On Morality: The Argument For Abolitionist Veganism

Veganism 01

Here is the basic argument for Abolitionist Veganism. I’ve incorporated a couple different major Animal Rights theories into one:

1. Nonhuman animals feel pain, pleasure, fear and other sensations. If they feel these sensations, then they have an interest in not being used merely as a resource for human pleasure, amusement, or convenience.

2. There is no necessity for human animals to intentionally exploit nonhuman animals and cause them to suffer or die except our own enjoyment of the taste of their flesh/secretions and the convenience that animal exploitation affords us. Humans have no dietary need for flesh, dairy, eggs or honey:

https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/06/15/do-doctors-think

We have no need to use animals for clothing; we have no need to use them for entertainment; not only is it morally unjustifiable to use animals in bio-medical research, but more humans suffer and/or die when we do so than if we didn’t use animals at all:

http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vivisection-part-one-the-necessity-of-vivisection

http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/vivisection-part-two-the-moral-justification-of-vivisection

3. When something is unnecessary except for our trivial pleasure or convenience and that thing causes some being (for example, a nonhuman or human animal) to experience pain, fear or other kinds of suffering, then the harm being done to that being’s interest in their continued survival, freedoms, or not suffering is more important than our interest in our own mere pleasure, amusement or convenience.

4. We claim to believe in “fairness/ethical/moral consistency” as a “moral good”, which means we believe in treating similar cases similarly when it comes to ethics/morality. In other words, if we believe it’s wrong to beat a human child for no good reason because they will suffer from a beating, then we should also believe that it’s wrong to beat a dog, cow, or chicken for no good reason because the nonhuman will also suffer.

So, if we value moral consistency at all, which means we treat similar cases similarly, the minimum and only criteria needed to include nonhuman animals in our moral sphere (meaning we believe we should not harm them at all for no good reason) is that they feel pain, fear, and other sensations, since that is the minimum criteria we use to include humans in our moral sphere.

5. Any characteristic that humans claim to have that we claim makes us morally superior to nonhuman animals cannot be factually proven to be a humans-only trait. Unless we can prove that we are morally superior to nonhuman animals, any argument that we claim justifies intentionally harming and exploiting nonhumans can also be used to justify humans intentionally exploiting other humans:

https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2015/02/07/are-humans-superior

This means that if we personally are in favor of violating nonhumans’ right to be safe from being enslaved, raped, tortured or killed by humans then we have no claim that we ourselves should be safe from having those same things done to us by other humans. Any argument we try to use to justify harm to nonhumans can also be used successfully by other humans to justify harming us in those same ways.

6. If we accept premises 1 through 4, our ethical/moral obligation is to either a) cease any actions that intentionally cause unnecessary suffering and death to other beings such as nonhuman and human animals, in which case we can claim that our interests in avoiding the same harms should not be dismissed without due consideration, and we can point to the fact that this is because we are morally consistent, or b) admit that we are not morally consistent and that any human who wishes to dismiss our interests in avoiding the same harms without due consideration is also morally justified in doing so.

Conclusion: If we don’t stop intentionally exploiting nonhumans to the best of our ability, all the systemic violations we consider atrocities and major problems in the world will never end. We also will not be able to consider ourselves truly morally consistent people. To stop intentionally exploiting nonhumans completely means Abolitionist Veganism.

Abolitionist Veganism also means we do our best to eliminate speciesism (which is the intentional, harmful discrimination by humans against individuals and groups of other species based solely on the morally irrelevant criteria of species membership) within each of us. Speciesism is the tree from which springs all intentional, harmful discrimination against any individual (nonhuman or human) on the basis of any morally irrelevant criteria. Speciesism is rooted in the myth that human animals are morally superior to nonhuman animals.

Ergo, if everyone becomes an Abolitionist Vegan and exclusively advocates a 100% clear moral baseline of Abolitionist Veganism, all of the atrocities we abhor such as world hunger, poverty, ecological destruction by humans, systemic human rights violations, and discrimination against any individual beings based on any morally irrelevant criteria, will either be severely decreased or eliminated. Every living being on the planet, from nonhuman animals to human animals, will be much happier and healthier.

The crucial point here is that if you have moral concern at all for nonhuman animals or human animals and so you want these problems to be decreased or eliminated, it makes no sense for you to participate in actions that will increase or foster those problems. It is your moral responsibility to stop engaging in actions that increase those harms, which means going Vegan (and, if you want to help everyone further, educating others about Veganism).

Final thoughts: If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s incredible for the animals, great for you, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue/volunteer/adopt/foster/spay/neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where and when you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

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On Morality: Are Human Animals Superior To Nonhuman Animals?

snob-travella1

The most fundamental problem in AR debates right now is the fact that we are not continuously addressing the myth that humans are morally superior to nonhumans. This idea needs to be eradicated before any truly revolutionary thinking about Animal Rights can begin on the part of morally confused and inconsistent humans. This idea is so ingrained in our societal mindset that it’s completely invisible to almost everyone, and it’s the underlying structure for all irrational, harmful moral double-standards regarding human-nonhuman interaction. There is no speciesism without Human Supremacy.

The single most overlooked, and at the same time most foundational error in logic whenever anyone tries to justify human animals exploiting nonhuman animals is the irrational idea that human animals in general are morally superior to nonhuman animals. This idea can be easily disproved, and yet most people do not even question it. It is assumed to be indisputable when it’s not based on, as some would have us believe, objective fact.

Unless we can explain how human animals are morally superior to nonhuman animals, whenever we try to justify humans exploiting nonhumans in the ways that we do, we can’t rule out humans exploiting other humans in the exact same ways and for the exact same reasons (our mere pleasure, amusement or convenience).

All other forms of moral supremacy, from ethnic, to religious, to gender-based, etc. stem from this one basic idea; that it’s acceptable to refuse the same moral consideration to another being that we accord ourselves, merely because of morally irrelevant criteria like the color of their skin, which genitalia they have, or their species membership.

The belief that humans are morally superior to nonhumans is not based on instinct. If it was, then why would anyone even question it, and therefore, why would you even be reading this? And yet, it’s the reason why we believe it’s just fine to torture a nonhuman, who is fully capable of desiring to not suffer or die as much as a human, in ways that we wouldn’t torture the worst human criminals.

The myth of human moral supremacy is almost never even examined. But when it is, it’s obvious that, just like the arguments we use to try to justify racism, sexism, homophobia, religious intolerance, or any other irrational form of oppression, it’s based on nothing more than arbitrary personal opinion (and biased, self-serving opinion at that).

The idea that humans are superior to nonhumans is based on the misconception that all humans have some characteristic or set of characteristics that all nonhumans lack. These criteria are commonly believed to include: “intelligence;” “mind;” “consciousness;” abstract thought; the capability of understanding and following moral codes; creativity; the ability to invent tools, technology, or art; some sort of physical ability or physical adaptation; proliferation; a “soul” or some other form of divine endowment; the capability of surviving in conditions or environments that others can’t; or some other unspecified faculty.

All of these criteria are obviously as arbitrary as gender, ethnic membership, or religious belief when it comes to moral superiority, since we can’t prove that either they are possessed by all humans, nor that they are lacked by all nonhumans. Not only that, but whichever faculty is being proclaimed as superior is always one which is possessed by the person arguing on behalf of Human Supremacy.

Although human animals created a concept of morality, many humans commonly break the moral codes imposed by society. This is why we have human slavery, rape, torture, murder, and all the other atrocities that ethical humans abhor. Nonhuman animals, who cannot be proven to understand the concept of a human moral code, almost always follow our moral codes better than we do. They do not enslave us, create concentration camps, weapons of mass destruction, torture chambers, or pollute or otherwise destroy our habitats. Nor do they wage war on humans, or any of the other atrocities that humans are guilty of. They merely wish to be left alone to live and die on their own terms. To claim that they should have to follow our moral codes to benefit from them would be like claiming that we should punish a severely mentally handicapped human for failing to pass the S.A.T.s.

Human animals created individual moral codes for ourselves because most of us believe that enslaving, raping, torturing and murdering other humans is wrong. “Normal” adult human animals are moral agents, while nonhuman animals, infant humans, and severely mentally disabled humans (among others) are moral patients.

In order to be a moral agent, one must be capable of abstract thought in order to have a specific minimum understanding of the meaning of morality. That is to say, moral agents can understand the concept of morality and can therefore make moral decisions, meaning that they can make decisions that affect the interests of both moral agents and moral patients. Furthermore, moral agents have moral responsibilities to both other moral agents and moral patients. This means that they are capable of being assigned blame if they make a moral choice that causes a being who is capable of feeling pain and other sensations to suffer unnecessarily.

A moral agent must be capable of giving informed consent, which means that an explicit meeting of the minds takes place (via spoken or written human language, and no less) where both parties are capable of abstract thought, understand what the nature of the social contract is and what the general future ramifications of the agreement are.

Moral patients, on the other hand, cannot understand the human concept of morality and are thus incapable of giving informed consent. Moral patients cannot make moral decisions that affect either moral agents nor moral patients. They do not have moral responsibilities; however, in order for there to be moral consistency, moral patients must benefit from our individual moral codes without being able to have moral responsibilities themselves.

This is why, for instance, it’s morally wrong for an adult human to murder a severely mentally disabled human, and also why it’s wrong for an adult human to have sex with a human child. This is also why ethical people believe that humans having sex with nonhuman animals is also wrong. We don’t hold nonhuman animals morally culpable to this code simply because we understand that, like severely mentally disabled adult humans and human babies, nonhumans are incapable of understanding and abiding by human moral codes (or at least, any truly rational human understands that they are not capable of this) plus the fact that, regarding their interactions with us, they almost always, by default, follow our moral codes better than we do regarding our interactions with other humans (and even moreso, with nonhumans).

