesses/Companies That Sell Vegan Products:

Sub-Section 3B2a:
Vegan Misc.:

“Shopping Vegan”:
http://shoppingvegan.online

“Vegan Cleaning Products”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com/search/label/Cleaning%20Products%20-Vegan

“Vegan As Printing”:
https://www.facebook.com/veganasprinting1

“ONE OF A KIND VEGAN CERAMIC DISHES”:
http://www.ecodogsandcats.com/blog/one-kind-vegan-ceramic-dishes.html
_

Sub-Section 3B2b:
Vegan Food:

Vegan cheese:
http://www.buteisland.com

Daiya Cheese:
http://us.daiyafoods.com

“So Delicious Dairy Free”:
https://www.facebook.com/sodeliciousdairyfree

“Midas Fine Art Cheeses”:
https://www.facebook.com/midasfineartcheeses

“Freja’s Foods” – They make seitan, a delicious plants-only food which can replicate and replace almost any animal flesh:
http://www.frejasfoods.com

“Replicated Meat – Coming Soon to Major Supermarkets Near You”:
https://www.yahoo.com/tech/innovation-dominates-communication-79965946822.html

“Scientists developing cow-free milk that tastes like the real thing”:
http://www.foxnews.com/leisure/2014/08/13/this-dairy-milk-is-cow-free

“Lazy Day Foods”:
http://www.lazydayfoods.com/engine/shop/index.html

“Food Fight”:
http://www.foodfightgrocery.com

“Unicorn Grocery”:
https://www.facebook.com/unicorngrocery

“Rescue Chocolate”:
https://www.facebook.com/rescuechocolate

“Natural Candy Store”:
http://www.naturalcandystore.com
_

Sub-Section 3B2c:
Vegan Clothing:

“Vegan Athletic Shoes 2013”:
http://vegan8.me/vegan-athletic-shoes/vegan-athletic-shoes-2013

“Olsenhaus”:
http://www.olsenhaus.com

“MuSkin: A Vegan “Leather” Made Entirely From Mushrooms”:
http://www.ecouterre.com/muskin-a-vegan-leather-made-entirely-from-mushrooms
_

Sub-Section 3B2d:
Vegan Cosmetics:

“Vegan Lip Balms”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com/2014/09/vegan-lip-balms.html

“6 Amazing and Truly Cruelty-Free Cosmetics Brands”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/lifestyle/cruelty-free-cosmetic-brands

“Tropic Skin Care”:
https://www.tropicskincare.co.uk/shop/caroleellingham
http://www.facebook.com/TropicNorfolk
_

Sub-Section 3B3:
My Favorite Vegan Substitutes:

Tofurky Italian sausage:
http://www.veganstore.com/product/tofurky-italian-sausage/vegan-meat-alternatives

Morningstar Farms BBQ riblets:
https://www.morningstarfarms.com/products/meal-starters/hickory-bbq-riblets
(not sure the above is still being made as I can’t find it around here anymore)

Gardein Sizzling Szechuan beefless strips:
http://gardein.com/products/beefless-strips

Vegenaise:
http://followyourheart.com/products/original-3
_

Sub-Section 3B4:
Recipe Sites:

“VegWeb”:
http://vegweb.com

“Live Vegan”:
http://livevegan.org

“Oh She Glows”:
http://ohsheglows.com

“Post Punk Kitchen”:
http://www.theppk.com

“Vegan Richa”:
http://www.veganricha.com

“VegKitchen with Nava Atlas”:
http://www.vegkitchen.com

“Simply Vegan”:
http://www.simply-vegan.org

“Finding Vegan”:
http://www.findingvegan.com

“Hell Yeah, It’s Vegan!”:
http://hellyeahitsvegan.com

“VeganEasy”:
http://veganeasy.org/30-Day-Menu

“Skip The Bacon: 20 Vegan Breakfast Ideas”:
http://www.brit.co/vegan-breakfast

“Hippie Vegan”:
http://Hippievegan.com
https://www.facebook.com/hippievegan

“Forks Over Knives”:
http://www.forksoverknives.com/recipes

“Holy Cow!”:
http://holycowvegan.net/indian-vegan-recipes

“Vegan Thanksgiving Recipes Galore 2015!”:
http://www.peacefuldumpling.com/vegan-thanksgiving-recipes-galore-2015