On the other side of the coin, humans enslave, rape, torture or murder nonhumans by the hundreds of billions each year, merely because we enjoy the taste of their dead bodies and secretions and the conveniences that it affords us. And we also are intentionally destroying every wild habitat that we can. We regularly treat nonhumans worse than we would treat the worst human criminals. So who is morally superior to whom again?

The idea that we should be able to do these things because say, a lion eats a zebra is ridiculous in the extreme. A male lion often will kill a rival male and their offspring before copulating, in public no less, with the mother. If a mother lioness gives birth to a severely ill or deformed baby, she will usually cannibalize them. When applied to human contexts, do we think these are morally justifiable ways to behave?

This is where the Human Supremacist says “Either we are morally superior to animals, in which case exploiting them is fine, or we aren’t morally superior to them, in which case we can kill them merely because we want to consume them, just like any other animal does.”

However, this completely fails to recognize that claiming one is “morally superior” means that one adheres to a code of fairness and justice more than the other does, not that one can merely understand human concepts of morality. If a human can understand the concept of the injustice of slavery, rape, torture or murder, but does not refuse to engage in such behaviors, where is the moral superiority in that?

As I mentioned, we very rarely hold completely to our optimal code of conduct. We claim, as a society, to believe in The Golden Rule, but we routinely inflict massive unnecessary suffering and death on innocent beings merely for our pleasure, amusement, or convenience. We enslave, rape, torture and murder upwards of a trillion nonhuman animals each year merely so we can unnecessarily eat their flesh and secretions and use their body parts for clothing (among other things), which not only causes massive suffering for them, but massive amounts of chronic disease for us and massive ecological devastation as well.

We should realize that if we don’t follow a 100% egalitarian system of justice regarding every innocent animal, human or nonhuman, then the same arguments we use to attempt to justify inflicting unnecessary suffering and death on them (“that animal isn’t as smart as I am,” “they don’t have souls,” “it’s how I make a living,” “meat/fish/dairy/eggs/honey tastes good,” etc.) can also be used by other humans to justify inflicting unnecessary suffering and death on us (“that person isn’t as smart as I am,” “I’m one of the chosen people and that person isn’t,” “I wanted their stuff,” “rape feels good,” etc.).

There is no way to morally justify the intentional, unnecessary exploitation of nonhumans by humans without also morally justifying the intentional, unnecessary exploitation of humans by other humans. This means that if we are personally in favor of violating nonhumans’ right to be completely safe from being forced into existence against their will, enslaved, slaughtered, or in any way used merely as replaceable resources for unnecessary human interests, then we have no rationally consistent claim that we ourselves should be safe from having those same things done to us by other humans. Any argument we try to use to justify harming nonhumans can also be used successfully by other humans to justify harming us in those same ways. This also means that until we as a species evolve past our irrational belief that intentionally exploiting nonhumans merely for our trivial interests is morally justifiable, we will continue to endure racism, genderism, homophobia, ableism, tyranny, mass murder, and all the other human systemic rights atrocities we commonly abhor.

Furthermore, claiming that, because we can’t be perfect and not cause harm to any living being whatsoever is a valid reason to intentionally cause easily avoidable harms is like saying that just because we know that some people will die in traffic accidents its a good reason never to post any warning signs. The fact that we can’t prevent all homicides does not justify us intentionally committing mass-murder, just as the fact that we can’t survive without unintentionally killing a lesser number of animals or plants does not justify intentionally breeding nonhuman animals and feeding them a much larger number of plants, merely to slaughter and eat them or their secretions, when we can thrive perfectly well on a plants-only diet. Nor does it justify exploiting nonhumans for clothing, research, or entertainment. The only reasonable, morally justifiable thing would be to work to decrease the number of all living beings we harm in all cases, not to try to justify harming them in some cases while claiming to decrease harm in others.

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. Its easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

A Short Note On “OstroVeganism”

MusselsGooseneckShishiDLC2005

I follow The Precautionary Principle and so I do not advocate the exploitation of any animal, regardless of the complexity of their biology. I advocate Veganism. We have no need to use any animals, and if someday we find out that whomever animal is insentient, since we lived Vegan, then no harm done. If we someday find out they are sentient, then also, since we lived Vegan, no harm done.

Veganism destroys the least numbers of plants compared to a regular non-Vegan diet and ethic as well, and so, if someday we discover that plants were sentient all along, then we will have harmed the least number of plants (especially if we are able to eat a fruitarian diet where we live) and if we discover that we were right all along and plants are insentient, then also, no harm done.

Also, using nonhuman animals of any species for human interests fosters speciesism and does not shift animals away from the “property paradigm.” It manifests to the public as a lack of a coherent and consistent moral stance.

There is no such thing as “ostroVeganism.” Veganism means a specific thing and using animals for human interests is contradictory to that meaning.

Even if we thought that it was justifiable from a moral standpoint to use individuals of some species we think are insentient for our interests, that argument would still never morally justify using every other species of animal, who can all be easily proven capable of feeling pain, for our interests. In other words, even if we’re confused about where to draw the line regarding who we use and don’t use, the line is still not rationally at “whoever we deem morally inferior, regardless of their ability to suffer.” So regardless of any other argument, Veganism is still the moral obligation of every single human reading this.

Instead of calling ourselves Vegans and then trying to figure out how much we can get away with exploiting anyone through a “loophole” of scientific proof, we should be starting off by drawing our moral line in order to eliminate even the possibility of the maximum amount of harm, and then examining whether we can make exceptions on the side of caution afterwards.

If you think animals matter morally, don’t try to find a nice way to do the wrong thing. Go Vegan and educate others about Veganism.

Chrysaora_Colorata

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

We Have Always Eaten Meat

We Have Always Eaten Meat

Great explanation of the basics of Veganism.

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

The Vegan Choice Blog

Is it justification enough to continue eating meat, dairy and eggs merely for the fact that we have done so in the past?  Just because humans have done something in the past, doesn’t mean it is right to continue doing so.  

View original post 1,435 more words

Common Myths About Food

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*Photo of Dr. Maggie DiNome, advocate of whole-food, plants-only diet for preventing cancer*

I’m making separate posts on individual issues related to Veganism, so that anyone who wants a handy reference guide to each issue won’t have to go through my entire link list to find it. The links included in each individual post may not be updated regularly, so the Master List will be the only place to find complete updates. These posts will be comprehensive enough to cover most or all questions related to each issue however.

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

There is a lot of misinformation and disinformation going around about various issues surrounding what we eat. This is a collection of links that should clear up many of the misconceptions that people have and debunk much of the intentional misrepresentation of nutrition by armchair “experts.”

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Sub-Section 2A1:
The Myths About Proteins:

“The Dangerous Truth About Protein” – Janice Stanger, Ph.D.:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2R07FL1wVo4

“The Truth About Protein” – Dr. Tel Oren (MD):
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aR9iz8d_Dj4

Dr. T. Colin Campbell explains the science of why animal proteins are toxic:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfsT-qYeqGM

Dr. T. Colin Campbell responds to Denise Minger’s attempt to refute his findings:
http://www.vegsource.com/news/2010/07/china-study-author-colin-campbell-slaps-down-critic-denise-minger.html

“How Do You Like These Apples?” By T. Colin Campbell, PhD:
http://nutritionstudies.org/how-do-you-like-these-apples

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Sub-Section 2B4:
Myths About Individual Foods And Nutrients:

Sub-Section 2B4a:
Myths About Proteins:

“The Mystique of Protein and Its Implications” By T. Colin Campbell, PhD:
http://nutritionstudies.org/mystique-of-protein-implications

“Vegan Protein”:
http://www.yourdailyvegan.com/learn/vegan-protein

“Protein for Vegans: Old Myths Die Hard”:
http://www.theveganrd.com/2008/12/protein-for-vegans-old-myths-die-hard.html

“Catching Up With Science: Burying the “Humans Need Meat” Argument”:
http://freefromharm.org/health-nutrition/catching-up-with-science-burying-the-humans-need-meat-argument

“Setting the record straight”:
http://michaelbluejay.com/veg/protein.html
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Sub-Section 2B4b:
Myths About Milk:

“5 Ridiculous Myths About Cow’s Milk”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-food/5-ridiculous-myths-about-cows-milk
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Sub-Section 2B4c:
Myths About B12:

“Vitamin B12 Deficiency—the Meat-eaters’ Last Stand”:
http://drmcdougall.com/misc/2007nl/nov/b12.htm

“Vegan B12 deficiency: putting it into perspective”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/2011/08/25/vegan-b12-deficiency-putting-it-into-perspective

“Vegan Sources”:
http://www.veganhealth.org/b12/vegansources

“Vitamin B12: Are You Getting It?”:
http://www.veganhealth.org/articles/vitaminb12

“B12 in Plant Foods”:
http://www.veganhealth.org/b12/plant

“THE VITAMIN B12 ISSUE”:
http://www.vibrancyuk.com/B12.html

“The Vitamin B12 Issue”:
http://libaware.economads.com/b12issue.php

“Vitamin B12 recommendations for Vegans”:
http://www.healthpromoting.com/learning-center/articles/vitamin-b12-recommendations-vegans

“Forum: B12 in plants?”:
http://www.veganforum.com/forums/forumdisplay.php?22-B12-in-plants

“More on nutrition”:
http://veganarch.blogspot.com/2008/02/more-on-nutrition.html

“Vegans and the Vitamin B12 Deficiency Myth”:
http://www.pamrotella.com/health/b12.html
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Sub-Section 2B4d:
Myths About Omegas:

Omega 3 study (the source of the Omegas was algae that may have fed on GMO though):
http://clinicalnutritionjournal.com/article/S0261-5614(14)00076-4/fulltext
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Sub-Section 2B4e:
Myths About Estrogen And Cholesterol In Plants:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phytoestrogens
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phytosterols
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Sub-Section 2B4f:
Myths About Soy:

“Is soy bad for your health?”:
http://freefromharm.org/health-nutrition/vegan-doctor-addresses-soy-myths-and-misinformation
http://www.pcrm.org/health/health-topics/soy-and-your-health
_

Sub-Section 2B4g:
Myths about cellulose:

http://www.30bananasaday.com/forum/topics/how-do-i-respond-when-a-meat
http://www.ehow.com/list_7316466_foods-contain-cellulose_.html
http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/expert-blog/cellulose/BGP-20056281
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Sub-Section 2B4h:
Miscellaneous Myths about Plant-Based Diets:

“Seven Myths About Veggies”:
http://www.vegfriend.com/forum/topics/seven-myths-about-veggies

“Vegan Diets: Sorting Through the Nutritional Myths”:
http://freefromharm.org/vegan-diets-sorting-nutritional-myths

Myths about Vegan Diet:
http://www.yourdailyvegan.com/2014/03/04/paleo-advocate-warns-against-veganism-a-vegan-rd-response

“What Every Vegan Needs To Know about The Advantages And Pitfalls Of Vegan Diets”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com.tr/2014/06/what-every-vegan-needs-to-know-about.html

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

What Will I Eat As A Vegan?

10487323_1450558145212901_8503316488916044632_n

I’m making separate posts on individual issues related to Veganism, so that anyone who wants a handy reference guide to each issue won’t have to go through my entire link list to find it. The links included in each individual post may not be updated regularly, so the Master List will be the only place to find complete updates. These posts will be comprehensive enough to cover most or all questions related to each issue however.

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman or human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Free Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

Here are some useful sites that explain what insidious and harmful ingredients to look out for as well as a smattering of the Vegan recipe sites as well as alternative Vegan food sites that are out there. Enjoy!

veganfoodpyramid

Sub-Section 1B10d:
Miscellaneous Problems With Foods:

“Please, No Mo’ Faux Meat, Cheese or Milk!”:
http://freefromharm.org/veganism/please-no-mo-faux-meat-cheese-or-milk

“L-Cysteine in Bread Products Still Mostly Sourced from Human Hair, Duck Feathers, Hog Hair”:
http://www.vrg.org/blog/2011/03/09/l-cysteine-in-bread-products-still-mostly-sourced-from-human-hair-duck-feathers-hog-hair

“11 Disturbing Ingredients in Food that will Make You Rethink Your Diet”:
http://www.theyogablog.com/11-disturbing-ingredients-in-food

“Delicious food, disgusting ingredients”:
http://shehasgotitall.wordpress.com/2011/06/08/delicious-food-disgusting-ingredients

“Golden Circle juice maker reveals secret ingredients: beef and alcohol”:
http://fatgayvegan.com/2014/07/27/beef-juice

“10 Frightening Fast Food Additives”:
http://www.siegestalt.com/zges/29

“7 Reasons to Buy Fair Trade Chocolate”:
http://www.nutritionbykiki.com/blog/2014/02/15/7-Reasons-to-Buy-Fair-Trade-Chocolate.aspx

Vegan Chocolate:
http://www.vegan.com/chocolate
_

Section 3:
Plant-Based Recipes/Vegan Nutrition:

Sub-Section 3A:
Videos:

“You Have Been Opening A Banana Wrong Your Entire Life!”:
http://www.newsiosity.com/videos/entertainment/you-have-been-opening-banana-wrong-your-entire-life-blew-my-mind

How to make Vegan yogurt:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pvj3u8-7PmU

“Learn How to Make These 5 Easy Raw Vegan Favorites (VIDEOS)”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-food/easy-raw-vegan-favorites-videos

“8 Videos of Vegan Recipes You Can Make in Less Than 5 Minutes (VIDEOS)”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-food/vegan-recipes-you-can-make-in-less-than-5-minutes-videos
_

Sub-Section 3B:
Text-based:

Sub-Section 3B1:
Food Guides:

Vegan food pyramid:
http://postimg.org/image/ejdv00zj5

“Your Guide to Going Dairy Free; Plant-Based Milks, Cheeses, and More”:
http://freefromharm.org/food-products/your-guide-to-going-dairy-free-plant-based-milks-cheeses-and-more

Vegan liquor guide:
http://www.barnivore.com

A two-time Cupcake Wars winner on the chemistry of vegan baking:
http://www.splendidtable.org/story/a-two-time-cupcake-wars-winner-on-the-chemistry-of-vegan-baking

“Fits Me”:
http://www.fitsmeapp.com

“The Great Vegan Search Engine”:
https://www.google.com/cse/home?cx=007857372892095548138:j_cudozhaew

“17 Cooking Hacks Every Vegan Should Know”:
http://www.buzzfeed.com/leonoraepstein/hacks-every-vegan-should-know?sub=3191089_2839111

Vibrance!: What Vegans Eat”:
https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.534160356645011.1073741827.452441044816943&type=3

“25 Frugal Items for Your Organic Vegan Grocery List”:
http://www.wisebread.com/25-frugal-items-for-your-organic-vegan-grocery-list

“Plant-Based On A Budget”:
http://www.plantplate.com/Guide/Detail?GuideID=1006

“Eat Vegan on $4.00 a Day: A Game Plan for the Budget Conscious Cook”:
http://www.amazon.com/Eat-Vegan-4-00-Day-Conscious/dp/1570672571

_

Sub-Section 3B2:
Businesses/Companies That Sell Vegan Products:

Vegan cheese:
http://www.buteisland.com

Daiya Cheese:
http://us.daiyafoods.com

“So Delicious Dairy Free”:
https://www.facebook.com/sodeliciousdairyfree

“Midas Fine Art Cheeses”:
https://www.facebook.com/midasfineartcheeses

“Freja’s Foods” – They make seitan, a delicious plants-only food which can replicate and replace almost any animal flesh:
http://www.frejasfoods.com

“Replicated Meat – Coming Soon to Major Supermarkets Near You”:
https://www.yahoo.com/tech/innovation-dominates-communication-79965946822.html

“Scientists developing cow-free milk that tastes like the real thing”:
http://www.foxnews.com/leisure/2014/08/13/this-dairy-milk-is-cow-free

“Lazy Day Foods”:
http://www.lazydayfoods.com/engine/shop/index.html

“Food Fight”:
http://www.foodfightgrocery.com

“Unicorn Grocery”:
https://www.facebook.com/unicorngrocery

“Rescue Chocolate”:
https://www.facebook.com/rescuechocolate

“Natural Candy Store”:
http://www.naturalcandystore.com

“Vegan Athletic Shoes 2013”:
http://vegan8.me/vegan-athletic-shoes/vegan-athletic-shoes-2013

“Vegan Cleaning Products”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com/search/label/Cleaning%20Products%20-Vegan

“ONE OF A KIND VEGAN CERAMIC DISHES”:
http://www.ecodogsandcats.com/blog/one-kind-vegan-ceramic-dishes.html

“Vegan Lip Balms”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com/2014/09/vegan-lip-balms.html

“6 Amazing and Truly Cruelty-Free Cosmetics Brands”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/lifestyle/cruelty-free-cosmetic-brands

“Tropic Skin Care”:
https://www.tropicskincare.co.uk/shop/caroleellingham
http://www.facebook.com/TropicNorfolk

“Vegan As Printing”:
https://www.facebook.com/veganasprinting1
_

Sub-Section 3B3:
My Favorite Vegan Substitutes:

Tofurky Italian sausage:
http://www.veganstore.com/product/tofurky-italian-sausage/vegan-meat-alternatives

Morningstar Farms BBQ riblets:
https://www.morningstarfarms.com/products/meal-starters/hickory-bbq-riblets

Gardein Sizzling Szechuan beefless strips:
http://gardein.com/products/beefless-strips

Veganaise:
http://followyourheart.com/products/original-3
_

Sub-Section 3B4:
Recipe Sites:

“VegWeb”:
http://vegweb.com

“Live Vegan”:
http://livevegan.org

“Oh She Glows”:
http://ohsheglows.com

“Post Punk Kitchen”:
http://www.theppk.com

“VegKitchen with Nava Atlas”:
http://www.vegkitchen.com

“Simply Vegan”:
http://www.simply-vegan.org

“Finding Vegan”:
http://www.findingvegan.com

“Hell Yeah, It’s Vegan!”:
http://hellyeahitsvegan.com

“VeganEasy”:
http://veganeasy.org/30-Day-Menu

“Skip The Bacon: 20 Vegan Breakfast Ideas”:
http://www.brit.co/vegan-breakfast

“Hippie Vegan”:
http://Hippievegan.com
https://www.facebook.com/hippievegan

“Forks Over Knives”:
http://www.forksoverknives.com/recipes

“The Vegan Bacon That Meat-Loving Foodies Can’t Get Enough Of: Recipe Included!”:
http://freefromharm.org/vegan-recipes/vegan-bacon

“I Can’t Believe It’s Vegan Gravy”:
http://www.vegweb.com/recipes/i-cant-believe-its-vegan-gravy

“My Vegan Burger King”:
http://mouthwateringvegan.com/2013/04/07/my-vegan-burger-king

“17 Very Cherry Recipes (All Vegan!)”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-recipe/very-cherry-recipes

“Veggieful.com: Vegan Sausage Roll Recipe”:
http://www.veggieful.com/2013/09/vegan-sausage-roll-recipe.html