“I Can’t Believe It’s Vegan Gravy”:
http://www.vegweb.com/recipes/i-cant-believe-its-vegan-gravy

“My Vegan Burger King”:
http://mouthwateringvegan.com/2013/04/07/my-vegan-burger-king

“17 Very Cherry Recipes (All Vegan!)”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-recipe/very-cherry-recipes

“Veggieful.com: Vegan Sausage Roll Recipe”:
http://www.veggieful.com/2013/09/vegan-sausage-roll-recipe.html

“What Fat Vegans Eat”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/194567900666819/254864584637150

“The Vegan Stoner: Peanut Stew”:
http://theveganstoner.blogspot.co.uk/2011/07/peanut-stew.html?m=1

“LASAGNA GRILLED CHEESE. NUT-FREE SOY-FREE VEGAN RECIPE”:
http://www.veganricha.com/2014/06/lasagna-grilled-cheese-nut-free-soy.html

“Jeff Novick, MS, RD: My Simple Recipes”:
https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.204432390124.260255.177550385124

“14 Recipes for Turning Avocados Into OMGados”:
http://www.ecorazzi.com/2014/05/28/14-recipes-for-turning-avocados-into-omgados

“The Simple Veganista: SMOKY CHIPOTLE MAPLE T.L.T.”:
http://thesimpleveganista.blogspot.com/2012/12/smoky-chipolte-maple-tofu-sandwich.html

“The top 10 best vegan recipe websites”:
http://www.thisdishisvegetarian.com/2011/12/the-top-10-best-vegan-recipe-websites.html

“Anna Adey’s Recipes”:
https://www.facebook.com/anna.adey1/media_set?set=a.10151913073610069.1073741840.679240068

“10 Basic Vegan Recipes Even the Worst Cook Can Master”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-recipe/basic-vegan-recipes-even-the-worst-cook-can-master

“First Proper & Best-Ever Vegan ‘Egg Mayonnaise’ (Egg Salad) Sandwich”:
http://mouthwateringvegan.com/2013/04/06/first-proper-best-ever-vegan-egg-mayonnaise-egg-salad-sandwich
_

Sub-Section 3B4:
Miscellaneous:
“8 Vegetables You Can Regrow Again And Again”:
http://www.trueactivist.com/8-vegetables-that-you-can-regrow-again-and-again

Section 4:
Ecological/Environmental:
It has come to my attention that some people are reading this list merely for info on a Plants-Only Diet or the environmental aspects of such, and refusing to read any of Section 1. Therefore, I’ve relegated the section on environment to another, separate post. Please do not ignore the moral arguments for Veganism. Thank you.

Section 5:
Veganism-Related (misc. non-Vegan issues related to Veganism):

Sub-Section 5A:
Videos:

Sub-Section 5A1:
Miscellaneous:

“Critical Thinking”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6OLPL5p0fMg

“The Long Reach Of Reason”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uk7gKixqVNU

“Here Are 5 Infuriating Examples Of Facts Making People Dumber”:
http://m.motherjones.com/blue-marble/2014/03/brendan-nyhan-backfire-effects-facts
_

Sub-Section 5A2:
Effective Advocacy:

“A radical experiment in empathy”: Sam Richards at TEDxPSU:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kUEGHdQO7WA

“How to Change the World With Love”: Joey Adler at TEDxMontreal:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=INZq4LDaNVM

“For argument’s sake” by Daniel H. Cohen:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JTN9Nx8VYtk

“Tactical Performance: Thinking Theatrically for Powerful Protest: Larry Bogad at TEDxUCDavis”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=psRuhwkwt5Q

“Science Of Persuasion”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cFdCzN7RYbw

“Rosenberg on Nonviolent Communication ~ NVC”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SZ-fUVM4Dos