“What Fat Vegans Eat”:
https://www.facebook.com/groups/194567900666819/254864584637150

“The Vegan Stoner: Peanut Stew”:
http://theveganstoner.blogspot.co.uk/2011/07/peanut-stew.html?m=1

“LASAGNA GRILLED CHEESE. NUT-FREE SOY-FREE VEGAN RECIPE”:
http://www.veganricha.com/2014/06/lasagna-grilled-cheese-nut-free-soy.html

“Jeff Novick, MS, RD: My Simple Recipes”:
https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.204432390124.260255.177550385124

“14 Recipes for Turning Avocados Into OMGados”:
http://www.ecorazzi.com/2014/05/28/14-recipes-for-turning-avocados-into-omgados

“The Simple Veganista: SMOKY CHIPOTLE MAPLE T.L.T.”:
http://thesimpleveganista.blogspot.com/2012/12/smoky-chipolte-maple-tofu-sandwich.html

“The top 10 best vegan recipe websites”:
http://www.thisdishisvegetarian.com/2011/12/the-top-10-best-vegan-recipe-websites.html

“Anna Adey’s Recipes”:
https://www.facebook.com/anna.adey1/media_set?set=a.10151913073610069.1073741840.679240068

“10 Basic Vegan Recipes Even the Worst Cook Can Master”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-recipe/basic-vegan-recipes-even-the-worst-cook-can-master

“First Proper & Best-Ever Vegan ‘Egg Mayonnaise’ (Egg Salad) Sandwich”:
http://mouthwateringvegan.com/2013/04/06/first-proper-best-ever-vegan-egg-mayonnaise-egg-salad-sandwich

_

Sub-Section 3B4:
Miscellaneous:
“8 Vegetables You Can Regrow Again And Again”:
http://www.trueactivist.com/8-vegetables-that-you-can-regrow-again-and-again

“5 Reasons You Should Add Turmeric to Everything”:
http://vegaprocity.com/2014/10/5-reasons-using-turmeric

_

Just some of the delicious stuff I eat:

Vegan Food 01

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info

Do Doctors And Other Scientists Still Think Animal Substances Are Healthy?

DiNome_LabCoat_Smile-2

*Photo of Dr. Maggie DiNome, advocate of whole-food, plants-only diet for preventing cancer*

I’m making separate posts on individual issues related to Veganism, so that anyone who wants a handy reference guide to each issue won’t have to go through my entire link list to find it. The links included in each individual post may not be updated regularly, so the Master List will be the only place to find complete updates. These posts will be comprehensive enough to cover most or all questions related to each issue however.

Disclaimer: My only goal with this list is to produce as comprehensive a resource for Vegan information as possible. I am 100% Abolitionist Vegan and 100% against exploitation of nonhuman and human animals, any type of violence against human or nonhuman persons or property, welfare regulation, any form of speciesism, ethnic bigotry, genderism, ableism, heterosexism, etc., any of the large governmental or non-governmental nonhuman animal organizations, “happy meat,” vegetarianism, veg*nism, Meat-Out Mondays, or other forms of reductionism and anything else that makes it seem like any form of violence or exploitation of animals is ok. If any of those positions are endorsed on any site in this list, or any language is used to imply that, it’s not that I included that link because I agree, but simply because I don’t control every bit of information on all of these sites.

Veganism is not a diet, a health plan or a fitness regimen. It’s a social justice movement concerned with eliminating the intentional exploitation of nonhuman animals by human animals. However, people need to be informed about the health benefits and risks of consuming different substances. I prefer to use the health info merely to back up the fact that humans do not need animal substances in our diet. This is the only way we’re going to get people to go Vegan, not merely plant-based dieters.

Having said that, almost every major medical organization now promotes the fact that humans are healthier on a plants-only diet than one with animal substances in it:


 

Section 1:

1) The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (formerly The American Dietetic Association): the world’s largest organization of food and nutrition professionals. The Academy is committed to improving the nation’s health and advancing the profession of dietetics through research, education and advocacy.

“It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that appropriately planned vegetarian diets, including total vegetarian or vegan diets, are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Well-planned vegetarian diets are appropriate for individuals during all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, and adolescence, and for athletes.”

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19562864

2) The Mayo Clinic: the first and largest integrated not-for-profit medical group practice in the world, employing more than 3,800 physicians and scientists and 50,900 allied health staff. It spends $500 million dollars on research a year.

“A well-planned vegetarian diet can meet the needs of people of all ages, including children, teenagers, and pregnant or breast-feeding women. The key is to be aware of your nutritional needs so that you plan a diet that meets them.”

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vegetarian-diet/HQ01596

3) Dietitians of Canada (DC): is the national professional association for dietitians, representing almost 6000 members at the local, provincial and national levels. DC is one of the largest organizations of dietetic professionals in the world.

“A vegan eating pattern has many potential health benefits. They include lower rates of obesity, heart disease, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer. Other benefits include lower blood cholesterol levels and a lower risk for gallstones and intestinal problems.”

http://www.dietitians.ca/Nutrition-Resources-A-Z/Factsheets/Vegetarian/Eating-Guidelines-for-Vegans.aspx

4) The British National Health Service (NHS): is the largest and the oldest single-payer healthcare system in the world. It provides the majority of healthcare in England.

“With good planning and an understanding of what makes up a healthy, balanced vegan diet, you can get all the nutrients your body needs.”

http://www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Vegetarianhealth/Pages/Vegandiets.aspx

5) The British Nutrition Foundation (BNF): team of nutrition scientists that conducts academic reviews of published research on issues of diet and public health. Aims to to advance the education of the public, and those involved in the training and education of others, in nutrition; and to advance the study of and research into nutrition for the public benefit, and to disseminate and publish the useful results of such research.

“A well-planned, balanced vegetarian or vegan diet can be nutritionally adequate… ”

“Studies of UK vegetarian and vegan children have revealed that their growth and development are within the normal range.”

http://www.nutrition.org.uk/publications/briefingpapers/vegetarian-nutrition

6) The Dietitians Association of Australia (DAA): is the peak body of 5,100 dietetic and nutrition professionals providing strategic leadership in food and nutrition through empowerment, advocacy, education, accreditation and communication.

“…with good planning it is still possible to obtain all the nutrients required for good health on a vegan diet.”

http://daa.asn.au/for-the-public/smart-eating-for-you/nutrition-a-z/vegan-diets

7) The Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion (CNPP): a branch of the USDA that aims to improve the nutrition and well-being of Americans by focusing on advancing and promoting dietary guidance for all Americans, and conducting applied research and analysis in nutrition and consumer economics.

“Vegetarian diets can meet all the recommendations for nutrients.”

http://www.choosemyplate.gov/healthy-eating-tips/tips-for-vegetarian.html

8) The National Institutes of Health (NIH): comprised of 27 separate institutes and centers, and with an annual spending of around $26 billion, NIH is the is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and health-related research.

“There is no single type of vegetarian diet…People who follow vegetarian diets can get all the nutrients they need.”

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/vegetariandiet.html

9) American Heart Association (AHA): with 22.5 million volunteers and 2,700 employees, AHA is the nation’s oldest, largest voluntary organization devoted to fighting cardiovascular diseases and stroke.

“Many studies have shown that vegetarians seem to have a lower risk of obesity, coronary heart disease (which causes heart attack), high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and some forms of cancer.”

http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/NutritionCenter/Vegetarian-Diets_UCM_306032_Article.jsp

10) Heart and Stroke Foundation (HSF): having invested over $1.35 billion in heart and stroke research, HSF is one of Canada’s largest and most effective health charities.

“Vegetarian diets can provide all the nutrients you need at any age, as well as some additional health benefits. Vegetarian diets often have lower levels of total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol than many meat-based diets, and higher intakes of fibre, magnesium, potassium, folate and antioxidants such as vitamins C and E. Vegetarian diets may lead to lower blood pressure, improved cholesterol levels, healthier weight and less incidence of Type 2 diabetes, all of which can reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.”

http://www.heartandstroke.com/site/c.ikIQLcMWJtE/b.3484249/k.2F6C/Healthy_living__Vegetarian_diets.htm

11) American Diabetes Association (ADA): with 90 local offices across the US, the ADA utilizes 73% of its $34.6 million in fund raising (2012) to support research and projects concerning diabetes.

“A vegetarian diet is a healthy option, even if you have diabetes. Research supports that following this type of diet can help prevent and manage diabetes. In fact, research on vegan diets has found that carbohydrate and calorie restrictions were not necessary and still promoted weight loss and lowered participants’ A1C.”

http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/food/planning-meals/meal-planning-for-vegetarians

12) The Perelman School of Medicine (Penn Med): a medical school ranked second for research in 2012.

“A well-planned vegetarian diet can give you good nutrition. A vegetarian diet often helps you have better health. Eating a vegetarian diet can help you: [r]educe your chance of obesity; [r]educe your risk of heart disease; [l]ower your blood pressure; [l]ower your risk of type 2 diabetes.”

http://www.pennmedicine.org/encyclopedia/em_DisplayArticle.aspx?gcid=002465&ptid=1

13) Cleveland Clinic: is regarded as one of the top hospital in the United States. With around 1,700 staff physicians representing 120 medical specialties, this hospital helps patients not only from all 50 states, but from more than 100 other nations.

“There really are no disadvantages to a herbivorous diet! A plant-based diet has many health benefits, including lowering the risk for heart disease, hypertension, Type 2 diabetes, and cancer. It can also help lower cholesterol and blood pressure levels, plus maintain weight and bone health.”

http://my.clevelandclinic.org/heart/prevention/nutrition/food-choices/understanding-vegetarianism.aspx

14) University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC): with 4,200 licensed beds and 400 outpatient sites, UPMC is one of the largest medical centers in the world.

“If properly planned, a vegan diet can provide all the nutrients you need. In general, people who don’t eat meat: Weigh less than people who eat meat. Are less likely to die of heart disease. Have lower cholesterol levels. Are less likely to get: High blood pressureProstate cancerColon cancerType 2 diabetes.”

http://www.upmc.com/health-library/Pages/HealthwiseIndex.aspx?qid=abq2485

15) The Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center (UCLA): having research centers covering nearly all major specialties of medicine, UCLA is considered on of the top three hospitals in the US. This hospital has been ranked in the top twenty in 15 of the 16 medical specialties ranked in the US News ranking.

“Some of the health benefits of a vegetarian diet may include: [d]ecreased blood cholesterol levels;
and blood pressure; [l]ower incidence of heart disease, some forms of cancer, and digestive disorders like constipation and diverticula disease; [l]ower incidence of obesity and some forms of diabetes.”

http://www.dining.ucla.edu/housing_site/dining/SNAC_pdf/Vegetarianism.pdf

16) Kaiser Permanente: the largest managed care organization in the United States, published an article supporting the adoption of a plant-based diet earlier this spring.

“Healthy eating may be best achieved with a plant-based diet, which we define as a regimen that encourages whole, plant-based foods and discourages meats, dairy products, and eggs as well as all refined and processed foods. We present a case study as an example of the potential health benefits of such a diet. Research shows that plant-based diets are cost-effective, low-risk interventions that may lower body mass index, blood pressure, HbA1C, and cholesterol levels. They may also reduce the number of medications needed to treat chronic diseases and lower ischemic heart disease mortality rates. Physicians should consider recommending a plant-based diet to all their patients, especially those with high blood pressure, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or obesity.”

http://www.thepermanentejournal.org/issues/2013/spring/5117-nutrition.html

*** A follow up written by Dr. John McDougall and his son, Dr. Craig McDougall concerning Kaiser Permanente’s warning about potential nutrient deficiencies:

“In our experience of treating more than 5000 patients with a low-fat, whole foods, plant-based (vegan) diet, with follow-up lasting as long as 28 years, we have not seen any deficiencies of protein, iron, calcium, or essential fatty acids.”

http://www.thepermanentejournal.org/…/fall/5552-diet.html

17) British Dietetic Association: The British Dietetic Association (BDA) is the only body in the UK representing the whole of the dietetic workforce… Founded in 1936, we are one of the oldest and most experienced dietetic organisations in the world… We provide a large amount of information for anyone interested in food and nutrition as well as dietetics as a career… Registered dietitians are qualified health professionals that assess, diagnose and treat diet and nutrition problems at an individual and wider public health level.

“Well planned vegetarian diets can be both nutritious and healthy. They have been associated with lower risks of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, certain types of cancer and lower blood cholesterol levels.”

http://www.bda.uk.com/foodfacts/vegetarianfoodfacts.pdf

18) Dr Michael Greger, MD: a physician, author, and internationally recognized speaker on a number of important public health issues. All proceeds from his speaking engagements and the sale of his books and DVDs are donated to his 501(c)3 nonprofit NutritionFacts.org, the first science-based, non-commercial website to provide free daily videos and articles on the latest discoveries in nutrition.

These are the top 15 causes of death, and a plant based diet can prevent nearly all of them, can help treat more than half of them, and in some cases even reverse the progression of disease, including our top three killers.

http://nutritionfacts.org/video/uprooting-the-leading-causes-of-death

19) Walter Willet, Chair of Harvard’s nutrition department: Founded in 1942, the Department of Nutrition has a long and respected history both nationally and internationally. As a component within the Harvard medical community, the department engages in a wide range of collaborative projects with scientists in other departments and institutions… The school has over 350 faculty members and nine academic departments representing major biomedical and social disciplines… The department has made significant contributions toward an understanding of the relationships between nutrition, heart disease and cancer; the relationships between dietary and genetic factors and obesity; and the uptake, balance, and requirements for dietary components. Department faculty members are currently conducting the largest detailed studies of relationships between dietary factors and major diseases. Already many important findings have emerged for breast and colon cancer, coronary heart disease, and diabetes.

Humans have no nutritional requirement for animal milk, an evolutionarily recent addition to the diet,” Willett and his co-author, David Ludwig, of Boston Children’s Hospital, wrote in an article published last September in the journal, JAMA Pediatrics. ”… the recommendation for three servings of milk per day is not justified and is likely to cause harm to some people. The primary justification is bone health and reduction of fractures. However, prospective studies and randomized trials have consistently shown no relation between milk intake and risk of fractures. On the other hand, many studies have shown a relation between high milk intake and risk of fatal or metastatic prostate cancer, and this can be explained by the fact that milk intake increases blood levels of IGF-1, a growth-promoting hormone.”

http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1704826&resultClick=3

Bonus: List of doctors who are well=known and promote a plants-only diet for curing diseases:
http://www.bigtentvegan.com/doctors-dieticians-and-nutritionists

Special thanks to Anders Branderud:
http://bloganders.blogspot.no/2013/08/humans-can-live-and-thrive-on-healthy.html


Section 2:
Science/Medical/Health/Nutrition:

Sub-Section 2A:
Video Section:

Sub-Section 2A1:
The Myths About Proteins:

“The Dangerous Truth About Protein” – Janice Stanger, Ph.D.:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2R07FL1wVo4

“The Truth About Protein” – Dr. Tel Oren (MD):
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aR9iz8d_Dj4

“Forks Over Knives”:
http://hdmovie14.net/watch/forks-over-knives-2011

Dr. T. Colin Campbell explains the science of why animal proteins are toxic:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfsT-qYeqGM

Dr. T. Colin Campbell responds to Denise Minger’s attempt to refute his findings:
http://www.vegsource.com/news/2010/07/china-study-author-colin-campbell-slaps-down-critic-denise-minger.html

“How Do You Like These Apples?” By T. Colin Campbell, PhD:
http://nutritionstudies.org/how-do-you-like-these-apples

“Be Your Own Nutritionist”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Apu4EPyIsPg

“The Leaky Gut Theory of Why Animal Products Cause Inflammation”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p_uy4kfQDkA

Animal Substances And Heart Disease:
“Low Carb Diets and Coronary Blood Flow”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/low-carb-diets-and-coronary-blood-flow

“One in a Thousand: Ending the Heart Disease Epidemic”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/one-in-a-thousand-ending-the-heart-disease-epidemic

“Cavities and Coronaries: Our Choice”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/cavities-and-coronaries-our-choice

“Heart Disease Starts in Childhood”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/heart-disease-starts-in-childhood
_

Sub-Section 2A2:
Dairy:

“Nutrient Blocking Effects Of Dairy” – Dr. Michael Greger:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/nutrient-blocking-effects-of-dairy

“Cow’s Milk Casomorphin and Crib Death”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/cows-milk-casomorphin-and-crib-death

“Cow’s Milk Casomorphin and Autism”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/cows-milk-casomorphin-and-autism
_

Sub-Section 2A3:
Eggs:

“Eggs and Diabetes” – Dr. Michael Greger:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y96iiU31ySs

“Who Says Eggs Aren’t Safe?”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtGf2FuzKo4

“Eggs Versus Cigarettes In Atherosclerosis: One egg a day (whether factory farmed, free range or back yard), equals smoking 25,000 cigarettes” – Dr. Michael Greger:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/eggs-vs-cigarettes-in-atherosclerosis
_

Sub-Section 2A4:
TedX:

“The food we were born to eat: John McDougall at TEDxFremont”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d5wfMNNr3ak

“Gladiators Were Vegan — John McDougall MD”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FOWSc8VvOl4

“Plant-strong & healthy living: Rip Esselstyn at TEDxFremont”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AAkEYcmCCCk

“Plant Based Nutrition: Julieanna Hever at TEDxConejo 2012”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vgCSunBfREQ

“Tackling diabetes with a bold new dietary approach: Neal Barnard at TEDxFremont”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ktQzM2IA-qU

“A vegan bodybuilding experiment: Joshua Knox at TEDxFremont”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yKX-gNv0AwU

“Debunking the paleo diet: Christina Warinner at TEDxOU”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BMOjVYgYaG8
_

Sub-Section 2A5:
Miscellaneous:

Why all calories are not equal:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QeYpjRlOBAw

“Troubled Teeth: Dealing with Dental Dilemmas”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Qd3sJR8jrE

“John A. McDougall, MD: Pregnancy & Children”:
https://www.drmcdougall.com/health/education/videos/free-electures/pregnancy-children

_

Sub-Section 2A6:
Testimonials:

Sub-Section 2A6a:
Patients:

“Chris Wark’s Chemo-Free Colon Cancer Survival Story (Chris Beat Cancer)”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1OyHanvUY28
http://www.chrisbeatcancer.com

“I Healed My Daughter’s Eczema With A Raw Diet”:
http://www.mindbodygreen.com/0-15509/i-healed-my-daughters-eczema-with-a-raw-diet.html

“Andrew Neuman: Recovered from Severe Ulcerative Colitis”:
https://www.drmcdougall.com/health/education/health-science/stars/stars-written/andrew-neuman

“Ups and downs of an ordinary life – my cautionary tale”:
https://theresanelephantintheroomblog.wordpress.com/2015/03/12/ups-and-downs-of-an-ordinary-life-my-cautionary-tale

Sub-Section 2A6b:
Doctors:

“Dr. Dinome, Canceling Cancer”:
http://darlingmagazine.org/dr-dinome-canceling-cancer