“Nonviolent Communication Part 1 Marshall Rosenberg”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-dpk5Z7GIFs&list=PLB7FA52401E74FFE0&index=4

“How To Convince People To Do Whatever You Want”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t7dINpMdMRA

“Living the Great Refusal – Dublin talk, May 2014”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tUxklv2mDcQ

“The Secret To Winning An Argument Is Ridiculously Simple”:
http://www.businessinsider.com/how-to-win-an-argument-2014-5
_

Sub-Section 5A2a:
Podcasts:

“YANSS Podcast 023 – What you can learn about dealing with differing political views from bloodthirsty, warring tribes of children”:
http://youarenotsosmart.com/2014/05/07/yanss-podcast-023-what-you-can-learn-about-dealing-with-differing-political-views-from-bloodthirsty-warring-tribes-of-children
_

Sub-Section 5B:
Text-Based Info:

Sub-Section 5B1:
Alternative Political Systems:

“Collaborative Post-Scarcity Commons Resource-Based Gift Economy Anarchism”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/934968119863677

“Moral Problems Of Capitalism”:
http://bloganders.blogspot.no/2014/04/moral-problems-of-capitalism.html

“What Every Environmentalist Needs to Know about Capitalism”:
http://www.indypendent.org/2011/10/18/what-every-environmentalist-needs-know-about-capitalism

Anarcho-Syndicalism at Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anarcho-syndicalism

Herbert Marcuse at Wikipedia:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbert_Marcuse
_

Sub-Section 5B2:
Alternative History:

“A People’s History Of The United States”:
http://www.historyisaweapon.com/zinnapeopleshistory.html

“Against All Odds”:
http://m.motherjones.com/politics/2004/01/against-all-odds
_

Sub-Section 5B3:
Miscellaneous:

World Clock:
http://www.poodwaddle.com/Stats

“More scrutiny for UCLA’s School of Medicine”:
http://touch.latimes.com/#section/-1/article/p2p-80018992

“You Decide: Save the People or Save the Planet”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i_Z7whe-YHk

Evolve Consciousness:
http://evolveconsciousness.org/foundational-living-and-true-unity

“Meditation can Change your Brain Structure”:
http://fractalenlightenment.com/14740/enlightening-video/meditation-can-change-your-brain-structure

“News is bad for you – and giving up reading it will make you happier”:
http://www.theguardian.com/media/2013/apr/12/news-is-bad-rolf-dobelli

The “Backfire Effect”:
http://www.boston.com/bostonglobe/ideas/articles/2010/07/11/how_facts_backfire/?page=full
http://youarenotsosmart.com/2011/06/10/the-backfire-effect/
http://www.skepdic.com/backfireeffect.html
http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/mariakonnikova/2014/05/why-do-people-persist-in-believing-things-that-just-arent-true.html

“Which Products Should You Buy Fair Trade?”:
http://mambosprouts.com/news/which-products-should-you-buy-fair-trade

“Compassion Incorporated”:
http://www.compassionincorporated.org

Cats are not the real threat to birds:
https://www.alleycat.org/sslpage.aspx?pid=1593

“What is ‘Nutri-washing’ and Why Should You Care?”:
http://www.nutritionbykiki.com/blog/2014/02/21/What-is-Nutri-washing-and-Why-Should-You-Care.aspx

These 10 Corporations Control Almost Everything You Buy:
http://www.realfarmacy.com/these-10-corporations-control-almost-everything-you-buy-2

“15 Things Everyone Would Know If There Were A Liberal Media”:
http://www.dailykos.com/story/2013/08/07/1229087/-15-things-everyone-would-know-if-there-were-a-liberal-media

“The Scary New Evidence on BPA-Free Plastics”:
http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2014/03/tritan-certichem-eastman-bpa-free-plastic-safe

If you’re not already Vegan, please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. Even more important, it’s the morally right thing to do and desperately needed by everyone. If you’re already Vegan, please educate others about why they should go Vegan.

These links and tons more:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info