“Meet The Doctor Who Prescribes Vegan Diets”:
https://www.yahoo.com/health/meet-the-doctor-who-prescribes-vegan-diets-107329169648.html
_

Sub-Section 2B:
Text-Based Info (primarily):

Sub-Section 2B1:
Infectious Disease And Domestication:

“Pandemic Prevention, Infectious Diseases, Aids, Climate Change, Influenza” – Dr. Michael Greger:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G20cooZOiYE

“Is swine flu ‘the big one’ or a flu that fizzles?”:
http://www.abolitionistapproach.com/media/links/p500/this-article.pdf

“70% OF HUMAN DISEASES LINKED TO ANIMAL AGRICULTURE”:
http://veganomics.com/2014/02/02/70-percent-of-human-diseaes-linked-to-animal-agriculture

“Farmaceuticals: The Drugs Fed To Farm Animals And The Risks Posed To Humans”:
http://www.reuters.com/investigates/special-report/farmaceuticals-the-drugs-fed-to-farm-animals-and-the-risks-posed-to-humans
_

Sub-Section 2B2:
Comparative Physiology:

“Humans Are Herbivores” – Chart Of Comparative Anatomy And Bio-Chemistry by Colin Wright:
http://postimg.org/image/tx0chrvxj

My blog post on this subject:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/14/humans-are-herbivores

“Humans are naturally plant-eaters: according to the best evidence: our bodies” by Michael Bluejay:
http://michaelbluejay.com/veg/natural.html

“The Comparative Anatomy Of Eating”:
http://www.vegsource.com/news/2009/11/the-comparative-anatomy-of-eating.html

“A rational critique of the talk: ‘Humans Are Omnivores’ adapted from a talk by vivisectionist John McArdle, Ph.D” – by Laurie Forti:
http://www.ecologos.org/mcardle.htm

“Science Verifies That Humans Are Frugivores”:
http://www.scribd.com/doc/17111888/Science-Verifies-That-Humans-Are-Frugivores

“20 Questions On Atherosclerosis”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1312295

“9 Reasons Your Canine Teeth Don’t Make You a Meat-Eater”:
http://freefromharm.org/photo-galleries/9-reasons-your-canine-teeth-dont-make-you-a-meat-eater

“Beyond Polemics”:
http://web.archive.org/web/20031206180418/http://venus.nildram.co.uk/veganmc/polemics.htm

“Are we omnivores, herbivores or carnivores?”:
http://meatyourfuture.com/2015/09/herbivores-carnivores
_

Sub-Section 2B3:
Evolutionary Biology:

“Biological Adaptations”:
http://www.iol.ie/~creature/BiologicalAdaptations.htm

“Fossil Implies Our Early Kin Lived in Trees, Study Says”:
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/11/1121_021121_PrimateOrigins.html

“Theories of Human Evolutionary Trends in Meat Eating and Studies of Primate Intestinal Tracts”:
http://148.202.18.157/sitios/publicacionesite/pperiod/esthom/esthompdf/esthom19/21-31.pdf

“Planet of the Starch-Eaters”:
http://thexvials.blogspot.ie/2008/02/planet-of-starch-eaters.html

“The Ancient Human Diet Is Starch-based”:
http://thewaytoeat.ca/2013/08/12/1120

“Chimpanzees use botanical skills to discover fruit”:
http://phys.org/news/2013-04-chimpanzees-botanical-skills-fruit.html#jCp

“Relating Chimpanzee Diets to Potential Australopithecus Diets”:
http://cast.uark.edu/local/icaes/conferences/wburg/posters/nconklin/conklin.html

“Diet and seasonal changes in sympatric gorillas and chimpanzees at Kahuzi–Biega National Park”:
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10329-005-0147-7

“Evolution and Prostate Cancer”:
http://urology.jhu.edu/newsletter/prostate_cancer511.php

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-6r1lvVUxrnM/UHk1BRof4HI/AAAAAAAABs8/7ubepFMOyOc/s1600/Charles+Darwin+tree+of+life+poster.jpg
_

Sub-Section 2B4:
Myths About Individual Foods And Nutrients:

Sub-Section 2B4a:
Myths About Proteins:

“The Mystique of Protein and Its Implications” By T. Colin Campbell, PhD:
http://nutritionstudies.org/mystique-of-protein-implications

“Vegan Protein”:
http://www.yourdailyvegan.com/learn/vegan-protein

“Protein for Vegans: Old Myths Die Hard”:
http://www.theveganrd.com/2008/12/protein-for-vegans-old-myths-die-hard.html

“Catching Up With Science: Burying the “Humans Need Meat” Argument”:
http://freefromharm.org/health-nutrition/catching-up-with-science-burying-the-humans-need-meat-argument

“Setting the record straight”:
http://michaelbluejay.com/veg/protein.html
_

Sub-Section 2B4b:
Myths About Milk:

“5 Ridiculous Myths About Cow’s Milk”:
http://www.onegreenplanet.org/vegan-food/5-ridiculous-myths-about-cows-milk
_

Sub-Section 2B4c:
Myths About B12:

“Vitamin B12 Deficiency—the Meat-eaters’ Last Stand”:
http://drmcdougall.com/misc/2007nl/nov/b12.htm

“Vegan B12 deficiency: putting it into perspective”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/2011/08/25/vegan-b12-deficiency-putting-it-into-perspective

“Vegan Sources”:
http://www.veganhealth.org/b12/vegansources

“Vitamin B12: Are You Getting It?”:
http://www.veganhealth.org/articles/vitaminb12

“B12 in Plant Foods”:
http://www.veganhealth.org/b12/plant

“THE VITAMIN B12 ISSUE”:
http://www.vibrancyuk.com/B12.html

“The Vitamin B12 Issue”:
http://libaware.economads.com/b12issue.php

“Vitamin B12 recommendations for Vegans”:
http://www.healthpromoting.com/learning-center/articles/vitamin-b12-recommendations-vegans

“Forum: B12 in plants?”:
http://www.veganforum.com/forums/forumdisplay.php?22-B12-in-plants

“More on nutrition”:
http://veganarch.blogspot.com/2008/02/more-on-nutrition.html

“Vegans and the Vitamin B12 Deficiency Myth”:
http://www.pamrotella.com/health/b12.html

“Vitamin B12 and Human Nutritional Evolution”:
http://donmatesz.blogspot.com/2011/12/vitamin-b12-and-human-nutritional.html
_

Sub-Section 2B4d:
Myths About Omegas:

Omega 3 study (the source of the Omegas was algae that may have fed on GMO though):
http://clinicalnutritionjournal.com/article/S0261-5614(14)00076-4/fulltext
_

Sub-Section 2B4e:
Myths About Estrogen And Cholesterol In Plants:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phytoestrogens
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phytosterols
_

Sub-Section 2B4f:
Myths About Soy:

“THE SOY TRUTH EVERY VEGAN WANTS TO KNOW! 6 MYTHS DEBUNKED”:
http://inourishgently.com/6-soy-myths-debunked

“Is soy bad for your health?”:
http://freefromharm.org/health-nutrition/vegan-doctor-addresses-soy-myths-and-misinformation

“Soy And Your Health”:
http://www.pcrm.org/health/health-topics/soy-and-your-health
_

Sub-Section 2B4g:
Myths about cellulose:

http://www.30bananasaday.com/forum/topics/how-do-i-respond-when-a-meat
http://www.ehow.com/list_7316466_foods-contain-cellulose_.html
http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/expert-blog/cellulose/BGP-20056281
_

Sub-Section 2B4h:
Miscellaneous Myths about Plant-Based Diets:

“Seven Myths About Veggies”:
http://www.vegfriend.com/forum/topics/seven-myths-about-veggies

“Vegan Diets: Sorting Through the Nutritional Myths”:
http://freefromharm.org/vegan-diets-sorting-nutritional-myths

Myths about Vegan Diet:
http://www.yourdailyvegan.com/2014/03/04/paleo-advocate-warns-against-veganism-a-vegan-rd-response

“What Every Vegan Needs To Know about The Advantages And Pitfalls Of Vegan Diets”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com.tr/2014/06/what-every-vegan-needs-to-know-about.html
_

Sub-Section 2B5:
Miscellaneous:

“Introductory Human Physiology”:
https://www.coursera.org/course/humanphysio

“The Whole Food Plant Based Health Directory”:
http://www.wholefoodplantbasedhealth.com

Almost every major medical organization condemns the consumption of animal substances:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/06/15/doctors-think-animal-substances-are-healthy

Database Of Vegan scientific articles:
http://www.veganfolks.com/vegan-scientific-articles

The Physician’s Committee For Responsible Medicine:
http://www.pcrm.org/health//diets/pplate/power-plate
https://www.facebook.com/PCRM.org
http://pcrm.org

“Genes Load The Gun, Lifestyle Pulls The Trigger”:
http://business.inquirer.net/167214/genes-load-the-gun-lifestyle-pulls-the-trigger

A letter about why milk is harmful by a doctor Kradjian:
http://notmilk.com/kradjian.html

“100 Scientific Reasons to NOT Eat Meat”:
http://badassu.net/100-scientific-reasons-to-not-eat-meat

“10 sexual benefits of going Vegan”:
http://roogirl.com/10-sexual-benefits-of-going-vegan

A post I wrote on FB with advice from Dr. Fuhrman on whole food diets:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10203386944047517

The LCHF diets at Rationalwiki:
http://rationalwiki.org/wiki/Low-carb_diet

“Vegan Action”:
http://vegan.org

“NotMilk.org”:
http://notmilk.com

“Engine 2”:
http://engine2diet.com

“Dr. McDougall’s Health And Medical Center”:
http://drmcdougall.com

“Forks Over Knives”:
http://forksoverknives.com

“Vegan Bodybuilding And Fitness”:
http://veganbodybuilding.com

“Your Online Source for Plant-Based Research Articles”:
http://plantbasedresearch.org

“The Woodstock Fruit Festival”:
http://woodstockfruitfestival.com
_

Sub-Section 2B6:
Studies On Animal Proteins:

Sub-Section 2B6a:
Animal proteins and cancer:
http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/6/1/163

“Animal Protein and the Cancer Promoter IGF-1”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/2013/02/14/animal-protein-and-igf-1

Sub-Section 2B6b:
Animal proteins and heart disease:
“Diet, lifestyle, and the etiology of coronary artery disease: The Cornell China study”:
The American journal of cardiology ISSN 0002-9149 CODEN AJCDAG:
http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=1667679

“Protein and Heart Disease”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/protein-and-heart-disease

Sub-Section 2B6c:
Animal proteins and diabetes:
“Dietary protein and risk of ischemic heart disease in middle-aged men”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2954454

Animal proteins and inflammatory bowel disease:
http://vegnews.com/articles/page.do?pageId=6373&catId=8

Animal proteins and Alzheimers:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24037034
_

Sub-Section 2B7:
Studies On Dairy:

Sub-Section 2B7a:
Dairy & cancer:
“Milk consumption is a risk factor for prostate cancer in Western countries: evidence from cohort studies”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17704029

“Milk consumption is a risk factor for prostate cancer: meta-analysis of case-control studies”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15203374

“Hormones in milk can be dangerous”:
http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/2006/12.07/11-dairy.html

“Milk consumption and the prepubertal somatotropic axis”:
http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/pdf/1475-2891-6-28.pdf

“Childhood dairy intake and adult cancer risk: 65-y follow-up of the Boyd Orr cohort”:
http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/86/6/1722.abstract

“Milk and lactose intakes and ovarian cancer risk in the Swedish Mammography Cohort”:
http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/80/5/1353

“Dairy products, calcium, and prostate cancer risk in the Physicians’ Health Study”:
http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/74/4/549.abstract

“A Very-Low-Fat Vegan Diet Increases Intake of Protective Dietary Factors and Decreases Intake
of Pathogenic Dietary Factors”:
http://www.ornishspectrum.com/wp-content/uploads/A-Very-Low-Fat-Vegan-Diet-Increases.pdf

“Cure Breast Cancer By Avoiding All Milk Products”:
http://rense.com/general35/av.htm

“GALACTOSE CONSUMPTION AND METABOLISM IN RELATION TO THE RISK OF OVARIAN CANCER”:
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2889%2990313-9/abstract

“Cancer and Food”:
http://www.eugeneveg.org/pdf/Articles/EismanCancerandFood%5B1%5D.pdf

“Largest Study Ever”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-dhn67FYqtw

“A prospective study of dietary lactose and ovarian cancer”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15069693?dopt=Abstract

Sub-Section 2B7b:
Dairy causes infant apnea and crib death:
“Cow’s Milk Casomorphin, Crib Death, and Autism”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/2012/06/21/cows-milk-casomorphin-crib-death-and-autism

“Cow’s-milk-induced infant apnoea with increased serum content of bovine ß-casomorphin-5”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21478761

Sub-Section 2B7c:
Dairy and autism:
“Beta-casomorphins-7 in infants on different type of feeding and different levels of psychomotor development”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19576256

“Cow’s Milk Casomorphin and Autism”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/cows-milk-casomorphin-and-autism

Sub-Section 2B7d:
Dairy and osteoporosis:
“Milk, Dietary Calcium, and Bone Fractures in Women: A 12-Year Prospective Study”:
http://www.all-creatures.org/fact/fact-20080511.pdf

“Preventing and Reversing Osteoporosis”:
http://pcrm.org/health/health-topics/preventing-and-reversing-osteoporosis

“Three Daily Servings of Reduced-Fat Milk: An Evidence-Based Recommendation?”:
http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleID=1704826

“Why Does Calcium Leave our Bones From Drinking Calcium Rich Milk?”:
http://milk.elehost.com/html/why_does_calcuim_leave_the_bon.html

Sub-Section 2B7e:
Dairy and diabetes:
“Children and Diabetes”:
http://www.health.thesfile.com/children/the-power-of-nutrition-children/childhood-illnesses-prevention/children-and-diabetes

Sub-Section 2B7f:
Dairy and athsma:
“Asthma explained by common allergy to milk and dairy products”:
http://www.naturalnews.com/010443_cows_milk_asthma.html

Sub-Section 2B7g:
Dairy and Crohn’s disease:
“Crohn’s disease”:
http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/condition/crohns-disease

Sub-Section 2B7h:
Dairy and other illnesses:
“High school dietary dairy intake and teenage acne”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15692464

“The Myth about Milk and Protein”:
http://www.everydayliving.com/archives/myth_about_milk.htm

“Got Truth? The Dairy Industry’s Junk Science”:
http://www.pcrm.org/good-medicine/2012/autumn2012/got-truth-the-dairy-industrys-junk-science

“Health Concerns about Dairy Products”:
http://www.pcrm.org/health/diets/vegdiets/health-concerns-about-dairy-products

“Protein Intake & IGF-1 Production”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/protein-intake-and-igf-1-production

“THE LINK BETWEEN DAIRY ALLERGIES, CHRONIC EAR INFECTIONS AND ASTHMA”:
http://wellbalancedblog.com/2011/01/17/the-link-between-dairy-allergies-chronic-ear-infections-and-asthma
_

Sub-Section 2B8:
Studies On Meat:

Sub-Section 2B8a:
Meat and heart disease:

“PREVENT AND REVERSE HEART DISEASE”:
http://www.dresselstyn.com/site

“Ornish Diet Ranked First For Heart Health By U.S. News”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/01/06/ornish-diet-heart-health-us-news_n_1188205.html

“Vegetarians have lower measured blood pressures and less hypertension than non-vegetarians”:
http://www.llu.edu/public-health/health/hypertension-white-calibration.page

Sub-Section 2B8z:
Meat (unsorted):

“Cardiovascular Disease Mortality and Cancer Incidence in Vegetarians: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review”:
http://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/337301

“Organic Meats Are Not Health Foods”:
http://www.pcrm.org/health/health-topics/organic-meats-are-not-health-foods

“How Does Meat Cause Inflammation?”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/2012/09/20/why-meat-causes-inflammation

“Vegetarians Versus Healthy Omnivores”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/vegetarians-versus-healthy-omnivores

“Uprooting the Leading Causes of Death”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/uprooting-the-leading-causes-of-death

“Red Meat Consumption and Mortality: Results From 2 Prospective Cohort Studies”:
http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1134845

“Preventing Kidney Failure Through Diet”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QLAmpWmuUk0

“Trans Fatty Acids in Dairy and Meat Products from 14 European Countries: The TRANSFAIR Study”:
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ap/fc/1998/00000011/00000002/art00570

“Vegetarian Dietary Patterns Are Associated With a Lower Risk of Metabolic Syndrome”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3114510

“A Natural Cure For Impotence”:
http://www.raw-food-health.net/CureForImpotence.html

Sub-Section 2B8b:
Meat and cancer:

“Environmental factors and cancer incidence and mortality in different countries, with special reference to dietary practices”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1140864?dopt=Abstract

“Cancer incidence in vegetarians: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford)”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19279082

“Vegetarian diets and the incidence of cancer in a low-risk population”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23169929

“Intensive lifestyle changes may affect the progression of prostate cancer”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16094059

“Effects of a low-fat, high-fiber diet and exercise program on breast cancer risk factors in vivo and tumor cell growth and apoptosis in vitro”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16965238

“Dietary fat in relation to tumorigenesis”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/165553

“Hormones and diet: low insulin-like growth factor-I but normal bioavailable androgens in vegan men”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2374537/pdf/83-6691152a.pdf

“The Answer to the Pritikin Puzzle”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/the-answer-to-the-pritikin-puzzle

“Prostate vs. a Plant-Based Diet”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/prostate-versus-a-plant-based-diet

“IGF-1 as One-Stop Cancer Shop”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/igf-1-as-one-stop-cancer-shop

“Protein Intake & IGF-1 Production”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/protein-intake-and-igf-1-production

“How Plant-Based to Lower IGF-1?”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/how-plant-based-to-lower-igf-1

“Ex Vivo Cancer Proliferation Bioassay”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/developing-an-ex-vivo-cancer-proliferation-bioassay

“Meat Consumption and Cancer Risk”:
http://www.pcrm.org/health/cancer-resources/diet-cancer/facts/meat-consumption-and-cancer-risk

“1907 New York Times Article Shows that Meat Causes Cancer. A century later, many people still haven’t heard the news.”:
http://pcrm.org/media/blog/dec2013/1907-emnew-york-timesem-article-shows-that-meat

“John McDougall, MD on Breast Cancer”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Joj0Qc-bkc

“Do fast foods cause asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema? Global findings from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase Three”:
http://thorax.bmj.com/content/68/4/351

“Meat, smoking have strongest links to cancer incidence rates”:
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/270692.php

“Changes in prostate gene expression in men undergoing an intensive nutrition and lifestyle intervention”:
http://www.ornishspectrum.com/wp-content/uploads/8369.full_.pdf

“Intestinal Microbial Metabolism of Phosphatidylcholine and Cardiovascular Risk”:
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1109400?query=featured_home&

“A Very-Low-Fat Vegan Diet Increases Intake of Protective Dietary Factors and Decreases Intake of Pathogenic Dietary Factors”:
http://www.ornishspectrum.com/wp-content/uploads/A-Very-Low-Fat-Vegan-Diet-Increases.pdf

“Egg, red meat, and poultry intake and risk of lethal prostate cancer in the prostate specific antigen-era: incidence and survival”:
http://cancerpreventionresearch.aacrjournals.org/content/early/2011/09/15/1940-6207.CAPR-11-0354.short#aff-2

“Eating Meat Kills More People Than Previously Thought”:
http://www.naturalnews.com/025957_meat_eating_cancer.html

“A Vegan Diet (Hugely) Helpful Against Cancer (read comments)”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kathy-freston/vegan-diet-cancer_b_2250052.html

“Meat consumption and risk of breast cancer in the UK Women’s Cohort Study”:
http://www.nature.com/bjc/journal/v96/n7/full/6603689a.html

“Meat intake and risk of stomach and esophageal adenocarcinoma within the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16507831

Sub-Section 2B8c:
Meat and diabetes:
“Associations between red meat intake and biomarkers of inflammation and glucose metabolism in women”:
http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/early/2013/11/27/ajcn.113.075663.abstract

“Link between high-fat diet and type 2 diabetes clarified”:
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110411121539.htm

“Type 2 Diabetes and the Vegan Diet”:
http://www.veganhealth.org/articles/diabetestwo

Sub-Section 2B8d:
Meat and osteoporosis:

“”:
http://news.cornell.edu/stories/1996/11/eating-less-meat-may-help-reduce-osteoporosis-risk

“”:
http://www.drmcdougall.com/health/education/health-science/common-health-problems/osteoporosis

“”:
http://www.todayonline.com/singapore/plant-based-diet-lowers-risk-hip-fracture-study

Sub-Section 2B8e:
Meat and arthritis:

“”:
http://arthritis-research.com/content/9/1/R16

Sub-Section 2B8f:
Meat and Alzheimers:

“”:
http://www.pcrm.org/health/health-topics/diet-and-alzheimers-disease

“”:
http://www.weebly.com/uploads/5/0/4/6/5046867/alzheimers.pdf

Sub-Section 2B8g:
Meat and Dementia:
“The Incidence of Dementia and Intake of Animal Products: Preliminary Findings from the Adventist Health Study”:
http://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/110296
_

Sub-Section 2B9:
Studies On Eggs:

“Intestinal Microbial Metabolism of Phosphatidylcholine and Cardiovascular Risk”:
http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1109400?query=featured_home
_

Sub-Section 2B10:
Studies On Fish:

“Investigators Find Something Fishy with the Classical Evidence for Dietary Fish Recommendations”:
http://www.elsevier.com/about/press-releases/research-and-journals/investigators-find-something-fishy-with-the-classical-evidence-for-dietary-fish-recommendations

“Foods Rich in Omega-3 May Not Benefit the Heart, Study Suggests”:
http://www.businessweek.com/news/2014-03-17/foods-rich-in-omega-3-may-not-help-the-heart-analysis-finds

“”:
http://www.nealhendrickson.com/McDougall/030200pufishisnothealthfood.htm

(Read the next 2 in order):
“”:
http://www.fatsecret.com/calories-nutrition/food/fish/cholesterol
“”:
http://www.fatsecret.com/calories-nutrition/food/hot-dog/cholesterol

“Dietary intake and status of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids”:
http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/92/5/1040
_

Sub-Section 2B11:
Miscellaneous:

Other info on diabetes:
http://spectrum.diabetesjournals.org/content/18/2/121.full
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/23/health/time-marijuana-diabetes/index.html

“Dietary intake of carbohydrates and risk of type 2 diabetes: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer-Norfolk study”:
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9151926

“Transfat In Animal Fat”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/2014/02/27/trans-fat-in-animal-fat

“How Time Magazine Sacrificed Its Standards to Promote Saturated Fat”:
http://plantpositive.com/blog/2014/6/28/how-time-magazine-sacrificed-its-standards-to-promote-satura.html

Harmful Plant-Based Foods:
“Sugar Facts and Myths: Why Sugar is Bad for You”:
http://www.motherearthnews.com/real-food/sugar-facts-myths-zmaz71sozgoe.aspx
_

Sub-Section 2B12:
Studies On Plant-Based Diet And Health:

Sub-Section 2B12a:
Plant-Based Diets And Heart Disease:

“Plant-based diet reverses heart disease”:
http://www.livestrong.com/article/424060-vegetarian-diet-to-reverse-heart-disease

“”:
http://www.pcrm.org/search/?cid=2260

“High-fiber diet could be secret to living longer for heart attack survivors”:
http://dailydigestnews.com/2014/05/high-fiber-diet-could-be-secret-to-living-longer-for-heart-attack-survivors
_

Sub-Section 2B12b:
Plant-Based Diets And Obesity:
“”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16164885

“”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17890496

“”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/video/thousands-of-vegans-studied
_

Sub-Section 2B12c:
Plant-Based Diets And Cancer:
“”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23075937

“”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11857417

“”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23530109

“”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22295127

“”:
http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/88/1/176.long#aff-1

“”:
http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/89/4/1155.full

“”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/2013/02/12/less-cancer-in-vegan-men-despite-more-testosterone

“”:
http://nutritionfacts.org/2013/01/31/cancer-proofing-your-body
_

Sub-Section 2B12d:
Plant-Based Diets And Psychology:

“Vegetarian diets are associated with healthy mood states: a cross-sectional study in Seventh Day Adventist adults”:
http://www.nutritionj.com/content/9/1/26

“Trans fat consumption and aggression”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22403632
_

Sub-Section 2B12e:
Plant-Based Diet Miscellaneous:
“Comparison of nutritional quality of the vegan, vegetarian, semi-vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian and omnivorous diet”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24667136

CardioBuzz: ‘Lifestyle Medicine’:
http://www.medpagetoday.com/Cardiology/Prevention/47018

“Scientific Study: Plant-Based Diet Is The Most Healthy”:
http://www.emaxhealth.com/13123/plant-based-diets-healthiest-vegan

“”:
http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/32/5/791.full.pdf

“”:
http://www.vrg.org/nutrition/protein.php

“”:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/behindtheheadlines/news/2013-06-04-Vegetarian-diet-linked-to-longer-lifespan

“”:
http://www.thepermanentejournal.org/…/fall/5552-diet.html

“”:
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/kathy-stevens/vegan-diet_b_4282272.html

“”:
http://www.independentsciencenews.org/health/the-healthcare-doctors-forgot-ordinary-food-will-be-the-new-medicine
_

Sub-Section 2B13:
Plant-Based Strength:

“”:
http://www.veganstrength.org

“”:
http://www.shaolinwugulun.org/profile/self/kung-fu-and-vegetarianism-629f

“”:
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/australiaandthepacific/australia/10545857/Vegans-powered-by-raw-food-complete-year-of-daily-marathons.html

“”:
http://www.ecorazzi.com/2014/02/18/russian-olympian-and-vegan-alexey-voyevoda-wins-gold

“”:
http://www.pledgevegan.com/vegan-athletes/vegan-ice-skater-wins-silver-medal-2014-sochi-winter-olympics
_

Sub-Section 2B14:
Plant-Based Longevity:

“Dr. Ellsworth Wareham – 98 years old vegan”:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FX58PyQwrcI

“60 Long-Term Vegans”:
http://thevegantruth.blogspot.com.tr/search/label/60%20Long-Term%20Vegans
_

Sub-Section 2C:
More link lists on Veganism and health:

Vegan scientific blog:
http://www.veganfolks.com/resources

“”:
https://www.facebook.com/notes/vegan-philosophy-forum/health-note-by-abraham-hafiz-rodriguez/229282910591225

“”:
https://www.dropbox.com/sh/23yqfsp6ok2h96y/5-XAnNflM_/English-Vegan%20Diet%20Health%20and%20Food%20Security/Reference%20List%20for%20Vegan%20Diet%20and%20Health.rtf
_

Sub-Section 2D:
Books:

“Dying For A Hamburger: Modern Meat Processing and the Epidemic of Alzheimer’s Disease”:
http://www.amazon.com/Dying-Hamburger-Processing-Epidemic-Alzheimers/dp/031234015X

“Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease: The Revolutionary, Scientifically Proven, Nutrition-Based Cure Paperback” by Caldwell B. Esselstyn Jr.:
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1583333002?ie=UTF8&tag=vegancom&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1583333002

“The China Study: The Most Comprehensive Study of Nutrition Ever Conducted And the Startling Implications for Diet, Weight Loss, And Long-term Health” by T. Colin Campbell, PhD:
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1932100660?ie=UTF8&tag=vegancom&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1932100660

“Rethink Food: 100+ Doctors Can’t Be Wrong” by Shushana Castle:
http://www.amazon.com/Rethink-Food-Doctors-Cant-Wrong/dp/0991358805/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1402603880&sr=8-1&keywords=rethink+food
_

Separate post for just the medical info:

On my Facebook Page:
https://www.facebook.com/squeezeplay/posts/10202343820330076

If you’re not already Vegan, and you think animals matter morally, then please go Vegan. It’s easy and great for you, incredible for the animals, and wonderful for the planet. If you’re already Vegan, please educate non-Vegans about why they should go Vegan. Please rescue, volunteer, adopt, foster, spay, and neuter the nonhuman refugees of domestication whenever you can. Please feed your nonhuman family Vegan where you can. These things are the most important, morally responsible things to do and are desperately needed by everyone.

To learn more about Abolitionist Veganism and the issues I’ve outlined in this post, check out The Master List Of Vegan Info:
https://legacyofpythagoras.wordpress.com/2014/04/10/master-list-of-vegan-info